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In ample territory, wealth and power,

Know therefore when nay season comes to fle Civility of manners, arts and arms,

On David's throne, it shall be like a tree And long renown, thou jully may'lt prefer Spreading and overshadowing all the earth, Before the Parthian; these two thrones except, 85 Or as a stone that shall to pieces dash The rest are barb'rous, and scarce worth the fight, All monarchies besides throughout the world, 150 Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd; And of my kingdom there shall be no end: These having fhown thee, I have shown thee all Means there shall be to this, but what the means, The kingdons of the world, and all their glory. Is not for thee to know, por me to tell. This enip'ror hath no son, and now is old, 90

To whom the Tempter impudent reply'd. Old and lascivious, and from Romc retir'd

I see all offers made by me how flight

ISS To Caprez an iland small but strong

Thou valueft, because offer'd, and reje&’t : On the Campanian fhore, with purpose there Nothing will please the difficult and nice, His horrid lufts in private to enjoy,

Or nothing more than still to contradid: Committing to a wicked favorite

95 On th' other side know also thou, that I All public cares, and yet of him suspicious, On what I offer set as high eftcem,

166 Hated of all, and hating; with what eale, Nor what I part with mean to give for nought; Indued with regal virtues as thou art,

all those which in a moment thou behold'f, Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,

The kingdoms of the world to thec I give;
Might'lt thou expel this monster from his throne For giv'n to thee, Igive to whom I please,
Now made a flye, and in his place ascending 101 No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else,
A victor people free from fervile yoke?

On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And with my help thou may'lt ; to me the pow'r And worship me as thy superior lord,
Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.

Eaily done, and hold them all of me;
Aim therefore at no lcís thran all the world, 105 For what can less so great a gift deserve ?
Aim at the high'est, without the high'clt attain'd Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdais.
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,

I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less, 171 On David's thrope, be prophecy'd what will. Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter

To whom the Son of God uomov'u reply'd. Th'abominable terms, impious condicion; Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show

But I indure the time, till which expir'd, Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,

Thou hast permislica on me. It is written 175 More than of arms before, allure mine eye, The first of all commandments, Thou shalt workip Much less my mind; though thou thould'st add to The Lord thy God, and only him fhalt serve; tel

And dar'ít thou to the Son of God propound Their sumptuousglutonies, and gorgeous sealts To worrip thee accurs’d, now more accurs'd On citron tablos or Atlantic stone, I15 For this attempt bolder than that on Eve,

180 (For I have also hcard, perhaps have read) And more blasphemous ? which cxpect to rue. Their wines of Scria, Cales, and Falerne,

The kingdonis of the world to the were given, Chics, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold, Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd; Crystal and myrrhine cups imbofa'd with gems Other donation none thou canst produce : And studs of pearl, to me should'It tell who thirst If giv'n, by whom but by the King of kings, 185 And hunger still: then emballies thou show'it 121 God over all supreme? if giv'n to thee, From pations far and nigh; what honour that, By thee how fairly is the giver now But tedious waste of çime to fit and hear

Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost Su many hollow compliments and lies,

Long lince.

Wert thou so void of fear or share, Outlandih ilatteries? then proceed's to talk 125 As offer them to me the Son of God,

190 Of th' emperor, how easily subcucd,

To me my own, on such abhorred pact, How glorioully; I shall, thou say'it, expel That I fall down and worship thec as God? A brutish monster: what if I withal

Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear's Expel a Devil who first made him such?

That evil ogs, Satan for ever damn'd. Let his tormenter conscience find him out; 130 To whom the Fiend with fear ahafh'i reply'd. For him I was not fent, nor yet to free

Be not so sore offended, Son of God, That people victor once, now vile and base, Though sons of God both Angels are and Men, Defervedly madle valsal, who once juít,

If I to try whether in higher fort Frugal, and mild, and temp’rate, conquer'd well, Than these thou bear'ít that title, have propas! But governs ill the nations under yoke, 135 What both from Men and Angels I receive, 20 Peeling their provinces, exhausted all

Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth By luft and ripi ; first ambitious grown

Nations hefidcs from all the quarter'd winds, of triumph, that infulting vanity;

God of this world invok'd and world bencach; 'Then cruel, by thcir sports to blord inur'd Who then thou art, whose coming is forceclü O fighting beasis, and men to bcasts expos’d, 140 To nie so fatal, me it most concerns. Luxurivus by their wealth, and grcedier still The trial bath indamag’d thee no way, And from the daily scene effcminate.

Rather more honor left and more efteem; What wife and valiant man would seek to free Me nought advantag'd, mising what I aim'd. These thus degenerate, by themselves inflav'd, Therefore let pass, as they are transitory, Or could of inward flaves make outward free? 145 The kingdons of this world; I shall no more 213

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Blind Melesigenes thence Homer callid,
Whose poem Phæbus challeng'd for his own. 260
Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught
Io Chorus or lambic, teachers beit

Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not. Whom well inspir'd the oracle pronounc'ul 275
And thou thyself seem'lt otherwise inclin's Wiseft of men; from whose mouth issucd forth
Than to a worldly crown, addicted more

Mellifluous streams, that water'd all the schools To contemplation and profound dispute,

Of Academics old and new, with thosc
As by that carly action may be judg'd, 215
Suruam'd Peripatetics, and the lect

280 When flipping from thy mother's eye thou went'n Epicurean, and the Stoic fevere; Alone into the temple : there wast found

These here revolve, or, as thou lik't, at home, Among the gravest Rabbies dispntant

Till time mature thee to a kingdom's weight; On points and questions fitting Moses' chair. These rules will reuder thee a king complete Teaching, not taught; the childhood fhows the Within thyself, much more with empire join'd.

To whom our Saviour sagely thus reply'd. 285 As morning shows the day. Be famous then 221 Think not but that I know these things, or think By wisdom; as thy empire muft extend,

I know them not ; not therefore am I short So let extend thy mind o'er all the world

of knowing what I ought : he who receives In knowledge, all things in it comprehend: Light from above, from the fountain of light, All knowledge is not couch'd in Moses' law, 225

No other doctrin needs, though granted true; The Pentateuch, or what the Prophets wrote;

But these arc false, or little else but dreams, 291 The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach Conjectures, fancies, built on nothing firm. To admiration, led by nature's light:

The first and wisest of them all profess'd And with the Gentilés much thou must converse, To know this only, that he nothing knew; Ruling them by persuasion as thou mean'st; 230 The next to fabling fell and smooth conceits; 295 Without their learning how wilt thou with them,

A third fort doubted all things, though plain sense; Or they with thee hold conversation meet? Others in virtue plac'd felicity, How wilt thou reason with them, how refute But virtue join'd with riches and long life; Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes ?

lo corporal pleasure hc, and careless ease; Error by his own arms is best evinc'd. 235

The Stoic latt in philofophic pride,

300 Look once more ere we leave this specular mount By him call'd virtue; and his virtuous man, Weltward, much nearer by southwest, behold Wise, perfect in himself, and all possetling, Where on the Ægean shore a city stands

Equals to God, oft fhames not to prefer, Built nobly, pure the air, and light the foil, As fearing God nor man, contemning all 304 Athens the eye of Greece, mother of arts 240 Wealth, pleasure, pain or torment, death and life, And eloquence, native to famous wits

Which when he lifts, he leaves, or boasts he can, Or hospitable, in her sweet recess.

For all his tedious talk is but vain boalt,
City' or suburban, studious walks and shades; Or subtle thifts conviction to evade.
See there the olive grove of Academe,

Alas, what can they teach, and not mislead,
Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird 245 Ignorant of themselves, of God much more, 310
Trills her thick-warbled rotes the summer long; And how the world began, and how man fell
There flow'ry hill Hymettus with the found Degraded by himsef, on grace depending?
Of bees industrious murmur oft invites

Much of the soul they talk, but all awry, To studious nusing; there Ilissus rolls

And in themselves seek virtue, and to themselves His whisp'ring stream : within the walls then view All glory arrogate, to God give none, 315 The schools of ancient sages; his who bred

Rather accuse hiin under usual names, Great Alexander to subdue the world,

Fortune and Fate, as one regardless quite Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next:

Of mortal things. Who therefore feeks in these There faalt thou hear and learn the secret power True wildom, finds her not, or hy delusion Of harmony in tones and numbers hit 255

Far worse, her false resemblance only meets, 320 By voicc or hand, and various-measur'd verse, An empty cloud. However many books, Eolian charms and Dorian lyric odes,

Wife men have said, are wearifome; who reads And his who gave them breath, but higher sung, Incessantly, and to his reading brings not

A spirit and judgment equal or superior,
(And what he brings, what needs he ellowhere


Uncertain and unsettled still remains, Of moral prudence, with delight receiv’d Deep vers’d in books and shallow in himself, da brief fententious precepts, while they treat Crude intoxicate, collecting toys, of fate, and chance, and change in hunian life ; And trifles for choice matters, worth a spunge; High acions, and high paflions heit describing : As children gathering pebbles on the shore. 330 Thence to the famous orators repair,

Or if I would delight my private hours Thole ancient, whose reliftless eloquence

With music or with poem, where so soon
Wielded at will that fierce democratie,

Ag in our native language can I find
Shook th' arsenal and fulmin'd over Greece, 270 That solace? All our law and story strow'd
To Macedon and Artaxerxes' throne:

With hymns, our pfalms with arftul terms inTosage Philosophy next lend thine ear,


335 From Heav'n descended to the low-rooft hcuse Our Hebrew fongs and harps in Babylon, Of Socrates ; see there his tepemept,

That pleas'd lo well our victors çar, declare


That rather Greece from us there arts deriv'd;
Ill imitated, while they loudest sing
The vices of their Deities, and their own 340
In fable, hymn, or song, so personating
Their Gods ridiculous, and themselves past shame.
Remove their swelling epithets thick laid
As varnish on a harlot's check, the rest,
Thin Town with ought of profit or delight, 345
Will be found far unworthy to compare
With Sion's songs, to all true tastes excelling,
Where God is prais'd aright, and God-like men,
The Holiest of Holies, and his Saints:
Sush are from God inspir’d, not such from thee,
Unless where moral virtue is express’d

By light of nature not in all quite loft.
Their orators thou then extoll'it, as those
The top of cloquence, statiits indeed,
And lovers of their country, as may seem; 335
But herein to our prophets far beneath,
As men divinely taught, and better teaching
The folid rules of civil government
In their majestic unaffected stile
Than all th' cratory of Greece and Rome.
In them is plainest taught, and easiest learnt,
What makes a nation happy', and keeps it fo,
What ruins kingdoms, and lays cities flat;
These only with our law beit form a king.

So spake the Son of God; but Saran now 365 Quite at a loss, for all his darts were spent, Thus to our Saviour with stern brow reply'd.

Since reither wealth nor honor, arms nor arts, Kingdom nor empire pleases thee, nor ought By me propos’d in life contemplative, 370 Or active, tended on by glory' or fame, What doft thou in this world? The wilderness For thee is fittest place ; I found thee there, And thither will return thee; yet remember What I foretel thee, soon thou shalt have cause To wish thou never hadst rejected thus Nicely or cautiously my offer d aid, Which would have set thee in furt time with ease On David's throne, or throne of all the world, Now at fuil age, fulness of time, thy season, 380 When prophecies of thee are best fulfill'd. Now contrary, if I read ought in Heaven, Or Heav'n write ought of fate, by what the stars Voluminous, or single characters, In their conjun&tion met, give me to spell, 385 Sorrows, and labors, opposition, bate Attends thee, scorns, reproaches, injuries, Violence and Itripes, and lastly cruel death; A kingdom they portend thee, but what kingdom, Real or allegoric, I difern not,

390 Nor when, eternal sure, as without end, Without beginning ; for no date prefix'd Directs me in the starry rubric fet

So say'ing he took (for till he knew his power Not yet expir d) and to the wilderness

395 Brought back the Son of God, and left him there, Feigning to disappear. Darbness now rose, As day-light sunk, and brought in louring night Her hadowy off-pring, unfubftantial both, Privation mere of light and absent day.

400 Cur Saviour meek end with ontroubled mind After his aery jaunt, though hurried fore,

Hungry and cold betook him to his reft, Wherever, under fome concourse of thades, 404 'hose branching arms thick iotertwin'd might

shield From dews and damps of night his shelter'd head, But shelter'd lept in vain, for at his head The Tempter watch'd, and soon with ugly dreams Disturb’d his leep; and either tropic now 409 'Gan thunder, and both ends of Heav'n, the clouds From many a horrid rift abortive pour’d Fierce rap with lightning mix’d, water with fire In ruin reconcil'd: nor flept the winds Within their ftony caves, but rush'd abroad From the four hinges of the world, and fell 433 On the vex'd wilderness, whose tallest pines, Though rooted deep as high, and sturdiest oaks Bow'd their stiff necks, loaden with stormy blafes, Or torn up sheer: ill wast thou shrouded then, O patient Son of God, yet only stood'st 420 Unshaken ; nor yet stay'd the terror there ; Infernal ghosts, and hellith furies, round Environ'd thee; some howl'd, some yellid, fome

shriek'd, Some bent at thee their fiery darts, while thou Satst unappall'd in calm and Unless peace. 435 Thus pafs’d the night so foul, till morning fair Came forth with pilgrim steps in amice gray, Who with her radiant finger frill'd the roar Of thunder, chas'd the clouds, and laid the winds, And grisly spectres, which the Fiend had rais'd To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire. 431 And now the fun with more effe&ual beans Had cheard the face of earth, and dry'd the wel Fron drooping plant, or dropping tree; the birds, Who all things now beheld more fresh and greet, After a night of storm fo ruinous, Clear'd up their choicest notes in bush and spray To gratulate the sweet return of morn; Nor yet amidst this joy and brightest morn Was absent, after all his mischief done, The prince of darkness, glad would also seem Of this fair change, and to our Savionr came, Yet with no new device, they all were spent, Rather by this his last affront resolv'd, Desp'rate of better course, to vent his rage, 445 And mad despite to be so oft repell’d. Him walking on a funny hill he found, Back’d on the north and welt hy a thick wood; Out of the wood he starts in wonted shape, And in a careless mood thus to him faid.

Fair morning yet betides thee, Son of God, After a dismal night; I heard the wrack As earth and sky would mingle; but myself Was diftart; and these flaws, though mortals fea:

them As dang’rous to the pillar'd frame of Heaven, 43 Or to the earth's dark basis underncath, Arc tư the main as inconsiderable, Aud harmless, if not whole fome, as a sneeze To man's less universe, and soon are gone; Yct as being oft times noxious where they light On mali, beast, plant, wasteful and turbulens, 431 Like turbulencies in th' affairs of men, Over whose heads they roar, and seem to point, They oft fore-signify and thrcaten ill :



This tempest at this desert most was bent 465 Good reason ther, if I before-hand feck

Of men at thee, for only thou here dwell'A. To understand, my adversary, who - Did I not tell thee, if thou didst reject

And what he is; his wisdom, pow'r, intent ; The perfect season offer'd with my aid

By parl, or composition, truce, or league, To win thy destin'd seat, but wilt prolong To win him, or win froin him what I can.

530 All to the push of fate, pursue thy way 470 And opportunity I here have had Of gaining David's throne no man knows when, To try thee, sift thee, aud confess have found thee For both the when and how is no where told, Proof against all temptation, as a rock Thou shalt be what thou art ordain'd, no doubt; Of adamant, and as a center, firmi,

534 For angels have proclam'd it, but concealing

To th' utmoft of mere nian both wise and good, The time and means : each act is rightlieft done, Not more; for hozors, sichcs, kingdoms, glory, Not when it must, but when it may be bett. 476 Have been before contemnd, and may again : If thou obferve not this, be sure to find,

Thercfore to know what more thou art than man, What I foretold thee, many a hard assay

Worth naming Son of God by voice from Heaven, of dangers, and adversities, and pains,

Another method I must now begin.

540 Ere thou of Israel's scepter get fast hold;

Solay'ing, he caught him up, and without wing Whereof this ominous night that clos'd thee round, or hippogrif bore through the air sublime So many terrors, voices, prodigies,

Over the wilderness and o'er the plain; Nay warn thee, as a sure forc-going lign.

Till underneath them fair Jerusalern, So talk'd he while the Son of Gou went on The holy city, lifted high her towers, 545 And stay'd not, but in brief him answer'd thus. And lighor y«t the glorious temple rear'd Me worse than wet thou find's not; other Her pile, far off appearing like a mount haron

486 Or alabuster, topt with golden (pires : Those terrors, which thou speak'rt of, did me There on the highest pinnacle he fet none; The Son of God, and added thus in fcorn.

550 I never fear'd they could, though noising loud

There stand, if thou wilt stand; to stand up And threatning nigh; what they can do as signs

right, Bz okening, or ill boding, I contenin 490

Will ask thee fkill; I to thy Father's house As false portents, not sent from God, but thee; Have brought thee', and highest plac'd, highest is ru, koowing ! shall reign past thy preventing,

best, Ostrud'At thy offer'd aid, that I accepting

Now show thy progeny; if not to stand, At leatt might seem to hold all pow'r of thee, Cati thyself down; fafely, if Son of God:

555 Ambitious Spirit, and wouldīt be thought my For it is written, He will give command God,

495 Concerning thee to his Angels, in their hands And iterm't refug'd, thinking to terrify

They ihall up lit thee, lest at any time Me to thy will; desist, thou art discern'd Thou chance to dash thy foot against a feone. And toil'it in vain, nor me in vain mulett.

To wliom thus Jefus; Also it is written, 560 To whom the Fiend now swoln with rage re Tempt not the Lord thy God: he said, and stood : ply'd.

But Satan smitten with amazement fell. Then hear, o Son of David, Virgin-born; 500

As when earth's fon Antxus (to compare For Son of God to me is yet in doubt :

Small things with greatest) in Irafía {trove Ofthe Mefliah I have heard foretold

With Jove's Alcides, and oft foild still rose, 365 By all the Prophets; of thy birth at length Receiving from his mother earth new strength, Announc'd by Gabriel with the first I knew,

Fresh from his fall, and fiercer grapple join'd, And of th' angelic song in Bethlehem field, 505

Throttled at length in th' air, expir'd, and fell; On thy birth-night, that sung thee Saviour born. So after many a toilthe Tempter proud, From that time icidom have I ceas'd to eye

Renewing freih assaults, amidst his pride

570 Thy infancy, thy childhood, and thy youth, Fell whence he stood to sec his victor fall. i by banhood last, though yet in private bred;

And as that Theban monster that propos'd Till at the ford of Jordan, whither all S10

Hur riddle', and him who folv'd it net, devour'd, Suick to the Baptist, I among the reft,

That once found out and solv'd, for grief and Though not to be baptized, by voice from Heaven fpite Hard thee pronounc'd the Son of God belov’d. Cast herself headlong from th'l{menian steep : 575 Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view

So struck with dread and anguish fell the fiexd, Àud narrower scrutiny, that I might learn sis

And to his crew, thatiat consulting, brought a what degree of meaning thou art call's

Joyless triun.phals of his hop'd luccefs,
The Son of God, which bears no fingie sense ; Ruin, and deip ration, and dilmay,
The Son of God I also am, or was,

Who durft so proudly tempt the Son of God. 580 And if I was, I am ; relation stands;

So Satan feil; and straii a fiery globe All men are Sons of God; yet thee I thought 520 Of Angels on full fail of wing Hew nigh, In some refpcét far higher lo declar'd.

Who on their plumy vans received him soft Therefore I watch'd thy footsteps from that hour, | From his une aly station, and uphore And follow'd thee still on to this waste wild; As on a floting couch through the blithe air, 585 Where by all best conjeures I collect

Then in a flow'ry valley fet him Jown Thou art to be my fatal enemy.

525 On a green bank, and set before lim Spread



A table of celestial food, divine,

A Saviour art come down to re-install

615 Ambrosial fruits, fetch'd from the tree of life, Where they shall dwell secure, when time shall be, And from the fount of life ambrosial drink, 390 of Tempter and temptation without fear. That soon refresh'd him wearied, and repair’d But thou, infernal Serpent, shalt not long What hurger, if ought hunger had impair’d, Rulc in the clouds; like an autumnal star Or thirst; and as he fed, angclic quires

Or lightning thou shalt fall from Heav'n, trod Sung heav'nly anthems of his victory


620 Over temptation, and the Tempter proud. 595 Under his feet : for proof, ere this chou feel'st

True image of the Father, whether thron'd Thy wound, yet not thy last and deadlicft wound, In thc bosom of bliss, and light of light

By this repulse receiv'd, and hold'st in Hell Conceiving, or remote from Heaven, infhrid'd No triumph; in all her gates Abaddon rues In fleshly tabernacle, and human form,

Thy bold attempt; hereafter learn with awe 625 Wand'ring the wilderness, whatever place, 600 To dread the Son of God: he all unarm'd Habit, or state, or motion, still expressing Shall chace thee with the terror of his voice The Son of God, with God-like force indued From thy demoniac holds, possession foul, Against th' attempter of thy Father's throne, Thee and thy legions; yelling they shall fly, And thief of Paradise; him long of old

And beg to hide them in a herd of swine, 630 Thou didst debel, and down from Heaven cast Lest he command them down into the deep With all his army, now thou hast aveng'd 606 | Bound, and to torment sent before their time. Supplanted Adam, and by vanquishing

Hail, Son of the most high, heir of both worlds, Temptation, hast regain'd loft Paradise;

Queller of Satan, on thy glorious work And frustrated the conquest fraudulent :

Now enter, and begin to save mankind. He never more henceforth will dare set foot 610 Thus they the Son of God our Saviour meek In Paradise to tempt; his snares are broke : Sung victor, and from heavenly feast refresh'd For though that seat of earthly bliss be fail'd, Brought on his way with joy; he unobfervid A fairer Paradise is founded now

Home to his mother's house private return'da For Adam and his chosen fons, whom thou


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