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PATRIOT-Devotedness of the..
'Tis not indulging private inclination, The mangled wretch, fix'd to the torturing The selfish passions, that sustains the world, rack,
And lends its rulers grace; no, it is not then Amidst convulsive throes and agonies,
That glory springs, and high immortal deeds : Can think of patience ?
The public good, the good of others, still A mind at ease, like yours, may talk of patience,
Must bear fond nature down, in him who dares Displaying the philosopher and hero. Martyn. Aspire to worthy rule ; imperious honour
Still o'er the most distinguish'd lords it most. PATIENCE-a Virtue.
Thomson. Patience sat by him, in an angel’s garb, Dear as thou art, whene'er our country calls, And held out a full bowl of rich content, Friends, sons, and sires, should yield their Of which he largely quaff'd.
Nor own a sense beyond the public safety. PATIENCE-Virtue of.
Brcoke. How poor are they who have not patience !
PATRIOT-Devotion to his country, What wound did ever heal, but by degrees? Who would not bleed with transports for bis
Tear every tender passion from his heart, If thou inteudest to vanquish the greatest, And greatly die to make a people happy! the most abominable and wickedest enemy,
Thomson. who is able to do thee mischief both in body and soul, and against whom thou preparest all My country claims me all, claims every passion; sorts of weapons, but can not overcome, then Her liberty henceforth be all my thought! know that there is a sweet and loving physical Though with a brother's life yet cheaply herb to serve thee, named Patientia. Luther. bought;
For her my own I'd willingly resign, Patience is the guardian of faith, the pre
And say, with transport, that the gain Fas mine.
Martya server of peace, the cherisher of love, the teacher of humility. Patience governs the PATRIOTS-Rewards of the. flesh, strengthens the spirit, sweetens the temper, stifles anger, extinguishes envy,
He who undertakes an occupation of great subdues pride ; she bridles the tongue, refrains toil and great danger, for the purpose of the hand, tramples upon temptations, endures serving, defending, and protecting his country, persecutions, consummates martyrdom. Pa is a most valuable and respectable member of tience produces unity in the church, loyalty society; and if he conducts bimself with valour, in the state, harmony in families and societies; fidelity, and humanity, and amidst the horrors she comforts the poor and moderates the rich; of war cultivates the gentle manners of peace, she makes us humble in prosperity, cheerful and the virtues of a devout and holy life, be in adversity, unmoved by calumny and
most amply deserves, and will assuredly receive, reproach ; she teaches us to forgive those who the esteem, the adnriration, and the applause have injured us, and to be the first in asking of his grateful country; and, what is of still forgiveness of those whom we have injured ;
greater importance, the approbation of his she delights the faithful, and invites the
Bishop Portens, unbelieving; she adorns the woman, and improves the man; is loved in a child, praised
PATRIOTISM-Appreciation of. in a young man, admired in an old man ; she What is it that you would impart to me! is beautiful in either sex and every age.
If it be aught toward the general good, Bishop Horne. Set honour in one eye, and death i' the other,
And I will look on both indifferently : PATRIOT-Characteristics of the.
For, let the gods so speed me, as I love Statesman, yet friend to truth ! of soul sincere, The name of honour more than I fear death. In action faithful, and in honour clear !
Skakspeare Who broke no promise, served no private end, PATRIOTISM-Examples of. Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend; Grave precepts fleeting notions may impart, Ennobled by himself, by all approved,
But bright example best instructs the heart; Praised, wept, and honour'd by the muse ho Theu look on Fabius, let his conduct show, loved.
Pope. From active life what various blessings flow.
In him a just ambition stands confess'd; PEACE-Desirableness of.
War his corruption, his disgrace. Thomson.
Would you taste the tranquil scene?
Be sure your bosoms be serene :
Devoid of hate, devoid of strife,
Devoid of all that poisons life;
To graft the love of human race. Shenstone. PEACE-Advantages of. A peace is of the nature of a conquest; For then both parties nobly are subdued,
Peace is the proper result of the Christian And neither party loser.
temper. It is the great kindness which our
religion doth us, that it brings us to a settledPEACE-Attributes of.
ness of mind, and a consistency within our selves.
Brave minds, howe'er at war, are secret friends, PEACE-Blessings of.
Their generous discord with the battle ends;
In peace they wonder whence dissension rose, O beauteous Peace,
And ask how souls so like could e'er be foes. Sweet union of a state ! what else but thou
Methinks I hear more friendly shouts rebound, Gives safety, strength, and glory to a people ! And social clarions mix their sprightly sound; I bow, lord constable, beneath the snow
The British flags are furld, her troops disbard, Of many years; yet in my breast revives
As scatter'd armies seek their native land. A youthful flame. Methinks I see again The hardy veteran, proud of many a scar, Those gentle days renew'd that bless'd our isle, The manly charms, and honours of the war, Ere by this fury of division,
Who hoped to share his friend's illustrious doom, Worse than our Etna's most destructive fires, And in a battle find a soldier's tomb, It desolated sunk. I see our plains,
Leans on his spear to take his farewell view, Unbounded, waving with the gifts of harvest, And, sighing, bids the glorious camp adieu. Our seas with commerce throng'd, our busy
To have a godly peace concluded of,--
To stop effusion of our Christian blood. vale, Inspire new song, and wake the pastoral reed. PEACE-Sweets of.
Peace has sweets PEACE-Delights of.
That Hybla never knew; it sleeps on down, Fair Peace ! bow lovely, how delightful thou ! Cull'd gently from beneath the cherub's wing. | By whose wide tie the kindred sons of men
Brooke. Like brothers live, in amity combined,
PEACE-Universal. And unsuspicious faith; while honest toil They shall beat their swords into ploughGives every joy, and to those joys a right, shares, and their spears into pruning-books ; Which idle, barbarous rapine but usurps. nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Beneath thy calm inspiring influence,
peither shall they learn war any more. Isaiah. Science bis views enlarges, Art refines,
Peace hath her victories,
PEACEMAKERS-Blessedness of. So stiff, so mute! some statue, you would !
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall swear, be called the children of God. St. Matthew. Stept from its pedestal to take the air !
Horace. PEASANT-Life of the.
PEDANTRY-Affectation of. His bed of wool yields safe and quiet sleep,
Brimful of learning. see that pedant stride, While by his side the faithful spouse hath Bristling with horrid Greek, and pufd with place;
pride! His little son into his bosom creeps,
A thousand authors he in vain has read, The lively picture of his father's face.
And with their maxims stuff*d his empty head ; Never his humble house nor state torment him; And thinks that without Aristotle's rule, Less he could like, if less his God had sent Reason is blind, and common sense a fool! him !
Boiltaz. And when he dies, green turfs, with grassy
PEDANTRY-Characteristics of. tomb, content him.
Fletcher. A man who has been brought up among
books, and is able to talk of nothing else, is a PEASANTRY-a Country's Pride. very indifferent companion, and what we call a Princes and lords may flourish or may fade,– pedant. But we should enlarge the title, and A breath can make them, as a breath has give it to every one that does not know bow to made ;
think out of his profession and particular way But a bold peasantry, their country's pride,
of life. Wbat is a greater pedant than a mere When once destroy'd, can never be supplied.
man of the town? Bar him in the playhouses
Goldsmith. a catalogue of the reigning beauties, and you PEBBLES-Natural History of.
strike him dumb. The military pedant always
talks in a camp, and in storroing towns, making Only a pebble! Oh man, that stone which lodgments, and fighting battles, from one end you thrust so contemptuously out of your way of the year to the other. Everything he speaks is older than all else on this earth. When the smells of gunpowder; if you take away his waters under heaven were gathered together artillery from him, he has not a word to say unto one place, that pebble was there. Who for himself. The law podant is perpetually can tell us the story of those first days, when putting cases, repeating the transactions of the earth was in sore travail, when her heaving Westminster Hall, wrangling with you upon bosom belched forth torrents of fire, vast
the most indifferent circumstances of life, and avalanches of hissing, seething water, and not to be couvinced of the distance of a place. volumes of deadly vapours;—when glowing, or of the most trivial point in conversation, blazing streams of lava threw a bloody red but by dint of argument. The state pedant is glare on the silent, lifeless earth, and, amidst a
wrapt up in news, and lost in politics. If you trembling and thundering that shook the firma- mention any of the sovereigus of Europe, he ment, a thousand volcanoes at once lifted up talks very notably; but if you go out of the their' fiery heads;—when out of the foaming Gazette, you drop him. In short, a mere waters there rose suddenly the rocky founda- courtier, a mere soldier, a mere scholar, a mere tions of firm land, and greeted the light that anything, is an insipid pedantic character, and God had created ? That pebble was life's first
Addison offspring on earth. The Spirit of God moved on the waters, and life was breathed on the PEDANTRY-Definition of. very gases that were hid in the heart of the vapoury globe. They parted in love, they
Pedantry, in the common acceptation of the parted in hato; they fled and they met. Atom word, means an absurd ostentation of learuing, joined atom; loving sisters kissed each other; and stiffness of phraseology, proceeding from and this love, the great child of that spirit on a misguided knowledge of books, and a tota earth, brought forth its first fruit,—the pebble. ignorance of men.
Mackenzie. De Vere. PEDANT-The.
PEERAGES-One Source of. The man, who stretch'd in Isis' calm retreat, In olden times, the wealth and commerce of To books and study gives seven years compleat, London, conducted as it was by energetic and See? strow'd with learned dust, his night-cap enterprising men, was a prolific source of on,
peerages. Thus, the Earl of Cornwallis was He walks, an object new beneath the sun! founded by Thomas Cornwallis, the Cheapside The boys fock round him, and the people merchant; that of Essex by William Capel, the stare;
draper; and that of Craven by William Craven, 472
the merchant tailor. The modern Earl of There, resting on some mossy pediment, Warwick is not descended from “ the King- Contemplative, beneath a blasted tree, maker," but from William Greville, the wool. Deeply he feels earth's futile vanity; stapler; whilst the modern Earls of Northum That life is but a tower by lightning rent; berland find their head, not in the Percies, but Mirth madness, hope illusion : he can see in Hugb Smithson, a respectable Loudon Nought but the shadows of despair unblent. apothecary. The founders of the families of
Milion. Dartmouth, Radnor, Ducie, and Pomfret, were PENURY-Evils of. respectively a skinner, a silk manufacturer, a Chill penury weighs down the heart itself; merchant tailor, and a Calais merchant; whilst and though it sometimes be endured with the founders of the peerages of Tankerville, calmness, it is but the calmness of despair. Dormer, and Coventry, were mercers. The
Mrs. Jameson. ancestors of Earl Romney, and Lord Dudley PEOPLE-Different kinds of. and Ward, were goldsmiths and jewellers; and Lord Dacres was a banker in the reign of
The world may be divided into people that ('barles I. , as Lord Overstone is in tbat of read, people that write, people that think, and
Shenstone. Queen Victoria. Edward Osborne, the founder of the Dukedom of Leeds, was apprentice to PEOPLE-Knowing the. William Hewet, a rich cloth worker on London
I confess myself to be one of those who bridge, whose only daughter he courageously believe, that it is not always in the capital, or rescued from drowning, by leaping into the Thames after her, and eventually married. anong the busy haunts of a large town, that
a traveller has the best opportunities of making Among other peerages founded by trade, are those of Fitzwilliam, Leigh, Petre, Cowper, babits, and dispositions of a strange people.
himself acquainted with the character, and Darnley, Hill
, and Carrington. The founders To the capital you doubtless turn, if your of the houses of Foley and Normanby were
object be to examine into the macbinery of the remarkable men in many respects, and, as furnishing striking examples of energy of charac- general government, or to hold converse with
the great and distinguished members of the ter, the story of their lives is especially worthy community, whether they deserve to be so of preservation.
accounted because of any merit attaching to
themselves, or owe their greatness to circumPEEVISHNESS-the Canker of Life.
stances not of their own creating. But of Peevishness may be considered the canker people, properly so called, a foreigner can see of life, that destroys its vigour, and checks its in the capital very little. He may join them improvement; that creeps on with hourly de- in their public amusements; he may observe predations, and taints and vitiates what it their modes of buying and selling; he may
Johnson, listen to their conversation in the streets, or at
a table d'hôte, and form a correct enough PENETRATION-Characteristics of. judgment of their skill as artisans; but of
their character properly so called, that is to The balls of sight are so formed, that one
say, of the temper of their minds, and of the man's eyes are spectacles to another, to read | his heart with.
causes which produce it, he can know nothing. Ibid.
The state of society in one large town re
sembles, in all essential points, so closely the PENSION-as a State Reward.
state of society in another, that the traveller A pension, given as a reward for service to becomes bewildered, and is not unapt to treat the state, is surely as good a ground of pro- as peculiarities in one place, habits which, in perty as any security for money advanced to point of fact, extend far beyond it. Gleig. the state. It is a better; for money is paid, and well paid, to obtain that service. Burke. PERFECTION-Acquisition of.
Perfection is attained by slow degrees; she PENSIVENESS-Pleasures of.
requires the hand of time.
Voltaire. Resplendent balls and fashion's proud array, The smiles of flattery and the pomp of art,
PERFECTION-Advancing. Music, and mirth, and dancing, to the heart Methinks this single consideration of the Of him whose every bope hath waned away, progress of a finite spirit to perfection, will be Are but as mockeries. Him it pleases more, sufficient to extinguish all envy in inferior When sunlight fades from the grey western sky, natures, and all contempt in snperior. That To listen to the sere leaves whirling dry cherubim, which now appears as a God to a Around his path, and to the torrent's roar ; human soul, knows very well that the period
" that it
will come about in eternity, when the human prayer or ecclesiastical rites, other than those soul shall be as perfect as he himself now is : set forth in the Book of Common Prayer, he nay, when she shall look down upon that should suffer imprisonment for life. Under degree of perfection, as much as she now falls another act, if they denied the queen's (Elizashort of it. It is true, the higher nature still beth’s) supremacy, they were to suffer the advances, and by that means preserves his pains of death, and forfeit their estates, as in distance and superiority in the scale of being, cases of high treason. Under another act, if but he knows that how high soever the station those that were sixteen years of age went not is of which he stands possessed at present, the to church, they were to pay a penalty of £20 inferior nature will at length mount up to it, per month, or be imprisoned until they conand shine forth in the same degree of glory.
and again, if you did not become a
Addison. member of the established church, you dared PERFECTION-Aids to.
more than five miles from your To arrive at perfection, a man should have house. In 1581 it was enacted, very sincere friends or inveterate enemies; be- shall be treason to be reconciled to, or with. cause he would be made sensible of his good drawn to, the Romish religion,-aiders to or ill conduct, either by the censures of the suffer as for misprision of treason. A man one, or the admonitions of the other.
marrying not according to the Church of Diogenes. England, could take no lands in right of his
wife. A child educated in a popish seminary PERFECTION-Aiming at.
could not inherit his estate or make a pur. Aim at perfection in everything, though in chase." These and other similar laws were most things it is unattainable ; however, they enforced by the tolerant Protestant church who aim at it, and persevere, will come much and State. They stood so late as the year nearer to it than those whose laziness and 1791, when the 31st of George III. somewhat despondency make them give it up as un abated their severity. When the Act of attainable.
Chesterfield. Uniformity was passed in Charles the Second's PERFECTION-in Creation,
time, 2,000 of the Presbyterian clergymen
resigned in one day, although many of them God never made his work for man to mend.
had been tempted by wealth and the highest
Dryden. PERFECTION-Extent of.
preferment. When the Society of Friends
arose, they were persecuted with the most A good man is sometimes liable to blame, rancorous hatred : it was a system that cut at and a bad man, though not often, may possibly the roots of clerical influence, the craft was in deserve to be commended. Polybius. danger, and the work of extermination com
menced; their meeting-houses were pulled PERFECTION-of Slow Growth.
down, and the materials sold ; and when, firm They say those herbs will keep best, and in their duty, they met on the ruins, they will longer retain both their hue and verdure, were attacked by the brutal soldiery, and old which are dried in the shade, than those which men, women, and children, indiscriminately are suddenly scorched with fire or sun.
slaughtered. Under the act for fining £20 Those wits are like to be most durable, for non-attendance at church, they were fined which are closely tutored with a leisurely grievously, their houses were broken into, education : time and gentle constancy ripens their property plundered and destroyed, under better than a sudden violence : neither is it the plea of seizing for tithes, church-rates
, otherwise in our spiritual condition; a wilful fines, &c. At Bristol, thirty-eight men paid slackness is not more dangerous than an over
fines for non-attendance at church for eleven hastening of our perfection. If I may be months, £8,360; two of their wives paid every moment drawing nearer to the end of £220; and '111 'men, for non-attendance for my hope, I shall not wish to precipitate.
three months, paid £6,660, and forty of their
Bishop Hall. wives, for the same time, paid £1,200; in all, PERFECTION-in Humanity.
£16,440. The amount of property taken from All the harmonies
the Society of Friends, from 1665 to 1833, is Of form, of feature, and of soul, displayed
estimated at £1,192,820, besides the utter In one bright creature.
ruin of trade, and property wantonly destroyed
in the collection. In London, the prisons PERSECUTION-in the Name of Re- were literally filled to suffocation, where, in ligion.
1662, twenty died, and seven more soon after In 1551 it was enacted, that if any person their liberation, in consequence of their treatwas known to be present at any forms of ment; in 1664, twenty-five more, and in 1665,