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the States respectively the Appointment of 60 the officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

61 To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Govern62 ment and of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;And

63 To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

[SECTION 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.]

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Cor- 64 pus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law 65 shall be passed.

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall 66 be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles 67 exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports 68 of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treas- 69 ury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and 70 Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by 71 the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

72 SECTION 10. No State shall enter into

any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Pay73 ment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the 74 Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection 75 Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Con76 gress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another 77 State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

78

ARTICLE II

SECTION 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of

America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the 79 Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner 80 as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which 81 the State may be entitled in the Congress : but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

[The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 82 Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of 83 the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such a Majority, and have an equal Number of

Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having 84 one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from twothirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. every Case, after the Choice of the President,

In

the Person having the greatest Number of 85 Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice Pres

ident. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.]

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, 86 or a Citizen of the United States, at the

time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that 87 Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

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