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1 An Eleatic Philosopher, of Abdera in Thrace. Born 513; died 404, B. C.
? In the “ Sale of Philosophers," as described by Lucian, the heads of the different sects are brought to the hammer, Mercury being the auctioneer. Pythagoras fetches ten Minæ, Diogenes, with his rags and cynicism, two obols— he may do for a house-dog! Aristippus (the founder of the Cyrenaic sect) is too fine a gentleman for any body to venture on. Democritus and Heraclitus are alike unsale. able. Socrates, with whom Lucian seems to confound the Platonic philosophy, after being well ridiculed and abused, is bought by Dion, of Syracuse, for the large sum of two talents. Epicurus produces two Minæ. Chrysippus, the
Putting up for sale a number
stoic, who gives some extraordinary specimens of his logic, and for whom there is a great competition, is knocked down for twelve Minæ. A peripatetic, or double person, (exoteric and esoteric) with his physical knowledge, brings twenty Minæ. Pyrrho, the sceptic, comes at last, who after having been disposed of, and in the hands of the buyer, is still in doubt whether he has been sold or not!
3 A Philosopher of Ephesus, founder of a sect named after himself. Flourished from 500 to 425, B. C. + 6 Once more, Democritus, arise on earth,
With cheerful wisdom and instructive mirth,
Dr. Johnson. 5 How the Sage was rewarded will be seen by the fol. lowing extract from an autograph letter (in the possession of Uncle Timothy) written by the excellent and learned Elizabeth Carter to Miss Highmore, dated April 23, 1752.
“I extremely honour the just indignation you express