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seized his shoulder with an order to “get horse owned by a French Canadian named over there with those other Yankees." Bavin, but Collins, despite the fact that

In offended dignity, Huntington turned McGorty had his hands full with the outraged to confront a stranger. It was not his habit horse-owner, pressed forward. Upon the to tolerate such address by strangers. He head of one George Nettleton, a clerk, who continued his way.

stood talking with Edward Fairchild, he saw “Get over there or I'll shoot," snapped a hat which pleased his fancy. Young

“ I want that hat in the name of the ConHuntington reckoned the stranger an of- federate States of America,” he flourished. fensive drunken man.

“Don't stand his nonsense,” counseled “You'll do nothing of the kind," he said, Fairchild. severely.

“I won't," agreed Nettleton. Young fired. Huntington staggered from " Then I'll drill you," promised Collins, a bullet which glanced off a rib. With a and Nettleton joined the list of those who cry, he lurched across to the waiting group, had looked into the raider's revolver. Collins which eased him to the ground. His wound got the hat. He rode back to McGorty, now was trifling, but long after he bore the dis- in possession of the horse. tinction as one of the only two men shot Young, too, was feeling the need of in the historic “storming of St. Albans.” more equipment. He wanted spurs. Fuller,

Somewhere in the mêlée the smiling Collins another liveryman, having returned to his had lost his hat. “I can't go home without stable to find his horses gone and his foreman a hat,” he told Young, reining his captured in a state of terror, came running out in farm-horse beside his commander.

righteous indignation. The first man “ Then get one,” commanded Young. encountered was Young, and from him Young

“I will," laughed Collins, and, with ordered spurs. Fuller's answer was to spring McGorty on foot racing by his side, he behind a post and draw his revolver. He spurred out of the ruck, looking for a store fired pointblank at Young, but the pistol where “some quartermaster kept Yankee only snapped. hats.” McGorty stopped to commandeer a Young laughed. “ Now will you get me

[graphic]

FROM FRANK LESLIE'S ILLUSTRATED NEWSPAPER, NOVEMBER 12, 1864

THE RAIDERS FIRING A BRIDGE TO PREVENT PURSUIT

1916

HOW

“ UNPREPAREDNESS” UNDID ST. ALBANS

681

got it.

those spurs ?” he asked. Fuller sprang into As the yelling crew went careering up the the doorway of Bedard's harness shop, from street, Wilder Gilson came panting to Conthe rear of which he emerged frantically ger's side, rifle in hand. Dropping on one working at his revolver and yelling alarm. knee, he took careful aim and fired. Higbie He was joined by Elias J. Morrison, a con

The bullet went through his side. tractor, who was erecting a summer hotel. He reeled in his saddle, and would have fallen The two hurried back to the street. Fuller, but for Collins and Lacky, who supported with a fresh cartridge under the hainmer, him. How that old Missouri guerrilla, desleveled his revolver again.

perately wounded, was taken safely to Que“Look out, cap'n !" screamed Higbie. bec, where he subsequently arrived and where

Young whirled. As he did so three shots he made a complete recovery, is one of the rang out.

The courts were never after able mysteries of the mad ride. to determine who fired, but in all probability The Confederates made good speed to the Higbie and Lacky were two of the men. North, but Conger was no laggard in pur. Fuller went scampering down the street, but suing them. He commandeered horses Morrison sank with his hand on the door of from protesting farmers with as little cereBeattie's millinery store.

A bullet had gone

mony as Young himself. Hardly had the through his abdomen. A day later he died, last gray four disappeared when Conger's the one victim of the misguided attempt to motley posse—fifty Vermonters armed with aid the army of Virginia by scaring Vermont. everything from shotguns to old horse pis

The town was thoroughly alarmed now, tols—was galloping on the trail. Young, and so was Young. Other men besides Fuller riding in the rear and urging on his comwere using revolvers. The Greek fire was mand, made straight for Shelburne, where not performing its work of panic and de he hoped to rifle another bank and use what struction. Against an aroused countryside remained of his Greek fire. Shelburne Young's handful, even with its semblance of escaped, largely because Conger's fifty were discipline, was nothing. With Higbie at his unpleasantly close, but the Southerners did side, the tall Kentucky boy galloped about, start one more conflagration before they left rallying his men. “ Are we all met ?" he American soil. caled. " Are we all met?

On the bridge crossing the creek near Near the southern extremity of the square Shelburne they met a farmer driving a he encountered the one adequate Vermonter wagon. Collins's mount was jaded and of the hour. This was George P. Conger, panting. Throwing himself to the ground, captain in a Green Mountain cavalry regi- he promptly cut the traces of the farm-horse ment, home on leave, and hurrying unarmed and leaped upon its back. Bruce meanwhile toward the sound of the firing. In each the fired the wagon. Off they went, the farmer other instantly recognized something which sprawling against the bridge-rail in mute called for respect and action.

amazement. He was still staring after his " Are you a soldier ?" questioned Young, assailants when Conger's party came thunwith a revolver at Conger's head.

dering up. The farmer desired to encounter “I am," replied Conger.

no more riding parties of madmen. With “ Then you are my prisoner,” pronounced a wild yell, he started for the woods. Conger's the Kentuckian, giving his name and rank. men didn't recognize the farmer, but they But, most unfortunately for hiinself, he turned did recognize the lathered horse standing by the prisoner over to Higbie, and the prisoner the bridge. With all their ordnance they

away. Darting into the American House, opened on the yelling agriculturist, who only he rushed from the rear door into Lake sped the faster. Luckily, the Vermonters Street, shouting at the dazed populace: "It's were not used to shooting from horseback. a regular raid. Bring out your guns and The farmer plunged into a swamp and was fight.” One, Downing, handed him a rifle. saved. Back sped the cavalryman to the front, where The raiders kept on. They went over Young was forming his men for the dash to the Canadian line with their horses practiCanada. Three times he snapped his rifle cally foundered, but once in the Dominion at the leader, and three times the revolvers they felt perfectly secure ; indeed, some of of Young and Higbie blazed in reply, but the gayer spirits were for camping there Conger escaped unscathed. . Then, with a in order to deride their pursuers when they yell and a splutter of hoofs, the retreat began. came up. Young, however, had other views.

[graphic]

FROM FRANK LESLIE'S ILLUSTRATED NEWSPAPER, NOVEMBER 12, 1884
THE FINAL SCENE-ARREST OF TWO OF THE RAIDERS AND RECOVERY OF MONEY AT STANBRIDGE, CANADA EAST, BY CITIZENS OF

ST. ALBANS, ASSISTED BY BRITISH AUTHORITIES

HOW

UNPREPAREDNESS" UNDID ST. ALBANS

683

a

a

“Scatter,” he commanded. - Get out of He had, it will be remembered, a particularly your uniforms and into civilian clothes. Meet ardent form of expressing himself about the in Montreal. We have struck a blow that American flag. the Yankees will remember, and we'll strike Secure in the confidence which they reposed another before long."

in the British Neutrality Act, the Confederates Wildly hilarious at their success, they scat were easily captured. The Dominion authoritered. They knew there was money for ties were stirred into prompt action. WhitMarse Robert, and in their youthful enthu man, Canadian justice of the peace, siasm they believed they had accomplished arrested Bruce and Spurr, whom he found a feat to make the whole Northern Govern- asleep in a tavern at Stanbridge, with $21,395 ment totter. Besides, they were in Canada in their satchels. He also arrested Collins and safe.

and Lacky, who had $44,679. Doty and But Conger was not a man to concern McGorty, who were found snoring in a barn himself too greatly with boundary lines. at Dunham, had $13,525. Scott, picked up Back in St. Albans there was a fury of at Farnham, had $2,851 ; his first act was to excitement. The telegraph operator, during demand protection as a “Confederate subthe firing, had sent out a despatch that ject.” Moore, taken at Waterloo, had $950. regiment of rebels were plundering the Hutchinson, who got through to Montreal banks, burning the whole town, and shooting before he was apprehended, had $10,000. down citizens right and left. At Burlington Squire Teavis, Swager, Wallace, and Gregg the alarm bells were rung, and five hundred were arrested near Phillipsburg. Conger's men left for St. Albans by special train. By only capture was Young himself, and, although another special from the capital the Governor Conger was not permitted to retain his prisrushed forward all available companies of the oner long, he made the period of captivity invalid corps. Albany and New York sum interesting. moned the militia. The War Department at Young spent the night alone beside a little Washington wired hither and thither, order fire in the woods. Morning found him cold, ing troops to the border. Young's twenty wet, and hungry. A passing farmer told boys were making history for a few minutes. him that five of his men had been arrested

Meanwhile, Conger arrived at the line. By at Phillipsburg. With the idea of exhibiting this time it was dark. Conger's troops had his Confederate commission, and thereby notions of law and neutrality. A non-military securing their release, Young started for body, it had no great taste for a battle in the Phillipsburg, but first he made his way to a darkness on the Queen's soil. But there was farm-house in search of breakfast.

He was no denying Conger.

busily engaged with ham and eggs when “I want you,” he said, “ to follow me into Conger and his men rushed in.

Young's Canada. We have got to have another fight." revolvers were in the next room. He fought

Twenty-two of his men followed him. with his fists, and Conger fought to prevent The rest went back to St. Albans. Conger his followers from venting their anger, but pressed on, in immediate expectation of an the Kentuckian was sadly battered with pistol ambush, but by this time Young's party had butts before he was borne to the floor. dispersed in small groups. As a matter of “Now, you murdering reb,” panted one fact, all but one of the fourteen apprehended of his captors, “ we'll take you back to Verwere taken by Canadian officers. Conger, mont and have a first-class hanging." however, did not lack for official indorsement Young's protests concerning the neutrality of his course. Next morning there was for of British territory naturally had little weight warded to him by Colonel Redfield Proctor a with these men. Conger, having received his despatch from General Dix which read: telegram from Dix, was confident of his “ Send all efficient force you have and try authority. Even had he dissented, it is doubtto find marauders, who came in from Can ful if his followers would have consented to ada. Put a discreet officer in charge. In hand over their prisoner to the Canadian case they are not found on our side of the officials. Young was loaded into an open line, pursue into Canada if necessary and wagon, where he started another battle, in destroy them.”

the course of which two men were thrown That despatch afterward took some ex out into the road, but he was, of course, subplaining, but Dix at that time resembled Con dued. Still arguing and protesting, he was ger in his disregard of geographical divisions. driven rapidly toward the American line.

He was confident that something very seri- Supreme Court. Young had driven a sleigh ous was going to happen to him immediately, from Montreal nearly to the Nova Scotia line and he was, so he admits, badly scared. when captured.

“One of the most beautiful sights I ever In this second trial the validity of Young's beheld,” he says, was that uniform coat on commission and the Confederate authority for a British captain of infantry when we came the acts of his band were most rigorously atupon him at the bend of the road."

tacked. The papers did not bear the great It may be imagined that Young's appeal seal of the Confederacy, and the securing of to the Englishman was fervent.

His guards

thɔse which did taxed the resources of counwere voluble too, but the Englishman was

sel for the prisoners. not to be shaken in his conception of what The prisoners were discharged on the was due the Queen's soil. Conger reluc- ground that they were within their rights as tantly took his prisoner to Phillipsburg, belligerents. "As a matter of fact," the Judge whence he was promptly forwarded to St. wrote in his decision, " raids of this descripJohn's, where was then a small British garri- tion have been constantly permitted and justison, the officers of which were by no means fied by and on behalf of the United States. unfriendly to the Confederate prisoners. A On what principle, then, can they be denied few days later they were taken to Montreal, to the so-called Confederate States ?” where the fourteen captured were arraigned Still persistent, however, the United States in the police court before Judge Coursol. secured the arrest of Young and his five The other six utterly disappeared.

companions on warrants charging violation The contention of the prosecution, aided of the Neutrality Act. The five were taken by eminent counsel supplied by the American to Toronto, where the case dragged on, with Government and including Senator George F. the prisoners at large on bonds of $20,000 Edmunds, was that the raiders were mere each, until the close of the war. Then the bandits, who were not recognizable under the action was dropped. Young went to Europe, laws of war, and who, under the Ashburton where he remained until the amnesty proclaTreaty, should be extradited for trial in the mation. The others drifted back to the Southcourts of the United States for murder, rob- land: Downing Street and Washington exbery, and arson. The arguments waxed hot changed bulky communications for a time. in the court; also they waxed hot in Down- Lord Monck, the Governor-General of ing Street and in Washington. Seward wrote Canada, recommended that the Dominion prolifically. So did Lord John Russell, who, reimburse the St. Albans banks, and the although he deprecated its form, consist- Canadian Parliament voted them $50.000 in ently maintained his recognition of the raid gold, equal to some $80,000 of the currency as an act authorized by the Confederate Gov- they had lost; a force of frontier cavalry ernment.

was raised and kept in the vicinity of St. On the 13th of December Judge Coursol Albans for a time ; and presently the war finally handed down his decision. It was to the effect that he had no jurisdiction in the case, The dream of succoring the stricken Conthat the prisoners should be discharged, and federacy by terrifying the North, of helping that their property should be returned to Marse Robert's starving men, of young lives them. This brought forth a great demonstra- gloriously yielded in mad dashes upon a hated tion in the court-room. Coursol's action also enemy, had faded in the musty atmosphere of brought forth another remarkable order from law courts. Not a cent of the $208.000 taken Major-General Dix, in which military com- from the banks had ever reached Marse manders on the frontier were instructed in Robert. Most of it was spent in the defense case of “further acts of depredation and and in aiding the escape of the unarrested murder, whether by marauders or hy persons prisoners. Perhaps a little of it went into under commission from the rebel authorities the general coffers of the Confederacy. But at Richmond, to shoot down the depredators, there was no more Confederacy. if possible," and to cross the boundary if Of the twenty raiders, Young, the leader, necessary.

became a prominent lawyer and railway Five of the raiders were subsequently re- operator of Louisville and Commander-intaken by the Canadian authorities on new Chief of the United Confederate Veterans. warrants secured by the United States attor- The others, if alive, are scattered in the neys. They were held for trial before the South or Southwest.

was over.

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