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PEOPLE SOUTII OF MASON AND DIXON'S
LINE.

Between 1762 and 1766, AUGUST in regard to the ancient Irish, British, LUDWIG VON SCHLÖZER prepared a Rus Cambrian, and Cornish dialects. It is sian Grammar during his stay in St. divided into six parts: the first treats of Petersburg. This first part, as well as the letters and their permutations from one commencement of the second, was printed dialect to another; the second treats of for the Imperial Academy of Sciences of the noun and pronoun; the third of the that place; the work had proceeded as verb; the fourth of particles; the fifth far as the eleventh sheet, when its con of derivation and composition; and the tinuation was prohibited, and the whole sixth of the construction of prose and edition suppressed. A copy of these ele

The different dialects are comven sheets, which nearly comprehended pared with each other, in every respect, what had been completed in MS. is, there and their analogies and diversities clearly fore, a rarity; and one single copy only marked. is, as far as we are aware, at present extant. This work, as is well known, was

A SPECIAL EDITORIAL NOTE FOR TIIE the first to venture on a scientific treatment of the Russian language, and is therefore to be published by the family of the author.

A Southern paper, in giving a very - The sixth and concluding part of the favorable and discriminating criticism of first volume of J. VENEDEY's History of our February Number, adds to it the folthe Germans from the earliest times to lowing P. S.:the present (Geschichte des deutschen

“In acknowledging the receipt of the January Volkes von den ältesten Zeiten bis auf number of “Putnam,” we commended it to public die Gegenwart), has just been issued. It patronage on the ground that it was wholly an Ameembraces German antiquity from the first rican publication. We have recontly received a comappearance of Germans on the stage of

munication declaring that this is an error—that Put

nam is wholly a Northern publication, and that history, to the downfall of the Carloving

Southern writers, who propose to contribute to its ians. The second volume, already com columns, are not only excluded, but treated with nepleted in MS, will contain the history of glect and discourtesy. We hope that there is somo the German Emperors and the contest of error or mistake in the case, and that Putnam will be the Popes against the empire. The third able to place himself rcctus in curia with his Soutir volume will comprise the history of the

ern readers and contributors." Reformation to the Westphalian Peace; The personal feeling manifested in this the fourth volume will contain modern complaint will be sufficient to divest it of history. This work is distinguished by all force, for it was evidently written by diligent research, and a vigorous and some person who fancied he had been negraphic style.

glected by us, or that his merits had not - Another volume, the fourth of BER been properly appreciated. And we do THOLD AUERBACH's Village Stories of the not pretend to say that he was not quite Black Forest, (Schwarzwälden Dorf- right in thinking so. We know very well, geschichten), has just appeared.

that a good many worthy people, and exThe correspondence of Goethe must cellent writers, have had to wait much be inexhaustible ; for in addition to his

longer for a reply to their communications Briefwecksel with Schiller, Zelter, Bet

than was at all agreeable to our own sense tiner, Carus, and others, we

of propriety ; but the seeming neglect presented with his letter, to Councillor which they might with reason complain Schuetz, Briefwecksel Zwischen Göthe of, has been a matter of absolute necesa. Staatsrath v. C. L. F. Schultz.

sity ; for we make it a point to read the - The comparative study of languages, articles that are sent to us before deciding which more than any thing else has fur whether or not they can have a place in nished a key to the origin of races, is no our Monthly, and we have adopted the where prosecuted with so much industry democratic principle of, first come first and vigor as in Germany.

Reading manuscripts, in nine mar and vocabularies of Bopp, and other cases out of ten illegibly written, and learned authorities, have solved many writing letters to their authors, requires a questions on which tradition is silent, and good deal of time; and then, too, when an become among the most curious monu article may be regarded as desirable on ments of nations. One of the latest works account of its literary merits or its subof this kind is the Grammatica Celtica ject, the exigencies of the Monthly may of Dr. J. C. Zeuss, of Leipzic, who has prevent its immediate use ; it may be too gathered from the various libraries of long or too short, or it may be too similar Europe, the most interesting particulars in its character to another article which

are NOW

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served.

would not be to our pecuniary disadvantage. But our great aim in the conduct of this Magazine has been to make it, first, purely American and original; and, next, to render it as profitable to the public and ourselves as it could be done. We have, thus far, abundant cause for being satisfied with our exertions, and for entertaining increased hope in the literary resources and intellectual activity of our thriving nation. Wherein we may possibly have erred, has been in giving place to contributions from the far East, the far West, the far North, and the far South, that our Magazine might properly represent the whole Union, which, if written nearer our own door, might not have been accepted.

had been accepted before it; all these considerations must often perplex the editor of a magazine, and prevent his giving an instant reply to a correspondent, and also compel him to reject communications which would be otherwise desirable. But it was not for the purpose of saying these very obvious truths that we have noticed the Southern complaint in question. We are accused of not being American because we are Northern. The South, or at least that part of it which is embodied in the person of our particular friend in question, will not permit us to enjoy the common instincts of patriotism, but will cut us off from our inheritance, because we happen to live on the wrong side of Mason and Dixon's line. It was a son of New England who uttered the patriotic sentiment, "I know no North, ne South ; " but our Southern friends say they

know no North, only a South.” There are numberless publications calling themselves after the South, to indicate their sectional character and their antagonism to the North. The Southern Quarterly, the Southern Literary Niessenger, and so on; but if there be a single periodical or other institution north of Mason and Dixon, whose title breathes such an un-American and sectional spirit, we are ignorant of its existence. As to the particular charge against ourselves, nonsensical as it will sound to every body who has been in the habit of reading our Magazine, we have only to reply, that the present number of the Monthly contains four articles which were sent to us from as many slave States, and that every number of the work, from the beginning, has contained one or more articles from the pens of Southern writ

Our sole aim is to publish the best literary productions which the country can afford; and whether they come from Maine or Missouri, Vermont or Virginia, is a matter of not the slightest weight in deciding on their availability. As to our mere personal interests, we can very well afford to be perfectly independent of all sectional preferences, for at least seven eighths of our circulation is in the free States; and, if we could be influenced by any such paltry motives as the "somebody down South " imputes to us, the result

son

BOOKS RECEIVED. THE AMERICAN PLANTER ; or the Bound Labor In

terest of the United States. By M. A. Juge. New

York: Long & Brother. 1854. The Philosophy of Punysics. By Andrew Brown.

New-York: Redfield. 1954, AN OUTLINE OF THE GEOLOGY OF THE GLOBE, and of

the United States in particular. By Edward IIitcb

cock, D. D. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co. 1853. THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS OF Thomas CAMP

BELI, with an Original Biography and Notes Edited by Epes Sargent. Boston: Phillips, Samp

Co. 1851. OUTLINES OF A MECHANICAL THEORY OF STORMS

By T. Bassuette New-York: D. Appleton & Co.

1851. HIUMAN ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND HYGIENE. By

T. S. Lambert. Hartford: Brockett, IIutchinson

& Co. 1851. LINNY LOCKWOOD. A Novel By Catherine Crow.

New-York: D. Appleton & Co. 1854. THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL QUARTERLY REVIEW.

Vol. I, No. I. New-York: II. Dyer. 1854. IIYDROPATHIC COOK-BOOK, By Dr. R. T. Tran.

New-York: Fowlers & Wells. 1851. POEMS, Sacred, PassionaTE, AND LEGENDARY. By

Mary E. Blewett. New-York: Lamport, Blake

man & Law. 185-1. A Schoo1 COMPENDIUM or NATURAL'AND EXPERT

MENTAL PIILOSOPHY, By Richard Green Parker,

New-York: A. S. Barnes & Co. 185-1. BENEDICTIONS, OR THE BLESSED LIFE. By Rev. John

Cumming, D.D., F.R.S.E. Boston: J. P. Jewett

& Co. 1854 POENA, DESCRIPTIVE, DRAVATIC, LEGENDARY, AND

CONTEMPLATIVE. By W. Gilmore Simms. 2 vols.

Now-York: Redfield. 1854. LITTLE BLOSSON'S REWARD. A Christmas Book (oz

Children. By Mrs. Emily Hare. Illustrated Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co. 1854

ers,

PUTNAM'S MONTHLY.

A Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.

VOL. III.-APRIL 1854.-NO. XVI.

THE ENCANTADAS, OR ENCHANTED ISLES.

BY SALVATOR R. TARNMOOR.

(Continued from page 319.)

A calm ensued; when, still confident that SKETCH FIFTI.

the stranger was an Englishman, Porter

despatched a cutter, not to board the TIE FRIGATE, AND SHIP FLYAWAY,

enemy, but drive back his boats engaged

in towing him. The cutter succeeded. “Looking far forth into the ocean wide,

Cutters were subsequently sent to capture A goodly ship with banners bravely dight, And flag in her top-gallant I espide,

him; the stranger now showing English Through the main sea making her merry flight."

colors in place of American. But when

the frigate's boats were within a short ERE RE quitting Rodondo, it must not be distance of their hoped-for prize, another

omitted that here, in 1813, the U.S. sudden breeze sprang up; the stranger frigate Essex, Captain David Porter, came under all sail bore off to the westward, near leaving her bones. Lying becalmed and ere night was hull down ahead of the one morning with a strong current setting Essex, which all this time lay perfectly her rapidly towards the rock, a strange becalmed. sail was descried, which-not out of keep This enigmatic craft-American in the ing with alleged enchantments of the morning, and English in the evening-her neighborhood - seemed to be staggering sails full of wind in a calm—was never under a violent wind, while the frigate again beheld. An enchanted ship no lay lifeless as if spell-bound. But a light doubt. So at least the sailors swore. air springing up, all sail was made by the This cruise of the Essex in the Pacific frigate in chase of the enemy, as supposed during the war of 1812, is perhaps the -he being deemed an English whale-ship strangest and most stirring to be found in —but the rapidity of the current was so the history of the American navy. She great, that soon all sight was lost of him; captured the furthest wandering vessels; and at meridian the Essex, spite of her visited the remotest seas and isles; long drags, was driven so close under the foam hovered in the charmed vicinity of the lashed cliffs of Rodondo that for a time all enchanted group; and finally valiantly hands gave her up. A smart breeze, how gave up the ghost fighting two English ever, at last helped her off, though the frigates in the harbor of Valparaiso. escape was so critical as to seem almost Mention is made of her here for the same miraculous.

reason that the buccaneers will likewise Thus saved from destruction herself, receive record ; because, like them, by she now made use of that salvation to long cruising among the isles, tortoisedestroy the other vessel, if possible. Re hunting upon their shores, and generally newing the chase in the direction in which exploring them ; for these and other reathe stranger had disappeared, sight was sons, the Essex is peculiarly associated caught of him the following morning. with the Encantadas. Upon being descried he hoisted American Here be it said that you have but colors and stood away from the Essex. three eye-witness authorities worth men

VOL. III. 23

BARRINGTON ISLE AND TILE BUCCANEERS.

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tioning touching the Enchanted Isles : anchorage, well sheltered from all winds Cowley, the buccaneer (1684); Colnet, by the high land of Albemarle, but it is the whaling-ground explorer (1798); Por the least unproductive isle of the group. ter, the post captain (1813). Other than Tortoises good for food, trees good for these you have but barren, bootless allu fuel, and long grass good for bedding, sions from some few passing voyagers or abound here, and there are pretty natural compilers.

walks, and several landscapes to be seen. Indeed, though in its locality belonging to

the Enchanted group, Barrington Isle is SKETCH SIXTH.

so unlike most of its neighbors, that it would hardly seem of kin to them.

“I once landed on its western side," “Let us all servile base subjection scorn,

says a sentimental voyager long ago, And as we be sons of the earth so wide,

“where it faces the black buttress of Let us our father's heritage divide,

Albemarle. I walked beneath groves of And challenge to ourselves our portions dow trees; not very lofty, and not palm trees, Of all the patrimony, which a few

or orange trees, or peach trees, to be sure; Now hold on hugger-mugger in their hand."

but for all that, after long sea-faring “Lords of the world, and so will wander free, very beautiful to walk under, even though Where—so us listeth, uncontrolld of any." they supplied no fruit. And here, in calm

spaces at the heads of glades, and on the “How bravely now we live, how jocund, how near

shaded tops of slopes commanding the the first inheritance, without fear, how free from little

most quiet scenery-what do you think I

Seats which might have served Near two centuries ago Barrington Isle Brahmins and presidents

of peace societies. was the resort of that famous wing of the Fine old ruins of what had once been West Indian buccaneers, which, upon symmetric lounges of stone and turf; their repulse from the Cuban waters, they bore every mark both of artificialness crossing the Isthmus of Darien, ravaged and age, and were undoubtedly made by the Pacific side of the Spanish colonies,

the buccaneers. One had been a long and, with the regularity and timing of a sofa, with back and arms, just such a sofa modern mail, way laid the royal treasure as the poet Gray might have loved to ships plying between Manilla and Aca throw himself upon, his Crebillon in hand. pulco. After the toils of piratic war, “Though they sometimes tarried here here they came to say their prayers, enjoy for months at a time, and used the spot their free-and-easies, count their crackers for a storing-place for spare spars, sails, from the cask, their doubloons from the and casks; yet it is highly improbable keg, and measure their silks of Asia with that the buccaneers ever erected dwellinglong Toledos for their yard-sticks.

houses upon the isle. They never were As a secure retreat, an undiscoverable here except their ships remained, and hiding place, no spot in those days could they would most likely have slept on have been better fitted. In the centre of board. I mention this, because I cannot a vast and silent sea, but very little tra avoid the thought, that it is hard to imversed ; surrounded by islands, whose pute the construction of these romantic inhospitable aspect might well drive away seats to any other motive than one of the chance navigator; and yet within a pure peacefulness and kindly fellowship few days' sail of the opulent countries with nature. That the buccaneers perpewhich they made their prey; the unmo trated the greatest outrages is very true; lested buccaneers found here that tran that soine of them were mere cut-throats quillity which they fiercely denied to every is not to be denied ; but we know that civilized harbor in that part of the world. here and there among their host was a Here, after stress of weather, or a tem Dampier, a Wafer, and a Cowley, and porary drubbing at the hands of their likewise other men, whose worst reproach vindictive foes, or in swift flight with was their desperate fortunes; whom pergolden booty, those old marauders came, secution, or adversity, or secret and unand lay snugly out of all harm's reach. avengeable wrongs, had driven from But not only was the place a harbor of Christian society to seek the melancholy safety, and a bower of ease, but for utility solitude or the guilty adventures of the in other things it was most admirable.

At any rate, long as those ruins of Barrington Isle is in many respects seats on Barrington remain, the most singularly adapted to careening, refitting, singular monuments are furnished to the refreshing, and other seamen's purposes. fact, that all of the buccaneers were not Not only has it good water, and good unmitigated monsters.

sea.

“But during my ramble on the isle I Spanish provinces from Old Spain, there was not long in discovering other tokens, fought on behalf of Peru a certain "Creole of things quite in accordance with those adventurer from Cuba, who by his bravery wild traits, popularly, and no doubt truly and good fortune at length advanced himenough imputed to the freebooters at self to high rank in the patriot army. large. Had I picked up old sails and The war being ended, Peru found herself rusty hoops I would only have thought like many valorous gentlemen, free and of the ship's carpenter and cooper. But independent enough, but with few shot in I found old cutlasses and daggers reduced the locker. In other words, she had not to mere threads of rust, which doubtless wherewithal to pay off her troops. But had stuck between Spanish ribs ere now. the Creole-I forget his name-volunThese were signs of the murderer and teered to take his pay in lands. So they robber; the reveller likewise had left his told him he might have his pick of the trace. Mixed with shells, fragments of Enchanted Isles, which were then, as they broken jars were lying here and there, still remain, the nominal appanage of Peru. high up upon the beach. They were The soldier straightway embarks thither, precisely like the jars now used upon the explores the group. returns to Callao, and Spanish coast for the wine and Pisco

says

he will take a deed of Charles Isle. spirits of that country.

Moreover, this deed must stipulate that “With a rusty dagger-fragment in one thenceforth Charles' Isle is not only the hand, and a bit of a wine-jar in another, I sole property of the Creole, but is for ever sat me down on the ruinous green sofa I free of Peru, even as Peru of Spain. To have spoken of, and bethought me long be short, this adventurer procures himself and deeply of these same buccaneers. to be made in effect Supreme Lord of the Could it be possible, that they robbed Island, one of the princes of the powers and murdered one day, revelled the next, of the earth.* and rested themselves by turning medita He now sends forth a proclamation intive philosophers, rural poets, and seat viting subjects to his as yet unpopulated builders on the third ? Not very improb- kingdom. Some eighty souls, men and able, after all. For consider the vacilla women, respond; and being provided by tions of a man. Still, strange as it may

their leader with necessaries, and tools seem, I must also abide by the more of various sorts, together with a few cattle charitable thought; namely, that among and goats, take ship for the promised these adventurers were some gentlemanly, land; the last arrival on board, prior to companionable souls, capable of genuine sailing, being the Creole himself, accomtranquillity and virtue."

panied, strange to say, by a disciplined cavalry company of large grim dogs.

These, it was observed on the passage, SKETCH EIGHTH.

refusing to consort with the emigrants,

remained aristocratically grouped around CHARLES' ISLE AND THE DOG-KING.

their master on the elevated quarter-deck,

casting disdainful glances forward upon So with outragious cry,

the inferior rabble there ; much as from A thousand villeins round about him swarmed

the ramparts, the soldiers of a garrison Out of the rocks and caves adjoining nye;

thrown into a conquered town, eye the inVile caitive wretches, ragged, rude, deformed; All threatning death, all in straunge manner armed;

glorious citizen-mob over which they are Some with unweldy clubs, some with long speares,

set to watch. Some rusty knives, some staves in fier warmd. Now Charles' Isle not only resembles

Barrington Isle in being much more inWo will not be of any occupation,

habitable than other parts of the group ; Let such vile vassals, born to base vocation, but it is double the size of Barrington ; Drudge in the world, and for their living droyle, Which have no wit to live withouten toyle.

say forty or fifty miles in circuit.

Safely debarked at last, the company SOUTHWEST of Barrington lies Charles' under direction of their lord and patron, Isle. And hereby hangs a history which forthwith proceeded to build their capital I gathered long ago from a shipmate city. They make considerable advance learned in all the lore of outlandish life. in the way of walls of clinkers, and lava

During the successful revolt of the floors, nicely sanded with cinders. On

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The Aincrican Spaniards have long been in the habit of making presents of islands to deserving individuals. The pilot Juan Fernandez procured a deed of the isle named after him,

and for some years resided thero Defore Selkirk came. It is supposed, however, that he eventually contracted the blues upon his princely property, for after a time he returned to the main, and as report goes, became a very garrulous barber in the city of Lima

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