« 上一页继续 »
236 SHAKSPEARE, FORD,
suppose, was polfessed only of the modern edition of]ons0n's VVorks -printed in 8vo. in 1716, and, no dates being-assigned to the poems, thought he might safely make free with this epigram, and aflix the date of the year 163o, or 1631, to it; but unlucukily it was published by Old Ben himself fourteen or fifteen years before, in the firll folio colledlion ofhis works in 1616, and consequently could not have any relation to a literary altercation between him and Ford at the time The New Innand The L0ver's Melancholy were brought on the scene. lt appears from Ben jonf0n's Dedication of his Epigrams to Lord Pembroke, that most of them, though published in 1616, were written some years before ; 7 the epigram. in question therefore may be referred to a fiill earlier period than the time of its pubsication.
On one of the lines in this epigram, as exhibited by Mr. Nlacklin, V
cc For wittie, in his language, is obsccnc.
" Epig. LXVIII. V
at Two kindes of valour he doth lhew at ones,
The person aimed at, under the name of Playwright, was probably Decker.
7 5' I here offer to your lordlhip 'the ripefi of my lludies, my epigrammes, which, though they carry danger in the sound, do not therefore seek your fhelter. For when I made them, I had nothing in my conseience, to expresling of which I did need aeypher. But ifl be falne into lhqse times, wherein, for the likeness of vice," 8cc.
3. One of the leaves of Sir Henry He-rbert's Manuscript, which was missing, having been recovered since this page was printed, 1 find that The Ladies Trial was performed for the first time at the Coekpit theatre in May 1538, on the 3d of which month it was l-incensed by the Mulier of the Revels.
238 SHAKSPEARE, FORD,
vifalof some of those pieces which were left imperfect by Fletcher, (as appears from Henry Herberfs Office-b0ok,9) finding The Nezu Inn unfuccefsful, took the liberty to borrow a scene from it, which he inserted in Love's Pilgrimagc, when that play was revived, or as Sir Henry Herbert calls it, renewed, in 1635.' Mr. M. had
' " Received 0fBlagrove from the King's Company, for the renewing of Lovis Pilgrimage, the l6th of September, 1635, -[It 0 0." Ibidem. ,
The addition ofa new scene, and sometimes an entire act, to an old play, appears from the following entries in the fame book to have been common: '
V " For the adding of a scene to The Virgin Martyr, this 7th July, 1G24, -[Io 10 0."
" For allowing ofa new aft in an ould play, this 13th May, 1629,-[Io 10 0."
" For allowing of an ould play, new written or forbishtby Mr. Bifton, the'12th of january, 163I, -- [.l 0 0."
' " An ould play, with some new scenes, Doflor Lambs and the Witches, to Salisbnry Courte, the 16th August, 1634,.1 o 0." [Received of ould Cartwright for allowing the [Fortune] company to add scenes to an ould play, and to give it out for a new one, this lszth of May, i636, - [il 0 0."
This practice prevailed in Shakfpeare's time. " The player-s," says Lupton, in his London and the Country carbonadocd and quarlered, Svo. 15o2, " arl: as crafty with an old play, as hands with old faces : the one puts on a new fresh colour, the other a new face -and name."
Ifthe Office-books. ofEdmund Tilney, Esq. and Sir George Buck, who were Masters of the Revels during the greater part ofthe reign of Kingjames the First, shall ever be discovered, I have no doubt that the Vifion, Masque, and Prophecy, in the fifth aCt of Cymbelinc, will be found to have been interpolated by the players after out poet's death.