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to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraor- 100 dinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such 101 Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be 102 faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

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SECTION 4. The President, Vice President 103 and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bri- 104 bery, or other high Crimes and Misdemean

ors.

ARTICLE III

SECTION 1. The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme 105 Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices 106 during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compen

sation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in Office.

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SECTION 2. The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be

made, under their Authority ;-to all Cases 107 affecting Ambassadors, other public Minis

ters and Consuls ;-to all Cases of admiralty

and maritime Jurisdiction ;-to Controversies 108 to which the United States shall be a Party;

-to Controversies between two or 109 States;-between a State and Citizens of an

other State ;-between Citizens of different States ;-between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in

which a State shall be a Party, the supreme 110 Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In

all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of 111 Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

SECTION 3. Treason against the United 112 States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless 113 on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare 114 the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

ARTICLE IV

SECTION 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be 115 given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

SECTION 2. The Citizens of each State shall 116 be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Trea117 son, Felony, or other Crime, shall on De

mand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to remove to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

[No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be done.]

118 SECTION 3. New States may be admitted by

the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States con

cerned as well as of the Congress. 119 The Congress shall have Power to dispose

of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

SECTION 4. The United States shall guaran- 120 tee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasions; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive 121 (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

ARTICLE V

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both 122 Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths 123 of the several States, or by Conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Con- 124 sent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

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