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His mother bad, and thus belpake her fire. Confus’dly, and which thus must ever fight,
The key of this infernal pit by due,


Unless th' almighty Maker them ordain 915 And by command of Heav'a's aú-pow'sful king

His dark materials to create more worlus; I keep, by him forbidden to unlock

Into this wild abyss the wary Fiend These adamantin gates ; against all force

Scood on the brink of Hell and look'd a while, Death ready stands to interpose his dart,

Pond'ring his voyage; for no narrow frith Fearless to be o'ermatch'd by living might,

He had to cross. Nor was his ear less peald 920 But what owe I to his coinmands above

With noises loud and ruinous (to compare Who hates me, and hath hither thrust me down Great things with small) than when Bellona Into this gloom of Tartarus profound,

storms, To fit in hateful office here confin'd,

With all her bactering engins bent to rase Inhabitant of Heav'n, and heav'nly-born, 860 Some capital city'; or less than if this frame Here in perpetual agony and pain,

Of Heav'n were falling, and these elements

925 With terrors and with clamors compass'd round In mutiny had from her axle torn Of mine own brood, that on my bowels feed?

The stedfast earth. At last his fail-broad vans Thou art my father, thou my author, thou o He spreads for fight, and in the surging sinoke My being gay’ft me; whom should I obey 865 Uplifted spurns the ground; thence niany a league, Bet thee, whom follow? thou wilt bring me soon As in a cloudy chair, ascending rides To that new world of light and bliss, among

Audacious; but that seat foon failing, meets The Gods who live at ease, where I shall reign A vast vacuity : all unawares At thy right hand voluptuous, as beseems Fluttering his pennons vain plumb down he drops They daughter and thy darling, without end. 870 Ten thousand fathom deep, and to this hour Thus saying, from her side the fatal key,

Down had been falling, had not by ill chance 935 Sad instrument of all our woe, she took ;

The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud, And towards the gate rolling her bestial train,

Instinct with fire and nitre, hurried him Forthwith the huge portcullis high up drew,

As many miles aloft: that fury stay'd, Which but herself not all the Stygian Powers 875 Quench'd in a boggy Syrtis, neither fea, Orald once have moy'd; then in the key-hole turns Nor good dry land, nigh founder'd on he fares, 940 T!' intricate wards, and every bolt and bar Treading the crude consistence, half on foot, Di mally ir'on or folid rock with ease

Half-Ay'ing; behoves him now both oar and said. Dofastens : on a sudden open fly

As when a gryphon through the wilderness With impétuous recoil and jarring sound $80 With winged course, o'er hill or noory dale, TH'infernal doors, and on their hinges grate Pursues the Arimaipian, who by stealth 945 larta thunder, that the lowest bottom ihook Had from his wakeful custody purloin'd Di Erebus. She open’d, but to shut

The guarded gold: So eagerly the Fiend Excell'd her pow'r; the gates wide open stood, D'er bog, or steep, through itrait, rough, dense, or l'hat with extended wings a banner'd hoft

Fare, Order spread enligns marching might pass through with head, hands, wings, or feet, pursues his way, With horse and chariots rank'd in loose array ; And swims, or finks, or wades, or creeps, or flies ; So wide they topd and like a furnace mouth At length a universal hubbub wild Sait forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame. Of stunning founds and voices all confus'd, before their eyes in sudden view appear 890 Borne through the hollow dark, allaults his ear The secrets of the hoary deep, a dark

With loudest vehemence: thither he plies, Him.table ocean, without bound,

Undaunted to meet there whatever Power

955 Sithout dimension, where length, breadth, and Or Spirit of the nethermost abyss highth,

Might in that noise refide, of whom to all bad time, and place are lost; where eldest Night which way the nearest coast of darkness lies ind Chaos, ancestors of nature, hold 895 Bord'ring on light; when strait behold the throne ternal anarchy, amidft the noise

Of Chaos, and his dark pavillion spread

960 Y endless wars, and by confufion stand.

Wide on the wasteful deep; with him enthron'd of hot, cold, moist, and dry, four champions Sat sable-vested Night, eldest of things, fierce,

The consort of his reign; and by the stood frive here for mast'ry, and to battel bring Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name leir embryon aton:s; they around the fag 200 or Damogorgon; Rumor next and Chance, 965 each his faction, in their several clans,

And Tumult and Confusion all embroil'd, ighe-arm'd or heavy, Tharp, sinooth, swift or And Discord with a thousand various mouths. flow,

T' whom Satan turning boldly, thus. Ye Powers warm populous, un-number'd as the sands And Spirits of this nethermost abyss, If Barca or Cycene's torrid foil,

Chaos and ancient Night, I come no spy, svied to fide with warring winds, and poise 805 With purpose to explore or to disturb Their lighter wings. To whom these most adhere, The secrets of your reain, but by constraint le rules a moment; Chaos umpire sits,

Wand'ring this darksome desert, as my way od by deculion more embroils the fray

Lies through your spacious empire up to light, which be reigns: next him high ar biter Alone, and without guide, half loft, I seek 975 hance governs all. Into this wild abyss, 910 What readiest path leads where your gloomy he womb of nature and perhaps her grave,

bounds fneither fea, nor thore, nor air, nor fire,

Confine with Heav'n; or if some other place, at all these in their pregnant caules niix'd Foin your doininion won, th' ethereal king



Possesses lately, thíther to arrive

Through Bosporus betwixt the juftling rocks: Itravel this profound; direct my course; 980 Or when Ulysses on the farbord shunnid Directed no mean recompenfe it brings

Charybdis, and by th' other whirlpool steer'd

. 1018 To your behoof, if I that region loft,

So he with difficulty and labor hard, All ufurpation thence expell’d, reduce

Mov'd on: with difficulty and labor he; To her original darkness and your sway

But he once past, soon after when man fell, (Which is my present journey) and once more 985 Strange afteration! Sin and Death amain Erect the standard there of ancient Night; Following his track, such was the will of Hear'a, Yours be th' advantage all, mine the revenge. Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way

Thus Satan; and him thus the Anarch old, Over the dark abyss, whose boiling gulf With faltring speech and visage incompos'd, Tamely indur'd a bridge of wondrous length Answer’d. I know thee, stranger, who thou art, From Hell continued reaching th' atmoft orb That mighty leading Angel, who of late

Of this frail world ; by which the Spi'rits perverf Made head against Heav'n's king, though over. With easy intercourse pass to and fro thrown.

To tempt or punith mortals, except whom I saw and heard, for such a numerous host God and good Angels guard by special grace. Fled not in silence through the frighted deep But now at last the sacred influence With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,

995 of light appears, and from the walls of Hear'n Confusion worfe confounded; and Heav'n gates Shoots far into the borom of dim Night Pour'd out by millions her victorious bands A glimmering dawn; here Nature firft begins Pursuing. I upon my frontiers here

Her farthest verge, and Chaos to retire Keep residence if all I can will serve

As from her outmost works a broken foe That little which is left fo to defend, 1000 With tumult less and with less hostile din, Encroach'd on still through your inteftin broils That Satan with less toil, and now with ease Weak ning the scepter of old Night: first Hell Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light, Your dungeon stretching far and wide beneath; And like a weather-beaten veffel holds Now lately Heav'n and Earth, another world, Gladly the port, though shrouds, and tackle tora; Hung o'er my realm, link'd in a golden chain 1005 Or in the emptier waste, resembling air, 1045

To that fide Heav’n from whence your legions fell: Weighs his spread wings, at leisure to behold If that way be your walk, you have not far ; Far off th' empyreal Heav'n, extended wide So much the nearer danger; go and fpeed; In circuit, undetermin'd square or round, Havock and spoil and ruin are my gain.

With opal tow'rs and battlements adornd He ceas'd; and Satan stay'd not to reply, 1010 Of living saphir, once his native seat ; 1050 But glad that now his Tea Tould find a shore, And fast by hanging in a golden chain With fresh alacrity and force renew'd

This pendent world in bignels as a star Springs upward like a pyramid of fire

Of smallest magnitude close by the moon. Into the wild expanse, and through the fhiock Thither full fraught with mischievous revenge, Of fighting elements, on all fides round 1015 Accurs’d, and in a cursed hour he hies. 1035 Environ'd wins his way; harder beset And more indanger'd than when Argo pass'd


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God fitting on his throne fees Satan flying towards this world, then newly created; thews him to the Son, who fat at his right hand; foretells the success of Satan in perverting mankind; clears his own justice and wisdom from all imputation, having created Man free and able enough to have withstood his tempter; yet declares his purpose of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of his own malice, as did Satan, but by him seduced. The Son of God renders praises to his Father for the manifeftation of his gracious purpose towards Man; but God again declares, that grace cannot be extended towards Man without the satisfaction of divine justice; Man hathu offended the Majefty of God by aspiring to Godhead, and therefore with all his progeny devoted to death must die, unless some one can be found sufficient to answer for his offence, and undergo his punishment. The Son of God freely offers himself a ranfon for Man; the Father accepts him, ordains his incarnation, pronounces his exaltation above all names in Heaven and Earth ; commands all the Angels to adore bim; they obey; and hymning to their harps in full quire, celebrate the Father and the Son. Mean while Satan alights upon the bare convex of this world's outermolt orb; where wand'ring he firft finds a place, since called the Limbo of Vanity; what persons and things fly up thither; thence comes to the gate of Heaven, described ascending by ftairs, and the waters above the firmament that flow about it: His passage thence to the orb of the fun; he finds there Uriel the regent of that orb, but first changes himself into the shape of a meaner Angel ;-and pretending a zealous desire to behold the new creation, and Man whom God had placed here, inquires of him the place of his habitation, and is directed ; alights first on mount Niphates.


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AIL holy Light, off-spring of Heav'n firkt, Thee I re-vifit now with bolder wing,

Escap'd the stygian pool, though long detain'd Or of th' Eternal coeternal beam!

In that ubicure lojourn, while in my flight May ! express thea' unblam'd? Gece God is light, Through utter and through middle darkness borne, And never but in unapproached light

With other notes than to th' Orpbéan lyre, Dwelt from eternity, dwelt then in thee, · 5 I sung of Chaos and eternal Night; Bright efluence of bright essence increate. Taught by the heav'nly Muse to venture down Or hear'ft thou rather pure ethereal dream,

The dark defcent, and up to re-ascend, Whofe fountain who Daall tell? before the sun,

Though hard and rare : thee I revisie Tafe, Before the Heav'ns thou wert, and at the voice

And feel thy sovran vital lamp; but thou Of God, as with a mantle didît inteft

1o Revifit'ít not these cyes, that roll in vain The riling world of waters dark and deep,

To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn; Won from the void and formloss infinite,

So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their orbs,


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Or dim fuffusion veil'd. Yet not the more 26 By some false guile pervert; and shall pervert,
Cease I to wander, where the Muses haunt For Man will harken to his gloziog lies,
Clear spring, or shady grove, or sunny hill, And easily transgress the sole command,
Smit with the love of sacred song; but chief Solc pledge of his obedience : So will fall, 95
Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath, 30 He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault?
That wash thy hallow'd feet, and warbling flow, Whose but his own? Ingrate, he had of me
Nightly I visit: nor sometimes forget

All he could have; I made him just and right, Those other two equal'd with me in sate,

Suihcient to have food, though tree to fall. So were I equal'd with them in renown,

Such I created all the ethereal Powers Elind Thamyris and blind Männides, 35 And Spirits, both them who stood and them wto And Tirefias and Phineus prophets old :

fail'd; Then feed on thoughts, that voluntary move Freely they stood who food, and fell who fell. Harmonious numbers; as the wakusul bird Not free wha: proof could they have giv'o fincere Sings darkling, and in shadici covert hid

Of true allegiance, conftant faith or love, Tunes her nocturnal note. Thus with the year 40 Where only what they needs must do appear'd, Seasons return, but not to me returns

Not what they would? what praise could they reDay, or the sweet approach of ev'n or morn,

ceive? Or light of vernal bloom, or summer's rose, What pleasure I from such obedience paid, Or flocks, or herds, or human fuce divine; When will and reason freofon aiso' is choice) But cloud instead, and ever during dark 4.3 C'reless and vio, of freedom both depoil.com Surrounds me, from the chearful ways of inen Made pilve hoch, had serv'd necefisy, Cut off, and for the book of knowledge fair Nor me? They therefore as to right belongid, Presented with a univerfal blank

So were created, nor can jusly accuse Of nature's works, to me cxpung'd and ras'd, Their maker, or their making, or their fate, Aud wisdom at one entrance quite snut out. As if predestination over.rul'd So much the rather thou, celestial Light,

Their will, dispos'd by abfolure decree Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers Or high foreknowledge; they themselves decreed Irradiate, there plant cyes, all milt from thence Their own revoli, noil; ill forcknew, Purge and disperse, that I may see ard teil Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault, Of things invisible to mortal sight.

55 Which had no less prov'd certain unforeknown. Now had th' almighty Father from above, So without least impulfi or shadow of fate, From the pure empyréan where he lies

Or ought by me immutably foreseen, High thron'd above all highth, bent down his eye, They trepass, authors to themselves in all His own works and their works at once to vicw; Both what they judge and what they choose : [ctío About him all the Sanctities of Heaven

I form’d then free, and free they must remain, Stood thick as stars, and from his right receiv'd Till they inthrall themselves; lelle must change Beatitude past utterance; on his right

Their nature, and revoke the high decree The radiant image of his glory fat,

Unchangeable, eternal, which ordain'd His only Son; on earth he first theid

Their freedom; they theniselves ordain'd their 11" Our two first parenti, yet the only two 65 The first fort by their own suggestion sell, Of niankind, in the happy garden plac'd,

Seif tempted, felf-deprav'd: Man falls, deceir'd Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love,

By th' other first: Man therefore shall find grace, Uninterrupted joy, unrival'd love

The other none : in mercy' and justice buth, In blissful solitude ; he then survey'd

Through Heav'n and Earth, so ihall my glory excel, Hell and the gulf between, and Satan there 70 But mercy first and last íhall brightest hine. Coasting the wall of Heav'n on this side Night Thus while God spake, ambrofial fragraria In the dun air sublime, and ready now


To stoop with wearied wings and willing feet All Heav'n, and in the blefied Spi'rits elea
On the bare outside of this world, that seem'd Sense of new joy ineffable difius’d:
Firm land in bosoni'd, without firmament; 75 Beyond compare the Son of God was seen
Uncertain which, in ocean or in air.

Most glorious; in him all his Father shone
Him God beholding from his profpect high, Subftantially express'd; and in his face
Wherein past, present, future he be holds, Divire compation visibly appear’d,
Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake.

Love without end, and without measure grace,
Only begotten Son, feest thou what rage 80 Which uitering thus be to his father (pake.
Transports our Adversary? whom no bounds Olather, gracious was that word which cod
Prescrib'd, no tars of Hell, nor all the chains Thy fovrar sentence, that Man should find grace;
Heap'd on him there, nor yet the main abyis For which both Heav'n and Earth shall bigh cauti
Wide interrupt can hold; fo bent he seems Thy praises, with th' innumerable found
On desperate revenge, that shall redound 85 Of hymns and sacred songs, wherewith thy throne
Uror his own rebellious head. And now

Incompass’d shall refound thee ever bleft. Ihro all restraint broke loose he wings his way For should Man finally be loft, fould Man, 156 Not far off Heav'n, in the precincts of light, Thy creature late to lov'd, thy youngest son, Direcily to'wards the new created world, Fall circumvented thus by fraud, thougă join'd And Vían there plac’d, with purpose to affay 90 With his own folly ? that be from thee far, 1f him by force he can destroy, or worse, That far be from thee, Father, who art judge



Of all things made, and judgest only right. 155
Or shall the Adversary thus obtain
His end, and frustrate thine ? fhell he fulfil
His malice, and thy goodoess bring to nought,
Or proud return, though to his heavier doon,
Yet with revenge accomplish'd, and co Hell 160
Draw after hin the whole race of mankind,
By him corrupted? or wilt thou thyself
Abolish thy creation, and unmake
For him, what forthy glory thou hast made?
So should thy goodness and thy greatness both 165
Be quellion'd and blasphem'd without difanse.

To whom the great Creator thus reply'd.
O Son, in whom my soul hath chief delight,
Son of my bosom, Son who art alone
My word, my wisdom, and effc&tual might, 170
All haft thou spoken as my thoughts are, all
As my eternal purpose hath decreed :
Man shall not quite be lost, but sav'd who will,
Yet not of will in him, but grace in mne
Freely vouchsaf'd; once more I will renew 175
His lapsed pow'rs, though forfeit aud inthrall'a
By fin to foul excrbitant desires;
Upheld by me, yet once more he shall fand
On even ground against his mortal fore,
By me upheld, that he may know how frail 180
His fallin condition is, and to me owe
All his deliverance, and to none but me.
Some I have chosen of peculiar grace
Ele& above the rest ; so is my will:
The reft fall hear me call, and oft be warn'd 185
Their linful ftate, and to appease betimes
Th’incenfed Deicy, while offer'd grace
Invites; for I will clear their linses dark,

may fuffice, and soften stony hearts
To pray, repent, and bring obedience due. 190
To pray’r, repentance, and obedience duc,
I bough but endeavor'd with incere intent,
Aliae car shall not be flow, mine eye not ihut.
And I will place within them as a yuide
My umpire Coasuience, whum if they will hear,
Light atter light well us’d they shall attain, 196
And tn the end perifting, safe arrive.
This my long fufferance and my day of grace
They who neglect and scorn, shall never taste;
But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded mure,
That they may stumble on, and deeper fall;
Ard rone but such from mercy | exclude.
But yet all is not done ; Man disobeying,
Dilloyal breaks his fealty, and sins
Against the high supremacy of Heaven, 205
Affecting Gud-head, and so lofing all,
To expiate his treason hath nought left,
But to deflruction sacred and devote,
He with his whole pofterity must die,
Die he or justice mult; unless for him
Same other able, and as willing pay
The rigid satisfa&ion, death fur death.
Bay heav'nly Pow'rs, where shall we find such

With of ye will be mortal to redeem
Man's mortal crime, and just th' unjust to save ?
Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? 216

He alk'd; but all the heav'nly quire stood mute,
And Glence was in Heav'n: on Man's behalf

Patron or interceffor none appear'd,
Much less that durft upon his own head draw 220
The deadly forfeiture, and ransom set.
And now without redemption all mankind
Must have been loft, adjudg'd to Death and Hell
By duom fevere, had not the Son of God,
In whom the fulness dwells of love divine, 225
His deareft mediation thus renew't'

Father, thy word is past, Man shall find grace;
And shall grace not find means, that finds her way,
The speedieft of thy winged messengers,
To visit all thy creatures, and to all

Comes unprevented, unimplor'd, unfought?
Happy for Man, fo coming ; he her aid
Can never feck, once dead in fins and loit;
Aronement for himself or offering meet.
Indebted and undone, hath none to bring : 235
A hold me then : me for him, life for life
I offer; on me let thine anger fall;
Account m: Man; I for his fake will leave
Thy busom, and his glory next to thee
Freely put off, and for him laftly die

Wcilplas'd; on me let Death wrcak all his rage;
Under his gloomy pow'r I shall not long
Lie vanquilli'd; thou hast giv’n me to pofluss
Life in myself for ev'r; by thee I live,
Though now to Death I yield, and am his due 245
All that of me can diz; yet that debt paid,
Thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome grave
His prcy, ror suffer ny unspotted soul
For ever with corruption there to dwell;
But I shall rise victorious, and subduc 250
My vanquiser, fpoil'd of his vaunted fpoil;
Death his deatli's wound shall then receive, and

inglorious, of his mortal fting disarm'd.
I through the ample air in triumph high
Shulle. Hell captive maugre Hell, and Now 255
The Pow'rs of darkness bound. Thou at the fight
Pleas'd, out of Heaven shalt look down and smile,
While by thee rais'd I ruin all my foes,
Death lait, and with his carcass glut the grave :
Then with the multitude of my redeem'd 260
Shall enter Hear'n long absent, and return,
Father, to see thy face, wherein no cloud
Of anger shall remain, but


And reconcilement; wrath shall be no more
Thenceforth, but in thy presence joy entire. 265

His words here ended, but his meek aspect
Silent yet fpake, and breath'd immortal love
To mortal man, above which only fhune
Filial obedience; as a sacrifice
Glad to be offer'd, he attends the will 270
Of his great Father. Admiration seis'd
All Heav'n, what this might niean, and whither

Wond'ring; but foon th’ Almighty thus reply'd.

O thou in Heav'nı and Earth the only peace
found our for mankind under wrath, O thou 275
My folc complacence! well thou know'st how dear
Tome are all my works, nor Man the leaft,
Though last crcated; that for him I spare
Thee from my bofom and right hand, to save,
By losing thee a while, the whole race loft.

280 Thou thercfore, whom thou only canst redeem,

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