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Vaughan, took a curacy at Salisbury, was ligious intensity is the enormous increase in the vicar successively at Netherbury and Syd- number of people who make use of retreats. ... enham, became Bishop Suffragan of South

Each of these retreats is either a week-end rewark, and in 1904 Bishop of Worcester.

treat for busy men and women or else lasts from He is also select preacher to the Uni

three to four days, and, except in the first and

last hour of each, there is no social intercourse versities of Oxford and Cambridge. He

among those participating in them. There are comes to this country as delegate from

half a dozen services and three addresses each the Church of England to attend the General

day, and the remaining time is spent in silent Convention of the Protestant Episcopal prayer and meditation. ... Church, the sessions of which were opened Another evidence of the spiritual awakening last week in St. Louis.

is in the number of soldiers presenting them. One might expect that such a man would selves for confirmation. ... regard the present war, from one point of

A third evidence is the increased attendance view, as a great game which should be played

at communion services. ... And, similarly, the

attendance at week-day services has greatly in the traditional English spirit of sportsmanship, and would have a consequent conviction

increased. that Germany had not been sportsmanlike. War has had a religious influence upon the Exactly this we find reflected in an interview men at the front; what the Bishop of Worwith the Bishop published in the New York cester reports indicates that the religious influ“ Times.” “We are playing the game like ence of the war has already extended to the sportsmen," he asserted, but at the same people at home. time said :

I see no evidence of hatred in England. You THE PLATTSBURG know, we English are not good haters. You TRAINING CAMPS may discuss the war for hours with Englishmen

On October 5 the last of the Plattsburg of all classes and hear no abuse of our enemies.

; Training Camps for the season of 1916 was ... We believe in playing the game fairly and

brought to a conclusion. The smallest camp in winning by every proper means, but we don't believe in vilifying our opponents. ... While

of the year, it was perhaps in many respects the English blame the military class of Germany one of the most inter

one of the most interesting. Since there for the war, and not the German masses, it is, were less than a thousand men present, it was however, not easy to draw very fine distinctions feasible to move the Tenth Training Regibetween one class and another in a united ment (the official designation of the Septemnation.

ber camp) conveniently over territory where Speaking of sport, the Bishop mentioned it would have been less easy to maneuver the some notable changes in England. As to larger camps of July and August. The less cricket, he remarked :

cultivated region northwest of Plattsburg Every one knows what a prominent place in made a most excellent ground for carrying English life cricket formerly held. Yet cricket on the field training of the regiment. At this has now been abandoned in England except by time of the year the crops were largely gathsoldiers and school-boys. All of the cricketered and much territory was opened to the fields are closed, save those at boys' schools and troops which was unavailable in earlier camps. those situated conveniently for soldiers. ... The regiment's hike lasted some eleven days. The same is true of golf. ... Golf links where

the longest that any of the training regi

the before the beginning of the war players used to stand in long lines waiting for chances to play

ments have attempted. are now absolutely deserted.

The Tenth Training Regiment is the first

to profit by the provisions of the present The most striking among recent develop

military law. Those men of the Tenth Regiments, in the Bishop's opinion, is the spirit

ment who took the Federal oath to obey and ual and religious awakening in England.

respect the officers appointed over them for Concerning this he spoke as follows:

a period of thirty days will be reimbursed There is no doubt, it seems to me, but that

for their uniforms, their sustenance, and England is at the dawn of a great religious

their traveling expenses to and from the revival that will spread in all directions. ... This revival, in all of its extent and in

camp. Those who attended the earlier Auence, may not reach its height for years,

camps during the summer are also to be for no great religious movement comes sud

reimbursed for their legitimate expenses. denly. ...

But the Tenth Training Regiment was the One of the evidences or symptoms of this re- first actually to receive any payment; for at

the conclusion of the camp the men who took the oath received railway transportation to their homes.

In this connection a word of caution to the twelve thousand Plattsburg men of 1916 is most advisable. Already those who attended the camps during the present summer have begun to receive invitations from agents in Washington and elsewhere to place their claims with the Government in the hands of interested solicitors. The fees charged for this wholly unnecessary work range from two dollars to ten per cent of the money to be received. There is not the slightest excuse for paying attention to the efforts of any one of these claim agents or claim bureaus. Plattsburg men are advised, if in doubt as to the proper procedure, to write either to the Military Training Camps Association, at 31 Nassau Street, New York City, or to the auditor of the War Department. They will receive the money very properly due them from the Government just as soon as it is possible to arrange for its distribution.

MILITARY TRAINING IN
NEW YORK STATE

The Outlook has previously had occasion to discuss the law for the military and physical training of the school-children of New York State and the steps which have been taken to put the provisions of this law into effect. The law itself can well be described as a poorly drawn law which has been placed in admirable hands for execution. As readers of The Outlook know, the Military Training Commission, responsible for putting this law into effect, consists of Major-General O'Ryan, Dr. John H. Finley, and Dr. George J. Fisher.

Since the appointment of this Commission the duties attendant upon the recent mobilization of the Guard of New York State have

e prevented Major-General O’Ryan from taking as active a part as he must have desired, and as the other two members of the Committee have hoped that he might be able to take, in planning for putting into effect the Military Training Law. Nevertheless, despite his preoccupation with the active duties of the militia, he has given valuable advice and counsel to his civilian colleagues. They have found him more than ready to aid them in their desire to place the work of military training upon a broad basis of physical education and social discipline.

Considering the short time that it has had, the Commission has already accom

plished a remarkable amount of work. It has already provided a uniform system of physical training adapted to all classes of schools, much of which is available for use during the present year. In 1917 it is expected that this system of physical training and education in the questions of hygiene can be put in full force.

D r. Finley, in a letter accompanying the report of the Military Training Commission to the Regents of the University of the State of New York, says of this programme for physical training :

Every phase of this programme has been in successful operation in some of the most pro gressive schools of this or other States, but here for the first time, in this country at any rate, have they been brought under State prescription into one systematic programme for practical operation.

It is to touch every child-boy and girl-over eight years of age, in public and private school. ...

It is appreciated that the most vital factor in the programme is, after all, the teacher or super. visor to whom this important work is intrusted. ... One such man of adequate training, of zealous interest, and of faculty for this work in each district, would do more to develop wholesome recreational and civic activities in the communities than any other possible agency. ...

As interpreted by the Military Training Commission, physical training covers medical inspection, talks and recitations in hygiene, and all forms of healthful physical exercise, such as setting-up drills, gymnastic exercises, supervised recreation, organized play, athletics, and a great variety of individual recreational activities.

The programme of physical training will have its compensation in less sickness, longer lives, and greater human efficiency-and that means greater economic benefit, as well as higher effort and nobler accomplishment. enort

Every private school as well as every public school must make, even this year, provision for supervised physical exercise in accordance with the orders of the Commission. The amount of exercise which is compulsory is specified for the current year; but this represents only part of what will be ultimately required.

Those who saw in the provisions of the Welch-Slater Bill the approach of the dread ogre of militarism should by all means secure a copy of the syllabus of the physical training programme provided for the present year. Probably their worst fears will be realized when they find that the children of New

1916

THE WEEK

355

York State are to be dragoor.ed into playing Drop the Handkerchief, Farmer in the Dell, Prisoner's Base, Shadow Tag, How Many Miles to Babylon ? and Skin the Goat. Possibly our anti-vivisectionists might object to the title of this last game, but we do not think that even our most enthusiastic advocates of the abolition of lead soldiers can find in this an approach to Prussianism.

THE MILITARY TRAINING
COMMISSION: WORK THAT
IS STILL TO BE DONE

So much has already been accomplished by the Military Training Commission that it is not yet fair to ask of them a complete summary of what they hope to do in the future in the matter of the practical military training of the boys of New York State. From the sound basis of physical training which they have already provided, and from the plan which has been foreshadowed to us by a member of the Commission, we can safely say, however, that we believe that the system to be provided will prove to be of wholesome civic utility, entirely apart from the military value it will undoubtedly possess.

The expected provisions for the inculcation of sane patriotism, the disciplining of the body and the mind, the training of boys in the enjoyment of an outdoor life, and the cultivation of initiative and courage will make the programme of military training for New York State a very different thing from the oldfashioned and burdensome close-order drills which once occupied so large a part in cadet soldiery.

It has been suggested that under the new order of things school-boys may be given a chance to earn badges signifying the service which they are qualified to give their State and country. The Boy Scouts already have such a system of merit badges. Sup plied, however, by the State itself, the worth of such insignia would be trebled, both as an incentive to endeavor and as a stimulation to patriotism—the only patriotism worth while, the patriotism of service rendered. The Outlook hopes that some time this plan may be put in successful operation.

ballots for or against a sweeping measure submitted to them on the petition of 137,000 voters.

The measure provides that hereafter all public revenues (State, county, or municipal) shall be raised by taxation of land values exclusive of improvements, except as income and inheritance tax laws may provide funds for old age pensions, workmen's disability and unemployment insurance, and mothers' endowments. Just how the equat valuation of land demanded is to be ascertained is left open. The intent is plainly stated to take for public use the rental and site values of land and “to reduce land holdings to those only who live on or make productive use of it.” This, the supporters of the measure assert, would be " to secure to every adult power to own his own home and direct his own life and work ; to abolish landlordism, pauperism, and disemployment, to shift the tax burden from labor to privilege and monopoly."

Three years ago The Outlook summarized the notable advances in the progress of the single tax in law enactment in Great Britain, in British colonies (and especially in Canada), and in Germany, and described the active political support of the idea in New Jersey and New York. But in all this progress the effort was of a step-by-step kind and of a limited application; the California attempt is sweeping and universal. The special conditions in California are urged in support of the measure. Thus it is said :

Vast idle mineral lands-gold, silver, coal, iron, oil, timber, and ranch lands—are already closed to the people of California. ... City building sites, smaller in area but immense in value, are likewise held idle for speculation. To the would-be user ready to dig and plow and build these lands might as well be sunk to the bottom of the sea. He must pick out his ranch or his lot as if among islands here and there.

And he must pay a price or a rental almost out of reach because of the extreme scarcity of land in our great State of California. Cost of living soars, wages lower, unemployment, poverty, and misery result.

The Great Adventure” campaign is being pushed vigorously, largely under the leadership of "Luke North ''(the pseudonym of the editor of " Everyman”). It seems to be supported by many radical thinkers who are not so much concerned with the measure itself as with the desire to instill their doctrine that ownership of the earth apart from occupation and use

THE “GREAT ADVENTURE" MOVEMENT IN CALIFORNIA

A vigorous single-tax campaign is being carried on in California under the taking title of the “Great Adventure." At the November election the voters of the State will cast their

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