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cratic) for its legislation on behalf of the farmer. It stated that the Federal Government should put into effect these “principles of just employment" and should urge them in State legislation: “A living wage for all employees; a working day not to exceed eight hours, with one day of rest in seven; the adoption of safety appliances and the establishment of thoroughly sanitary conditions of labor; adequate compensation for industrial accidents; the standards of the 'Uniform Child Labor Law' wherever minors are ployed; such provisions for decency, comfort and health in the employment of women as should be accorded the mothers of the race; an equitable retirement law providing for the retirement of superannuated and disabled employees of the civil service to the end that a higher standard of efficiency may be maintained."
It favored “the speedy enactment of a Federal Child Labor Law,” “the regulation of the shipment of prison-made goods in interstate commerce," "the creation of a Federal Bureau of Safety in the Department of Labor,” “the extension of the powers and functions of the Federal Bureau of Mines," "the development upon a systematic scale of the means already begun under the present administration to assist laborers throughout the Union to seek and obtain employment," public health work, the establishment by the Federal Government of sanatoriums for needy tubercular patients, the alteration of the Senate rules to secure prompt transaction of business.
Self-government for the Philippine Islands was en
dorsed. These principles of prison reform were urged: Training in remunerative occupations, the setting apart of the net wages of the prisoner for his dependent family or to be paid to him upon his release, the liberal extension of the principles of the Federal Parole Law and the adoption of the probation system. Generous pensions for soldiers and their widows were recommended. The development of harbors and waterways was favored and the control of the Mississippi River was stated as a national problem to be handled by the National Government. Legislation for the development of Alaskan resources was pledged and the granting of the United States traditional territorial government to Alaska, Hawaii and Porto Rico was favored.
Republican Platform. The Republican platform condemned the Democratic policy of granting selfgovernment to the Philippine Islands immediately and reaffirmed its policy of government by the United States with constantly increasing participation by the Philippine people. It reiterated its approval of treaties recognizing the absolute right of expatriation and pledged itself to maintaining the right of asylum.
It repeated its belief in a protective tariff and condemned the Underwood tariff bill. It expressed belief in rigid supervision and strict regulation of the transportation and great corporations of the country" and “that all who violate the laws in regulation of business should be individually punished.” The Democratic policy in this regard was condemned as involving the Government in business which should
be left within the sphere of private enterprise and in direct competition with its own citizens."
It declared that the Democratic administration had not made good its claims of beneficial legislation for rural credits and extension of rural free delivery and pledged itself to accomplish these things. It disapproved the Government ownership of vessels proposed by the Democratic party and instead favored liberal payments to ships in the foreign trade for services in carrying the mails, and the passage of other legislation to aid the merchant marine. It recommended the placing of the entire transportation system of the country under Federal control.
It pledged the party to faithful enforcement of all Federal laws passed for the protection of labor, declared for vocational education, the enactment and rigid enforcement of a Federal child labor law, the enactment of a generous and comprehensive workman's compensation law, within the commerce power of Congress; an accident compensation law covering all Government employees, and legislation for public safety.
Socialist Platform. The Socialist platform stated : “The Socialist party as the political expression of the economic interests of the working class calls upon them to take a determined stand on the question of militarism and war, and to recognize the opportunity which the Great War has given them of forcing disarmament and furthering the cause of industrial freedom." It further declared, “Socialism admits the
rivate ownership and individual direction of all things, tools, economic processes and functions which are individualistic in character, and requires the collective ownership and democratic control and direction of those which are social or collectivistic in character.
The platform recommended as peace measures that all laws and appropriations for the increase of the military and naval forces of the United States shall be immediately repealed," that the power to fix foreign policies and conduct diplomatic negotiations be lodged in Congress, exercised publicly and that the people be free by referendum at any time to order Congress to change its policy: that no war be declared or waged by the United States at any time without a referendum vote of the entire people, except for the purpose of repelling invasion; the abandonment of the Monroe doctrine, immediate self-government for the Philippine Islands, the calling by the Government of a congress of all neutral nations to mediate for lasting peace and to arrange for an International Congress with power to adjust disputes between nations and to guarantee equal rights to all oppressed nations and races.
The political demands in the platform were outlined as: Equal suffrage for men and women, the adoption of the Susan B. Anthony suffrage amendment, the initiative, referendum and recall and proportional representation, national and local; abolition of the Senate and veto power of the President, election of President and Vice-President by direct vote of the people, provision for the amendment of the National Constitution by a majority of the voters, a convention to revise the National Constitution, abolition of the power of the Supreme Court to pass upon the constitutionality of legislation enacted by Congress, the only repeal for such legislation to be by Congress or referendum vote of the whole people; abrogation of the power of the courts to issue injunctions, election of all judges to United States courts for short terms, free administration of the law, suffrage for the District of Columbia with representation in Congress and a democratic form of municipal government for purely local affairs, extension of democratic government to all United States territory, freedom of the press, speech and assemblage, increase of income and corporation taxes and extension of inheritance tax, general educational measures, vocational education, health measures, abolition of monopoly ownership of patents in favor of collective ownership with direct royalty rewards to inventors.
The industrial demands were: A shortened work day, freedom of political and economic organization and activities, a rest period of not less than a day and a half in each week, more effective inspection of workshops, factories and mines, employment forbidden for those under eighteen years old, interstate transportation of child labor products and products of uninspected factories and mines forbidden, minimum wage scales, old age pensions, state insurance against unemployment and sickness, compulsory insurance by employers of their workers, without cost