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“ Who thought compassion female weakness here, " It charm'd through tears the sad fpe&ator'slight, “ And equity injustice, would appear

Did reverence, love, and gratitude, excite, 111 “ In his own cause ; who falsely fear'd beside, “ And pious rage; with which inspir'd, they now “ The solemn curse on Jonathan did abide, 1085 “ Oppose to Saul's a better public vow. “ And, the infected limb not cut away,

“ They all consent all Ifrael ought to be “ Would like a gangrene o'er all Israel stray ; " Accurs'd and kill'd themselves, rather than he. “ Prepar'd this god-like facrifice to kill,

“ Thus with kind force they the glad king with“ And his rash vow more rashly to fulfil.

“ ftood,

1106 " What tonguc can th' horror and amazement “ And fav'd their wondrous saviour's facred “ tell


“ blood !” " Which on all Israel that sad moment fell ! Thus David spoke; and much did yet remain « Tamer had been their grief, fewer their tears, Behind, th' attentive prince to entertain; “ Had the Philistian fate that day been theirs. Edom and Zoba's war-for what befel IIIO “ Not Saul's proud heart could master his swoln In that of Moab, was known there too well; “ eye;

1094 The boundless quarrel with curs'd Amalek's land; « The Prince alone food mild and patient by; Where Heaven itself did cruelty command, “ So bright his sufferings, so triumphant, show'd, And practis'd on Saul's mercy, nor did ere « Less to the best than worst of fates he ow'd. More punish innocent blood, than pity there. Ils « A vi&ory now he o'er himself might boast; But lo! they'arriv'd now at th' appointed place; ✓ He conquer'd now, that conqueror of an host. Well-chosen and well-furnish'd for the chace.

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was the funeral day of the late man who made himself to be called protector. And though I bore but little affection, either to the memory of him, or to the trouble or folly

of all public pageantry, yet I was forced by the importunity of my company to go along with them and be a spectator of that folemnity, the expectation of which had been so great, that it was said to have brought fome very curious persons (and no doubt fingular virtuosos) as far as from the Mount in Cornwall, and from the Orcades. I found there had been much more coft bestowed than either the dead man, or indeed death itself, could deserve. There was a mighty train of black aslistants, among which, too, divers princes in the perfons of their ambassadors (being infinitely afflicted for the loss of their brother) were pleased to attend ; the hearse was magnificent, the idol crowned, and (not to mention all other ceremonies which are practised at royal interments, and therefore by no means could be omitted here) the vast multitude of spectators made up, as it uses to do, no small part of the spectacle itself. But yet, I know not how, the whole was so managed, that, methought, it fomewhat represented the life of him for whom it was made ; much noise, much tumult, much expence, much magnificence, much vain-glory; briefly, a great show, and yet, after all this, but an ill fight. At last (for it seemed long to me, and like his short reign too, very tedious) the whole scene passed by; and I retired back to my chamber, weary, and I think more melancholy than any of the mourners; where I began to reflect on the whole life of this prodigious man: and sometimes I was filled with horror and detestation of his actions, and sometimes I inclined a little to reverence and admiration of his courage, conduct, and success; till by these different motions a:- agitations of mind, rocked as it were alleep, I fell at last into this vision; or if you please to call it but a dream, I Thall not take it ill, because the father of poets tells us, even dreams, too, are from God.

Bat sure it was no dream ; for I was suddenly transported afar off (whether in the body, or out of the body, like St. Paul, 1 know not) and found myfelf on the top of that famous hill in the island of Mona, which has the prospect of three great, and not. long-fince most happy kingdoms. As soon as ever I looked on then, the " not-longfnce" truck upou my ipemory, and called forth the fad representation of ali the fins, and all the miseries, that had overwhelmed them these twenty years. And I wept. bitterly for two or three hours ; and, when my present itock of moisture was all walted, I fell a fighing for an hour more ; and, as soon as I recovered from my paljon the use of speech and reason, I broke forth, as I remember (looking upon England) into this complaint :

Ah, happy ifle, bow art thou chang'd and curs'd,
Since I was born, and knew thee first!

which had forlook the world around
(Frighted with noise, and tie thrill trumpet's found)

Thce for a private place of rest,
And a secure retirement, chole

Wherein to build her halcyon neft;
No wind durft ftir abroad, the air to difccmpore:

When peace,


When all the riches of the globe befide

Flow'd in to thee with every tide;
When all, that nature did thy soil deny,
The growth was of thy fruitful industry;

When all the proud and dreadful fea,
And all his tributary streams,

A constant tribute paid to thee;
When all the liquid world was one extended Thames :
When plenty in each village did appear,

And bounty was its steward there;
When gold walk'd free about in open view,
Ere it one conquering party's prisoner grew;

When the religion of our state
Had face and substance with her voice,

Ere she, by her foolish loves of late,
Like Echo (once a Nymph) turn'd only into noise :
When men to men, respect and friendship bore,

And God with reverence did adore ;
When upon earth no kingdom could have shown
A happier monarch to us, than our own :

And yet his subjects by him were
(Which is a truth will hardly be

Receiv'd by any vulgar ear,
A secret known to few) made happier er'n than he.
Thou dost a Chaos, and Confusion, now,

A Babel, and a Bedlam, grow,
And, like a frantic person, thou dost tear
The ornaments and cloaths which thou siould't wear,

And cut thy limbs; and, if we see
(Just as thy barbarous Britons did)

Thy body with hypocrify
Painted all o'er, thou think'it'thy naked shame is hid.
The nations, which envied thee erewhile,

Now laugh (too little 'tis to smile);
They laugh, and would have pitied thee, alas!
But that thy faults all pity do surpass.

Art thou the country, which didst hate
And mock the French inconstancy?

And have we, have we seen of late
Less change of habits there, than governments in thee?
Unhappy ife! no ship of thine at sea,

Was ever tost and torn like thee.
Thy naked hulk loose on the waves does beat,
The rocks and banks around her ruin threat ;

What did thy foolish pilots ail,
To lay the compass quite afide ?

Without a law or rule to fail,
And rather take the winds, than heavens, to be their guide!
Yet, mighty God! yet, yet, we humbly crave,

This floating isle from shipwreck fave;
And though, to wash that blood which does it stain,
It well deserve to fink into the main ;

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Yet, for the royal martyr's prayer
('The royal martyr prays, we know)

This guilty, perishing vessel spare ;

Hear but his soul above, and not his blood below! I think I should have gone on, but that I was interrupted by a strange and terrible apparition ; for there appeared to me (arifing out of the earth, as I conceived) the figure of a man, taller than a giant, or indeed than the shadow of any giant in the evening. His body was naked; but that nakedness adorned, or rather deformed, all over, with several figures, after the manner of the ancient Britons, painted upon it: and I perceived that most of them were the representation of the late battles in our civil wars, and (if I be not much mistaken) it was the battle of Naseby that was drawn upon his breast. His eyes were like burning brass; and there were three crowns of the fame metal (as I guessed), and that looked as red-hot too, upon his head. He held in his right hand a (word, that was yet bloudy, and nevertheless the motto of it was, “ Pax quæritur bello ;" and in his left hand a thick book, upon the back of which was written in letters of gold, Aets, Ordinances, Protestations, Covenants, Engagements, Declarations, Remonfrances, &c,

Though this sudden, unusual, and dreadful object might have quelled a greater courage than mine; yet so it pleased God (for there is nothing bolder than a man in a vilion) that I was not at all daunted, but asked him refolutely and briefly, " What art thou?" And he said, “ I am called the north-west principality, his highness, the protector of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the dominions belonging thereto; for I am that angel, to whom the Almighty has committed the go. vernment of those three kingdoms, which thou seest from this place.” And I answered and said, “ If it be so, Sir, it seems to me that for almost these twenty years past, your highness has been absent from your charge : for not only if any angel, but if any wise and honest man, had since that time been our governor, we should not have wandered thus long in these laborious and endless labyrinths of confusion, but either not have entered at all into them, or at least have returned back ere we had absolutely lost our way; bus, instead of your highness, we have had fince such a protector, as was his predecessor Richard the Third to the king his nepliew; for he presently flew the commonwealth, which he pretended to protect, and set up himself in the place of it: a little less guilty indeed in one respect, because the other flew an innocent, and this man did but murder 2 murderer. Such a protector we have had, as we would have been glad to have changed for an enemy, and rather received a constant Turk, than this every month's aportate; such a protector, as man is to his flocks which he sheers, and sells, or devours himself, and I would fain know, what the wolf, which he protects him from, could do more. Such a protector—"and as I was proceeding, methoughts, his highness began. to put on a displeased and threatening countenance, as men use to do when their dearest friends happen to be traduced in their company; which gave me the first rise of jealousy ainst him, for I did not believe that Cromwell among all foreign correspondences had ever held any with angels. However I was not hardened enough yet to venture a quarrel with him then: and therefore (as if I had spoken to the protector himself in Whitehall) I desired him “ that his highness would please to pardon me, if I had unWittingly spoken any thing to the disparagement of a person, whose relations to his highness 1 had not the honour to know.”

At which he told me " that he had no other concernment for his late highness, than as he took him to be the greatest man that ever was of the English nation, if not (faid he) of the whole world: which gives me a just title to the defence of his reputation, lince I now account myself, as it were, a naturalized English angel, by having had so long the management of the affairs of that country. And pray, countryman (said he, very kindly and very flatteringly) for I would not have you fall into the general error of the world, that detests and decries fo extraordinary a virtue, What can be more extraordipary, than that a person of mean birth, no fortune, no eminent qualities of body, which bave sometimes, or of mind, which have often, raised men to the highest dignities, should Vol. II.


have the courage to attempt, and the happiness to succeed in, fo improbable a design, as the destruction of one of the most ancient and most solidly-founded monarchies upon the earth? that he should have the power or boldness to put his prince and master to an open and infamous death; to banish that numerous and trongly-allied family; to do all this under the name and wages of a parliament; to trample upon them too as he pleased, and spurn them out of doors, when he grew weary of them; to raise up a new and unheard-of moniter out of their ashes ; to stile that in the very infancy, and set up himself above all things that ever were called sovereign in England; to oppress all his enemies by arms, and all his friends af erwards by artifice; to serve all parties patiently for a while, and to command them victoriously at last; to over-run each corner of the three nations, and overcome with equal facility both the riches of the south and the poverty of the north ; to be feared and courted by all foreign princes, and adopted a brother to the gods of the carth; to call together parliaments with a word of his pen, and scatter them again with the breath of his mouth; to be humbly and daily petitioned that he would please to be hired, at the rate of two millions a year, to be the master of those who had hired him before to be their servant; to have the estates and lives of three kingdoms as much at his disposal, as was the little inheritance of his father, and to be as noble and liberal in the spending of them; and laftly (for there is no end of all the particulars of his glory), to bequeath all this with one word to his pofterity; to die with peace at home, and triumph abroad; to be buried among kings, and with more than regal folemnity; and to leave a name behind him, not to be extinguished, but with the wbole world ; which, as it is now too little for his praises, so might have been too for his conquests, if the short line of his human life could have been stretched-out to the extent of his immortal designs * ?"

By this speech, I began to understand perfectly well what kind of angel his pretended highness was ; and having fortified myself privately with a short mental prayer, and with the fign of the cross (not out of any superstition to the sign, but as a recog. uition of my baptism in Chrift), I grew a little bolder, and replied in this manner: “ I should not venture to oppose what you are pleased to say in commendation of the late great, and (I confess) extraordinary person, but that I remember Christ forbids us to give assent to any other doctrine but what himself has taught us, even though it should be delivered by an angel; and if such you be, Sir, it may be you have spoken all this rather to try than to tempt my frailty: for sure I am, that we must renounce or forget all the laws of the New and Old Testament, and those which are the foundation of both, even the laws of moral and natural honesty, if we approve of the actions of that man whom I suppose you commend by irony.

There would be no end to instance in the particulars of all his wickedness; but, to sum up a part of it briefly, What can be more extraordinarily wicked, than for a person, such as yourself, qualify him rightly, to endeavour not only to exalt himself above, but to trample upon, all his equals and betters to pretend freedom for all men, and under the help of that pretence to make all men his servants? to take arms against taxes of fcarce two hundred thousand pounds a year, and to raise them himself to above two millions? to quarrel for the loss of three or four ears, and to strike off three or four hun. dred heads? to fight against an imaginary suspicion of I know not what ? two thoufand guards to be fetched for the king, I know not from whence, and to keep up for himself no less than forty thousand ? to pretend the defence of parliaments, and violently to dissolve all, even of his own calling, and almost choosing? to undertake the reformation of religion, to rob it even to the very skin, and then to expose it naked to the rage of all fects and heresies? to set up counsels of rapine, and courts of murder? to fight against the king under a commission for him; to take him forcibly out of the hands of those for whom he had conquered him; to draw him into his net, with proteftations and vows of fidelity; and when he had caught him in it, to butcher him, with as little

Mr. Hume has inserted this character of Cromwell, but altered, as he says, ip fome pasticulars from the original, in his history of Great-Briain. HURD.

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