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ing a more definite opinion concerning the political rights, and desires to become one rights and duties of capital and labor in a altogether. quasi-public industry with respect to each The decisions of our Federal courts in other and to the third party to every dispute regard to the meaning of the term “white” -the public.

are not harmonious. Thus Armenians have

been admitted to citizenship on the theory MAY JAPANESE BE NATURALIZED

that “white ” is not synonymous with EuroIN AMERICA?

pean. Other courts have held that MongoA case was decided by the United States lians are not " white ” in the intention of the District Court in Hawaii a few months ago statute, and that Japanese are Mongolians. which may have a very important bearing This last was the theory followed by the Dison the relations of Japan to the United trict Federal Court in the Ozawa case. Mr. States. If serious friction ever arises, it Ozawa himself was not able to support the is at least as likely to come from what the expense of an appeal, but Japanese and Japanese think is discrimination against American friends in Hawaii raised a purse their people now in the United States by for that purpose, while American lawyers in our National laws as interpreted by our Hawaii volunteered their services without courts rather than from questions of immi- charge. It is expected, therefore, that the gration (now regulated by informal mutual case will be brought before the Circuit Court agreement) or from questions arising under of Appeals in San Francisco early next year. State laws-as in California. In the Ozawa Our correspondent remarks as follows on the case, to which we refer, the United States question which is at issue : District Court in Hawaii held that a Japa- The phase of the case involved in the two nese, Takao Ozawa, was not eligible to natu- dicta, " Japanese are Mongolians" and " Monralization under the United States laws, which golians are not white,” is one of far-reaching declare that only those aliens who are free moment, because both Finns and Magyars of white persons and those of African nativity

Hungary are even purer Mongolians than Japand descent may be admitted to citizenship.

anese can be held to be. Yet the courts rule

them "white" and naturalize them with no It is expected that appeal will be taken from

hesitation. If one sort of Mongolian may be this decision, first to the United States Cir

deemed " white," why not another, especially cuit Court, and later, perhaps, to the United

when that other is less Mongolian than the States Supreme Court.

one which fills the requirements of this muchA well-informed correspondent of The debated adjective ? Outlook in Hawaii states that under our It will be seen that there are extremely law perhaps as many as fifty Japanese interesting questions of interpretation conhave been admitted to citizenship by naturali- nected with the subject. There is a tendency zation, while others have been excluded—that to ignore the questions involved because of is, courts and naturalization officers have the belief that discussion might stir up ill interpreted the law differently. The need of feeling between America and Japan. But to a final decision by the Supreme Court is ignore a difficult question is usually worse than obvious.

to face it. If this country is unwilling to Takao Ozawa, our correspondent informs · have those Japanese now in the country us, is an interesting figure and a fine type treated as most other alien citizens are treated of his race. He is a graduate of American as regards citizenship, it should say so in schools and of Stanford University, and unmistakable words. If, on the other hand, has a high reputation in Honolulu for busi

it believes that, while it has full right to limit ness ability and integrity. He married a

immigration of any race into this country, it young girl of his own race in Hawaii and ought not to discriminate against the memhas established a home, of which our corre- bers of any race who have been lawfully spondent says that its language is English, its admitted, then it should either interpret its religion is Christianity, and its daughters are

laws to that effect or amend them to that growing up with only one allegiance—that to effect. America. Mr. Ozawa's attempt to become legally an American citizen evidently does not THE HIGHEST MARK IN come from a wish to stir up litigation or raise AMERICAN AVIATION difficult questions; he sincerely thinks of No less interesting than the scientific feahimself as an American citizen in all but tures of the record-breaking flight of Miss

CARTOONS OF THE

OF THE WEEK

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THE TRANSPORTATION OF SLAVES FROM GHENT

ARE YOU READY TO MAKE MUNITIONS FOR GERMANY ?” “Two thousand women have been deported from Ghent (" How Germany breaks all human and international laws in to work in German munition factories.

Belgium")
Photograph from Social Press Association

Photograph from Social Press Association
LOUIS RAEMAEKERS, THE FAMOUS DUTCH CARTOONIST, ON THE SITUATION

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AMERICAN AND FOREIGN CARTOONS ON GERMANY'S DEPORTATION OF

THE BELGIANS

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Ruth Law from Chicago to New York is the machine that will carry enough gasoline I am human significance of the accomplishment going to make the flight from Chicago to Miss Law says that the fact that she is a New York without stopping. woman makes no difference, but it does.

"Now this flight of mine is a personal The fact that the new American non- affair ; the expenses are paid by me. I have stop record was made by a 120-pound young done quite a bit of Aying of many sorts, but woman of twenty-eight in a rebuilt aero- I had never tried any distance flying ; that plane of almost obsolete type doubles the was the only kind of flying I hadn't tried. prominence of this achievement in the public " Before I took my little army scout plane mind. General Wood reflected the popular to Chicago had tried to get a bigger maadmiration for Miss Law when, as he helped chine, but M'. Curtiss was so busy making her from her seat at the end of her fight at aeroplanes for the war that he couldn't get one Governor's Island, he said : “Little girl, you ready for me. I then decided that my little beat them all."

one would have to do. It is a baby machine, In a nutshell, this is what Miss Law did. with a wing spread of twenty-eight feet, has In a one-hundred horse-power, two-year-old a one-hundred horse power motor that will biplane she flew without a stop from Chicago develop a hundred and ten horse-power, and to Hornell, New York, a distance of 590 is a 'pusher'--that is, the propeller is behind miles, thereby breaking the record of 452 the driver, who sits out unprotected. The miles made by Victor Carlstrom in the New tank carried only sixteen gallons of gasoline, York “ Times ” Aight on November 2. Fly- and so I had another tank fitted in that ing on to Governor's Island, with a stop at brought the fuel capacity up to fifty-three Binghamton, Miss Law completed the entire gallons. That was half enough for the trip of 884 miles from Chicago to Governor's flight of about nine hundred miles from ChiIsland in eight hours fifty-five minutes and cago to New York.

Even that crowded the thirty five seconds. Carlstrom's total time little plane so that all the extra clothing I in the air from Chicago to New York was could take along was one skirt. That skirt eight hours and seventeen minutes.

proved to be most convenient. With true sportsmanship, Carlstrom was " It was in landing at Hornell and leaving one of the first to congratulate Miss Law, that I had the two close shaves of the trip. pronouncing her flight "the best perform- I had calculated that the fifty-three gallons ance to date in American aviation.”

of gasoline I had when I left Chicago would Few persons took Miss Law seriously when just carry me to Hornell. But I had counted she announced her intention of attempting some on a wind which wasn't there to help the Chicago-New York flight. Although she Ten miles from Hornell I saw that my holds the woman's record for altitude, she gasoline was almost gone; it gave out absohad never before flown more than twenty- lutely two miles from Hornell, and I glided five miles across country. Moreover, her for the two miles on to the race-track just machine is less than half as large as the one in outside the city. It seemed that every one which Carlstrom made his record, and carried in Hornell was there to welcome me, and the only fifty-three gallons of gasoline as against race-track was so crowded that I almost two hundred gallons carried by Carlstrom. struck some people in landing.

Miss Law's record has been stamped as “ It was in leaving Hornell that I came as official by the Aero Club of America.

near to being wrecked as I ever want to be.

Blocking the path to the east was a hill six THE AVIATOR'S ACCOUNT

hundred feet high on top of which there were OF HER FLIGHT

tall trees. . .. I went up as steeply as I Miss Law's account of her record non-stop could, but it looked as if I was headed straight flight as telephoned to the New York Times” to a collision with the trees. Just before I from Binghamton immediately after her arri- got to them the machine responded bravely val there is an interesting human document. and I got over those trees ... with branches

“ I have made the longest flight a woman striking the bottom of the aeroplane. ever made. But I am not be asting about There wasn't anything to scare me in the that ; the real thing I have cine is to show flight. I have been flying for a long time, that it is an easy thing to fly from New York and it didn't mean anything to be flying five to Chicago without stopping if one has the thousand and six thousand feet up. equipment. ... As soon as I can get a " It was the only distance flight I ever

me.

tried, and I did better than the man who upon whom the curse and terror of war have tried it. But I don't mean that the fact that I so pitilessly fallen, and to contribute out of our am a woman makes any difference to speak of.

abundant means to the relief of their sufferings. “ I suppose I ought to say that I am in

Our people could in no better way show their

real attitude toward the present struggle of the favor of woman suffrage—but what has that

nations than by contributing out of their abun. got to do with it ?

dance to the relief of the sufferings which war “Now I am going to eat dinner.”

has brought in its train.

What the President here urges we hope THE AVIATION "FOOTBALL SPECIAL"

Americans will do. The means for conveyLike the record-breaking flight of Miss

ing relief to the suffering people of Europe Law, the trip of a dozen aeroplanes from

are ample. We here give the names and Mineola, Long Island, and

addresses of a few of the more important Island, New York, to Princeton, New Jersey, agencies for the transmission of such relief : and return, indicated that the day of the com

The War Relief Clearing-House for France mon use of the aeroplane for public and pri

and Her Allies. Thomas W. Lamont, Treasurer, vate business and pleasure may be near at

40 Wall Street, New York City. hand. It also did much to stimulate public

Committee of Mercy. August Belmont, Treas

urer, 200 Fifth Avenue, New York City. interest in military aviation.

The Polish Victims War Relief Fund, 33 West The aeroplane squadron, which was called

Forty-second Street, New York City. “ The Football Special,” few to Princeton Permanent Blind Relief War Fund. Frank to see the football game between Princeton A. Vanderlip, Honorary Treasurer, 590 Fifth and Yale. The aviators were army men and Avenue, New York City. civilians, and they were commanded by an The American Relief Committee in Berlin for army man. Ten of the machines flew from Widows and Orphans of the War. John D. Mineola to Princeton, and two sped through Crimmins, Treasurer, 13 Park Row, New York

City. the air to the football game from Governor's

The British-American War Relief Fund. Island. On the return trip two machines dropped out, but the other ten all success

Henry J. Whitehouse, Treasurer, 681 Fifth

Avenue, New York City. fully completed the voyage of about fifty

American Committee for Armenian and Syrmiles to the Long Island aviation center. ian Relief. Charles R. Crane, Treasurer, 70

Such flights as this and as the Chicago- Fifth Avenue, New York City. New York trips of Ruth Law and Victor Commission for Relief in Belgium, Equitable Carlstrom do much more for the practical Building, 120 Broadway, New York City. development of aviation than the dangerous

The Dollar Christmas Fund for Destitute and spectacular - stunts” of circus aviators.

Belgian Children. Henry Clews, Treasurer, 15
Broad Street, New York City.

American Committee for Training the GIVING SOMETHING BESIDES THANKS

Maimed Soldiers of France. Mrs. Edmund The President in his Thanksgiving Procla- Lincoln Baylies, Room B, Plaza Hotel, New mation suggests that the people of the United York City. States think not only of the blessings and French Wounded Emergency Fund, 34 mercies that have been their lot, but also of

Lowndes Square, London,or care Mme.Charcotthe pitiful distress of the peoples " upon

Hendry, 11 rue de la Tour des Dames, Paris, whom war has brought disaster without

American Committee of the American Amchoice or possibility of escape on their part.”

bulance Hospital in Paris, 14 Wall Street, New

York City. In the light of what is happening abroad,

Vacation War Relief.

Miss Anne Morgan, we Americans have no reason for self-con

7 East 39th Street, New York City. gratulation. If we have been kept from the American Girls' Aid. Miss Gladys Hollingsdevastation of war, it is not because we are worth, 293 Fifth Avenue, New York City. better or more deserving of good than other Central Committee for the Relief of Jews. peoples.

Harry Fischel, Treasurer, 63 Park Row, New It is therefore most fitting that the Presi

York City. dent should have added to his summons of

The Serbian Relief Committee of America. the people to thanksgiving these words:

Murray H. Coggeshall, Treasurer, 70 Fifth

Avenue, New York City. And I also urge and suggest our duty, in this our day of peace and abundance, to think in

Let Thanksgiving Day be a day for giving keep sympathy of the peoples of the world something besides thanks.

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