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for ever from the world. should despair of the world altogether, if so. One of my deepest convictions is, that it is not so. Without sovereigns, true sovereigns, temporal and spiritual, I see nothing possible but an anarchy; the hatefullest of things. But I find Protestantism, whatever anarchic democracy it may have produced, to be the beginning of new genuine sovereignity and order. I find it to be a revolt against false sovereigns; the painful but indispensable first preparative for true sovereigns getting place among us. Carlyle.

PROVERBS-Definitions of.

The wisdom of many, and the wit of one.
Lord John Russell.

Jewels five-words long,
That on the stretch'd forefinger of all Time
Sparkle for ever.


admiration. Can that Being, thought I, who planted, watered, and brought to perfection in this obscure part of the world, a thing which appears of so small importance, look with unconcern upon the situation and sufferings of creatures formed after his own image? Surely not! I started up, and disregarding both hunger and fatigue, travelled forward, assured that relief was at hand; and I was not disappointed. Mungo Park.

PROVIDENCE-Designs of.

What the gods intend, is theirs alone :
Let us not bar their great opposeless wills,
By seeming more than they would have us be;
So shall the chain that links propriety
Remain unbroken, and the nerve of hope
But brace obedience to the will of Heaven.

Divine Providence tempers His blessings to secure their better effect. He keeps our joys and our fears on an even balance, that we may neither presume nor despair. By such compositions God is pleased to make both our crosses more tolerable, and our enjoyments more wholesome and safe. Wogan.

PROVIDENCE-Acknowledgment of.

A little error of the eye, a misguidance of the hand, a slip of the foot, a starting of a horse, a sudden mist, or a great shower, or a word undesignedly cast forth in an army, bas turned the stream of victory from one side to another, and thereby disposed of empires and PROVIDENCE-Destinies of. whole nations. No prince ever returns safe out of a battle, but may well remember how many blows and bullets have gone by him that might easily have gone through him; and by what little odd unforeseen chances death has been

turned aside, which seemed in a full, ready, and direct career to have been posting to him. All which passages, if we do not acknowledge to have been guided to their respective ends and effects by the conduct of a superior and a divine Hand, we do by the same assertion cashier all providence, strip the Almighty of his noblest prerogative, and make God, not the Governor, but the mere Spectator of the world. South. PROVIDENCE-Consolation respecting. Whatever way I turned, nothing appeared but danger and difficulty. I saw myself in the midst of a vast wilderness, in the depth of the rainy season, naked and alone, surrounded by savage animals, and men still more savage. I was five hundred miles from the nearest

European settlement. At this moment, painful as my reflections were, the extraordinary beauty of a small moss irresistibly caught my eye. I mention it to show from what trifling circumstances the mind will sometimes derive consolation; for though the whole plant was not larger than the top of one of my fingers, I could not contemplate the delicate conformation of its roots and leaves without

How Heaven, in scorn of human arrogance,
Commits to trivial chance the fate of nations!

While with incessant thought laborious man
Extends his mighty schemes of wealth and

And towers and triumphs in ideal greatness,
Some accidental gust of opposition
Blasts all the beauties of his new creation,
O'erturns the fabric of presumptuous reason,
And whelms the swelling architect beneath it.

PROVIDENCE-Goodness of.

It is remarkable that Providence has given us all things for our advantage near at hand; but iron, gold, and silver, being both the instruments of blood and slaughter, and the price of it, nature has hidden in the bowels of the earth. Seneca.

PROVIDENCE-our Guardian.
Sink not beneath imaginary sorrows;
Call to your aid your courage and your wisdom:
Think on the sudden change of human scenes
Think on the various accidents of war;
Think on the mighty power of awful virtue ;
Think on that Providence that guards the



I stand like one Has lost his way, and no man near him to inquire it of;

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Yet there's a Providence above that knows
The roads which ill men tread, and can direct
Inquiring justice. The passengers that travel
In the wide ocean, where no paths are,
Look up and leave their conduct to a star.
Sir Robert Howard.

PROVIDENCE-Intention of.

It was not the intention of Providence that men should pass a few years here in ignoble sloth, either with indolence in safety, or pusillanimity in danger; but that we should come forth, and act some useful and honourable part on that theatre where we have been placed; might glorify Him that made us; and, by a steady perseverance in virtue, rise in the end to an immortal state. Mathew.

PROVIDENCE-Manifestations of.

Two manifestations of the course of Providence have often been pointed out as the most distinct and prominent which have yet occurred in the history of the human race. The coming of our Lord and Saviour is one, at that precise time when the world, in its moral and political circumstances, was best fitted for the reception and diffusion of the Gospel; the other, far indeed inferior in moment to that paramount event, but inferior to it alone, is the discovery of printing, just when the Gospel itself was to be raised as it were from the dead. Southey.

PROVIDENCE-Mysteries of.

Tell me, O ye powers,—

For I'll be calm,-was I not worthy of your care?

And why, ye gods, was virtue made to suffer,
Unless this world be but as fire, to purge
Her dross, that she may mount and be a star!


Yet sure the gods are good: I would think so,
If they would give me leave!

But virtue in distress, and vice in triumph,
Make atheists of mankind.


If piety be thus debarr'd access

On high; and of good men, the very best
Be singled out to bleed, and bear the scourge,-
What is reward?-and what is punishment?
But who shall dare to tax Eternal Justice?


Thou great mysterious Power, who hast involved

Thy wise decrees in darkness, to perplex


The pride of human wisdom, to confound
The daring scrutiny, and prove the faith
Of thy presuming creatures! Hannah More.

The decrees of Providence are inscrutable; in spite of man's short-sighted endeavours to dispose of events according to his own wishes and his own purposes, there is an Intelligence beyond his reason, which holds the scales of justice, and promotes his well-being, in spite of his puny efforts. Morier.

The ways of Heaven are dark and intricate;
Puzzled in mazes, and perplex'd with errors,
Our understanding traces them in vain,
Lost and bewilder'd in the fruitless search,
Nor sees with how much art the windings run,
Nor where the regular confusion ends.


Forbear, fond man;-that Heaven thou dar'st


Just, though mysterious, leads us on unerring Through ways unmark'd, from guilt to punishEurydice.


O Eternal Providence, whose course,
Amidst the various maze of life, is fix'd
By boundless wisdom and by boundless love,
I follow Thee, with resignation, hope,
With confidence and joy; for Thou art good,
And of thy rising goodness is no end.


"What a strange Providence that a mother should be taken in the midst of life from her children!" Was it Providence ?-No! Providence had assigned her threescore years and ten-a term long enough to rear her children; but she did not obey the laws on which life depends, and, of course, she lost it. A father, too, is cut off in the midst of his days. He is a useful and distinguished citizen, and eminent in his profession. A general buzz arises on every side, "What a striking Providence!" The man has been in the habit of studying half the night; in passing his days in his office in the courts; of eating luxurious dinners, and drinking various kinds of wine. He has every day violated the laws on which health depends. Did Providence cut him off? The evil rarely ends here. The diseases of the father are often transmitted; and a feeble mother rarely leaves behind her vigorous children. It has been customary in some of our cities for young ladies to walk in thin shoes and delicate stockings in mid-winter. A healthy, blooming young girl thus dressed, in violation of Heaven's laws, paid the penalty


-a checked circulation, colds, fever, and death. "What a sad Providence !" exclaimed her friends. Was it Providence, or her own folly! Look at the mass of diseases that are incurred by intemperance in eating and drinking, in study or business; by neglect of exercise, cleanliness, and pure air; by indiscreet dressing, tight-lacing, &c.; and all is quietly imputed to Providence! Is there not impiety as well as ignorance in this? Were the physical laws strictly observed, from generation to generation, there would be an end to the frightful diseases that cut life short, and of the long list of maladies that make life a torment or a trial. It is the opinion of those who best understand the physical system, that this wonderful machine, the body,-this goodly temple," would gradually decay, and men would die as if falling asleep. Sedgwick.


In this world we are children standing on the bank of a mighty river. Casting our eyes upward and downward, along the channel, we discern various windings of its current; and perceive that it is now visible, now obscure, and now entirely hidden. from our view. But being far removed from the fountain whence it springs, and from the ocean into which it is emptied, we are unable to form any conceptions of the beauty, usefulness, or grandeur of its progress. Lost in perplexity and ignorance, we gaze, wonder, and despond. In this situation, a messenger from heaven comes to our

relief, with authentic information of its nature, its course, and its end; conducts us backward to the fountain, and leads us forward to the ocean. This river is the earthly system of providence the Bible is the celestial messenger and Heaven is the ocean in which all preceding dispensations find their end.



And if each system in gradation roll,
Alike essential to the amazing whole,
The least confusion, but in one, not all
That system only, but the whole, must fall.
Let earth, unbalanced, from her orbit fly,
Planets and suns run lawless through the sky;
Let ruling angels from their spheres be hurl'd,
Being on being wreck'd, and world on world :
Heaven's whole foundations to their centre nod,
And nature tremble to the throne of God.
All this dread order break-for whom? for

Vile worm !-oh, madness! pride! impiety!
What if the foot, ordain'd the dust to tread,
Or hand to toil, aspired to be the head?
What if the head, the eye, or ear, repined
To serve mere engines to the ruling mind?

PROVIDENCE-Reliance on.

To make our reliance upon Providence both pious and rational, we should, in every great enterprise we take in hand, prepare all things with that care, diligence, and activity, as if there were no such thing as Providence for us to depend upon; and again, when we have done all this, we should as wholly and humbly rely upon it, as if we had made no preparations at all. And this is a rule of practice which will never fail, or shame any who shall venture all that they have and are upon it,for, as a man, by exerting his utmost force in any !

action or business, has all that human strength can do for him therein, so, in the next place, by quitting his confidence in the same, and placing it only in God, he is sure of all that South Omnipotence can do in his behalf. PROVIDENCE-Retribution of.

So just and wonderful are the overruling councils of God's Providence, that the arrow which strikes through the heart of the transgressor is oftentimes directed from the very bow which he had vainly trusted would be his


See through this air, this ocean, and this strength. The companion of his sin is the first to cast reproach and shame on him for the evil which he has done.


J. S. M. Anderson.

How just is Providence in all its works!
How swift to overtake us in our crimes!

All matter quick, and bursting into birth.
Above, how high progressive life may go !
Around, how wide! how deep extend below!
Vast chain of being! which from God began,
Nature's ethereal, human, angel, man,
Beast, bird, fish, insect, what no eye can see,
No glass can reach; from infinite to thee;
From thee to nothing.-On superior powers
Were we to press, inferior might on ours;
Or in the full creation leave a void,
Where, one step broken, the great scale's

From Nature's chain whatever link you strike.
Tenth, or ten-thousandth, breaks the chain

There is a light in yonder skies,-
A light unseen by outward eyes;
But clear and bright to inward sense,
It shines, the star of Providence.
The radiance of the central throne,
It comes from God, and God alone;
The ray that never yet grew pale,
The star "that shines within the veil."

1 And faith, uncheck'd by earthly fears,
Shall lift its eye, though fill'd with tears;
And while around 'tis dark as night,
Untired shall mark that heavenly light.
In vain they smite me;-men but do
What God permits with different view;
To outward sight they wield the rod,
But faith proclaims it all of God.
Unmoved, then, let me keep my way,
Supported by that cheering ray
Which, shining distant, renders clear
The clouds and darkness thronging near.
Madame Guyon.
PROVIDENCE-Superintendence of.
Who is it, that will doubt
The care of Heaven, or think immortal
Powers are slow, 'cause they take the privilege
To choose their own time, when they will send
Blessings down?


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There is a power

Unseen, that rules th' illimitable world,—
That guides its motions, from the brightest star
To the least dust of this sin-tainted mould;
While man, who madly deems himself the lord
Of all, is nought but weakness and dependence.
This sacred truth, by sure experience taught,
Thou must have learnt, when wandering all

Each bird, each insect, flitting through the sky,
Was more sufficient for itself than thou.


The holy power that clothes the senseless earth With woods, with fruits, with flowers, and verdant plains,

Whose bounteous hand feeds the whole brute



Knows all our wants, and has enough to give Rowe.

Even as a mother o'er her children bending Yearns with maternal love her fond embraces And gentle kiss to each in turn extending, One at her feet, one on her knee she places, And from their eyes, and voice, and speaking faces,

Their varying wants and wishes comprehending,
To one a look, to one a word addresses,
Even with her frowns a mother's fondness

So o'er us watches Providence on high,

And hope to some and help to others lends,
And yields alike to all an open ear,
And when she seems her favours to deny,


She for our prayers alone the boon suspends, Or, seeming to deny, she grants the prayer. Filicajee.


This is thy work, Almighty Providence, Whose power, beyond the stretch of human thought,

Revolves the orbs of empire; bids them sink Deep in the dead'ning night of Thy displeasure, Or rise majestic o'er a wondering world.


PROVIDENT-Necessity of being.

If any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

St. Paul.

He who plays with dollars in his youth, will have to beg for farthings in his age. Hone.

PROVISION-Advantage of.

Provision is the foundation of hospitality, and thrift the fuel of magnificence.

Sir Philip Sidney. PRUDENCE-Characterictics of.

Prudent men lock up their motives, letting familiars have a key to their hearts, as to their garden. Shenstone.

PRUDENCE-Great Object of.

The great end of prudence is to give cheerfulness to those hours which splendour cannot gild, and acclamation cannot exhilirate.


PRUDENCE-Value of.

Those who, in the confidence of superior capacities or attainments, neglect the common

maxims of life, should be reminded that nothing will supply the want of prudence; but that negligence and irregularity, long continued, will make knowledge useless, wit ridiculous, and genius contemptible.


PRUDENCE-Virtue of.

Prudence is a necessary ingredient in all the virtues, without which they degenerate into folly and excess. Jeremy Collier.

Prudence is that virtue by which we discern what is proper to be done under the various circumstances of time and place. Milton.


Want of prudence is too frequently the want of virtue; nor is there on earth a more powerful advocate for vice than poverty. Goldsmith,


PSALMS-Book of.

What is there necessary for man to know which the Psalms are not able to teach? They are, to beginners, an easy and familiar introduction, a mighty augmentation of all virtue and knowledge; in such as are entered before, a strong confirmation to the most perfect amongst others. Heroical magnanimity, exquisite justice, grave moderation, exact wisdom, repentance unfeigned, unwearied patience, the mysteries of God, the sufferings of Christ, the terrors of wrath, the comforts of grace, the works of Providence over this world, and the promised joys of that world which is to come, all good necessary to be either known, or done, or had, this one celestial fountain yieldeth. Let there be any grief or disease incident to the soul of man, any wound or sickness named, for which there is not, in this treasure-house, a present comfortable remedy at all times ready to be found. Hooker.

How beautiful and how varied are the forms of prayer and thanksgiving in the book of Psalms! They appear as the outpourings of a grateful heart before God for the glories of His creation, for succour in the hour of danger, --for deliverance from affliction,-for national privileges, and for anticipated salvation. There is an carnestness in many of them that lays hold upon our strongest sympathies; for (without speaking of their inspired and prophetic character) they may be truly said to spring from feelings which are natural to every man who is not utterly debased, and in the exercise of which generous tempers ever take delight. Sedgwick.

PUNCTUALITY-Importance of.


A singular mischance has occurred to some of our friends. At the instant when He ushered them into existence, God gave them a work to do, and He also gave them a competency of time; so much time, that if they began at the right moment, and wrought with sufficient vigour, their time and their work would end together. But, a good many years ago, a strange mischance befell them. fragment of their allotted time was lost. They cannot tell what became of it; but sure enough it has dropped out of existence; for just like two measuring-lines laid alongside, the one an inch shorter than the other, their work and their time run parallel, but the work is always ten minutes behind the time. They are not irregular; they are never too soon. Their letters are posted the very minute after the mail is shut; they arrive at the wharf just in time to see the steamboat off;


they come in sight of the depôt precisely when the train starts. They do not break any engagement, nor neglect any duty; but they systematically go about it too late, and usually too late by about the same fatal interval. How can they retrieve the lost fragment, so essential to character and comfort? Perhaps like this: Suppose that on some auspicious morning they contrived to rise a quarter of an hour before their usual time, and were ready for their morning worship fifteen minutes sooner than they have been for the last ten years; or, what will equally answer the end, suppose that for once they omitted their morning meal altogether, and went straight out to the engagements of the day; suppose that they arrive at the class-room, or the workshop, or the place of business, fifteen minutes before their usual time, or that they forced themselves to the appointed rendezvous on the week-day, or to the sanctuary on the Sabbath-day, a quarter of an hour before their¦ instinctive time of going-all would yet be well. This system carried out would bring the world and themselves to synchronize; they and the marching hours would come to keep step again, and, moving on in harmony, they would escape the jolting, fatigue, and awk! wardness they used to feel when old father Time put the right foot foremost and they advanced the left their reputation would be retrieved, and friends, who at present fret, would begin to smile; their fortunes would be made; their satisfaction in their work would be doubled; and their influence over others, and their power for usefulness, would! be unspeakably augmented.

Dr. James Hamilton. PUNCTUALITY-Want of.

Amongst other follies, Beau Brummell had that of choosing to be always too late for dinner. Wherever he was invited, he liked to be waited for. He thought it was a proof of his fashion and consequence; and the higher the rank of his entertainer, the later was the arrival of this impudent parcenu. The Marquis of Abercorn had for some time submitted to this oft-repeated trial of his patience, but at length he would bear it no longer. Ac | cordingly, one day, when he had invited Brummell to dine, he desired to have the dinner on the table punctually at the time appointed. The servants obeyed, and Brummell and the cheese arrived together. The wondering beau was desired by the master of the house to sit down. He vouchsafed no apology for what had happened, but coolly said, "I hope, Mr. B., cheese is not disagreeable to you." It is said that Brummell was never late at that house in future. Amelia Opie.

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