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Earl of Oxford in the Low Countries; and from Mirevelt, in Lodge.
From Nicholas. On the 19th Feb., 1601, they were brought to trial
before their Peers, and convicted of high treason in conspiring against the Queen, and breaking out into
open rebellion. Essex was beheaded in the Tower on the 25th of the
same month (February). What punishment befel the Earl of Southampton does
not appear, save that all his honours were forfeited : they were restored to him in 1603 (1st of James), and on the 21st of July in that year he was created Earl of Southampton, with the same rights and pri
vileges as he formerly enjoyed, K.G., &c. Henry Wriothesley, third Earl of Southampton, suc
ceeded his father in 1581—was attainted in 1598, when all his honours became forfeited—restored in 1603—created by a new patent, dated 21st July, 1603, Earl of Southampton, with the same rights and
privileges as he formerly enjoyed, K.G. ; ob. 1624. The title became extinct upon the demise of his son,
S. P. M., Thomas, fourth Earl, in 1667.
From Lodge's IllusTRATIONS. Of Lord Southampton's literature and connection with
literary men, little is known but from the doubtful testimony of poets of all degrees of merit, by whom he was loaded with adulation. Shakespeare's two short dedications, however, of the poems of Venus and Adonis, and the Rape of Lucrece, addressed to him when a very young man, are so strongly marked, particularly the second, with the simple features of
private regard and gratitude, that there seems to be little room to doubt that such sentiments actually existed between them. Of this all other evidence is lost, save the assertion of Sir William Davenant, and others, that Southampton gave to Shakespeare, at one time, the sum of a thousand pounds to enable him to complete a favourite purchase.
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