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PAINTING-Proficiency of.

The first degree of proficiency is, in painting, what grammar is in literature,-a general preparation for whatever species of the art the student may afterwards choose for his more particular application. The power of drawing, modelling, and using colours, is very properly called the language of the art. Sir Joshua Reynolds.

PAINTING-Style in.

Style in painting is the same as in writing, -a power over materials, whether words or colours, by which conceptions or sentiments are conveyed. Ibid.

Adonis painted by a running brook;
And Cytherea all in sedges hid;

Which seem to move and wanton with her


Even as the waving sedges play with wind.


Your friend, your pimp, your hanger-on, what
Your lacquey, but without the shoulder-knot.
PARASITE-Description of the.

All the wide world is little else in nature
But parasites, or sub-parasites; and yet
I mean not those that have your bare town

PAINTING-Subjects of.

Dost thou love pictures? we will fetch thee To know who's fit to feed them; have no



The painting is almost the natural man;
For since dishonour traffics with man's nature,
He is but outside: these pencill'd figures are
Even such as they give out.


PANDEMONIUM-Description of.
Anon, out of the earth a fabric huge
Rose like an exhalation, with the sound
Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet,
Built like a temple, where pilasters round
Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
With golden architrave; nor did there want
Cornice or frieze, with bossy sculptures

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No family, no care, and therefore mould
Tales for men's ears to bait that sense, or get
Kitchen invention, and some stale receipts
To please the belly and the groin; nor those
With their court-dog tricks, that can fawn and

Make their revenue out of legs and faces,
Echo my lord, and lick away a moth:
But your fine elegant rascal, that can rise
And stoop almost together; like an arrow,
Shoot through the air as nimbly as a star;
Turn short, as doth a swallow, and be here
And there, and here and yonder, all at once.
Ben Jonson.

PARASITE-Qualities of the.

A tassel that hangs at my purse-strings; he

Me, and I give him scraps, and pay for his
Ordinary, feed him; be liquors himself
In the juice of my bounty; and when he
Hath suck'd up strength of spirit, he squeezeth


It in my own face; when I have refined
And sharpen'd his wits with good food, he cuts
My fingers, and breaks jests upon me;
I bear them, and beat him.


PARDON-for Baseness.

Can you forgive the follies of my passion?
For I have been to blame; oh! much to

Have said such words, nay, done such actions

Base as I am, that my awed conscious soul
Sinks in my breast; nor dare I lift an eye
On him I have offended.


PARDON-Entreating of.

Oh! do not call to memory My disobedience, but let pity enter

Into your heart, and quite deface th' im

PARDON-Seeking for.


For, could you think how mine's perplex'd, I've wrong'd thee much, and Heaven has well what sadness,


Fears, and despairs, distract the peace within

I have not, since we parted, been at peace, Nor known one joy sincere; our broken friendship


To shelter me with a protecting wing
From the black-gather'd storm that's just


Oh! you would take me in your dear, dear


Pursued me to the last retreat of love,

Hover with strong compassion o'er your young Stood like a glaring ghost, and made me cold with horror. Rowe.

PARDON-for Evil.

God pardon them that are the cause thereof!
A virtuous and a Christian-like conclusion,
To pray for them that have done scath to us.

Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. St. Luke.

PARDON-Extension of.

I do think that you might pardon him,
And neither Heaven, nor man, grieve at the


PARDON-from God.

Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people, according unto the greatness of thy mercy! And the Lord said, I have pardoned, according to thy word.


PARDON-Imploring of.

I must be heard,—I must have leave to speak:
Oh! look upon me with an eye of mercy;
With pity and with charity behold me.
Shut not thy heart against a friend's repentance;
But as there dwells a godlike nature in thee,
Listen with mildness to my supplications;
For ah! I've lost what never can be counted:
My friend, O Belvidera, that dear friend,
Who, next to thee, was all my heart rejoiced in,
Has used me like a slave, shamefully used me;
"Twould break thy pitying heart to hear the

What shall I do? Resentment, indignation,
Love, pity, fear, and memory, how I've wrong'd
Distract my quiet with the very thought on't,
And tear my heart to pieces in my bosom.


Thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindNehemiah. Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by transgression? Micah.

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Parents are o'erseen,
When, with too strict a rein, they do hold in
Their child's affections; and control that love,
Which the powers divine instruct them with:
When in their shallow judgments, they may

Affection cross'd, brings misery and woe.
Robert Taylour.


A suspicious parent makes an artful child.



The joys of parents are secret, and so are their griefs and fears: they cannot utter the one, they will not utter the other. Idren sweeten labours, but they make misfortunes more bitter; they increase the cares of life, but they mitigate the remembrance of death. Bacon.


PARKS-Scenery and Adjuncts of.

Vast lawns that extend like sheets of vivid green, with here and there clumps of gigantic trees, heaping up rich piles of foliage. The solemn pomp of groves and woodland glades, with the deer trooping in silent herds across them, the hare bounding away to the covert, or the pheasant suddenly bursting upon the wing. The brook, taught to wind in the most natural meanderings, or expand into a glassy lake; the sequestered pool, reflecting the quivering trees, with the yellow leaf sleeping on its bosom, and the trout roaming fearlessly about its limpid waters; while some rustic temple, or sylvan statue, grown green and dank with age, gives an air of classic sanctity to the seclusion. Washington Irving.

PARSIMONY-not Economy.

When a cold penury blasts the abilities of a nation, and steals the growth of its active energies, the ill is beyond all calculation. Mere parsimony is not economy. Expense, and great expense, may be an essential part in true economy. Economy is a distributive virtue, and consists, not in saving, but in selection. Parsimony requires no providence, no sagacity, no powers of combination, no comChil-parison, no judgment. Mere instinct, and that not an instinct of the noblest kind, may produce this false economy in perfection. Tho other economy has larger views. It demands a discriminating judgment, and a firm, saga


Acts of Parliament are venerable; but if they correspond not with the writing on the "adamant tablet," where are they? Properly their one element of venerableness, of strength or greatness, is, that they at all times correspond therewith as near as by human possibility they can. They are cherishing destruction in their bosom every hour that they continue otherwise. Carlyle. PARLIAMENT-Assembling of the. The king hath drawn The special head of all the land together. Shakspeare.

We assemble parliaments and councils, to have the benefit of their collected wisdom; but we necessarily have, at the same time, the inconveniences of their collected passions, prejudices, and private interests. By the help of these, artful men overpower their wisdom, and dupe its possessors; and if we may judge by the acts, arrêts, and edicts, all the world over, for regulating commerce, an assembly of great men are the greatest fools upon earth. Franklin.

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Grief is but guess'd while thou art standing by!

But I too soon shall know what absence is:

Why? 'tis to be no more-another name for death;



If I could live to hear it, I were false;
But as a fearful traveller, who fearing
Assaults, leaves his wealth behind,

Then I will live, that I may keep that
treasure ;

And, arm'd with this assurance let me go
Loose, yet secure, as is the gentle hawk,
When wifted off, she mounts into the wind.
Our loves, like mountains hid above the clouds,
Though winds and tempests beat their aged

I trust my heart with thee, and carry with me
Only an empty casket;

Their peaceful heads nor storms nor thunder

But scorn the threatening rack that rolls



To encounter me with orisons, for then
I am in heaven for him; or ere I could
Give him that parting kiss which I had set
Betwixt two charming words, comes in my

And, like the tyrannous breathing of the

Let's not unman each other-part at once:
All farewells should be sudden, when for ever,
Else they make an eternity of moments,

Shakes all our buds from growing. Shakspeare. And clog the last sad sands of life with tears.
PARTING-Grief of.
Farewell! God knows when we shall meet

PARTING-Melancholy of.

His eye being big with tears,

Turning his face, he put his hand behind him,
And with affection wondrous sensible,
He wrung Bassanio's hand; and so they

I have a faint, cold fear thrill through my
That almost freezes up the heat of life.

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PARTING-Manner of.

Adieu! I have too grieved a heart
To take a tedious leave.


'Tis the sun parting from the frozen north!
Aud I, methinks, stand on some icy cliff,
To watch the last low circles that he makes,
Till he sink down from heav'n. O only

PARTING-Pangs of.

Cressida !

If thou depart from me, I cannot live,

We We cannot part with our friends. cannot let our angels go. We do not see that

I have not soul enough to last for grief;

But thou shalt hear what grief has done for they only go out that archangels may come

in. We are idolaters of the old. We do not believe in the richness of the soul, in its proper eternity and omnipresence. We do not believe there is any force in to-day to rival or re-create that beautiful yesterday We linger in the ruins of the old tent, where

At length this joy-these dreams-this parting-dissolved themselves into that nameless melancholy in which the overflowing of happiness covers the borders of pain, because our breasts are ever more easily overflowed than filled. Richter.


once we had bread, and shelter, and organs, nor believe that the spirit can feed, cover, and nerve us again. We cannot again find aught so dear, so sweet, so graceful, but we sit and weep in vain. The voice of the Almighty saith, "Up and onward for evertaore! We cannot stay amid the ruins. Neither will we rely on the new; and so we walk ever with reverted eyes, like those monsters who look backwards. Emerson.

My heart is heavy at the remembrance of all the miles that lie between us; and I can scarcely believe that you are so distant from me. We are parted; and every parting is a form of death, as every reunion is a type of heaven. Edwards.

PARTING-Perils of.

There is one warning lesson in life which few of us have not received, and no book that I can call to memory has noted down with an adequate emphasis. It is this, "Beware of parting." The true sadness is not in the pain of the parting-it is in the when and the how you are to meet again with the face about to vanish from your view; from the passionate farewell to the woman who has your heart in her keeping, to the cordial good-bye exchanged with pleasant companions at a watering-place, a country house, or the close of a festive day's blithe and careless excursion--a chord, stronger or weaker, is snapped asunder in every parting, and time's busy fingers are not practised in re-splicing broken ties. Meet again you may will it be in the same way? with the same sympathies? with the same sentiments? Will the souls, hurrying on in diverse paths, unite once more, as if the interval had been a dream? Rarely, rarely. Bulwer Lytton.

PARTING-Reluctance at.

Evn thus two friends condemn'd, Embrace and kiss, and take ten thousand leaves,

Loather a hundred times to part than die. Shakspeare.

Heaven knows how loath I am to part from thee:

So from the seal is soften'd wax disjoin'd,
So from the mother plant the under rind.

Didst thou say, part?-0, where is resolution? Where now the steadfast purpose of my soul, Which, at thy loved command, hath arm'd my heart!


Sunk into tremblings, into sighs and tears, I cannot bear the trial. O my husband!


O my fair, I cannot bid thee go; Receive her, and protect her, gracious Heav'n! Yet let me watch her dear departing steps; If fate pursues me, let it find me here. Reproach not, Greece, a lover's fond delays, Nor think thy cause neglected, while I gaze; New force, new courage, from each glance I gain,

And find our passions not infused in vain. Johnson.

I've sworn I ne'er will see you more:
I go-a last embrace I must bequeath you.
Farewell, for ever: ah! though now we part,
In the bright orbs prepared us by our fates
Our souls shall meet.
Dryden and Lee.
PASSION-Disappointment of.

It is folly to pretend that one ever wholly recovers from a disappointed passion. Such wounds always leave a scar. There are faces I can never look upon without emotion, there are names I can never hear spoken without almost starting. Longfellow.

PASSION-Fire of.

Let the sap of reason quench the fire of passion. Shakspeare. PASSION-Present Gratification of.

It is of the nature of passion to seize upon the present gratification, utterly irrespective of consequences, and utterly regardless of other or more excellent gratifications, which may be obtained by self-denial. He whose passions are inflamed looks at nothing beyond the present gratification. Hence, he is liable to seize upon a present enjoyment, to the exclusion of a much more valuable one in future, and even in such a manner as to entail upon himself poignant and remediless misery. And hence, in order to be enabled to enjoy all the happiness of which his present state is capable, the sensitive part of man needs to be combined with another, which, upon a comparison of the present with the future, shall impel him towards that mode either of gratification or of self-denial, which shall most promote his happiness upon the whole. Such is self-love. We give this name to that part of our constitution by which we are incited to do or to forbear, to gratify or to deny our desires, simply on the ground of obtaining the greatest amount of happiness for ourselves, taking into view a limited future, or else our entire future existence. When we act from

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