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At least in vain, for they shall find thee mute. Her didates from thy mouth? most men admire God hath now sent his living oracle 460 Virtue, who follow not her lore; permit me Into the world to teach his final will,

To hear thee when I come (since no man comes) And sends his Spirit of truth herceforth to dwell | And talk at least, though I despair to' attain. 485 In pious hearts, an inward oracle

Thy Father, who is holy, wise, and pure, To all truth requisite for men to know.

Suffers the hypocrite or atheous priest So spake our Saviour; but the subtle Fiend, To tread his sacred courts, and minister Though inly ftung with anger and disdain, 466 | About his altar, handling holy things, Diffembled, and this answer fmooth return'd. Praying or vowing, and vouchfaf'd his voice 490 Sharply thou hast infised on rebuke,

To Balaam reprobate, a prophet yet And urg'd me hard with doings, which not will Iospir'd; disdain not such access to me. But misery hath wrested from me : where 470 To whom our Saviour with unalter'd brow. Easily capst thou find one miserable,

Thy coming hither, though I know thy scope, And not enforc'd oft-times to part from truth; I bid not or forbid; do as thou find'lt If it may stand him more in fead to lie,

Permiflion from above ; thou canft pot more. Say and unsay, feign, flatter, or abjure?

He added not; and Satan bowing low
But thou art plac'd above me, thou art Lord; 475 His gray dilli mulation, disappear'd
From thee I can and must sutmiss indure

Into thin air diffus'd : for now began
Check or reproof, and glad to 'fcape so quit. Night with her sullen wings to double-hhade 500
Hard are the ways of truth, and rough to walk, The desert; fowls in their clay neits were couch'd;
Smooth on the tongue discours d, pleasing to th' And now wild beasts came forth the woods ca

ear, And tuneable as sylvan pipe or song;

480 What wonder then if I delight to hear

roam.

THE END OF THE FIRST BOOK.

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PARADISE REG A IN’D.

BOOK II.

MEAN
EAN while the new-baptiz'd, who yet

remain'd
At Jordan with the Baptist, and had seen
Him whom they heard so late exprefly callid
Jesus Meffiah Son of God declar'd,
And on that high authority had belicvid, 5
And with him talk'd, and with him lodg'd, I mean
Andrew and Simon, famous after known,
With others though in holy writ not nam’d,
Now missing him their joy fo lately found,
So lately found, and so abruptly gone,
Began to doubt, and doubted many days,
And as the days increas'd, increas'd their doubt :
Sometimes they thought he might be only shown,
And for a time caught up to God, as once

Moses was in the movnt, and milling iong; 15
And the great 'Thisbite, who on fiery wheels
Rode up to Heav'n, yet once again to come.
Therefore as those young prophets they with care
Sought loft Elijah, so in each place these
Nigh to Bethabara; in Jericho
The city of palms, Ænon, and Salem old,
Michærus, and each town or city wall'd
On this side the broad lake Genezaret,
Or in Peræa ; but rekirn'd in vain.
Then on the bank of Jordan, by a creek,
Where winds with reeds and ofiers whisp'ring pay
Plain fishermen, no greater men them call,
Close in a cottage low together got,
Their unexpected loss and plaints out breath'd.

10

I10

Alas, from what high hope to what relapse 30 A, sword shall pierce; this is my favor'd lot,
Unlook'd for are we fall’n! our cyes beheld My exaltation to afflictions high;
Melliah certainly now come, so long

AMided I may be, it seems, and blest;
Expe&ted of our fathers; we have heard

I will not argue that, nor will repine. His words, his wisdom full of grace and truth; But where delays he now? some great intent 95 Now, now, for sure, deliverance is at hand, 35 Conceals him : when twelve years he scarcc had The kingdom shall to Israel be restor’d;

feen, Thus we rejoic'd, but soon our joy is turn'd I lost him, but so found, as well I saw Into perplexity and new amaze :

He could not lose himself; but went about For whither is he gone, what accident

His Father's business; what he meant I nius d, Hath rapt him from us? will he now retire 40 Since understand; much more his absence now 100 After appearance, and again prolong

Thus long to some great purpose he obscures. Our expectation? God of Israël,

But I to wait with patience am inur'd; Send thy Meffiah forth, the time is come ; My heart hath been a storc-house long of things Behold the kings of th' carth how they oppress And say’ings laid up, portending strange events. Thy chosen, to what highth their pow'r unjusc 45 Thus Mary pond'ring oft, and oft to mind 105 They have exalted, and behind them cast

Recalling what remarkably had pass'd All fear of thee; arise and vindicate

Since firit her falutation heard, with thoughts Thy glory, free thy people from their yoke. Meekly compos’d awaited the fulfilling : But let us wait; thus far he hath performd, The while her son tracing the desert wild, Sent his Anointed, and to us reveal'd him, 50 Sole but with holiest meditations fed, By his great Prophet, pointed at and shown Into himself defcended, and at once In public, and with him we have convers’d; All his great work to come before him fet; Let us be glad of this, and all our fears

How to begin, how to actomplish best Lay on his providence ; he will not fail,

His end of being on earth, and million high: Nor will withdraw him now, nor will recall, 55 For Satan with ly preface to return

115 Mock us with his blest fight, then snatch him Had left him vacant, and with speed was gone hence;

Up to the middle region of thick air,
Soon we shall see cur hope, our joy return. Where all his potentates in council fat;
Thus they out of their plaints new hope re There without sign of boast, or sign of joy,
sunie
Solicitous and blank he thus began.

120
To find whom at the first they fonnd unsought : Princes, Heav'n's ancient Sons, ethereal Thrones,
But to his mother Mary, when she saw 60 Demonian Spirits now, from th' clement
Others return'd from baptism, not her son, Each of his reign allotted, rightlier callid
Nor left at Jordan, tidings of him none,

Pow'rs of fire, air, water, and earth beneath, Within her brealt though calm, her breast though So may we hold our place and there mild seats 125 pure,

Without new trouble; such an enemy
Motherly cares and fears got head, and rais'd Is risen toinvade us, who no less
Some troubled thoughts, which she in lighs thus Thieatens than our expulsion down to Hell;
clad.

65 I, as I undertook, and with the vote O what avails me now that honor high

Consenting in full frequence was impower'd, 130 To have conceiv'd of God, or that salute

Have found him, vicw'd him, tasted him, but Hail highly favor’d, among women blest!

find While I to sorrows am no less advanc'd,

Far other labor to be undergone And fears as eminent, above the lot

70 Than when I dealt with Adam first of Men, of other women, by the birth I bore,

Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell, In such a season born when searce a shed

However to this man inferior far, Could be obtain'd to shelter him or me

If he be man by mother's side at least, From the bleak air; a stable was our warmth, With more than human gists from Heav'n adorn'd, A manger his; yet foon enforc'd to fly 75

Perfections absolute, graces divine, Thence into Egypt, till the murd’rous king And amplitude of mind to greatest deeds. Were dead, who fought his life, and missing fillid Therefore I am return'd, left confidence 140 With infant blood the streets of Bethlehem; Of my success with Eve in Paradise From Egypt home return'd, in Nazareth

Deceive you to persuasion over-sure Hath been our Jwelling many years; his life

80 Of like succeeding here; I summon all Private, unactive, calm, contemplative,

Rather to be in readiness, with hand Little suspicious to any king; but now

Or counsel to assist; left I, who erft Full grown to man, acknowledg'd, as I hear, Thought none my equal, now be over-match'd. By John the Baptist, and in public shown,

So spake th' old Serpent doubting, and from all Son own'd from Heaven by his father's voice; 85 With clanior was aflur'd their utmost aid I look'd for some great change; to honor ? no, At his command; when from amidst then rose But trouble, as old Simeon plain foretold,

Belial, the diffolutest Spi'rit that fell, 150 That to the fall and rising he should be

The sensualleft, and after Asmodai Of many in Israël, and to a fign

The fleshliest Incubus, and thus advis'd. Spoken against, that through my very soul

90

Sct women in his eye, and in his walk,

135.

145

220

240

Among daughters of men the fairest found; All her array ; her female pride dejed,
Many are in cach region pafing fair

155 Or turn to reverent awe? for beauty #ands As the noon sky; more like to Goddesses

In th' admiration only of weak minds Than mortal creatures, graceful and discreet, Led captive; cease to admire, and all her plumes Expert in amorous arts, inchanting tongues Fall fat anú shrink into a trivial toy, Persuasive, virgin majesty with mild

At every sudden Nighting quite abafh'd : And sweet allay'd, yet terrible t'approach, 160 Therefore with mantier objects we must try 225 Skill'd to retire, and in retiring draw

His constancy, with such as have more low Hearts after them tangled in amorous nets. Of worth, of honor, glory', and popular praise; Such objec hath the pow'r to soft'n and tame Rocks whereon greatest men have ofteft wreck'd; Severest temper, smooth the rugged's brow, Or that which only seems to satisfy Enerve, and with voluptuous hope dissolve, 165 Lawful desires of nature, not beyond; 230 Draw out with credulous desire, and lead

And now I know he hungers where no food At will the manliest, resolutest breast,

Is to be found, in the wide wilderness; As the magnetic hardel iron draws.

The relt commit to me, I shall let pass
Women, when nothing else, beguild the heart No’advantage, and his ftrength as oft assay.
Of wiseft Solomon, and made him build, 170 He ceas'd, and heard their grant in lood 22.
And made him bow to the Gods of his wives.

clame;
To whom quick answer Satan thus return'd. Then forth with to him takes a chofen band
Belial, in much uneven scale thou weigh'lt Of Spirits likeft to himself in guile
All others by thyself; because of old

174

To be at hand, and at his beck appear, Thou thyself doat’dst on womankind, admiring If cause were to unfold fume active scene Their shape, their color, and attra&ive grace, of various persons, each to know his part; None are, thou think'l, but taken with such toys. Then to the desert takes with these his fight; Before the flood thou with thy lulty crew,

Where still from shade to shade the Son of God False tiiled soos of God, roaming the earth After forty days saiting had remain'd, Cast wanion eyes on the daughters of men, 180 Now hungring first, and to himself chus said. And coupled with them, and begot a race.

Where will this end ? four times ten days I've Have we not seen, or by relation heard,

pafsd

245 In courts and regal chambers how thou lurk'lt, Wand'ring this woody maze, and human food in wood or grove by niosly fountain fide,

Nor tasted, nor had appetite; that fast In valley or green nicadow, to way-lay 185 | To virtue l impute not, or count part Some beauty rare, Califto, Clymenc,

Of what I suffer here; if nature need cot, Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa,

Or God support nature without repaft 250 Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more

Though nec ding, what praise is it to indure? Too long, then lay it thy scapes on names ador'd, But now I feel I hunger, which declares Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan,

190 Nature hath need of what she asks; yet God Satir, or Faun, or Sylvan? But these hannts Can satisfy that need some other way, Delight not all; among the fons of men,

Though hunger till remain : so it remain 255 How many have with a smile made small account Without this body's waiting, I content me, Of beauty and her lures, easily fcorn'd

And from the sting of famin fear no harm. All her assaults, on worthier things intent?

195 Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts that feed Remember that Pellean conqueror,

Me hungring more to do my Father's will. A youth, how all the beauties of the eart

It was the hour of night, when thus the Son 260 Hé slightly view'd, and Dighily overpass'd; Commun'd in silent walk, then laid him dowa How he furnam'd of Africa dismissid

Under the hospitable covert nigh In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid.

Of trees thick interwoven; there he Nept, For Solomon, he liv'd at case, and full

and dream d, as appetite is wont to dream, 264 of honor, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond Of meats and drinks, nature's refreshment (weet; Higher design than to enjoy his fiate;

Him thought, he by the brook of Cherith itood, Thence to the bait of women lay expos'd : And saw the ravens with their horny beaks But he whom we attempt is wifer far

205 Food to Elijah bringing ev'n and morn, Than Solomon, of more exalted mind,

Though ravenous, caught t'abiain from what they Made and set wholly on th' accomplishment

brought:
Os greatest inings; what woman will you find, He saw the prophet also how he fled
Though of this age the wonder and the fanie, Into the desert, and how there he dept
On whom his leisure will vouchsafe an eye Under a juniper ; then how awak'd
Of fond de fire? or should she confident,

He found his supper on the coals prepar'd,
As fitting queen ador'd on beauty's throne, And by the Angel was bid rise and cat,
Descend with all her winning charnis begint And eat the second time after sepose,

275 T'enamour, as the zone of Venus once

The Arength whereof suffic'd him forty days;
Wrought that effe&t on Jove, lo fables tell; 215 Sometimes that with Elijah he partook,
How would one look from his majestic brow Or as a guest with Daniel at his pulse.
Seated as on the top of virtue's hill,

Thus wore out night, and now the herald lark Discount’nance her despis’d, and put to rout Left his ground-ncht, high tow'ring to delery 280

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360

The morn's approach, and greet her with his In ample space under the broadest shade song :

A table richly spread, in rcgal mode, 34) As lightly from his grassy couch up rose

With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest fort, Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream, And favor, bearts of chase, or fowl of game, Fasting he went to sleep, and fafting wak’d. In pastry built, or from the spit, or boiled, Up to a hill anon his steps he rear'd, 285 Gris-amber-fteam'd; all fish from sea or shore, From whose high top to ken the prospect round, Freshet, or purling brook, of thell or fin,

345 If cottage were in view, sheep-cote, or herd; And exquisiteit name, for which was drain's But cottage, herd, or sheep-cote, none he saw, Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast. Only' in a bottom saw a pleafant grove,

Alas how fimple, to these cates compar'd, With chaunt of tunelul birds resounding loud; Was that crude apple that diverted Eve! Thither he bent his way, determin’d there 291 And at a stately lide-board by the wine

350 To rest at noon, and enter'd soon the shade That fragrant fnell diffusod, in order food High rooft, and walks beneath, and alleys brown, Tall (tripling youths rich clad, of fairer hue That open'd in the midst a woody scene;

Than Ganymed or Hylas; diftant more Nature's own work it seem'd (nature taught art) Under the trees now tripp'd, now folemn stood And to a fuperftitious eye the haunt 296 Nyowphs of Diana's train, and Naiades

355 Of Wood-Gods and Wood-Nymphs; he view'd it With fruits and flow'rs from Amalthea's horn, round,

And ladies of th' Helperides, that seean 'd When suddenly a man before him stood,

Fairer than seigar'u of old, or fabled finec
Not rustic as before, but seemlier clad,

Of saery damicis niet in forest wide
As one in city', or court, or palace bred, 300 By knights of Logres, or of Lyones,
And with fair speech these words to him ad- Lancelot, or Pelleas, or Pellenore:
dress'd.

And all the while harmonious airs were hcard With granted leave officious I return,

Of chiming itrings, or charming pipes, and winds But much more wonder that the Son of God, Of gentlest gale Arabian odors fann'd In this wild solitude fu long fhould bide

From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest Of all things deilitute, and well I know, 305

smells.

365 Not without hunger. Others of some note, Such was the splendor, and the Tempter now As ftory tells, have trod this wilderness;

His invitation carncitly renew’d. The fugitive bond-woman with her son

What doubts the Son of God to fit and eat? Oui-caft Netsaioth, yet found here relief

These are not fruits forbidden; no interdiet By a providing Angel; all the race

310

Defends the touching of these viards pure; 370 Of Ifracl here had samith'd, had not God

Their taste no knowledge works at leait of evil, Rain'd from Heav'n Manna; and that Prophet But life preserves, deltroys life's enemy, bold

Hunger, with sweet restorative delight. Native of Thebez wand'ring here was fed

All these are Spi'rits of air, and woods, and Twice by a voice inviting him to eat :

springs, Of thee these forty days none hath regard, 315 Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay 375 Forty and more deserted here indeed.

Thee homage, and acknowlcdge thee their Lord : To whom thus Jesus. What conclud'st thou.

What doubt'it thou Son of God? lit down and hence ? They all had need, as I thou seest have none. To whom thus Jefus temp'rately reply'd.

How halt thou hunger then? Satan reply'd. Said'st thou not that to all things I had right? Tell me if food were now before thee fet, 320

And who withholds my pow'r that right to use? Would'st thou not eat? Thereafter as I like Shall I receive by gift what of my own, 381 The giver, answer'd Jesus. Why should that

When and where likes me best, I can command? Cause thy refusal? said the subtle Fiend.

I can at will, doubt not, as soon as thou, Hast thou not right to all created things?

Command a table in this wilderness, Owe not all creatures by just right to thee

325

And call swift flights of Angels ministrant 385 Duty and service, not to stay till bid,

Array'd in glory on my cup to’attend : But tender all their pow'r? nor mention ! Why should it thou then obtrude this diligence, Meats by the Law unclean, or offer'd first In vain, where no acceptance it can find ? To idols, those young Daniel could rufuse; And with my hunger what hast thou to do? Nor proffer'd by an enemy, though who 330 Thy pompous delicacies I contemn,

390 Would scruple that, with want oppress’d? Be And count thy fpecious gists no gists, but guiles. hold

To whom thus answer'd Satan malecontent. Nature asham'd, or better to express,

That I have also pow'r to give, thou seest; Troubled that thou should't hunger, hath pure If of that pow'r I bring thee voluntary vey'd

What I might have befrow'd on whom I pleas'd, From all the elements her choicest store

And rather opportunely in this place

396 To treat thee as beseems, and as her Lord 335

Chose to impart to thy apparent need,
With honor, only deign to fit and cat.

Why shouldst thou not accept it? but i see
He spake no dream, for as his words had end, What I can do or offer is suspect;
Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld

Of these things others quickly will dispose, 400

eat.

446

tames,

Whose pains have earn'd the far fet spoil. With | To me is not unknown what hath been done that

Worthy' of memorial) canst thou net remember Both table and provision vanish'd quite

Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, Regulus ? With found of harpies wings, and talons heard; For I esecem those names of men so poor Only th' importune Tempter stili remain'd, Who could do mighty things, and could contemn And with these words his temptation pursu’d. 405 Riches though offer'd from the hand of kings. By hunger, that each other creatur

And what in me seems wanting, but that I 450 Thou art not to be harm’d, therefore not mov'd; May also in this poverty as soon Thy temperance invincible besides,

Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more? For no allurement yields to appetite,

Extol not riches then, the toil of fools, And all thy heart is set on high designs, 410 The wise man's cumbrance if cot snare, more apt High adions; but wherewith to be atchiev'd ? To flacken virtue, and abate her edge, 455 Great acts require great means of enterprise ; Than prompt her to do ought may merit praise. Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, What if with like averfion I rejea A carpenter thy father known, thyself

Riches and realms; yet not for that a crown, Bred up in poverty and straits at home, 415 Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns, Loft in a desert here and hunger-bit :

Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and deepless Which way or from what hope duft thou aspire

nights,

460 To greatness? whence authority deriv'st? To him who wears the regal diadem, What followers, what retinue canst thou gain, When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, 420 For therein stands the office of a king, Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost? His honor, virtue, merit, and chief praise, Money brings honor, friends, conquest, and That for the public all this weight he bears. 465 realms:

Yet he who reigns within himself, and rules What rais’d Antipater the Edomite,

Passions, desires, and fears, is more a king; And his son Herod plac'd on Judah's throne Which every wise and virtuous man attains: (Thy throne), but gold that got him puissant And who attains pot, ill aspires to rule friends?

425 Cities of men, or beadstrong multitudes, Therefore, if at great things thou would'st ar. Subject himself to anarchy within, rive,

Or lawless passions in him which he serves. Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap, But to guide nations in the way of truth Not difficult, if thou hearken to me;

By saving do&trin, and from error lead Riches are mine, fortune is in my hand;

To know, and knowing worship God aright, 475 They whom I favor thrive in wealth amain, 430 Is yet more kingly; this attracts the foul, While virtue, valor, wisdom, fit in want. Governs the inner man, the nobler part;

To whom thus Jesus patiently reply'd. That other o'er the body only rcigas, Yet wealth without these three is impotent And oft by force, which to a generous mind To gain dominion, or to keep it gain'd.

So reigoing can be no fincere delight. Witnets those ancient empires of the earth, 435 Besides to give a kingdom hath been thought In highth of all their flowing wealth dissolv’d: Greater and nobler done, and to lay dowa But men endued with these have oft attain'd

Far more magnanimous, than to aliume. In lowest poverty to highest deeds;

Riches are needless then, both for themselves, Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad, And for thy reason why they should be sought, Whose offspring on the throne of Judah sat 440 To gain a sccpter, oftest better miss'd. 486 Su many ages, and shall yet regain That seat, and reign in Israel without end. Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world THE END OF THE SECOND BOOR.

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