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Am now enforced a far unfitter task

Song siuks into silence, For cap and gown to leave my minstrel's The story is told, weeds;

The windows are darken'd,
For yon dull noise that tinkles on the air, The hearthstone is cold.
Bids me lay by my lyre, and go to morning Darker and darker

The black shadows fall ;
O ! how I love the sound ! it is the knell Sleep and oblivion
That still a requiem tolls to comfort's hour; Reign over all.

Longfellow. And loth am I, at SUPERSTITION's bell,

To quit or Morpheus' or the Muse's bower : BELL-Echoing Knell of the. Better to lie and doze, than gape amain,

Slow o'cr the midnight wave it swung, Hearing still mumbled o'er the same infernal Northumbrian rocks in answer rung ; strain.

To Warkworth cell the echoes rollid,

His beads the wakeful hermit told ; Thon tedious herald of more tedious prayers, The Bamborough's peasant raised his head,

Say, hast thou ever summoned from his rest But slopt ere half a prayer he said ; One being, awaken'd to “religious awe ?”. So far was heard the mighty knell, Or roused one “pious transport" in the The stag sprung up on Cheviot Fell, breast !

Spread his broad nostril to the wind, Ot rather, do not all reluctant creep

Listed before, aside, behind ; To linger out the hour in listlessness or sleep? Then couch'd him down beside the hind,

And quaked among the mountain fern. Thou dull memorial of monastic gall !

Sir Walter Scott. Wbat fancy, sad or lightsome, hast thou BELL-The Passing. given !

What meant that tongue of death, that Thy vision-scaring sounds alone recall

solemn knell, The prayer that trembles on a yawn to heaven; At midnight thus, which cleaves the silent air! And this Dean's gape, and that Dean's nasal With mournful accents laden, how it wounds ! tone,

Bursting the door that opens to our heart ; AND ROMAN BITES RETAIN'D, THOUGH ROMAN It surely has a voice which wisdom hears, FAITH BE FLOWN!

Southey. A message to the living from the dead,

Its errand this to man-In time prepare ! BELL-Curfew.

Hervey. Solemnly, mournfully,

BELLS-Music of. Dealing its dole,

The music vighest bordering upon heaven. The curfew beli


BELLS-Sabbath. Is beginning to toll :

The cheerful sabbath bells, wherever heard Cover the embers,

Strike pleasant on the sense, most like the voice And put out the light;

Of one, who from the far-off hills proclaims Toil comes with the morning,

Tidings of good to Zion : chiefly when And rest with the night.

Their piercing tones fall sudden on the ear Dark grow the windows,

Of the contemplant, solitary man, And quench'd is the fire ;

Whom thoughts abstruse or high have chanced Sound fades into silence,

to lure All footsteps retire.

Forth from the walks of nien, revolving oft,

And oft again, hard matter, which eludes No voice in the chambers,

And baffles his pursuit-thought-sick and tired No sound in the ball;

Of controversy, where no end appears, Sleep and oblivion

No clue to his research, the lonely man Reign over all !

Half-wishes for society again. The book is completed,

Him thus engaged, the sabbath bells salute And closed, like the day ;

Sudden! his heart awakes, his ears drink in And the hand that has written it

The cheering music; his relenting soul lays it away.

Yearns after all the joys of social life,

And softens with the love of human kind. Dim grow its fancies ;

Ibid. Forgotten they lie ;

BELLS—The Village Music. Like coals in the ashes,

How soft the cadence of those village bells, They darken and die.

Falling at intervals upon the ear




In cadence sweet ! now dying all away, Like silent-working heaven, surprising oft Now pealing loud again and louder still, The lonely heart with unexpected good. Clear and sonoroue as the gale comes on, For you the roring spirit of the wind With easy force it opens all the cells,

Blows spring abroad; for you the teeming clouds Where memory slept.

Couper. Descend in gladsome plenty o'er the world ;

And the sun sheds his kindest rays for you, BENEFICENCE-Blessedness of.

Ye flower of human race ! In these green days, A beneficent person is like a fountain Reviving sickness lifts her languid head ; watering the earth, and spreading fertility; Life flows afresh, and young-eyed health exalts it is, therefore, more delightful and

The whole creation round. Contentment waiks honourable to give than receive. Epicurus. The sunny glade, and feels an inward bliss

Spring o'er his mind, beyond the power of kings BENEFICENCE-Divine.

To purchase. Pure serenity apace Sundry blessings hang about his throne,

Induces thought, and contemplation still. That speak him full of grace. Shakspeare.

By swift degrees the love of nature wakes,

And warms the bosom ; till at last sublimed BENEFICENCE-Enjoyments of. | To rapture, and enthusiastic heat, There is no use of money equal to that of

We feel the present Deity, and taste beneficence: here the enjoyment grows on

The joy of God to see a bappy world. Thorison. reflection.

BENEVOLENCE-Divine Characteris.

tics of.
Men resemble the gods in nothing so much

Rare benevolence, the minister of God. as in doing good to their fellow-creatures.

Carlyle. Cicero. The whole world calls for new work and BENEFITS-Giving and Receiving.

nobleness. Subdue mutiny, discord, wideThere is a principle of disunion in unequal and wisdom. Chaos is dark, deep as hell; let

spread despair, by manfulness, justice, mercy, connections. Active beneficence is a virtue of easier practice than forbearance after having light be, and there is instead a green flowery conferred, or than thankfulness after having world. O, it is great, and there is no other receired a benefit. I know not, indeed, greatness! To make some nook of God's crea

tion a little fruitfuller, better, more worthy of whether it be a greater and more difficult

God; to make some human hearts a little exercise of magnanimity, for the one party to act as if he bad forgotten, or for the other as

wiser, manfuller, happier, more blessed, less accursed !

It is work for a God! Sooty if he constantly remembered the obligation.


hell of mutiny, and savagery, and despair, BENEFITS-no Shackles.

can, by man's energy, be made a kind of

heaven; cleared of its soot, of its mutiny, Consider, my most honour'd lords

of its need to mutiny; the everlasting arch If to receive a favour make a servant,

of beaven's azure overspanning it too, and its And benefits are bonds to tie the taker

cunning mechanisms and tall chimney-steeples, To the imperious will of him who gives, There's none but slaves will receive courtesies, ing on it well pleased.

as a birth of heaven ; God and all men look

Ibid. Since they must fetter us to our dishonours. C'an it be call'd magnificence in a prince

BENEVOLENCE-Christian. To pour down riches with a liberal hand

From the low prayer of want and paint of woe Upon a poor man's wants, if that must bind him

O never, never turn away thine ear ! To play the soothing parasite to his vices?

Forlorn, in this bleak wilderness below, Or any man, because he saved my band,

Ah! what were man, should Heaven refuse to Presume my heart and head are at his service!

hear !

Field. To others do (the law is not severe) BENEVOLENCE-Bounty of.

What to thyself thou wishest to be done ; But come ye generous minds in whose wido Forgive thy foes, and love thy parents dear, thought,

And friends, and native land, nor these alone: Of all His works creative bounty burns All human weal and woe learn thou to make With warmest beam ; and on your open front thive own.

Beattie. And liberal eye, flits from his dark retreat Inviting modest want. Nor till invoked

BENEVOLENCE-Communication of. Can restless goodness wait ; your active search

Good, the more Leaves no cold wintry corner unexplored ; Communicated, more abundant grows. Milton,




BENEVOLENCE-Pleasure of. Benevolence is a duty. He who frequently

Doing good is the only certainly happy practises it, and sees his benevolent intentions action of a man's life. Sir Philip Sidney. realised, at length comes really to love him to whom he has done good. When, therefore, it

BENEVOLENCE-Reward of. is said, “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour as He that does good to another man, does thyself," it is not meant thou shalt love him also good to himself; not only in the consefirst, and do good to him in consequence of quence, but in the very act of doing it; for that love, but thou shalt do good to thy neigh- the conscience of well-doivg is an ample rebour, and this thy beneficence will engender ward.

Seneca. in thee that love to mankind which is the fulness and consummation of the inclination BENEVOLENCE-Satisfaction of. to do good.

Emmanuel Kant. He is good that does good to others. If

he suffers for the good he does, he is better Be kindly affectioned one to another with still; and if he suffers from them to whom he brotherly love; in honour preferring one

did good, he is arrived to that height of goodanother.

St. Paul.

ness, that nothing but an increase of his

sufferings can add to it; if it proves his death, BENEVOLENCE-Enjoyments of.

his virtue is at its summit-it is heroism complete.

La Bruyère. Never did any soul do good, but it came readier to do the same again, with more en- BENIGNITY-indicative of a great joyment. Never was love or gratitude, or

Mind. bounty practised, but with increasing joy, Esteem a habit of benignity greatly prewhich made the practiser still more in love | ferable to munificence: the former is peculiar With the fair act.

Shaftesbury. to great and distinguished persons; the latter

belongs to flatterers of the people, who court BENEVOLENCE-Modes of Exercising. the applause of the inconstant vulgar. Pecuniary aid, by those who have the


BIBLE-Beauty of the. means, is the most easy form in which beneFolence can be gratified, and that which often I use the Scriptures not as an arsenal to be requires the least, if any, sacrifice of personal resorted to only for arms and weapons, but as comfort or self-love. The same affection may

a matchless temple, where I delight to conbe exercised in a degree much higher in template the beauty, the symmetry, and the i itself, and often much more useful to others, magnificence of the structure, and to increase

his personal exertion and personal kindness. my awe and excite my devotion to the Deity The former, compared with the ineans of the there preached and adored.

Boyle. individual, may present a mere mockery of

BIBLE-Benefit derived from the. mercy; while the latter, eren in the lowest walks of life, often exhibits the brightest

The sacred page displays of active usefulness that can adorn

With calm attention scan! If on thy soul, the human character. This high and pure

As thou dost read, a ray of purer light benevolence not only is dispensed with will

Break in, 0, check it not, give it full scope ! ingress, when occasions present themselves, Admitted, it will break the clouds which long but seeks out opportunity for itself, and feels

Have dimmed thy sight, and lead thee, till at in want of its natural and healthy exercise

last, when deprived of an object on which it may Convictions, like the sun's meridian beams, be bestowed. Dr. Abercrombie. Illuminate thy mind.

Samuel Hayes.

BIBLE-sometimes a Closed Book. BENEVOLENCE-Nobler than Intellect.

Men, thus at variance with the truth, The disposition to give a cup of cold water Dream, though their eyes be open ; reckless

some to a disciple is a far nobler property than the finest intellect. Satan has a fine intellect, To whom more guilt and shame are justly due

Of error; others well aware they err, but not the image of God.


Each the known track of sage philosophy BENEVOLENCE-Office of.

Deserts, and has a by-way of his own :

So much the restless eagerness to shine, The office of liberality consisteth in giving And love of singularity prevail. with judgment.

Cicero. / Yet this, offensive as it is, provokes

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Heaven's anger less, than when the Book of God and heart, the hopes and fears, the days and 18 forced to yield to man's authority,

nights of humanity; their superiority to aught Or from its straightness warp'd; no reck’ning else in the thoughts or words of man, their made,

consistency with themselves, their progressive What blood the sowing of it in the world and their close-drawn connection with those Has cost; what favour for himself he wins, marvellous and unshaken facts, are proved Who meekly clings to it.

divine in a sense altogether peculiar and alone.

Gilillan. Christ said not to his first conventicle,

BIBLE-the Star of Eternity.
Go forth and preach impostures to the world;
But gave them Truth to build on; and the Most wondrous book ! bright candle of the

Lord !
Was mighty on their lips; nor needed they, Star of Eternity! The only star
Beside the Gospel, other spear or shield,

By which the bark of man can pavigate To aid them in their warfare for the faith. The sea of life, and gain the coast of bliss

Dante. Securely; only star, which rose on time, BIBLE-the Christian's Bulwark.

And, on its dark and troubled billows, still

As generation, drifting swiftly by, The Christian faith has been, and is still, Succeeded generation, threw a ray very fiercely and obstinately attacked. How of heaven's own light, and, to the hills of many efforts have been and are still made; God how many books, serious or frivolous, able or The everlasting hills-pointed the sinner's eye. silly, have been and are spread incessantly, in

Pollok. order to destroy it in men's minds! Where

BIBLE-Fulness of the. has this redoubtable struggle been supported with the greatest energy and success? and It has God for its author, salvation for its where has Christian faith been best defended? end, and truth, without any mixture of error, There where the reading of the Sacred Books for its matter :—it is all pure, all sincere ; is a general and assiduous part of public nothing too much, nothing wanting. Locke. worship—there where it takes place in the interior of families and in solitary meditation. | BIBLE-Glory of the. It is the Bible, the Bible itself, which combats A glory gilds the sacred page, and triumphs most efficaciously in the war

Majestic, like the sun; between incredulity and belief.


It gives a light to every age;

It gives, but borrows none. Corrper. BIBLE-Capacities of the.

BIBLE-Hope Begotten by the. A stream where alike the elephant may swim and the lamb may wade.

The Bible is a precious storehouse, and the Gregory the Great. Magna Charta of a Christian. There he reads

of his heavenly Father's love, and of his dying BIBLE-Divine Character of the.

Saviour's legacies. There he sees a map of his This Book, this holy Book, on every line

travels through the wilderness, and a landMark'd with the seal of high divinity,

scape, too, of Canaan. And when he climbs On every leaf bedew'd with drops of love on Pisgah's top, and views the promised land, Divine, and with the eternal heraldry

his heart begins to burn, delighted with the And signature of God Almighty stamp'd

blossed prospect, and amazed at the rich and From first to last; this ray of sacred light,

free salvation. But a mere professor, though This lamp, from off the everlasting throne,

a decent one, looks on the Bible as a dull Mercy took down, and in the night of Time book, and peruseth it with such indifference Stood, casting on the dark her gracious bow;

as you would read the title-deeds belonging to And evermore beseeching men with tears

another man's estate.

Berridge. And earnest sighs, to read, believe, and live.

BIBLE-Imperishableness of the.

All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness As a poem, moral and didactic, it is a re- thereof is as the flower of the field: the grass pertory of divine instincts—a collection of the withereth, the flower fadeth : because the deepest intuitions of truth, beauty, justice, spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it: surely the holiness-the past, the present, the future people is grass. The grass withereth, the which, by their far vision, the power by which flower fadeth, but the word of our God shall they have stamped themselves on the belief stand for ever.


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BIBLE-Noble Composition of the Book BIBLE-Poetry of the. of Job.

The Scripture affords us a divine pastoral The Book of Job.-I call tbat, apart from all theories about it, one of the grandest things drama in the Song of Solomon, consisting of two ever written

with pen. One feels, indeed, as if persons and a double chorus, as Origen rightly it were pot Hebrew; such a noble universality, majestic image of a high and stately tragedy,

judges; and the Apocalypse of St. John is a different from noble patriotism, or sectarianism, reigns in it. A noble book! all men's shutting and intermingling her solemn scenes book! It is our first, oldest statement of the and acts with a seven-fold chorus of hallelujahs Dever-ending problem, man's destiny, and God's and harping symphonies. And this my opinion, ways with him here in this earth. And all in book, is sufficient to confirm. Or, if occasion

the grave authority of Pareus, commenting that euch free flowing outlines; grand in its sincerity, in its simplicity, in its epic melody, and hymns, wherein Pindarus and Callimachus are

shall lead, to imitate those magnific odes and repuze of reconcilement. There is the seeing in most things worthy, some others in their ere, the mildly understanding heart. So true

frame judicious, in their matter most an end every way; true eyesight and vision for all things; material things no less than spiritual: the laws and prophets, beyond all these, not

faulty. But those frequent songs, throughout the borse, –“ hast Thou clothed his neck with in their divine argument alone, but in the very tander?" _“he laaghs at the shaking of critical art of composition, may be easily made the spear !" Such living likenesses were never since drawn. Sublime sorrow, sublime recon

appear over all the kinds of lyric poesy to be ciliation; oldest choral melody as of the heart


Milton. I of mankind; so soft and great; as the summer

midnight, as the world with its seas and stars ! BIBLE-Poetry, Oratory, and Politics of There is nothing written, I think, in the Bible or out of it, of equal literary merit. Carlyle. There are no songs comparable to the songs

of Zion; no orations equal to those of the BIBLE-the Guide of Life.

Prophets; and no politics like those which the It is a belief in the Bible, the fruits of deep

Scriptures teach.

Ibid. melitation, which has served me as the guide BIBLE-our Dying Reliance. of my moral and literary life. I have found it a capital safely invested, and richly produc

There is no book upon which we can rest in tive of interest.

Goethe. a dying moment but the Bible. Selden.


BIBLE-Misapplication of the.

BIBLE-Sublimity of the. Beware of misapplying Scripture. It is a There is not a book on earth so favourable thing easily done, but not so easily answered. to all the kind, and all the sublime affections, I know not any one gap that hath let in more or so unfriendly to hatred and persecution—to and more dangerous errors into the Church tyranny, injustice, and every sort of malevolence, than this,--that men take the word of the as the GOSPEL. It breathes nothing throughsacred text, fitted to particular occasions, and out but mercy, benevolence, and peace. to the condition of the times wherein they Such of the doctrines of the gospel as are level were written, and then apply them to them- to human capacity, appear to be agreeable to selves and others, as they find them, without the purest truth and soundest morality. All due respect had to the differences that may the genius and learning of the heathen world, be between those times and cases and the all the penetration of Pythagoras, Socrates, present.

Bishop Sanderson. and Aristotle, had never been able to produce

such a system of moral duty, and so rational BIBLE-contains the Mystery of Mys- an account of Providence and of man, as is to teries.

be found in the New Testament. Beattie. Within this awful volume lies The mystery of mysteries :

I have carefully and regularly perused these | Happiest they of human race,

Holy Scriptures, and am of opinion, that the To whom their God has given grace

volume, independently of its divine origin, To read, to fear, to hope, to pray,

contains more sublimity, purer morality, more To lift the latch, to force the way;

important history, and finer strains of eloBut better had they ne'er been born,

quence, than can be collected from all other Who read to doubt, or read to scorn.

books, in whatever language they may have Sir Walter Scott. been written.

Sir William Jones,

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