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able according acquired agriculture amount application apprentices arranged artistic assist attend become boys branches building carried character child classes College complete considered copying cost council course decorative Department desire direction director drawing elementary engineering England English established examination examples excellent exercises experience figure France geometrical geometry give given hand important improvement industrial institution instruction kind knowledge labour lectures less lessons lines manner manual training manufacturers masters means mechanical method museum natural necessary objects obtained opinion ornament painting pass physics practical present primary schools principles produce professor pupils received skill South success taught teachers teaching technical technical education things trade various week whole workmen workshop young
第 31 頁 - Time sketching and sketching from memory. Stage 6. Drawing the human figure, and animal forms, from copies.
第 137 頁 - Carpenter's work, or joinery, in its rudiments, or in fact any branch of practical industry, may be taken up as soon as the pupil is fitted for it. Industrial art in schools covers the ground or fills the time intervening between the Kindergarten and the industrial school, but it blends with and includes the latter.
第 140 頁 - It is not intended to teach the trade of the carpenter, the mason, the dyer, or any other particular business ; but there is no trade which does not depend more or less upon scientific principles, and to teach what these are, and to point out their practical application, will form the business of this establishment.
第 225 頁 - The scope of a single trade is too narrow for educational purposes. Manual education should be as broad and liberal as intellectual. A shop which manufactures for the market, and expects a revenue from the sale of its products, is necessarily confined to salable work, and a systematic and progressive series of lessons is impossible, except at great cost. If the object of the shop is education, a student should be allowed to discontinue any task or process the moment he has learned to do it well....
第 197 頁 - ... faculties and to give him manual skill ; that, although the carpenter's bench and the turner's lathe are employed as instruments of such training, the object of the instruction is not to create carpenters or joiners, but to familiarize the pupil with the properties of such common substances as wood and iron, to teach the hand and eye to work in unison, to accustom the pupil to exact measurements, and to enable him by the use of tools to produce actual things from drawings that represent them....
第 225 頁 - In accordance with the foregoing principles, the shop-training is gained by regular and carefully graded lessons designed to cover as much ground as possible, and to teach thoroughly the uses of ordinary tools. This does not imply the attainment of sufficient skill to produce either the fine work or the rapidity of a skilled mechanic ; this is left to after-years.
第 33 頁 - Museum, provided such copying does not necessitate his or her using the easel or extra seat, or otherwise obstructing the circulation of visitors. Any person wishing to copy by using an easel can do so on any students' day, under proper arrangements to prevent inconvenience to the public.
第 140 頁 - has been formed for the purpose of enabling mechanics and artisans, of whatever trade they may be, to become acquainted with such branches of science as are of practical application in the exercise of that trade, that they may possess a more thorough knowledge of their business, acquire a greater degree of skill in the practice of it, and be qualified to make improvements and even new inventions in the arts which they respectively profess.
第 219 頁 - ... workingman's School and Free Kindergarten form one institution. The children are admitted at the age of three to the Kindergarten. They are graduated from it at six, and enter the Workingman's School. They remain in the School till they are thirteen or fourteen years of age. Thereafter those who show decided ability receive higher technical instruction. For the others who leave the School proper and are sent to work, a series of evening classes will be opened, in which their industrial and general...