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The Declaration of Independence read to the army — How received in New York–Position of the loyalists ****

Course pursued by Congress–Necessity of some articles of confederation—Measures adopted — Defence of New York to be provided for — Arrival of the British forces under General and Lord Howe – Proclamation of the English Commissioners —Howe's sincerity — Attempt at communication with Washington — Account of the matter — American army and operations in Canada — Carleton's vigorous efforts—Naval battle on Lake Champlain — Carleton's failure to advance southwardly—Washington's position in New York — Sectional jealousies and quarrels—Washington's dignified rebuke—Howe's force — Exploits of Captain Talbot —The battle of Long Island — Its disastrous result— Retreat from Brooklyn — Encampment at Harlem Heights —Washington's letter to Congress — Howe's renewed attempts at negotiations fail — Depression of the Americans — Hale's self-sacrificing expedition — His death as a spy — Howe's plan of operation — Disgraceful conduct of the militia —Washington's danger—Retreat from New York — Narrow escape — Great fire in New York — Sickness in the camp, desertions, etc. — Washington's letter to Congress on the inefficiency of the force under his command — Army to be reorganized — Howe's change of plan — Washington's retreat — Battle of White Plains — The loss of Fort Washington – Retreat through the Jerseys begun — Howe's proclamation — Washington continues to retreat — Nearness of the armies to one another—Lee's erratic course and capture — Gloomy prospect of affairs— British movements in Rhode Island—Howe's military conduct censured by some writers—Washing

ton's nobleness of character — APPENDIX To CHAPTER I. —Judge Drayton's remarks on Lord and General Howe's Declaration.

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