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Thou neither doft persuade me to seek wealth A while as mute confounded what to say, For empire's fake, nor empire to affect 45 What to reply, confuted and convinc'd

For glory's fake, by all thy argument. Of his weak arguing, and fallacious drift; For what is glory but the blaze of fame, At length co!leting all his serpent wiles, 5 The peoples praise, if always praise unmix'd ? With soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. And what the people but a herd consus'd, I see thou know'lt what is of vse to know, A miscellaneous rabble, who extol

50 What beft to say canst say, co do canit do ; Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words

the praife? To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart They praise and they admire they know not what, Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. 11 And know not whom, but as one leads the other; Should kings and nations from thy mouth confult, And what delight to be by such extolld, Thy counsel would be as the oracle

To live upon their tongues and be their talk, 55 Urim and Thummim, those oraculous genis Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? On Aaron's breast; or tongue of seers old 15 His lot who dares be fingularly good Infallible : or wert thou fought to deeds

Th’intelligent among them and the wise That might require th' array of war, thy skill Are few, and glory Acarce of few is rais'd. Of conduct would be such, that all the world This is true glory and renown, when God, 60 Could not sustain thy prowess, or subfift

Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks In battel, though against thy few in arms. The juft man, and divulges him through Heaven These God-like virtues wherefore doft thou hide, To all his Angels, who with true applause Affecting private life, or more obscure

Recount his praises : thus he did to job, In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive

When, to extend his fame through Heav'n and All earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself


65 The fame and glory, glory the reward 25 As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, That fole excites to high attempts, the flame He ask'd thee, Hait thou feen my servant Job ? Of most erected spi'rits, most temper'd pure Famous he was in Heav'n, on Earth less known; Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise,

Where glory is falfe glory, attributed All treasures and all gain esteem as dross,

To things not glorious, men not worthy' of fame. And dignities and pow’rs all but the highest? 30 They err who count it glorious to subdue Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son By conqueit far and wide, to over-run of Macedonian Philip had ere these

Large countries, and in field great battels win, Won Afia, and the throne of Cyrus held

Great cities by assault : what do those worthies, At his dispose ; young Scipio had brought down But rob and spoil, burn, laught:r, and inslave 75 The Carthaginian pride; young Pompey quell'! Peaceable nations, peighb'riny, or remote, The Pontic king, and in triúmph had rode. 36 Madde captive, yet defcrving freedom more Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Than th«fe their conquerors, who leave behind Quench not the thirit of glory, but augment.

Nothing hut ruin wherefoe'er they rove, Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, And all the florishing works of peace deftrny, ? The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd 40 Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long Great Benefactors of mankind, Deliverers, Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late. Worshipe with ten ple, priest, and facrifice; To whom our Saviour qalmly thus reply'd. One is the son of Jove, if Mars the other; VOL. II.

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Till conqu’rof Death discover them scarce men, 85
Rolling in brutish vices, and dciorm’d,
Violent or shameful death their due reward.
But if there be in glory ought of good,
It may by means far different be attain'd
Without ambition, war, or violence:

By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
By patience, temperance : I mention still
Him whom thy wrongs with faintly patience

borne Made famous in a land and times obscure : Who rames rot now with honor patient Job ? 95 Poor Socrates (who next more niemorable ?) By what he taught and futier'd for so doing, For truth's fake suffering death unjust, lives now Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. Yet is for fame and glory ought be done, ICO Ought suffer'd; if young African for fame His wasted country freed from Punic rage, 'The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, And loses, though but verbal, his reward. Shall I feek glory then, as vain men seek, IOS Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his Who sent me', and thereby witness whence I am.

To whom the Tempter murm’ring thus reply'd. Think vot so flight of glory; there in least Resembling thy great Father : he seeks glory, 110 And for his glory ali things made, all things Orders and governs; nor content in Heaven By all his Angels glorify'd, requires Glory from men, froni all men good or bad, Wife or unwise, no difference, no exemption ; 'Above all facrifice, or hallow'd gift

116 Glory' he requires, and glory he receives Proniiscuous from all nations, Jew, or Greek, Or barbarous, nor exception liath declar'd; I'roni us his foes pronounc'd glory' he exacts. 120

To whom our Saviour ferently reply'd. And reason; since his word all things produc'd, Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, But to show forth his goodness, and impart His good communicable to every soul 125 Freely; of whom what could he less expect Than glory' and benediction, that is thanks, The lightest, ealiest, readiest recompense Froni them who could return him nothing else, And not returning what would likeliest render 130 Contempt instead, dishonor, obloquy? Hard recompense, unsuitable return For so much good, so much beneficence. But why shouid man seck glory, who' of his own Hath nothing, and to whom nothing bulongs 135 But condemnation, ignominy', and Mamic? Who for so many benefits receiv'd Turu'd recreant to God, ingrate and fa'ie, And fo of all true good himself despoil'', Yet, facrilegious, to himself would take

140 That which to God alone of right belonere; Yii so much beunty is in God, such grace, That who advance his ginsy, not their own, Then he him 'lf to glory will advance.

Sofpake the Son of God; and here again 145 Satan had not to answer, but food truck Wib ruilt of his own fin, for he himself Tulatable of glory had lost all,

Yet of another plea bethought him foon.

Of. glory, as thou wilt, said he, so deem, Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass : But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd To fit upon thy father David's throne; By mother's side thy father; though thy right Be now in pow'rsul hands, that will not part 15 Easily from poffesion won with arms : Judea now and all the promis'd land, Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke, Obeys Tiberius; nor is always ruld With temperate sway ; oft have they violated 16 The temple, oft the law with foul affronts, Abominations rather, as did once Antiochus: and think'st thou to regain Thy right by fitting still or thus retiring? So did not Maccabeus: he indeed

16 Retir'd unto the desert, but with arms; And u'era mighty king so oft prevailid, That by strong hand his family obtain 'd, Though prieits, the crown, and David's thror

ufurp'd, With Plodin and her suburbs once content. If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal And duty; zeal and duty are not flow; Lut on occafion's forelock watchful wait. They themselves rather are occasion best, Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free Thy country from her Heathen strvicude ; Su thalt thou best fulfil, best verify The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; The happier reign the sooner it begins; Reign then; what canst thou better do the while

To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. All things are best sulfill'd in their due time, And time there is for all things, Truth hath faid li of my reign prophetic 't sie hath told, That it shall rever end, so when begin The Father in his purpose hath decreed, Hein whose hand all times and seasons roll. What if he hath decreed that I shall first Be try'd in humble frate, and things adverse, By tribulations, injuries, insults,

10 Contempts, and fcorus, and inarts, and violence Suff-ring, abstaining, quietly expecting, Without distrust or doubt, that he tray know What I can suffer, how obey? who besc Can fuffer, besc can do; best reign, who first 193 Well hath obey'd; just trial cre I merit My exaltation without change or end. But what concerns it thee when I begin My everlasting kingdom, why art thou Solicitous, what moves thy inquisition? Know'st thou not that my rifing is thy fall, And my promotion will be thy destruction?

To whom the Tempter iniy rack'd reply'd. Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost Of niy reception into grace; what worse? 205 For where no hepe is left, is left no fear: is there be worse, the expectation more Of worse torments me than the feeling can. I would be at the worst; worst is my port, My harbour, and my ultimate repose, The end I would attain, my final good. My error was my error, and my crime



ly crime; whatever for itself condemn’d, Araxes and the Caspian lake, thence on And will alike be punish'd, whether thou

As far as Indus east, Euphrates west, leign or reign not; though to that gentle brow And oft beyond; to fouth the Persian bay, Willingly I could fly, and hope thy reign, 216 And inacceslible th’ Arabian drouth : from that placid aspect and mcek regard,

Here Nineveh, of length within her wall 275 Rather than aggravate my evil ftate,

Several ways journey, built hy Ninus old,
Would stand between me and thy Father's ire Of that first golden monarchy the seat,
(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell) And feat of Salmanaffar, whose success
A helter and a kind of fading cool

Ifrael in long captivity still mourns ; bterposition, as a summer's cloud.

There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues, 280 li then to the worst that can be haste,

As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice Why move thy feet fo flow to what is hest, Judah and all thy father David's house Happiest both to chyself and all the world,


Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste, That thou who worthiest art should'st be their Till Cyrus set them free: Persepolis king?

His city there thou seest, and Bactra there; 285 Perhaps thou linger'st in derp thoughts detain'd Ecbatana her structure vase there fhows, Of th’ enterprise fo hazardous and high;

And Hecatom pylos her hundred gates; No wonder, for though in thee be united

There Susa by Chraspes, amber stream, What of perfection can in man be found, 230

The drink of none but kings; of later fame Or human nature can receive, consider

Built by Emathian, or ly Parchian hands, 290 Tly life hath yet been private, most part spent The great Selcucia, Nisibis, and there At home, scarce view'd the Galilcan towns, Artaxata, 'Teredon, Ctesiphon, And once a year Jerufalem, few days

Turning with easy eye thou may'st behold. Short fojouru ; and what thence couldst thou ob All these the Parthian, now some ages past, ferve? 235 By great Arsaces led, who founded first

295 The world thou hast not seen, much less her That empire, under his domininu holds, glory,

From the luxurious kings of Antioch won, Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, And just in time thou com'st to have a view Ber school of best experience, quickest inlight of his great pow'r; for now the Parthian king In all things that wo greatest actions lead.

Iu Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host

300 The wifest, unexperienc'd, will be ever 240 Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild Timorous and loath, with novi e modesty,

Have wasted Sogdiana ; to her aid (As he who seeking affes found a kingdom) He marches now in hafte; see, though from far, Intesolute, unhardy, unadventrous :

His thousands, in what martial equipage But I will bring thee where thou soon thalt quit They issue forth, fleel bows and Mafts their arms, Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes 245 Of equal dread in flight or in pursuit; 305 The monarchies of th' carth, thcir pomp and All horsemen, in which fight they most excel; state,

Sec how in warlike mufter they appear, Sufficient introdu&ion to inform

In rhombs and wedges, and half-moons, and Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts,

wings. And regal mysteries, that thou may'st know

He look'd, and saw what numbers numberlcís How best their oppofition to withstand.


The city gates out-puur’d, light-armed troops 311 With that (such pow'r was giv’n him then, he In coats of mail and inilitary pride; took

In mail their horfus clad, yet fleet and strong, The Son of God np to a mountain high.

Prauncing their riders bore, the flow'r and choice le was a mountain at whose verdant feet

Of many provinces from bound to bound;

315 A fpacious plain out-stretch'd in circuit wide From Arachofia, from Candaor east, Lay pleasant; from his fide two rivers flow'd, And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs Th' one winding, th' other strait, and left be of Caucasus, and dark Iberiaa dales,

255 From Atropatia and the neighb’ring plains Fair champain with less rivers interveinid, O? Adiabene, Media, and the south

320 Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : Of Sufiapa, to Balsara's haven. Persil os corn the glebe, of oil and wine;

He saw them in their fornis of battle rang'd. With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks the How quick they wheel'd, and fy'ing behind them


shut Huge cities and high towr'd, that well might seem Sharp fleet of arrowy how'rs against the face The seats of mightiest monarchs, and so large Of their purluers, and overcame hy flight; 325 The prospect was, that here and there was rooni The field all iron cast a gleaming brown ; Bor barren desert fountainless and dry.

Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn To this high mountain top the Tempeer brought Cuirasiers all in steel for standing fight, Our Saviour, and new train of words began. 266 Chariots or elephants indors'd with tuwers

Well have we speeded, and o'er hill and dale, Forest and field and flood, temples and towers,

Of archers, nor of lab’ring pioneers


A multitude with spades and axes arm'd Cur shorter many a league ; here thou behold'st To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valevs fiil, Aliyria and her empire's ancient bounds,

270 Or where plain was ra se hill, or overlay

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With bridges rivers proud, as with a yoke; Vented much policy, and proje&s deep 391
Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, 335 Of enemies, of aids, battels and leagues,
And waggons fraught with utensils of war. Plausible to the world, to me worth nought.
Such forces met not, nor fo wide a camp,

Means I must use, thou say'lt, prediAion elle When Ags can with all his northern powers Will unpredict and fail me of the throne : 393 Belieg'd albracca, as romances tell,

My time I told thee and that time for thee The city' of Galiaphrone, from whence to win Were better farthest off) is not yet come: The faireit of har sex Angelica

341 When that comes, think not thou to find me llack His daughter, fought by many prowest knights, On my part ought endevoring, or to need Both Paynin, and the peers of Charlemain.

Thy politie maxims, or that cumbersome Such and so numerous was their chivalry:

Luggage of war there shown me, argument At fight whereof the Fiend yet more prefum'd, Of human weakness rather than of strength. And to our Saviour thus his words renewid. 346 My brethren, as thou call'st them, those tea tribes

That thou may'st know (feek not to engage I mult deliver, if I mean to reign Thy virtue, and not every way secure

David's true heir, and his full Icepter (way 405 On no slight grounds thy fafety; hear, and mark To just extent over all Israel's fons; To what end I have brought thee hither and shown But whence w thee this zeal, where was it then All this fair fight : thy kingdom though foretold For Israel, or for David, or his throne, By prophet or by Angel, unless thou

When thou sood'ít up his tempter to the pride Endevor, asthy facher David did,

Of numb'ring Ifrael, which cost the lives 'Thou never malt obtain ; pred clion ftill

Of thrcescore and ten thousand Israelites In all things, and all men, supposes means


By three days peitilence ? such was thy zeal Without means us’d, what it predi&ts revokes. lo Ifrael then, the same that now to me. But say thou wert poffefs’d of David's throne As for those captive tribes, themselves were they By free consent of all, none opposit,

Who wrought their own captivity, fell off 415 Samaritan or Jew; how could it thou hope From God to worship calves, the deities Lorg to enjoy it quict and secure,

360 of Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth, Petween two such inclosing enemies

And all th' idolatries of Heathen round, Roman and Parthian? therefore one of these Besides their other worse than heath'nih crimes; Thou mut make sure thy own, the Parthian first Nor in the land of their captivity By my advice, as nearer, and of late

Humbled themselves, or penitent besought Founci able by invasion to annoy

365 The God of their forefathers; bnt so dy'd Thy country', and captive lead away her kings Impenitent, and left a race behind Antigonus and old - yrcanus bound,

Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce Vaugre the Roman : it shall be my talk

From Gentiles, but by circumcision vain, To render chee the Parthian at dispose;

And God with idols in their worship join'd. Chonfe which thou wilt, by conquest or by league. should I of these the liberty regard, By him thou shalt regain, without him not, 371 Who fried as to their ancient patrimony, That which alone can truly reinstall thee

Unnumbled, unrepentant, unreform'd, In i avid's royal sear, his true successor,

Headlong would follow'; and to their Gods pere Deliverance of thy brethren, thuse ten tribes


439 Whose offspring in his territory yet serve, 375 Of Bethel and of Dan? no, let them serve In Habor, and among the Medes dispersid; Their enemics, who serve idols with God. Tin Sonso! Jacoh, two of fokuph loft

Yet he at length, time to himself best knowa, Thus long from Ifracl, serving as of old

Remembring Abraham, by some wondrous call Their fathers in the lard of Egypt ferv'd,

May bring them back repentant and finccre, 434 This fier fets before thee to acliver.


And at their passing cleave th' Assyrian flood, These if from fervitude chou shalt restore

While to their native land with joy they hafte, To their inheritance, then, nor till then,

As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft, Thou on the throne of David in full glory, When to the promis d land their fathers pass'd; From Egypt to Euphrates and beyond 384

To his due tinie and providence I leave them. 440 shalt reign, and Romc or Cæfar not need fear.

So fpake lirael's true king, and to the Fieod To whom our Saviour answer'd thus unmov'd.

Made answer meet, that made void all his wiles Much oftentation vain of Acthly arm,

So fares it when with truth fallhood contends. And fravil armis, much instrument «f war Long in preparin, soon to n thing brought, Before mine cyes thou' hait fet; and in my ear








perplex?d and troubled at his bad success

The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply,
Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope
So oft, and the perfuafive rhetoric
That fleck'd his tongue, and won so much on Eve,
So little here, nay loft ; but Eve was Eve, 6
This far his over match, who fell-decciv'd
And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd
The strength he was to cope with, or his own :
But as a man who had been matchlafs held

In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought, -: To falve his credit, and for very fpite,

Still will be tempting him who foils him ftill.
Ard never cease, though to his shame the more ;
Or as a swarm of lies in vintage time, 15
About the wine-press where sweet must is pour’d,
Beat off, returns as oft with humming found;
Or surging waves against a solid rock,
Though all to fhivers dafh'd, th' assault renew,
Vain batt'ry, and in froth or bubbles end;
So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Met ever, and to shameful silence brought,
Yet gives not o'er though desp'rate of success,
And his vain importunity pursues.
He brought our Saviour to the western fide

Of that high mountain, whence he might behold
Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
Walh'd by the southern fea, and on the north
To equal length back's with a ridge of hills,
That screen'd the fruits of th' earth and seats of

30 From cold Septentrion blalts, thence in the midst Divided by a river, of whose banks On each side an imperial ciry stood, With tow'rs and cemples proudly elevate On sev'o small hills, with palaces adorn's, 35 Porches and theatres, baths, aqucducts, Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs, Gardens and groves presented to his eyes, Above the highth of mountains interpos'd : By what Itrange parallax or optic Skill 40

of vision multiply'd through air, or glass
Of telescope, were curious to inquire :
And now the Tempter thus his filence broke.

The city which thou feelt no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the fpoils enrich'd 46
Of nations; there the capitol thou feest
Above the rest litting his stati ly head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
Impregnable, and there Mount Palatine,
Th’in perial palace, compass huge, and high
The structure, ikill of nobleft archite&s,
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,
Turrets and terraces, and glitt'ring spires.
Many a fair edifice besides, more like 53
Houses of God, (so well I have diípos'd
My acry mieroscope) thou may'lt behold
Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,
Cary'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers
In cedar, marble, ivory, or gold.

60 Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see What conflux ifiuing forth, or entring in, Præturs, proconfuls to their provinces Halting, or on return, 'in robes of state; Licors and rods, the ensigns of their power, 65 Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings: Or embaflies from regions far remote In various habits on the Appian road, Or on th’ Enilian, some fronı farthest south, Syene', and where the shadow both way falis, 90 Meroe Nilotic ile, and more to west The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea; From th' Alian kings and Parthian among these, From India and the golden Chersonese, And utmost Indian ile Taprobané, Duik faces with white silken turbants wreath's; From Gallia, Gades, and the British west, Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool. All nations now to Rome obedience pay, 80 To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domaia


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