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comes from the girl, nor does the doting she has become an empress and assumes the father get any message as the years go on; rank of an emperor. but the neighbors know that the girl has The delusion is infinitely pathetic, and the taken the downward rath, and reports of her old man an infinitely tragic figure. The story prosperity mean to them her ruin. He goes is told with a beautiful sincerity, and with the to the steamboat landing every day to meet exquisite simplicity which is the final achieveher, but she never comes; he believes that ment of art.

THE READER'S VIEW MEXICO AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH A cubic inch of gold contains about 4,900

The Rev. H. C. Schuyler (Outlook, October grains, or $190. 4, page 287) is mistaken when he states that There are 1,728 cubic inches to a cubic foot. Carranza and the Constitutionalists wish to take

d the Constitutionalists wish to take A cubic foot of gold would therefore contain away, and are taking away, from Catholics property and the right to possess property.

A twenty-nine foot cube contains 24,389 cubic About ninety-nine per cent of the Mexican p.o. feet, multiplied by $328,320 makes $8,007,396,480, ple are Catholics, but by the adoption of the which is about the equivalent of the world's estiConstitution of 1857, after a long and bloody mated supply of gold coin and bars at present. war, all church property was confiscated by the I am more than glad to make the correction, Government, and convents or monastic orders although it is not important except as emphaprohibited under penalties.

sizing the infinitesimally small basis upon which Religious orders in defiance of the Constitu- the world's credit structure is superimposed. tion of 1857 existed by sufferance in Mexico dur- In his kindly letter calling attention to my ing the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz, owing mistake, Mr. Tallmadge quotes the following doubtless, in part to the fact that the Dictator's epigram which he attributes to Justice Brandeis, wife was a most devoted Catholic.

and of the truth of which I am more than ever Carranza and the Constitutionalists, whatever

convinced: may be their sentiments in regard to it, are

" Arithmetic is the first of the sciences and simply enforcing the provisions of the Constitu

the Mother of Safety." tion as they found it, unchanged, after almost New York City. THEODORE H. PRICE. threescore years. It is possible that they are enforcing the law with unwonted zeal because

THE PRODUCER AND THE DISTRIBUTER it is an open secret that the clerical party in

As Mr. Thistleton in his article on “My Mexico has always been in sympathy with the

Neighbor's Cherries, and Some Problems." conservative political element, or, in other

(The Outlook for September 27, 1916) says words, with the Cientificos.

that he does not know why the retail groARTURO Dix TEMPLE.

cery stores are here, I would like to inforın him Piedras Negras, Mexico.

that they are here because there are very few

people in the United States who do not either THE CUBIC MEASUREMENT OF THE WORLD'S directly or indirectly require their services. He GOLD SUPPLY

thinks that because milk is distributed regularly . H. Tallmadge, of Buffalo, New York, and promptly other farm produce could be. has pointed out a serious error in the article Efficient distribution requires a uniform supply headed: “If England Suspends Gold Pay and demand, while with farm produce surplus ments," written by me for The Outlook of and shortage follow each other frequently. The October 25.

demand is also very irregular. The system In that article I stated that, “ Figuring at 25.8 used in the distribution of milk will therefore not grains to the dollar and 4,900 grains to the cubic work with other farm produce. In regard to inch, eight billion dollars of gold would be con daily express trains for shipment of farm prod. tained in a sixty-foot cube."

uce, if the existing express companies could be I confess with mortification that I made a guaranteed five or ten car-loads a day to be miscalculation. A sixty-foot cube of gold would delivered at central points they could handle contain about seventy billion gold dollars weigh the business more cheaply than could be done ing 25.8 grains each.

by the fantastic, imaginary system proposed by The world's present supply of coin and bar Mr. Thistleton. It is doubtless true that if peo gold, estimated at about eight billion dollars, ple would mail their orders the day before the would be contained in a twenty-nine-foot cube. goods were required prices would be reduced The exact calculation is as follows:

twenty-five per cent. It is also true that if they A gold dollar contains 25.8 grains of gold, would carry their goods home another important Troy weight.

reduction in prices could be made.

The Pennsylvania Railroad, it is reported, will discard white lights in its signal system. The increasing number of white lights on buildings, driveways, etc., close to the railway's right of way has necessitated the change. Under the new system green will replace white in indicating “clear track," while a bright yellow light, visible for long distance:, will be used for “caution." As heretofore, red will mean "stop.”

Mary Shelley, wife of the poet, wrote many letters to Leigh Hunt and his wife; and some of these letters, hitherto unpublished, appear in the November " North American Review." In one of them the delight of the poet and his wife in their life in Rome is thus pictured: “We pass our days in viewing the divinest statues in the world. ... It is a scene of perpetual enchantment to live in this thrice holy city.

thrice holy city

The

The other night we visited the Pantheon by moonlight and saw the lovely sight of the moon appearing through the round aperture above and lighting the columns of the Rotunda with its rays. My letter would never be at an end if I were to tell a millionth part of the delights of Rome."

In “Some Notes on Marriage," by W. L. George, in the “ Atlantic Monthly," the witty author mentions a few “things to be done" in order to make marriage successful. One is: "Once a day say to a wife, I love you;'—10 a husband, ‘How strong you are l' If the latter remark is ridiculous, say, 'How clever you are ! for everybody believes that.” Another injunction is: “Do not open each other's letters. ... And try not to look liberal if you don't even glance at the address or the post-mark."

Constantinople even in war time is "the epi. cure's most gollen cornucopia," in the view of a contributor to" Harper's Monthly ” who writes about the restaurants of that famous city under the heading “The Adventure of the Many Dishes." No sweets in Europe can compare with the Turkish, he says. As for puddings, manelibi, a firm, white pudding said to be made of the pulverized white meat of fowl delectably sweetened, gets a curious hold on the stranger." “ Ous koumriis described as “surely one of the finest fish in the world." One gets the impression, however, that most Turkish dishes contain too much sugar to prove agreeable to the average Western palate.

“ The editor of the London Academy,'" says a correspondent of “ The Writer," " is one of a large class of correctors of other people's Eng. lish who use a microscope by preference to the naked eye. The process leads to curious absurdities. He says: Perfect to us has always meant perfect. A thing can no more be “almost fect than it can be almost infinite.?" The

editor's critic, on the other hand, believes that “almost perfect" has more frequent warrant than “perfect," for the latter is purely an ideal, while we irequently see things that are “almost perfect.”

The Ohio Agricultural College offers this fall a new course which will cover ouly the five months of cold weather, thus enabling the farmer or his sons to take advantage of the opportunity of expert instruction during a period when they can best be spared from the farm. There are no entrance requirements, it is stated, except farm experience.

Osage orange wood has been found to contain valuable materials for manufacturing dyes, and it is said that at the present time over $1,000,000 worth of these dyes are being manufactured in this country annually. Large quantities of this wood are produced in Oklahoma.

Mrs. William W. Hubbell, who died a few days ago, was one of the few Americans who remembered the visit of Lafeyette to this country in 1824. As a small child, she was held above the crowd to see the famous Frenchman as he passed through the streets of Charleston, South Carolina, in that year. She was also notable as the widow of the inventor of the time fuse for explosive shells; this fuse is said to have been first used at the battle of Antielam during the Civil War.

A picture published in The Outlook of October 18 purported to be that of a train of prize Jersey cattle sent from Waterloo, lowa, to the East. The picture was actually one of the Twentieth Century Limited, though labeled “The Flying Jerseys." The New York " Tribune" reproduces this picture alongside of one of the Twentieth Century Limited train, and makes itself happy with comic cuts showing Jersey cows getting brushed off, tucked away in berths, and manicured after the manner of the legitimate passengers of limited expresses. The American Jersey Carde Club, which sent out the mislabeled photographs, explains that although the photograph was not that of the train in question (since that was not at the time made up) it fairly represented a fancy-cattle train. The genuine cattle train consisted of eight Arms Palace cars for the cattle, two Pullman sleeping cars for the cattle owners, two baggage cars, a business car, and a diner. As the cattle therefore not only were in a train composed in part of Pullman cars but actually traveled in palace cars, the “ Tribune's " artist only slightly exaggerated the attention that was paid them. If any of the cows saw their pictures in the "Tribune," they doubtless felt that, as the faithful servitors of man, they were only getting their due in the happy scenes depicted.

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THE MAN WHO SWEPT CALIFORNIA

A PERSONAL SKETCH OF
HIRAM W. JOHNSON

THE CHAIN GROCERY STORE

BY THEODORE H. PRICE

A SOCIALISTIC DESPOT IN YUCATAN

BY GREGORY MASON
STAFF CORRESPONDENT OF THE OUTLOOK

FOR COMPLETE TABLE OF CONTENTS SEE
THIRD PAGE PRECEDING READING MATTER

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1916
PRICE: TEN CENTS | COPY
TIIRLE DOLLARS I LEAR
381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK

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The Outlook

NOVEMBER 22, 1916
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

“ Ten Weeks Behind the Front in Germany" is the general title of a series of articles which will soon appear in The Outlook. The author, Mrs. H. H. Gallison, is of German birth, and lived many years in Germany before coming to this country. The articles describe her experiences and observations during a long visit to Germany in war time, written after her return to America. They give a sympathetic interpretation of the spirit of the German people and conditions in Germany by one who understands Germans and sympathizes with them, but who does not enter into argument over controversial subjects. They are intensely human and graphic, and are particularly illuminating as to the food question and as to German civil and domestic life under war conditions.—THE EDITORS.

THE WEEK

THE STORY OF THE WAR:
THE DEPORTATION OF THE BELGIANS

If it is true, as reported, that our Government has, through its diplomatic representatives in Berlin, entered even an unofficial protest against the deportation of Belgians from their own country by Germany, it is a welcome sign that at last the Administration has seen the righteousness of protest by the greatest of neutral nations against outrages perpetrated on small and helpless nations. If, as some think, this is a forerunner of a new policy on President Wilson's part, it is to be cordially approved, provided that the words of protest are backed by evidence of an intention to enforce the protest if neces

Later than the first report Secretary Lansing made public this statement :

The United States has not made an official protest to Germany, but has suggested to her what a bad effect on neutral opinion, particularly in the United States, such action might have. The instructions to Chargé Grew to discuss the matter with Chancellor von Bethmann Hollweg were sent at the suggestion of the Belgian Government. The American action was not meant in any sense to be a criticism of the German Government's policy. We do not know the full facts in the situation, and cannot form a judgment until we have heard them. Even if the communication of the American Government is not called a “ protest,” it has the effect of a protest just the same. Had a protest, backed by such evidence of intention, been made by our Government when

Belgium's neutrality was threatened at the outbreak of war, Americans might now have less to regret in the feeble conduct of their Government. The former crime against Belgium was not only a violation of international law but a distinct violation of a pledge which concerned this country; and the reason for protest by the United States was then even more obvious than it is now

It has been reported that our representations to the German Government point out that the deportation of the Belgians is in de. fiance of humanity and international law and is producing an injurious effect on neutral opinion, and that the representations include a statement that, as the Belgian civilian population is largely being cared for by American assistance, the American people are especially concerned in this matter.

Washington despatches assert that our Government is in possession of knowledge that the non-combatant Belgians deported to Germany are forced to dig trenches and do other military work, and that King Albert's Government is appealing to the neutral world with the declaration that its citizens are being led into slavery. It is perfectly evident that to select able-bodied laborers in large numbers, to take them into Germany by force, and there to employ them in almost any kind of industrial labor would have the effect of releasing an equal number of German men for the fighting lines. The Outlook has already reported with

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