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12o A CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

of -uolzuztaries (as they were then called) under the command of Sir Edward Wlinkfield. Many of the nobility went on this expedition, which was deslined against Cadiz. The fleet failed from Plymouth on the third ofjune, 1596 ; before the

end of that month the great Spanish armada was

deslroyed and the town of Cadiz was sacked and

burned. Here Lordx Essex found 12oo pihces of ordnance, and an irnmense quantity of treasure,

fiores, ammunition, Scc. valued at twenty million

of ducats. The vifiorious commanders of this

successful cxpedition returned to Plymouth, Au

gufi 8, '15g6, four days before the death of out

poet's son. Many of our old hisforians speak of the

fplendor and magnificence displayed by the nobld

and gallant adventurers who served in this expedi.

tion; an'd Ben jonson has particularly allucled to

it in his Silent Woman, written a few years. after

wards.7 To this I sufpecft two lines already quoted

particularly refer:

" Have sold their fortunes at their native homes,
" Bearing their birtlz-rights proudly an their backs."

Dr.]0hnson conceived that the following lines in this play-" And meritorious shall that hand be call'd' i "' Canonized, and worfhipp'd as a faint,

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might either refer to the bull published againfl: Queen Elizabeth, or to thecanonization ofGarnet,

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Faux, and their accomplices, who in a Spanish book which he had seen, are regislered as faints. If the latter allufion had been intended, -then this play, or at least this part of it, must have been written after 1605. But the pallage in queslion is founded on a fimilar one in the old play, printed in 1591, and therefore no allufion- to the gunpowder-plot could have been intended.

A line of.Tl1e Sjzanish Tragedy is quoted in King john. That tragedy, I believe, had appeared in or before 1590. T

In the firsl aft 0fKing]0kn, an ancientqtragedy; entitled Solyman and Perscda, is alluded to. The earliefi edition of that play, now extant, is that of 15g9, but it was written, and probably ailed, many years before; for it was entered on the Stationers' books, by Edward Whyte, Nov. 20, 1592.

Marfion's Insatiatc Cauntcss, whichnaccording to Langbaine, was printed in 16o3, contains a pallage, which, if it should be considered as an imitation ofa fimilar one in King k70hn, will ascertain this hifiorical drama to have been written at leaPc before that year: '

' " Then how much more in me, whose youthful Veins,

, " Like a jzroud river, oz,'e1g'Y0w their bounds."

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x122 CHRONOLOGIC-'AL ORDER

s in an old play entitled Thcfamous History osCaptat'n Thomas Szukcly. Captain Stukely was killed in 15.78. The drama of which he is the subjefi, was not printed till 16o5 , but it is in the black letter, and , I believe , -had been exhibited at least fifteen years before. '

Uf the only other note of time which I have obferved in this tragedy , befide those already mentioned, I am unable to make any use. " When I was in France," says young Arthur,

" Young gentlemen would be as fad as nights
" Only for rwantonnefs."

I have notbeen able to afcertain when thefafhion of being sad and gentlcmanlikc commenced among our gayer neighbours on the continent. A fimilar falhion prevailed in England , and is often alluded to by our poet, and his contemporaries. Perhaps he has in this inslance attributed to the French a species of affeflation then only found in England. It-is noticed by Lily in 1592, and Ben jonson in 1598.

12.' KING RICHARD II. 1597. A

King Richard II. was entered on the Stationers'

books, August 29, 1597, and printed in that ear.

y There had been a former play on this subjeel, which appears to have been called King Henry IV. in which Richard was depofed , and killed on the Rage. This piece, as Dr. Farmer and Mr. Tyrwhitt have observed , was performed on a publick theatre, at the requesl of Sir Gilly Merick, and some other followers of Lord Eifex , the afternoon

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'I 0 Bacon's Works, Vol. IV. 412. State Trials, Vol. VIII-. p. 6o.

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Entered, at the Stationers' hall, Ofil. 20, 1597.' Printed in that year.

1-4. FIRST PART or Kmo HENRY-AIV. 1597.

Entered, Feb. 25, 1597. [1597-8.] Written therefore probably in 1597. Printed in 1598.

15. SECOND PART or KING HENRY IV. 1598.

The St-cond Part of King Henry. IV.' was entered in the Stationers' books, August 23, 16oo, and was printed in that year. It was written, I believe, in 1598. From the epilogue it appears to have been composed before King Henry V. which itself muil: have been written in or before 1599.

Meres in his Wills Trcasury, which was published

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