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Their nature also to thy nature join ;

Loud as from numbers without number, sweet And he thyself Man among men on carth, As from bleft voices, uttering joy, Heav's rung Made flesh, when time shall be, of virgin seed, With jubilee, and loud Hosannas fillid By wond'rous birth : be thou in Adam's room 285 Th' eternal regions : lowly reverent The head of all mankind, though Adam's son. Towards either throne they bow, and to the As in him perish all men, so in thee,


359 As from a second soot, shall be restor'd

With folemn adoration down they cast As many as are restor'd, without thee none. Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold: His crime makes guilty all his fons; thy merit Immortal amarant, a flow'r which once Imputed thall absolve them who renounce 291 In Paradise, fast by the tree of life, Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds, Began to bloom; but soon for man's ofienfe 355 And live in thee transplanted, and from thee To Heav'n remov’d, where firt i grew, there Receive new life. So Man, as is most just,

grows, Shall satisfy for Man, be judg'd and die, 295 And flow'rs aloft Bading the fount of life And dying rise, and rising with him raise And where the river of bliss through mida of His brethren, ransom'd with his own dear life.

Heaven So heav'nly love shall outdo hellish hate,

Rolls o'er Elysian flow'rs her amber stream; Giving to death, and dying to redeem,

With these that never fide the Spirits eleet 360 So dearly to redeem what hellish hate, 300 Bind their resplendent locks inwreath'd with So easily destroy'd, and still destroys

beanis, In those who, when they may, accept not grace. Now in loose garlands thick thrown off, the bright Nor shalt thou, by descending to assume

Pavement, that like a fua of jasper thone, Man's nature, leffen or degrade thinc own. Impurpled with celciial rofes fail'd. Because thou hast, though thron'd in highest bliss Then crown'd again, their golden harps they Equal to God, and equally enjoying

tools, God-like fruition, quitted all to save

Harps ever tun'd, that glittering by :Yeir fidé A world from utter loss, and hatt been found Likc quivers hung, and with preamble sweat By merit more than birthright Son of God, Of charming fymphony they introduce Found worthiest to be so by being good,

Their sacred in, and waken raptures high ; Far more than great or high ; because in thee No voice exempt, no voice hut will could join 10 Love hath abounded more than glory' abounds, M-lodious part, fuch concord is in licavei. Therefore thy humiliation shall exult

Thee, Father, firii they furg, Onnipoten", With thce thy manhood also to this throne; linnutzhle, Immortal, Infinite, Here shalt thou fit incarnate, here shalt reign 315 Eternal King; the Author of all being, Both God and Man, Son both of God and Man, Fountain of light, th;felf invisible Anointed universal king; all power

Amidst the glorious brighness where they f:' I give thee; reign for ever, and assume

Thrun'a inacceflible, but when thou fuad 'it Thy merits; under thee as head fupreme The full blaze of thy brams, and through ach vi Thrones, Princedoms, Pow'rs, Dominions I re. Drawn round about the like a radiant fhrine, auce;


Dark with excesive briglie thy skirts appeai, jos All knees to thee shall bow, of them that bide Yet dazle Heav'n, that briniteit Seraphim In Heav'n, or Earth, or under Earth in Hell. Approacla not, but with both wings veil their eyes When thou attended gloriously from Heaven Thee next they sang of all creation firth, Shalt in the sky appear, and from thee fend Begotten Son, divine fimilitude, The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaim 325 iu whofe comidi-cous count'nance, without dus Thy dread tribunal; forthwith from all winds Mide visible, th': Alnighty Father thincs, The living, and forthwith the cited dead

Whom else no caure can behold; os chez Of all past ages, to the general doom

Inipreb'o the cffulgence of his glory' abides, Shall haften, such a peal shall roule their sleep. Transfus'd on the ris arole Spirit retts. Then all thy saints assembled, thou shalt judge 330 He Heay'n of Heav'ns ar.d all the Pow'r deres Bad men and Angels; they arraign'd fall link By thee created, and by thee threw down 3, Beneath thy sentence; Hell, her numbers full, Th' aspiring Dominations : thou that day Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Mean while Thy Father's dreadt:. thunder did not ipare, The world shall burn, and from her ashes Spring Nor stop thy faming chariot wheels, that incok New Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just thall Heav'ıı's cvcrlasting frame, while o'er the occas dwell,


Thou drov'it of warring Angels difarray'd. 3y6 And after all their tribulations long

Back from pursuit thy Pow'rs with loud accine See golden days, fruitful of golden deeds, Thee only extollid, Son of thy Father's might With joy and love triumphing, and fair truth. To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. Then thou thy regal Sceptre fhalt lay by,

Not lo on Man: Him through their malice falis, For regal Sceptre then no more shall peed, 340 Father of mercy' and grace, thou did not dovm God shall be all in all. But all ye Gods,

So strictly, but much more to pity' incline : Adore him, who to compass all this dies; No sooner did thy dear and only Son Adore the Son, and honor him as me.

Perceive thee purpos'd not to doom srail Man No sooner had th' Almighty ceas'd, but all So ftrialy, but much more to pity' inclin'd, 455 The multipude of Angels with a fhout 345 He to appease thy wrath, and end the friss


of mercy and justice in thy face discern'd, Enpedocles; and he who to enjoy Regardless of the bliss wherein he fat

Pluto's Elysium, leap'd into the fea, Second to thee, offer'd himself to die

Cleonbrotus : and many more too long, For Man's offense. O unexampled love, 410 Embryos and idiots, eremites and friers

Love no where to be found Icfs Than Divine ! White, black, and gray, with all their trumpery.
Hail Sok of God, Saviour of Men, thy name Here pilgrinis roam, that stray'd fo far to feek
Shall be the copious matter of my song In Golgotha him dead, who lives in Heaven;
Henceforth, and never shall my harp ty praife And they who, to be sure of Paradiit,
Forgei, nor from thy Father's praise disjoin. 415 Dying put on the weeds of Duminic,

Thus they in Heav'r, above the starry sphere, Or in Franciscan think to pars difguis'd;
Their happy hours in joy and hymoing spear. They pass the planets sev'n, and pats the fix'd,
Mean while upon the firm opacous globe And that crystallin sphere whofc balance weighis
Of this round world, whose first convex divides The trepidation talk d, and that first mov'd:
'The luminous inferior orbs inclos'd

420 And now Saint Peter at Heav'n's wicket féems From Chaos and th' inroad of Darkness old, To wait them with his keys, and now at foot 485 Satan alighted walks: a globc far off

Of Heav'n's afcent they lift their feet, when lo It seem'd, now seems a boundless continent A violent cross wind írom either coast Dark, waite, and wild, under the frown of Night Blows them transverse ten thousand leagues awry Starless expos’d, and ever-thrcatening storms 425 Into the devious air ; then might ye sce of Chaos blust'ring round, inclement sky; Cowls, hoods, and habits with their wearers tort Save on that fide which from the wall of Heaven, Aud flutter'd into rags, then reliques, beads, Though distant far, fonie small reflection gains Indulgences, dispenses, pardons, bulls, Of glimmering air lefs vex'd with tempeit loud: The sport of winds: all these upwhirld aloft Here walk'u the Fiend at large in spacious field. Fly o'er the backside of the world far off As when a vulture on Imaus bred,

431 Into a Limbo large and broad, since call & 495 Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds, The Paradise of Fools, to few unknown Dillodging from a region scarce of prey

Long after, now unpeopled, and untrod. To gorge the flesh of lambs or yeanling kids All this dark globe the fiend found as he pals'd, On hills where alocks are fed, flics tow'ard the And long he wander'd, till at last a gleam springs

435 Of duwning light turn'd thither-ward in hafte gou of Ganges or Hydafpes, Indian streams : His travel'd steps : far distant he deferies But in his way lights on the barren plains Ascending by degrees magnificent Of Sericana, where Chineses drive

Up to the wall of Heav'n a structure high; With fails and wind their cany waggons light : At top whereof, but far more rich appear'd So on this windy fea of land, the Fiend 440

The work as of a kingly palace gate, 505 Walk'd up and down alone, bent on his prey; With frontispiece of dimond and gold Alone, for other creature in this place

Embellish'd; thick with sparkling orient gems Living or lifeless to be found was none;

The portal flione, inimitable on earth None yet, but store hereafter from the earth By model, or by shading pencil drawn. Uphither like aereal vapours flew


The fairs were such as whereon Jacob says 510 Of all things transitory' and vain, when fin Angels afcending and descending, bands With vanity had fill'J the works of men;

of guardians bright, when he from Esau fied Both all things vain, and all who in vain things To Padan-chram, in the field of Luz Built their send hopes of glory' or lasting fame, Dreaming by night under the open sky, $14 Or happiness in this or th' other life; 430 anii waking cry'd, This is the gate of Heav'n. All who have their reward on carth, the fruits Each fair mysterioully was meant, nor stoud Of painful superstition and blind zeal,

There always, but drawn up to Heav'n sometimes Nought seeking but the praile of men, here find Viewless; and underneath a bright sea flow'd Fic retribution, copty as their deeds ;

Of jafper, or of liquid pearl, whereon All th' unaccomplish'd work of Nature's hand, Who after came from carth, failing arriv'd 520 Abortive, montirous, or unkindly mix'd, 456 Wafted by Angels, or flew o'er the lake Diffclx'd on earth, fiect hither, and in vain, Rape in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. Till final diffolution, wander here,

The stairs were then let down, witcher to dare Not in the neighb'ring moon, as fome have The Fiend by easy' ascent, or aggravate drcam'd;

His fad exclufion from the doors of bliss : Those argent fieids more likely habitants, 460 Direct against which open'd from beneath, Tranflated Saints, or middle Spirits hold

Just o'er the blissful seat of Paradise, Betwixt th' angelical and human kind.

A pairage down to th' Earth, a passage wide, Hither of ill-join'd fons and daughters born Wider by far than that of afcer-times First from the ancient world those giants came Over cunt Sion, and, though that were large, With many a vain exploit, though thep senown'd: Over the Promis'd Land to God so dear, The builders next of Babel on the plain 466 By which, to visit oft those happy ubes, Of Sennaar, and fill with vain design

On high hehests his Angels to and fro New Babels, had they wherewithal, would build: Pass'd frequent, and his eye with choice Others came fingle; he who to be deem’d From Paneas the fount of Jordan's floud A God, leap'd fondly into Ætna dames, 470 To Beërsaba, where the Holy Land


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Borders on Egypt and th' Arabian shore; In vain, though by their pow'rful art they bind So wide the opening seem'd, where bounds were Volatil Hermes, and call up unbound set

11 various shapes old Proteus from the fca, To darkness, such as bound the ocean wave. Drain'd through a limbec to his native form. 605 Saran from hence, now on the lower stair 540 What wonder then if fields and regions here That scal'd up steps of gold to Heaven gate, Breathe forth Elixir pure, and rivers run Looks down with wonder at the sudden view Potable gold, when with one virtuous touch Of all this world at once. As when a scout The arch-chemic sun, su far from us remote, Through dark and desert ways with peril gune Produces, with terrestrial humor mix'd, 610 All night, at last by break of chearful dawn 545 Here in the dark so many precious things Obtains the brow of fume high climbing hill, Of color glorious, and effect so rare? Which to his eye discovers unaware

Here matter new to gaze the Devil met The goodly prospect of some foreign land

Undazled; far and wide his eye commands; Firft seen, or some renown'd metropolis

For fight no obstacle found here, nor shade, 615 With glist'ring spires and pinnacles adorn'd, 550 But all fun-fhine, as when his beains at noon Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams : Culminate from th' equator, as they now Such wonder seis'd, though after Heav'n seen, Shot upward ftill direct, whence no way round The Spi'rit malign, but much more envy seis'd, Shadow from body' opaque can fall; and the air At sight of all this world beheld fo fair.

No where fo clear, Marpen’d his visual ray 620
Round he surveys (and weil might where he stood To objects distant far, whereby he soon
So high above the circling canopy

Saw within ken a glorious Angel ftand,
Of night's extended shade) from eastern point The same whom John saw also in the sun :
Of Libra to the fieccy star that bears

His back was turn'd, but not his brightness hid; Andromeda far off Atlantic seas

560 Of beaming funny rays a golden tiar 625 Beyond the horizon; then from pole to pole Circled his head, nor less his locks behind He views in breadth, and without longer pause Illustrious on his shoulders fledge with wings Down right into the world's first region throws Lay waving round; on some great charge emHis flight precipitant, and winds with ease

ploy'd Through the pure marble air his oblique way He fecun'd, or fix'd in cogitation deep. Amongst innumerable stars, that shone 565 Clad was the Spi'rit impure, as now in hope 630 Staro distant, but nigh hand feem'd other worlds; To find who might direct his wand'ring flight Or other worlds they seem'd, or happy ilcs, To Paradise the happy seat of Man, Like those Hefperian gardens fam'd of old, His journey's end and our beginning woe. Fortunate fields, and groves, and flow'ry vales, But first he casts to change his proper sape, Thrice happy illes, but who dwelt happy there 570 Which elfe night work him danger or delay : 635 He stay'd not to inquire : above them all

And now a fripling Cherub he appears, The golden sun in fplendor likest Heaven

Not of the prime, yet such as in his face Allur'd his eye: thither his course he bends Youth smild celellial, and to every limb Through the calm firmament, (but up or down, Suitable grace diffus'd, so well he feign'd: By centre or eccentric, hard to tell,

575 Under a coronet his flowing hair Or longitude,) where the great luminary In curls on either check play'd; wings he wore Aloof the vulgar constellations thick,

Of many a color'd plume fprinkled with gold, That from his lordly eye keep distance due, His habit fit for speed succinct, and held Dispenses light from far; they as they move Before his decent steps a filver wand. Their Itarry dance in numbers that compute 580 He drew not nigh unheard; the Angel bright, 645 Days, months and years, tow’ards his all-chearing Ere he drew nigh his radiant visage turn'd, lamp

Admonith'd by his ear, and straight was known Turn Iwift their various motions, or are turn'd The Arch-Angel Uriel, onc of the seven By his magnetic beam, that gently warms Who in God's presence, nearest to his throne, The universe, and to each inward part

Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 650 With gentle penetration, though unscen, 585 | That run through all the Heav'ns, or down to tà Shoots invisible virtue ev'n to the deep;

Earth So wondroully was set his station bright.

Bear his swift errands over moist and dry, There lands the Fiend, a spot like which perhaps O'er sea and land: hin Satan thus accorts. Aftronomer in the fun's lucid orb

Uriel, for thou of those feven Spi'rits that stand Through his glaz'd optic tube yet never saw. 590 In light of God's high throne, gloriously bright, The place he found beyond exprefion bright, The first art wont his great authentic will Compar'd with ought on carth, metal or Itone; Interpreter through highest Heav'n to bring, Not all parts like, but all alike inform’d

Where all his sons thy embassy attend;
With radiant light, as glowing ir’on with fire; And here are likeliest by supreme decree
If metal, part secm'd gold, part silver clear; 595 Like honor to obtain, and as his eye
If Itone, carbunci.mof) or chrysolite,

To visit oft this new creation round;
Ruby or topaz, ur the twelve that shone

Unspeakable defire to fee, and know In Aaron's breast-plate, and a stone besides All those his wond'rous works, but chiefly Man, Imagin'd rather oft than elsewhere seen,

His chief delight and favor, him for whom That sone or like to that, which here below 600 All thesc his works fo wondrous he ordain'd, 665 Philofophers in vain so long have fought,

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Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim That brought them forth, but hid their causes Alone thus wand'ring: Brightest Seraph, tell

deep? In which of all these thining orbs hath Man I saw when at his word the formless mass, His fired seat, or fixed seat hath none,

This world's material mold, came to a heap: But all these Thining orbs his choice to dwell; 670 Confusion heard his voice, and wild uproar 716

find him, and with secret gaze Stood rul'd, stood vast infinitude confin'd; Or open admiration him behold,

Till at his second bidding darkness fled, On whom the great Creator hath bestow'd; Light Ihone, and order from disorder sprung: Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces pour'd; Swift to their several quarters hafted then That both in him and all things, as is meet, 675 The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire; The universal Maker we may praise;

And this ethereal quintessence of Heaven Who justly hath driv'n out his rebel foes

Flew upward, spirited with various forms, To deepest Hell, and to repair that loss,

That rollid orbicular, and turn’d to stars Created this new happy race of Men

Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move;
To serve him better : wise are all his ways. 680 Each had his place appointed, each his course; 720

So spake the false dissembler unperceiv'd; The rest in circuit walls this universe.
For acicher Man nor Angel can discern

Look downward on that globe, whose hither side Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks

With light from hence, though but reflected, Invisible, exccpt to God alone,

shines; By his permissive will, through Heav'n and That place is Earth the seat of Man, that light Earth :

685 His day, which else, as th' other hemisphere 725 And oft, though wisdom wake, suspicion Deeps Night would invade; but there the neighb'ring At wisdom's gate, and to fimplicity

moon Religus her charge, while goodness thinks no ill (So call that opposite fair star) her aid Where no ill seems : which now for once beguild Timely' interposes, and her monthly round Uriel, though regent of the sun, and held 690 Still ending, still renewing, through mid Heaven, The Sharpelt-fighted Spirit of all in Heaven ; With borrow'd light her countenance triform 730 Who to the fraudulent impostor foul

Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth, In his uprightness answer thus return’d.

And in her pale dominion checks the night.
Fair Angel

, thy desire, which tends to know That spot to which I point is Paradise,
The works of God, thereby to glorify 695 Adam's abode, thuse lofty shades his tower. 734
The great Work-master, leads to no excess Thy way thou canst not miss, nie mine requires.
That reaches blame, but rather merits praise Thụs said, he turn'd; and Satan bowing low,
The more it seems excess, that led thee hither As to superior Spi'rits is wont in Heaven,
From thy empyreal mansion thus alone,

Where honor due and reverence none negle&s, - To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps 700 Took leave, and tow'ard the coast of earth be| Contented with report hear only' in Heav'n:

neath, For wonderful indeed arc all his works,

Down from th' ecliptic, sped with hop'd success, Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel, Had in remembrance always with delight. Nor stay'd, till on Niphates' top he lights. But what created mind can comprehend 705 Their number, or the wisdom infinite







Satan now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where he must nox attempt the

boid enterprise which ke undertook alone against God and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passions, fear, envy, and despair ; but at length cofirms himself in evil, journeys on to Paradise, whose outward prospect and fituation is described, overleaps the bounds, fits in the shape of a cormorant on the tree of life, as highest in the garden, to look about him. The garden describ'd; Satap’s first fight of Adam and Eve; his wonder at their excellent form and happy state, but with resolution to work their fall; overhears their discourfe, thenee gathers that the tree of knowledge was forbidden them to eat of, under penalty of death ; and thereon intends to found his temptation by feducing them to trapsgress: then leaves them a while, to know further of their ftate by some other means. Mean while Uriel descending on a sunbeam warns Gabriel, who had in charge the gate of Paradise, that fome evil Spirit had escap'd the desp, and pass’d at noon by his {phere in the shape of a good Angel down to Paradise, discovered after by his furious geftures in the mount. Gabriel promises to find him ere morning. Night coming on, Adam and Eve discourse of going to their rest : their bower described; their eveņing worship. Gabriel drawing forth his bands of night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appoints two Angels to Adam's bower, left the evil Spirit should be there doing fome harm to Adam or Eve fleeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempeing her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Gabriel; by whom queftion'd, he scornfully answers, prepares resistance, but hinder'd by a liga from Heaven, flies out of Paradise.


For that warning voice, which he who saw Upon himself; horror and doubt distract

Th’ Apocalyps heard cry in Heav'n aloud, His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom lir Then when the Dragon, put to fecond rout, 'The Hell within him; for within him Hell Came furious down to be reveng'd on men, He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell Woc to tb' inbabitants on eartb / that now, 5 One step no more than from himself can fly While time was, our first parents had been warnd By change of place: now conscience wakes despair The coming of their secret foe, and scap'd, That flumber'd, wakes the bitter memory Haply so scap'd his mortal snare : for now Of what he was, what is, and what must be Satan, now first infiam'd with rage came down, Worse; of worfe deeds worse sufferings met The tempter ere th'accuser of mankind.

ensue. To wreak on innocent frail man his loss

Sometimes cow'ards Eden, which now in his vies Of that first battel, and his flight to Hell: Lay pleasant, his griev'd look he fixes fad; Vet not rejoicing in his speed, though bold, Sometimes towards Heav'n and the full-blazing Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast,

sun, Begins his dire attempt, which nigh the birth 15 Which now fat high in his meridian tower : so Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast, Then much revolving, thus in fighs began. Aod like a devilish engin back recoils

O thou that with surpaling glory crown'd,

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