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ought to be convincing. Even aside from the question of patriotism, as General Scott adds, the present militia system stands condemned when judged even by the standard of “dollars and cents."

GEORGE C. BOLDT

The recent sudden death of Mr. George C. Boldt, proprietor of the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York City, brought into print many interesting stories of his remarkable career. He crossed the Atlantic when not much more than a boy to seek his fortune in this country, and, beginning very modestly, became the foremost hotel expert in the United States, if not in the world, as well as a very wealthy man. His administrative ability is measured not merely by his success in hotel building and management, but by the fact that he was a director of a large number of important enterprises outside of his own particular field. That he was a trustee of Cornell University and recently received an honorary degree from that institution indicates the wide range of his interests.

He was modest, kindly, thoughtful, and refined, and these qualities greatly counted in his business success. Among the many tributes that have been paid to him we have seen none with a deeper human interest than the following by Dana Burnet, which was published in the well-known Sun Dial” column of the New York - Evening Sun,” nor do we think there was one which would have given Mr. Boldt greater pleasure if he could have seen it :

George C. Boldt is dead and there are many to pay him tribute ; but we have our own memory of the man.

" It is a memory confused with the adventure of a foolhardy boy in a leaky sailboat ; with a wild bluster of wind and a certain tumult of waters. ...

There was a storm from the northeast and the bosom of the placid St. Lawrence was heaving in majestic anger. The boy was abroad in his leaky boat, very much excited to be out in such a wind-his seamanship was still a matter for parental regulation and general doubt-but on the whole rather enjoying the show. Suddenly the boat staggered head first into a small hillock of water and came up half drowned. The navigator hauled about and put for home. But the wind smote him and sent him sidling helplessly into the shelter of a stranger's pier. . .

“ It was raining torrents and a black dusk had fallen upon the troubled waters. The boy clung desperately to the side of the pier, meanwhile trying to unstep his mast and furl his flapping sail. . " Then a

man came out of the dark and said that all shipwrecked mariners were his guests, and would the boy stay to dinner ?

· Forthwith the world came to rights. The youthful adventurer was escorted into the house, was outfitted with sweaters and other extemporized raiment, and went down to dinner feeling like a character out of some thrilling novel of the sea. There were a dozen people seated at the table, all in evening dress and very brilliant. But the boy had donned a high wing collar, which, despite the fact that it was several sizes too large for him, nevertheless established him as one inured to the niceties of civilization. ... So that he soon became one of that pleasant company

And after a dinner that was like a romance in half a dozen chapters, the boy was sent home in one of his host's stately motor craft-with the chastened sailboat in tow. And the man who made guests of shipwrecked mariners stood on the pier in the rain and waved his hand to the boy.

“ The writer of this paragraph was that boy and George Boldt was that man. And it is entirely human and sad and regrettable that we have never been able to thank him."

ANOTHER TERCENTENARY

Among those who share the tercentenary honors of this year with Shakespeare and Cervantes is that haunter of bookstalls, gatherer of pamphlets, and codifier and abridger of other men's labors, Richard Hakluyt, of Herefordshire. The New York Public Library has been doing him honor, on the occasion of this anniversary, by an exhibition of books, maps, and manuscripts. A strange claimant, at first glance, seems Hakluyt, to rites from posterity. But it is not given to every man to realize that great history is in the making in his own day and to constitute himself the effective recorder of it. This is Hakluyt's distinction. A map was a growing thing to him, something bred and nurtured by explorers, adventurers, freebooters, and traffickers in rare and costly stuffs. One of his treasures-trove among pamphlets had been printed " in Latin in Macao, a city of China, on China paper, in the year, a thousand, five hundred and ninety and was inter

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From London Opinion

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Unlucky Motorist (having killed the lady's pet puppy): “Madam, I will replace the animal.” Indignant Owner: "Sir, you flatter yourself.”

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cepted in the great Carack, called Madre de ample vent of our woolen cloth” in the dios, two years after, inclosed in a case of * manifold islands of Japan and the northern sweet cedar wood and lapped up almost an parts of China and the regions of the Tartars hundredfold in fine calicut cloth, as though it next adjoining," he never uses the jejune had been some incomparable jewel.” Others vocabulary of the modern Philistine, who can he found " miserably scattered in mustie put the very be-all and end-all of his existence corners and recklessly hidden in mistie dark- into the phrase, Business is business."

All these, as the ingenious Thomas Richard Hakluyt, a clergyman and Master Fuller once put it, he embodied, as of Arts, set himself to perpetuate what Promany several ships," into "three squadrons” fessor Raleigh has called “individual obseror well-freighted volumes. This it is which vation and particular experiences," content to the historian Froude has called, with a rational let every man answer for himself, justify his enthusiasm, “ the prose epic of the modern reports, and stand accountable for his own British nation."

doings.” It was only when they invaded the Let one of these mariner-pamphleteers clergyman's province and sermonized, as tell us what he has to offer us :

they were too apt to do, on the providence How to proceed and deal with strange peo

of God and the sinfulness of man that he cut ple, be they never so barbarous, cruel, and them short, blotting out, no doubt, some fierce.

excellent phrases forever. Of himself he How a pilot may deal, being environed with says little, except in connection with some mountains of ice in the frozen sea.

patron who has furthered his labors or some How pleasant and profitable it is to attempt map which was of " high and rare delight to new discoveries, either for the sundry sights him." But we know that he was of old Engand shapes of strange beasts and fishes, the

lish blood, was early orphaned, was Oxford wonderful works of nature, the different man

bred, well versed in the languages, interested ners and fashions of divers nations, the sundry sorts of governments, the sight of strange trees,

in improving nautical education and enlarging fruit, fowls, and beasts, the infinite treasure of

the knowledge of tropical diseases and their pearl, gold, and silver, the news of new-found cure, no navigator, but enough of a traveler land, the sundry positions of the sphere.

to change parishes in England, ferret out How dangerous it is to attempt new dis- men and books in many shires, and see somecoveries either for ... new and unaccustomed thing of the fair land of France.

His conelements and airs, strange and unsavory meats, temporaries valued him enough to rest his danger of thieves and robbers, fierceness of bones in Westminster Abbey. wild beasts and fishes, hugeness of woods, dangerousness of seas, dread of tempests, steepness

THE CARNEGIE PENSION FUND of mountains, darkness of sudden fallen fogs.

In The Outlook of May 6, 1905, we gave Who will ever discover the exact relation

some account of a Pension Fund provided by ship between the swelling sails of the auda- Mr. Carnegie for teachers in colleges, unicious English pinnace and the Elizabethan's versities, and technical schools. This fund cadenced and elated diction? Was it one of was to be applied without regard to race, sex, cause and effect ? Were they both the result creed, or color, but it did not include secof a common origin? Did they react upon tarian institutions. We stated that preone another ? Certainly the English mariner liminary to the gift experts were employed was a man of imaginative speech. Whether, to calculate the amount of revenue adequate on setting sail, he pictured the Pole as the for the purpose proposed, and their report blessed spot where men “ are in perpetual shows that the five hundred thousand dollars light and never know what darkness mean- annual income provided will be ample." It eth," or on returning, ill and weather-beaten, now appears that the report was over-sanhe described shores “beset with ice, a league guine ; that the five hundred thousand dolinto the sea, making such irksome noise as lars is not adequate to meet the demand that it seemed to be the true pattern of deso- already made upon it, still less to meet the lation,” he was always, in his own brief way, growing demand which will inevitably result a creative author. Whether he was a mere from the rapid growth of our colleges. adventurer or a warring Protestant eager to Bulletin No. IX of the Carnegie Foundawreak a robber's vengeance on the hated tion, published this year, indicates that in the Spaniard, a greedy seeker after Orient pearls judgment of Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, Presiand rich bullion, or satisfied to “find out dent of the Carnegie Foundation, any such

65

pension dependent on an endowed fund is one by a Committee of the Wisconsin necessarily inadequate. He says:

University, and one by a Faculty CommitThe essential facts to which the pension ex

tee of Wellesley College. These reports periences of different nations seem to point are have elicited three serious objections to the these. Any employer, whether a government proposed change in the plan : (1) That the or a corporation, that undertakes to carry the Carnegie Foundation, having raised certain liabilities which accrue under a system of non expectations by its promises to teacherscontributory pensions will in the end find the

expectations on which they have acted in load intolerabie. Employees, on the other

their plans and their expenditures—has now hand, will be disappointed both by the diminu

no moral right to withdraw from the promises tion in the rates of pay and the uncertainty as

it has made without their consent. If, thereto the payment of the pension which is likely to arise in the course of time.

fore, any change is made, it should affect only

those who accept teaching appointments hereDr. Pritchett has therefore proposed to

after. (2) That it has no moral right to the trustees a modification of the original

demand of the college as a condition of parplan. Of this modification we gave some

ticipation in the pension scheme that it reaccount in The Outlook of July 5, 1916.

quire all its teachers to share in the plan of Its most essential feature was that the teach

co-operation. If voluntary co-operation is ers to get the benefit of this pension must

impracticable, compulsory co-operation is uncontribute annually to the fund, and in order

just. (3) Both the Wisconsin Committee and to secure such contributions Dr. Pritchett

the Wellesley Committee, working independproposed to make it compulsory. We quote ently and comparing the amount of contribufrom his report:

tion required by the Carnegie Foundation To the teacher working in one of these col

and that required by commercial insurance lege groups a plan of co-operation in insurance and annuities offers enormous advantages;

and annuity companies, present figures which but in order to secure these advantages it is

seem to show that the terms offered by the necessary that the participation of the teacher

commercial companies are financially better in any college that desires to share in the plan

than those which would be offered by the of co-operation should be a condition of his Carnegie Foundation. service to the extent of at least an agreed Dr. Pritchett, in his eleventh Annual Reminimum. Without this neither the individual port, has apparently accepted the first nor the general plan of co-operation can suc objection by recommending that every perceed, as the experience of all insurance and

son now in the institutions connected with pension associations which have been contribu

the Carnegie Foundation be given the tory but not compulsory has proven. Any col

option of continuing under the old plan lege, therefore, that desires to participate in such a plan would find it necessary to require

or under the new. those entering its service to participate in the

The Board of Trustees has by its action programme of insurance and annuity to the indorsed this recommendation of Dr. Pritchextent of the agreed minimum; or, to put the

ett's, and clearly expressed its purpose to matter in another way, the college having done carry out with scrupulous regard the promises its share would, if it were to be successful in its of the Foundation and meet fully the just co-operation, require that the teacher entering expectation of all teachers now in those instiits service should undertake a corresponding tutions, and it has referred the proposed participation as a condition of employment changes in other respects to a Commission of What would result would be not only a distinct

Eleven, consisting of six trustees of the separation between the question of pension and the question of salary, but an increase of salary

Foundation and five representatives of eduto the extent of the participation of the employ

cational organizations. ing college.

The whole matter under consideration,

therefore, will lie over for final action cerWILL THE PENSION

tainly until April, and perhaps until next FUND BE CHANGED?

November. This proposed change has given rise to We think it safe to say that, whatever wide discussion the colleges and among that action is, teachers who have trusted those who had expected to profit by the orig to this pension fund may rest assured inal pension system.

that their trust will not prove groundless, Excellent reports have been made upon and teachers may also rest reasonably it, among them especially to be noted ass ed that they vill not be compelled

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