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or opinion, have not crept in and escaped observation. I can only hope —which I do with tolerable confidence—that they are very few and far between, and that there are none of material consequence to the value and integrity of the history.

In respect to the general appearance and execution of the work, the volumes will speak for themselves. The enterprising publishers, I may say in their behalf, have zealously labored to secure the best service possible, and to present to the American public a work which, they believe, is unequalled in the spirit and beauty of its illustrations, and the elegance of its typography. -

With these brief introductory remarks and statements, the present History of the United States is submitted to the consideration of our countrymen. I shall only venture, as a last word, to express the hope, that the favorable judgment of many friends and fellow-laborers, who have cheered me on with words of kindness during several years of toil, may be confirmed by others into whose hands this work may fall; and that its merits—such as they are—may give it favor in the eyes of all good and true men, and all honest lovers of our highly favored land.

J. A. SPENCER.

NEw York, March, 1858.

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CHA PTE R. [.

1492–1609,

EARLY VOYAGES AND DISCOVERIES,

*AGF:

Voyages of the Northmen—Vinland. . . . . . . . . . • • 1

Rnowledge on this subject in the 15th century. . . . 2

Christopher Columbus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

His early life, genius, labors, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 3

Discovery of America—Origin of the name . . . . . . . 3, 4

Amerigo Vespucci. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to e o 'o e & • . . . 4

Sebastian Cabot's voyages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 5

Cortereal—Ponce de Leon—Werrazzani. . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7

Cartier—Robertval–De Soto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Ribault—Melendez—De Gourgues. . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10

Champlain–Canada–Acadie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 12

C. H. A. PTE R II.
1492–1500.
THE ABORIGINES OF AMERICA,

Origin of the name INDIANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . 13

American antiquities. . . . . . . . . . . . & so to to 3 & go . . . . . . . . 14

3eneral characteristics of the Indian tribes. . . . . . . 14

Manners, customs, government, laws, etc. . . . . . . . 14, 15

War the Indian's great business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Females—Numbers—Dialects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Intimation of prophecy. . . . . . . & e g o b e o e o e o O & 9 & © to . 17
European views of the rights of Indians. . . . . . . . . . 18

Origin of difficulties to & © go & Q & © to o & 0 & 0 & 0 & © 0 & 0 & © & 6 @ & 19

C H A PTE R III.
i553–1606,

ATTEMPTS AT COLONIZATION BY THE ENGLISH.

Willoughby and Chancellor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Reign of Elizabeth. . . . . . . to so a g o os e o 'o e o ox § & © & © to e g o o 21

Frobisher and Drake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . & e o & © to a 6 & 22

Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh .. 22, 23

Roanoke and VIRGINIA . . . . . . © to e o a 3 g o go e o a to a gy . . 25, 26

Lane, the governor—Harriot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26, 27

Abandonment of the colony. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

PAGo

New one sent out—White, the governor.......... 28

Virginia Dare—Colony lost entirely . . . . . . . . . . . 28, 29

Assignment of Raleigh's patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Gosnold—James I. . . . . . . . . . . $ to 3 & & © to £ to e o o . . . . 29, 30
London company—Plymouth company. . . . . to to e o o o 30
Charter—Instructions issued by the king . . . . . . . 31, 32

CHAPTER IV,
1606-1625,

COLONIZATION OF VIRGINIA.

The London company...................... . . . . 82

Members of the council and emigrants. . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Jamestown—John Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

His eminent value to the colony. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Sickness—Smith taken prisoner . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . 84

Saved by Pocahontas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Smith explores the Chesapeake................. . 35

New charter—Lord Delaware captain-general..... 35

Smith returns to England. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to o e o & © & © 36

The “starving-time”—Return of better days.... 37, 38

Enlargement of grant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Marriage of Pocahontas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Argall—Yeardley . . . . . . . . . . & © & © e g o e 6 e & © & Q & e . . . 40

First colonial assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4]

Introduction of Negro slavery............. so to o co to e 41

Massacre by the Indians—Retaliation . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Dissolution of the company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Death of King James . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

C H A PTE R. W.

1609–1640,

SETTLEMENT OF NEW NETHERLAND,

Henry Hudson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to to e o so e g to 9 go e to o o so to & 44

Discovers and explores the Hudson River. . . . . . . . . 44

His conduct to the natives—His fate . . . . . . . . . . . 44, 45

Dutch East India company ................ ‘go o & 6 so 45

New Netherland—The Walloons. . . . . . . . to & to e o so go to 9. 45

Purchase of Manhattan Island. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

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CHA PTER WI.

1620–1631,

FOUNDATION OF NEW ENGLAND.

CHA PTER VII.

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Eliot and his labors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Progress in morals, social life, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

C H A PTE R. XII.

1660–1688.

NEW ENGLAND UNIDER CHARLES II. AND JAMES II.

Restoration of Charles II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104.

Course adopted by the colonists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Internal difficulties and trials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Consequences of the restoration in England . . . . . . . 106

Massachusetts’ commission—The king's reply . . . . . . 106

Charter of Connecticut—Its principles. . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Charter of Rhode Island—Toleration. . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Massachusetts' reply to the king's requisitions . . . . . 108

Commissioners sent out—Their course. . . . . . . . . . . . 108

The king's summons—His probable designs . . . . . . . 109

King Philip's war—Its fearful details. . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

New Hampshire. . . . . . . . . . . . . • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 112

Massachusetts' charter declared to be forfeited. . . . . 112

Andros appointed governor—Connecticut. . . . . . . . . I13

Saving of the charter of Connecticut. . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

C H A P T E R XIII.

1660–1688.

VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND.

Changes in Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

Causes of these changes—Classes of settlers . . . . . . . 114

Aristocracy—Navigation act. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Intolerance of the ruling party. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Culpepper and Arlington—Charter solicited....... 116

Causes which led to Bacon's rebellion . . . . . . . . . . . . I 16

Course pursued by Berkeley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... 117

Progress of the contest—Success of Bacon. . . . . . . . . 117

Bacon's sudden death—“Bacon's laws”. . . . . . . . . . . 117

Subsequent suffering of the colony. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

Affairs in Maryland—General prosperity . . . . . . . . . 120

Efforts in favor of church establishment . . . . . . . . . . 120

Insurrection stirred up by Fendal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Writ issued against the charter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Downfall of James II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T.21

BOOK SECOND.

FROM THE ACCESSION OF WILLIAM III. TO THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

C H A PT ER. I.

1689–1697.
NEW ENGLAND AND NEW YORK : FIRST INTERCOLONIAL WAR.
Accession of William III.--Its effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

War with France—Intercolonial War . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

C H A PTE R XIV.
1630–1690.

ORIGIN AND PROGRESS OF THE CAROLINAS.
PAGE

Heath's patent in 1630—Settlements about 1660. 121, 122

Measures adopted towards the settlers. . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Albemarle—Clarendon—Second charter . . . . . . . . . . 123

The “Grand Model” of John Locke . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

Spanish intrigues—Discontents—Emigration . . . . . . 125

Proprietaries dissatisfied—Increase in population ... 127

The buccaneers—Favored by the Carolinians...... 127

James II. and the Quo Warranto troubles. . . . . . . . , 128

Progress of North and South Carolina . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

CH A P T E R X. W.

1661–1688.

PENN AND PENNSYLVANIA.

William Penn—His education, character, etc. . .129, 130

PENNSYLVANIA—Terms of the charter. . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

Course pursued towards the Indians . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13}

Frame of government—Provisions . . . . . to e g o B & e g o so. 131

Quit-claim from the Duke of York. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Penn's voyage to New York--Freemen assembled. 132

Code of laws—Boundary question . . . . . . . . . . . 132, 133

Penn's intercourse with the natives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Meeting of the legislative body—Its acts. . . . . . . . ... 134

Penn's trials and difficulties with the colonists . . . . . 135

The result—Lower counties on the Delaware. . . . . . 135

Penn deprived of his administration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

CHA PTER X W I.

1626–1689,

FRENCH COLONIAL ENTERPRISE.

New France—Labors of Franciscans and Jesuits... 136

Their explorations—Charlevoix's account......... 137

War with the Five Nations—A truce. . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Company of New France given up. . . . . . . . • . . . . . . 138

Marquette and the Mississippi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

La Salle—Enterprise and activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

LouisiaNA—La Salle goes to France—Expedition... 140

Descends the Mississippi to its mouth. . . . . . . . . . . . . 14()

Fatal termination—Affairs in Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

De la Barre—Denonville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141, 142

War with the Five Nations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

French attempts at colonization—English attempts. 143

Accession of William III.-War in consequence... 143

Course pursued by Massachusetts, Virginia, Mary-

land, and New York. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

“Protestant Revolution” in Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Jacob Leisler–His career and fate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Opening of the War—Attack on Dover. . . . . . . . . . . 151

Oyster River—Pemaquid Fort—Haverhill disasters. 161

Brave Mrs. Dustin—Peace of Ryswick . . . . . . . 161, 162

Capture of Louisburg—Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle 174,175

CIH. A. PTE R III.
1691–1748,

NEW YORK-NEW JERSEY—PENNSYLVANIA,

*A&#

Sir William Keith his successor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

Governor Thomas and the controversy between the

proprietaries and the Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

C H A PTER IV.
1690–1748,

VIRGINIA-MARYLAND-THE CAROLINAS,

Nicholson, governor—Dr. Blair, commissary ...... 188

Administration of Andros. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to g o to e g o o 189

Founding of Williamsburg. . . . . . . . . . . & a a e o 'o e o e a 190

Powers of the governor—Spirit of liberty. . . . . . . . . 190

Office of governor made a sinecure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Spotswood's administration—His acts . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Gouch's administration—Progress of Virginia . . . . . 192

Affairs in Maryland—Dr. Bray, commissary. . . . . . . 192

“Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in For-

eign Parts”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Persecution of the Roman Catholics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Lord Baltimore becomes a Protestant. . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Question of boundary—Progress of Maryland..... 193

Affairs in Carolina: Feuds, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

“Grand Model” abrogated—Archdale's labors. . . . . 193

Introduction of rice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . * : * g o & E. & © 9. § 4c a e 194

Dissenters disfranchised . . . . . . . . . . to £3 g o o os e g o os e g o o 194

Church of England established by law . . . . . . . . . . . 194

Mr. Bancroft on North Carolina . . . . . . . . . . . o g g g to e 194

War with the Tuscaroras. . . . . . . . . . . to € 8 & 9 g g g g g . . 194

Attack on St. Augustine unsuccessful. . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Paper money issued—War with the Indians. ... 195,196

Craven victorious—Heavy loss and debt. . . . . . . . . . 197

Revolution in South Carolina . . . . . . . . . . . . . & © to 3 3 & 197

Proprietaries sell out to the king . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

Treaty of peace and amity with the Cherokees. . . . 197

Advance of the colony despite its trials. . . . . . . . . . . 198

C H A PTE R. W.
1732–1754,
FOUNDING AND PROGRESS OF GEORGIA.

Origin of Georgia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

James Edward Oglethorpe: Character, etc. . . . . . . . 199

Object of the colony—Error of Judgment. . . . . . . . . 199

Oglethorpe at the head of the colony . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

Founding of Savannah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . § 6; to to go & 200

Emigration of Lutherans from Salzburg . . . . . . . . . . 200

Moravians—Jews—Highlanders. . . . . . . . . . . . . 200, 201

Charles and John Wesley in Georgia. . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

Slavery desired—When introduced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

Spanish claims to the territory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20]

Oglethorpe's plans—Resists Spanish pretensions ... 202

Attack on St. Augustine unsuccessful. . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

Spanish hostile expedition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

Oglethorpe's trial—Charges against him. . . . . . . . . . 202

His complete vindication . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . 202

Whitfield in America—The great revival . . . . . 202, 203

Changes—Slow progress of Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Expensiveness of the colony. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Royal governor appointed—The people hospitable. 206

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