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IHT.GRAPH LY PETER A. JULEY
ACADEMY OF DESIGN, NEW YORK CITY
COPYRIGHT BY UNDERWOUD & UNDERWOCD
JOHN MUIR The bust above shown is of bronze, and is the work of C. S. Pietro, of New York. It was unveiled recently at Madison, Wisconsin, at the State University, to which the bust was presented by Mr. Thomas E. Brittingham, a resident of Madison. Addresses in eulogy of the eminent naturalist were made by Dr.
Van lise, President of the University, and others
FHOTOGRAPH BY PRESS ILLUSTRATING SERVICE
ABRAHAM LINCOLN This statue, of heroic size, which has recently been completed by the sculptor, George Grey Barnard, is to be
presented by Mrs. Charles P. Taft and others to the city of Cincinnati
THE OPENING OF THE NEW BOULEVARD SYSTEM OF SAN FRANCISCO
sented is passing the “ Twin Peaks”
FOR LOVE OF FRANCE
BY A. PIATT ANDREW
INSPECTOR-GENERAL OF THE AMERICAN AMBULANCE FIELD Service IN FRANCE
HE American Ambulance Field Service in France has, if I may use lan
guage similar to that of railway men, made over a million ambulance miles since the war began. In other words, it has transported more than two hundred and fifty thousand wounded men an average of four miles each. This takes no account of the innumerable trips made in various directions and for various purposes where no unfor tunate passengers were carried.
By reason of such transportation from battlefield to hospital, no doubt an immense number of lives have been saved, for in the business of saving wounded soldiers time is above all things essential, and the automobile saves time and substitutes a comparatively comfortable means of transport for the slowgoing, lumbering, springless carts of other wars.
I think the above will justify the faith of our American friends whose generosity has so greatly helped to make our Service effective.
At the very start, let me say that, while the American Ambulance Field Service has always enjoyed pleasant relations with the American Red Cross, and many of our men are members of that great organization, and all have the greatest interest in its work in America, we have preferred that our Service in France should not be officially affiliated with it. Our Service was organized for the purpose of helping France-a concrete expression of our sympathy with the French people, our belief in the justice of their cause, our hope in its ultimate triumph. For that reason we have preferred not to be affiliated with an organization which inevitably also has agencies in Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, and Turkey—the enemies of France! It is important to make clear the distinction between the two organizations, because not infrequently generous · Americans who have wanted to help our Service have mistakenly sent money or recruits intended for us to the Red Cross..
Although much has been written on the subject, let me say just a word as to the origin of the American Ambulance Field Service in France.
When the war broke out, Robert Bacon, former Ambassador to France, and a number of other Americans organized a military hospital, in connection with an American civil hospital, a quasi-philanthropic institution which had existed for many years in Paris, to care for the French wounded. This hospital had only a limited number of beds. So in a few weeks it was decided to undertake something on a larger scale. Through the French Government the Lycée Pasteur, an extensive school building then in process of construction at Neuilly, in the outskirts of Paris, was secured. This building had numerous large, well-ventilated, well-lighted rooms, and was capable of being equipped with at least six hundred beds. Through the generosity of many Americans interested in France all essentials were supplied, and by the time the German army got to within twenty-five miles of Paris the hospital was ready for service and was known as the American Ambulance. During the FrancoPrussian War of 1870 the American Government had presented a fully equipped field hospital, which bore the same name, to our sister Republic; but the present institution was due entirely to the initiative and generosity of individual Americans.
When the flood of German invasion surged close to Paris, American volunteers quickly constructed ten ambulances, making their bodies from the packing-cases in which the cars had been brought from America. - These roughly constructed ambulances were used to bring in the wounded from the vicinity of Meaux, the nearest region to Paris which the enemy attained. But after the Battle of the Marne the German tide ebbed back some fifty miles from the capital, and it was no longer possible to bring the wounded all the way back to the hospitals in automobiles.
The French Government began rapidly to organize sections of ambulances, each division of the army-approximately twenty thousand soldiers--being equipped with its own section of automobile ambulances. Hospitals near the front were also expeditiously organized. Obviously these could not be located within the zone of shell fire, but school-houses and other public buildings