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“a year's imprisonment, paid a fine of 10,cccl. and

was pardoned.”

That the reader may be enabled to judge of this matter with the greater precision, to this account by Whitelocke we shall subjoin that of Lord Clarendon, Hiftory, printed at Oxford, 1727,vol. II. part I. p. 247.

“ There was of the House of Commons," says the noble historian, one Mr. Waller, a gentleman of a

very good fortune and estate,and of admirable parts " and faculties of wit and eloquence, and of an in"timate conversation and familiaritywith those who “had that reputation. He had, from the beginning “ of the parliament, been looked upon by all men as “ a person of very entire affections to the King's ser

vice, and to the established government of church " and state; and by having no manner of relation to " the court, had the more credit and interest to pro

mote the rights of it. When the ruptures grew so great between the King and the two Houses, that

very many of the members withdrew from those "counsels, he, among the rest, with equal dislike, ab“ sented himself; but at the time the standard was "set up, having intimacy and friendship with some “persons now of nearness about the King, with the ” King's approbation he returned again to London,

where he spoke, upon all occasions, with great Marpness and freedom, which (now there were so "few there that used it, and there was no danger of

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s being over-voted)was not restrained, and therefore “ used as an argument against those who were gone

upon pretence “that they were not suffered to dea " clare their opinion freely in the House,which could “not be believed, when all men knew what liberty “ Mr. Waller took, and spoke every day with impu

nityagainst the sense and proceedings of the House." " This won him a great reputation with all people “ who wihed well to the King, and he was looked

upon as the boldest champion the crown had in "both Houses; so that such Lords and Commons as

really desired to prevent the ruin of the kingdom, * willingly complied in a great familiarity with him,

as a man resolute in their ends, and best able to "promote them : and it may be they believed his

reparation at court so good, that he would be no “ill evidence there of other mens zealand affection; “ and so all men spoke their minds freely to him, “ both of the general distemper, and of the passions " and ambition of particular persons; all men know

ing him to be of too good a fortune, and too wary

a nature, to engage himself in designs of danger or “hazard.

" Mr. Waller had a brother-in-law, one Mr. Tom“kins, who had married his fifter, and was Clerk of “the Queen's Council, of very good fame for ho“nesty and ability. This gentleman had good inte"rest and reputation in the City and conversed much

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“ with those who disliked the proceedings of the par.

lianient, and wished to live under the fame govern“ment they were born, and from those citizens re“ceived information of the ceniper of the people

upon accidents in the publick affairs: and Mr. Walfler and he, with that confidence that uses to be be

tween brethren of the fame good affections, fre“quently imparted their observations and opinions

to each other, the one relating how many in both “ Houses inclined to peace, and the other making the “fame judgment upon the correspondence he had, “ and intelligence he received from the most subftan“tial men of London; and both of them again comsu municated what one received from the other to the company they used to converfe with; Mr.Waller imparting the withes and power of the well"affected party in the City to the lords and gen"stlemen whom he knew to be of the famie mind, “ and Mr. Tomkins acquainting thofe he durft trust ss of the City, that such and such lords and geritle

men, who were of special pote, were weary of the “ distractions, and would heartily and confidently “contribute to such an honourable and honest peace “as all men knew would he most acceptable to the

King: and from hence they came reasonably to a "conclufion, that if some means were found out to " raise a confidence in those who wished well, that

they should not be oppressed by the extravagant power of the desperate party, but that if they

66

© would so far aslitt one another as to declare their

opinions to be the same, they should be able to prevent or fuppress those tumults which seemed

to countenance the distractions, and the Houses “ would be induced to terms of moderation.

“In this time the Lord Conway, being returned “from Ireland, incensed against the Scots, and dif“contented with the parliament here, finding Mr. “ Walier in good efteem with the Earl of Northum"berland, and of great friendship with the Earl of “ Portland, he entered into the fame familiarity; "and, being more of a soldier, in the discourses ad“ ministered questions and confiderations necessary

to be understood by men that either meant to use "force, or to refiit it, and wished " that they who “had interest and acquaintance in the City would “endeavour, by mutual correspondetice, to inforni "themselves of the distinct affections of their neigli“bours, that, upon any exigent, men might foresee “whom they might trust ;” and these discourses be

ing again derived by Mr Waller to Mr.Tomkins, “he, upon occasion and conference with his com

panions, infifted on the same argunients; and they "again conversing with their friends and acquaine

ance, (for of all this business there were not above "three who ever spoketogether) agreed that some “ well-affected persons, in every parish and ward about London, should make a list of all the inhabi

tants, and thereupon to make a reasonable guess of “their several affectioas ( which at that time was no “ hard thing for observing men to do) and thence a computation of the strength and power of that

party which was notoriously violent against any “acconimodation.

“I am persuaded the utmost project in this design was (I speak not what particular men might intend

or with upon their own fancies)to beget such a com"bination among the party well-affected, that they " would refuse to conform to those ordinances of “the twentieth part, and other taxes for the support “ of the war, and thereby, or by joint peritioning for

peace, and discountenancing the other who peti" tioned against it, to prevail with the parliament to “incline to a determination of the war. And it may be “ fume men might think of making advantage of any 's casual commotion, or preventing any mischief by "it; and thereupon that inquiry where the magazines lay, and discourse of wearing fome distinguishing

tokens, had been rather casually mentioned than 'seriously proposed : for it iscertain very many, who "were conscious to themselves of loyal purposes to “the King, and of hearty dislike of the parliament's proceedings, and observed the violent, revengeful,

ruinating prosecution of all men by those of the 'engaged party, were not without sad apprehen"Lions that, upon some jealousy and quarrel picked,

even a gencral mafiacre might be attempted of all

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