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of either House during his Continuance in Office.

SECTION 7. All Bills for raising Revenue 36 shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.

Every Bill which shall have passed the 37 House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall re- 38 turn it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two-thirds of that House 39 shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of 40 that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten 41 Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it,

unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not

be a Law. 42 Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which

the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on

a question of Adjournment) shall be pre43 sented to the President of the United States;

and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

44 SECTION 8. The Congress shall have Power

to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and

Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the 45 common Defence and general Welfare of the

United States; but all Duties, Imposts and
Excises shall be uniform throughout the

United States; 46 To borrow money on the credit of the

United States; 47

To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with

the Indian Tribes; 48 To establish an uniform Rule of Natural

ization, and uniform Laws on the subject of

Bankruptcies throughout the United States; 49 To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

To provide for the Punishment of coun- 50 terfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;

To establish Post Offices and post Roads; 51

To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times 52 to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;

To constitute Tribunals inferior to the 53 supreme Court;

To define and punish Piracies and Felonies 54 committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque 55 and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

To raise and support Armies, but no Ap- 56 propriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; To provide and maintain a Navy;

57 To make Rules for the Government and 58 Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

To provide for calling forth the Militia to 59 execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to

the States respectively the Appointment of 60 the officers, and the Authority of training

the Militia according to the discipline pre

scribed by Congress; 61 To exercise exclusive Legislation in all

Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance

of Congress, become the Seat of the Govern62 ment and of the United States, and to exer

cise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;

And 63 To make all Laws which shall be neces

sary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

[SECTION 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.]

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Cor- 64 pus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law 65 shall be passed.

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall 66 be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles 67 exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports 68 of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treas- 69 ury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and 70 Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by 71 the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

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