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1916

THE LAST STAND OF POLITICAL BOURBONISM

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lican nominee. And thereby hangs a tale of business men's luncheon at the Commercial much human interest because it throws light Club. A large number of the waiters of upon the future of political parties in the San Francisco were on strike for the right to United States.

organize and for a union basis of employWhen Mr. Hughes arrived in San Fran- ment. The waiters of the Commercial Club cisco, the primary elections, which two weeks w publicly reported to have offered to relater resulted in the overwhelming nomina- turn to serve Mr. Hughes and his party if tion of the Progressive Governor Johnson as an offensive placard declaring against their Republican candidate for United States hopes and purposes might be taken down Senator, had not yet been held. Mr. Hughes from the lobby of the club while they were was escorted in San Francisco and later at work upon the Hughes luncheon. These through the State by a few Republican gen- same Republican Bourbons who, with their tlemen, at that moment in regularly elected friends, controlled the action of the club as control of the inner party machinery, who they did the machinery of the party, refused were remarkable examples of the blind and to yield an inch even for the time being, and irreconcilable Bourbon in politics. They had drafted a force of non-union waiters from no more conception of what the free and some outlying restaurant in the city, Much independent citizens of the great State of of this Mr. Hughes did not know until afterCalifornia were thinking of than a six-weeks- ward, and none of it did he know until just old baby. And they were not anxious about before he was taken to the luncheon, too late learning. Their whole idea seemed to be to to withdraw without seeming to have done retain control of the party machinery for so under conditions of great discourtesy as their own ulterior purposes. During the well as under labor duress. But what shall Hughes tour of the State they did two we say of the political instincts or ordinary things in broad daylight which, as it turns horse sense of these Republican gentlemen out, a large number of Californians deeply who thereby lost by their narrow, stupid resented.

spirit and blundering acts the city of San In the first place, they fouted and treated Francisco by a large majority, and thus the with indignity Johnson and certain of his lead- State and perhaps the Nation ? ing lieutenants who were vigorously support- The idea of these gentlemen clearly was ing the Republican candidate Hughes. They that there was likely to be a landslide back gave out word to the newspapers and in pri- toward Republicanism, and that they could vate conversation that the very presence of keep their control and rule in the same old Johnson at any Hughes meeting would be spirit in the future as they had in the past. resented by them, and would be an injury to You would think they would know better the party and the country ! Of course

And yet already men of their type in Johnson kept away from the Hughes meet- different parts of the country are beginning ings, and the situation was so bitter and so to say: No matter, the war will end within tense that Hughes felt that he could not do the next quadrennium, we shall have hard anything about it without making things times, and the country will rush into the worse. As it turned out two weeks later, arms of our kind in 1920." Blind leaders Johnson carried the very primaries of these of the blind, they steer again toward the narrow Republican gentlemen by a large ditch ! Hard times may come, but the Remajority of Republican votes, and appears publican party will need more than that to to have won the Republican United States win another National election. Senatorship on the 7th of November by Those great Republican States like Calithe tremendous majority of two hundred fornia and Washington and Utah and Kansas thousand. At the same time the National and Ohio and Minnesota are gone permaRepublican ticket seems to have lost the nently unless a new type of leadership shows State.

itself continuously in the Republicanism of And the other matter which these Repub- those commonwealths. And Maine and lican gentlemen engineered in San Francisco Massachusetts, and particularly New Hampwas so unbelievably dull and stupid that it shire, are in the same dangerously parlous may seem incredible. But the evidence is condition. They are very near the border in. Mr. Hughes was to be the guest at a line. Give the Wilson Administration four

An article on Governor, now Senator-elect, Johnson years more to establish itself in the Far West appears on another page.-THE EDITORS.

and in the East, with always a solid block

now.

of 149 electoral votes from the South to It is the last stand of Republican Bourboncount upon, and it will be only with the ism. The fallacy in President Wilson's speech greatest care and breadth of leadership that to young men at Shadow Lawn during the camthe Republican party can again attain Na- paign lay in his supposition that the Repubtional prestige and effectiveness.

lican party was to remain in the control of a And it was not simply California. In the reactionary group.

No matter which way the great Republican State of Washington, while election had resulted, that would have been Mr. Hughes was in the State, Poindexter, the impossible. Hughes elected, impossible. Progressive United States Senator from that Hughes defeated, equally impossible. And commonwealth, was offensively snubbed and the election returns disclose it. pushed out of sight by the Bourbon leaders. The problem of the Republican party in Shortly afterward Poindexter won the nomi- the next four years is to win back its own nation for United States Senator in the Re- great States in the West. Bourbon politipublican primaries, and in the election the cians may still hold a measure of influence in other day was the only important Republican certain industrial States of the East, but their elected in the State, and by a very large ma- day is over in the West. Certain great and jority. In the Governorship and the Presi- naturally Republican States of the West the dency the commonwealth of Washington went Republican party must have in order ever to Democratic.

win back National prestige and success. And The great Republican State of Ohio suf- therefore the leadership must be liberal to the fered in much the same way by the narrow core, and be clearly so in every part of the vision and selfish political individualism of United States. A new spirit and a new certain of the high Republican candidates for strength and purpose will have to be introoffice and certain leaders of the Republican duced into the Republican organization from organization. In that State the Republican one end of the country to the other. For candidate for Governor, for United States the next four years will probably be the final Senator, and for President, all swept down test of whether the Republican party is to the valley of destruction together.

survive as a great party of National, efficient, In Indiana, on the other hand, where the liberal leadership for the whole people. finest spirit and sound judgment were shown The party cleavage in America in the next by the reconstructed Republican organization generation is to be, I think, not at all beunder the leadership of a young statesman, tween reactionaries and liberals. A country Will H. Hays, of Indianapolis, the people of tremendous vitality, we have been growresponded gladly, and Indiana is probably ing rapidly in political education and inforpermanently out of the Democratic column, mation during the last two decades. The in which it has been most of the time since whole country is fast becoming a great liberal the Civil War. The Republican organization country, and no party whose leadership is was broadened and deepened in every part of narrow and selfish and hangs back in the the State, and the liberal and tolerant and un- breeching will have a look-in during the comselfish leadership carried everything before it. ing years of the twentieth century. And this in a State where Taggart and The reactionaries in American politics are Marshall were at the moment everywhere being eliminated almost as rapidly as the resupreme.

actionaries in American theology were elimIt is the last stand of political Bourbonism inated during the last generation. Nearly in the United States. Of course Bourbonism all theologians are liberal theologians now. has come to a complete end in the Democratic Very soon nearly all politicians will be liberal party. The South is not Bourbon. It is politicians. And the cleavage of the two only belated. The Democratic organizations great parties will be, not between reaction. of New York, Illinois, and Indiana were aries and radicals, but between a conservaBourbon, but they are completely unhorsed in tive and efficient liberalism, on the one hand, Democratic councils by the returns of the which wishes to advance only as fast as the election. The second Administration of Wood- new policies can be safely assimilated and row Wilson will be perverted not at all by the administered by the American people, and, activities of the Northern and Western party on the other hand, a radical liberalism which Bourbon. Whatever factional or sectional is impatient of delay and wishes to advance mistakes are made will be those of a belated at all hazards and without recourse. But the South or of a too eager democratic West. day of the Bourbon is done.

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PRESIDENT WILSON Mr. Jo. Davidson, the sculptor of this bust, is a native of New York City, but has spent much of his life abroad in the study and practice of his profession. His home in northern France has served recently as a hospital for wounded French soldiers, and Mr. Davidson himself only lately retured from the front. President Wilson gave several personal sittings at the White House to the sculptor for the making of this bust

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PETER GOELET GERRY, OF RHODE ISLAND A Democrat, elected from the Republican stronghold once

represented by Senator Aldrich

BAIN NEWS SERVICE

JOSEPH S. FRELINGHUYSEN, OF NEW JERSEY
The Republican successor of the present Democratic Senator,

Mr. Martine PRESS ILLU: 7 RATING SERVICE

COPYRIGHT BY HARRIS & EWING

COPYRIGHT BY HARRIS A EWING

COPYRIGHT BY HARRIS & EWING HARRY S. NEW, OF INDIANA PHILANDER C. KNOX, OF PENNSYLVANIA

FRANK B. KELLOGG, OF MINNESOTA One of the two Republicans who succeed Senator Kern and the Returning to the Senate after an absence, and succeeding a Republican, formerly special counsel for the United States, now late Senator Shively, Democrats

fellow-Republican

succeeding the present Republican Senator, Mr, Clapp SOME OF THE NEW UNITED STATES SENATORS

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LAIN NEWS SERVICE
WALTER E. EDGE, OF NEW JERSEY

SIDNEY J. CATTS, OF FLORIDA
Republican, author of the New Jersey Workmen's Compensation Independent Democrat and Prohibitionist, defeating the regular

BAIN NEWS SERVICE

RICHARD I. MANNING, OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Democrat, re-elected, victor in the primaries over ex-Governor

Cole Bleast

Presidents SOME NEWLY ELECTED GOVERNORS

BAIN NEWS SERVICE

GEORGE W. P. HUNT, OF ARIZONA
Democrat, re-elected, established in reputation by his efforts for

prison reform and his maintenance of order during strikes

BAIN NEWS SERVICE

JAMES M. COX, OF OHIO)
Democrat, re-elected in a State known as mother of Republican

CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE

FRANK O. LOWDEN, OF ILLINOIS
Republican, with a distinguished record in Congress, succeeding

the Democratic Governor, Mr. Dunne

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