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THE READER'S VIEW MEXICO AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH A cubic inch of gold contains about 4,900 The Rev. H. C. Schuyler (Outlook, October

grains, or $190. 4, page 287) is mistaken when he states that There are 1,728 cubic inches to a cubic foot. Carranza and the Constitutionalists wish to take A cubic foot of gold would therefore contain away, and are taking away, from Catholics $328,320 worth of the metal. property and the right to possess property.

A twenty-nine foot cube contains 24,389 cubic About ninety-nine per cent of the Mexican p.o- feet, multiplied by $328,320 makes $8,007,396,480, ple are Catholics, but by the adoption of the which is about the equivalent of the world's estiConstitution of 1857, after a long and bloody

mated supply of gold coin and bars at present. war, all church property was confiscated by the I am more than glad to make the correction, Government, and convents or monastic orders although it is not important except as emphaprohibited under penalties.

sizing the infinitesimally small basis upon which Religious orders in defiance of the Constitu- the world's credit structure is superimposed. tion of 1857 existed by sufferance in Mexico dur- In his kindly letter calling attention to my ing the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz, owing,

mistake, Mr. Tallmadge quotes the following doubtless, in part to the fact that the Dictator's epigram which he attributes to Justice Brandeis, wife was a most devoted Catholic.

and of the truth of which I am more than ever Carranza and the Constitutionalists, whatever

convinced : may be their sentiments in regard to it, are

“ Arithmetic is the first of the sciences and simply enforcing the provisions of the Constitu- the Mother of Safety." tion as they found it, unchanged, after almost New York City.

THEODORE H. PRICE. threescore years. It is possible that they are

THE PRODUCER AND THE DISTRIBUTER enforcing the law with unwonted zeal because it is an open secret that the clerical party in

As Mr. Thistleton in his article on My Mexico has always been in sympathy with the

Neighbor's Cherries, and Some Problems” conservative political element, or, in other

(The Outlook for September 27, 1916) says words, with the Cientificos.

that he does not know why the retail groARTURO Dix TEMPLE. cery stores are here, I would like to inform him Piedras Negras, Mexico.

that they are here because there are very few

people in the United States who do not either THE CUBIC MEASUREMENT OF THE WORLD'S directly or indirectly require their services. He GOLD SUPPLY

thinks that because milk is distributed regularly Mr. C. H. Tallmadge, of Buffalo, New York, and promptly other farm produce could be. has pointed out a serious error in the article Efficient distribution requires a uniform supply headed: “If England Suspends Gold Pay- and demand, while with farm produce surplus ments," written by me for The Outlook of and shortage follow each other frequently. The October 25.

demand is also very irregular. The system In that article I stated that, “Figuring at 25.8

used in the distribution of milk will therefore not grains to the dollar and 4,900 grains to the cubic work with other farm produce. In regard to inch, eight billion dollars of gold would be con- daily express trains for shipment of farm prodtained in a sixty-foot cube."

uce, if the existing express companies could be I confess with mortification that I made a guaranteed five or ten car-loads a day to be miscalculation. A sixty-foot cube of gold would delivered at central points they could handle contain about seventy billion gold dollars weigh- the business more cheaply than could be done ing 25.8 grains each.

by the fantastic, imaginary system proposed by The world's present supply of coin and bar Mr. Thistleton. It is doubtless true that peo gold, estimated at about eight billion dollars, ple would mail their orders the day before the would be contained in a twenty-nine-foot cube. goods were required prices would be reduced The exact calculation is as follows:

twenty-five per cent. It is also true that if they A gold dollar contains 25.8 grains of gold, would carry their goods home another important Troy weight.

reduction in prices could be made.

*****

mean

The Pennsylvania Railroad, it is reported, editor's critic, on the other hand, believes that will discard white lights in its signal system. “almost perfect” has more frequent warrant The increasing number of white lights on build- than "perfect," for the latter is purely an ideal, ings, driveways, etc., close to the railway's right while we frequently see things that are “almost of way has necessitated the change. Under perfect." the new system green will replace white in indicating “clear track," while a bright yellow light,

The Ohio Agricultural College offers this fall visible for long distances, will be used for

a new course which will cover only the five “caution."

months of cold weather, thus enabling the As heretofore, red will

farmer or his sons to take advantage of the "stop." Mary Shelley, wife of the poet, wrote many

opportunity of expert instruction during a letters to Leigh Hunt and his wire; and some

period when they can best be spared from the of these letters, hitherto unpublished, appear in

farm. There are no entrance requirements, it

is stated, except farm experience. the November “North American Review." In one of them the delight of the poet and his wise Osage orange wood has been found to conin their life in Rome is thus pictured: “We

tain valuable materials for manufacturing dyes, pass our days in viewing the divinest statues in and it is said that at the present time over the world. . . . It is a scene of perpetual en

$1,000,000 worth of these dyes are being manuchantment to live in this thrice holy city. The

factured in this country annually. Large quanti. other night we visited the Pantheon by moon- ties of this wood are produced in Oklahoma. light and saw the lovely sight of the moon Mrs. William W. Hubbell, who died a few appearing through the round aperture above days ago, was one of the few Americans who and lighting the columns of the Rotunda with remembered the visit of Lafeyette to this counits rays. My letter would never be at an end try in 1824. As a small child, she was held if I were to tell a millionth part of the delights- above the crowd to see the famous Frenchman of Rome."

as he passed through the streets of Charleston, In “Some Notes on Marriage,” by W. L. South Carolina, in that year. She was also George, in the “Atlantic Monthly," the witty notable as the widow of the inventor of the author mentions a few "things to be done" in time fuse for explosive shells; this fuse is said order to make marriage successful. One is : to have been first used at the battle of Antieram “Once a day say to a wife, 'I love you ;'-10 a during the Civil War. husband, 'How strong you are!' If the latter

A picture published in The Outlook of Octo. remark is ridiculous, say, 'How clever you are !!

ber 18 purported to be that of a train of prize for everybody believes that.” Another injunc- Jersey cattle sent from Waterloo, lowa, to the tion is: “Do not open each other's letters. . .

East. The picture was actually one of the And try not to look liberal if you don't even

Twentieth Century Limited, though labeled glance at the address or the post-mark."

“ The Flying Jerseys.” The New York “ TribConstantinople even in war time is “the epi- une " reproduces this picture alongside of one of cure's most golden cornucopia,” in the view of the Twentieth Century Limited train, and makes a contributor to “Harper's Monthly ” who writes itself happy with comic cuts showing Jersey about the restaurants of that famous city under cows getting brushed off, tucked away in berths, the heading “The Adventure of the Many and manicured after the manner of the legitimate Dishes.” No sweets in Europe can compare passengers of limited expresses. The American with the Turkish, he says. As for puddings, Jersey Catule Club, which sent out the mislabeled " mahelibi, a firm, white pudding said to be photographs, explains that although the photomade of the pulverized white meat of fowl graph was not that of the train in question delectably sweetened, geis a curious hold on (since that was not at the time made up) it fairly the stranger.” Ous koumri” is described as represented a fancy-cattle train. The genuine “surely one of the finest fish in the world.” cattle train consisted of eight Arms Palace One gets the impression, however, that most cars for the cattle, two Pullman sleeping cars Turkish dishes contain too much sugar to prove for the cattle owners, two baggage cars, a agreeable to the average Western palate. business car, and a diner. As the cattle there.

“ The editor of the London · Academy,'” says fore not only were in a train composed in part a correspondent of “ The Writer,” “is one of a of Pullman cars but actually traveled in palace large class of correctors of other people's Eng. cars, the “Tribune's " artist only slightly exag. lish who use a microscope by preference to the gerated the attention that was paid them. If naked eye.

The process leads to curious any of the cows saw their pictures in the absurdities. He says: 'Perfect to us has always “ Tribune,” they doubtless felt that, as the faithmeant perfect. Athing can no more be almost ful servitors of man, they were only getting perfect' than it can be almost infinite.?” The their due in the happy scenes depicted,

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THE MAN WHO SWEPT CALIFORNIA

A PERSONAL SKETCH OF
HIRAM W. JOHNSON

THE CHAIN GROCERY STORE

BY THEODORE H. PRICE

A SOCIALISTIC DESPOT IN YUCATAN

BY GREGORY MASON
STAFF CORRESPONDENT OF THE OUTLOOK

FOR COMPLETE TABLE OF CONTENTS SEE
THIRD PAGE PRECEDING READING MATTER

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1916
PRICE: TEN CENTS COPY
TIIREE DOLLARS I TEIR
381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK

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The Outlook

NOVEMBER 22, 1916

Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

Ten Weeks Behind the Front in Germany ” is the general title of a series of articles which will soon appear in The Outlook. The author, Mrs. H. H. Gallison, is of German birth, and lived many years in Germany before coming to this country. The articles describe her experiences and observations during a long visit to Germany in war time, written after her return to America. They give a sympathetic interpretation of the spirit of the German people and conditions in Germany by one who understands Germans and sympathizes with them, but who does not enter into argument over controversial subjects. They are intensely human and graphic, and are particularly illuminating as to the food question and as to German civil and domestic life under war conditions.—THE EDITORS.

THE WEEK

THE STORY OF THE WAR:

Belgium's neutrality was threatened at the THE DEPORTATION OF THE BELGIANS

outbreak of war, Americans might now have If it is true, as reported, that our Gov

less to regret in the feeble conduct of their ernment has, through its diplomatic repre

Government. The former crime against Belsentatives in Berlin, entered even an unofficial

gium was not only a violation of international protest against the deportation of Belgians

law but a distinct violation of a pledge which from their own country by Germany, it is a

concerned this country; and the reason for welcome sign that at last the Administration

protest by the United States was then even has seen the righteousness of protest by the

more obvious than it is now. greatest of neutral nations against outrages It has been reported that our represenperpetrated on small and helpless nations.

tations to the German Government point out If, as some think, this is a forerunner of a

that the deportation of the Belgians is in denew policy on President Wilson's part, it is

fiance of humanity and international law and to be cordially approved, provided that the

is producing an injurious effect on neutral words of protest are backed by evidence of

opinion, and that the representations include an intention to enforce the protest if neces- a statement that, as the Belgian civilian popusary. Later than the first report Secretary

lation is largely being cared for by American Lansing made public this statement :

assistance, the American people are especially The United States has not made an official concerned in this matter. protest to Germany, but has suggested to her Washington despatches assert that our what a bad effect on neutral opinion, particu- Government is in possession of knowledge larly in the United States, such action might

that the non-combatant Belgians deported to have. The instructions to Chargé Grew to discuss the matter with Chancellor von Bethmann

Germany are forced to dig trenches and do Hollweg were sent at the suggestion of the

other military work, and that King Albert's Belgian Government. The American action

Government is appealing to the neutral world was not meant in any sense to be a criticism of with the declaration that its citizens are being the German Government's policy. We do not led into slavery. It is perfectly evident that know the full facts in the situation, and cannot to select able-bodied laborers in large numform a judgment until we have heard them. bers, to take them into Germany by force, Even if the communication of the American and there to employ them in almost any kind Government is not called a “protest,” it has of industrial labor would have the effect of the effect of a protest just the same. Had releasing an equal number of German men a protest, backed by such evidence of inten

for the fighting lines. tion, been made by our Government when The Outlook has already reported with

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