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ART-Utility of.

ARTIST-Duties of the. The whole world without art and dress

A true artist should put a generous deceit Would be but one great wilderness, Butler.

on the spectators, and effect the noblest designs by easy methods.

Burke. In no circumstance whatever can man be comfortable without art. The butterfly is ARTIST-Life of the. independent of art, though it is only in sunshine that it can be happy. The beasts of than action; he has to speak of the struggles

The life of an artist is one of thought rather the field can roam about by day, and couch

of mind rather than the conflict of circumby night on the cold earth, without danger to


stances. health or sense of misfortune. But man is miserable and speedily lost so soon as he re- | ARTIST-Qualities of the. moves from the precincts of human art,

He is a being of deep reflection-one without his shoes, without bis clothes, without

That studies nature with intensest eye; his dog and his gun, without an inn or a cottage to shelter him by night. Nature is Watching the works of air, earth, sea, and worse to him than a stepmother-he cannot Their motion, altitude, their form, their dyelove her; she is a desolate and a bowling

Cause and effect. The elements which run, wilderness. He is not a child of nature like

Or stagnant are, he traces to their source, a hare. She does not provide hiin a banquet

With vivid study, till his pencil makes and a bed upon every little knoll, every green A perfect likeness; or, by fancy's force, spot of earth. She persecutes him to death, A new creation in his heart he takes, if be do not return to that sphere of art to

And matches nature's progress in his course which he belongs, and out of which she will

Towards glory. In the abstractions of the sbor him no mercy, but be unto him a demon

mind, of despair and a hopeless perdition. Ruskin.

Harmony, passion, and identity,

His genius, like the summer sun, is shrined, ARTIFICE-Employment of.

Till beauty and perfection he can see. The ordinary employment of artifice is the

Wordsworth mark of a petty mind; and be who uses it to ARTIST-Vision of the. I cover himself in one place, uncovers himself an artist has more than two eyes. in another. La Rochefoucauld.

Haliburton. ARTIFICE-in Fashionable Life.

ARTIST-Vocation of the.

Very sacred is the vocation of the artist, There is a certain artificial polish, a com- who has to do directly with the works of God, IDOD-place vivacity, acquired by perpetually and interpret the teaching of creation to mingling in the beau monde, which, in the mankind. All honour to the man who treats it commerce of the world, supplies the place of sacredly; studies, as in God's presence, the a natural suavity and good humour, but is thoughts of God which are expressed to him; purchased at the expense of all original and and makes all things according to the pattern sterling traits of character. By a kind of which he is ever ready to show to earnest and fashionable discipline, the eye is taught to reverent genius on the mount. brighten, the lip to smile, and the whole

Balducin Brown. countenance to irradiate with the semblance ARTS-Holiness of the. of friendly welcome, while the bosom is unTarmed by a single spark of genuine kindness

We speak of profane arts; but there are and good will

Wushington Irving. none properly such ;-every art is holy in

itself; it is the son of Eternal Light. ARTIST-Attributes of the.


ASCETIC-Character of the. The hair of the artist turns white, but his eye sbines clearer than ever, and we feel that | In hope to merit heaven, by making earth aze brings him maturity, not decay. So it

Byron. would be with all, were the springs of immurtal refreshment but unsealed within the ASCETICISM-a voluntary Humiliation. soul; there they would see, from the lonely The men who have embraced such voluntary chamber window, the glories of the universe, humiliation have too commonly accounted it ar, shut in darkness, be visited by angels. quite proper to indemnify themselves by

M. Fuller. I deriving from the meagreness of their diet

a hell.



supplies whereon their self-righteousness may ASSIGNATION-Secret.
fare sumptuously every day, and from the On the Rialto every night at twelve,
spareness of their apparel abundant reason for | I take my evening's walk of meditation ;
compassing themselves with pride as with a There we two will meet.

Shakspeare. garment. Their humility has been · less that of the violet than that of the willow, which, An assignation sweetly made while it bends its head with a graceful sub- With gentle whispers in the dark. Francis. missiveness, seems to be constantly employed in contemplating its image in the stream. ASSISTANCE (Mutual)--Necessity of.

Dr. Robert Vaughan. How beautifully is it ordered, that as many ASPIRATIONS-after the Holy.

thousands work for one, so must every indi

vidual bring his labour to make the whole ! Aspirations after the Holy--the only aspi; The highest is not to despise the lowest, nor ration in which the human soul can be assured

the lowest to envy the highest; each must that it will never meet with disappointment.

live in all and by all. Who will not work, Maria M'Intosh.

neither shall he eat. So God has ordered that

men, being in need of each other, should learn As the hart panteth after the water-brooks,

to love each other, and bear each other's so pauteth my soul after thee, O God.


Sala. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God; when shall I come and appear before ASSOCIATES-Choice of. God?


If meu wish to be held in esteem, they ASPIRATIONS-Realization of.

must associate with those only who aru estimable.

La Bruyère. What we truly and earnestly aspire to be, that in some sense we are. The mere aspira- ASSOCIATION --with the Ilustrious

Dead. tion, by changing the frame of the mind, for the moment realises itself. Mrs. Jameson. Their several memories here

Even like their persons in their portraits

clothed, O for a bliss unbounded! Far beneath

With the accustom'd garb of daily lifeA soul immortal is a mortal joy ;

Put on a lowly and a touching grace Nor are our powers to perish immature,

Of more distinct humanity, that left But, after feeble effort here, beneath

All genuine admiration unimpair'd. Coleridge. A brighter sun, and in a nobler soil, Transplanted from this sublunary bed,

ASSOCIATION-of Early Love. Shall flourish fair and put forth all their bloom.

There's not a wind but whispers of thy name, Young.

And not a flow'r that grows beneath the moon, ASSASSINATION-Heinousness of.

But in its hues and fragrance tells a tale
Is there a crime
Of thee, my love.

Barry Cornwall. Beneath the roof of heaven, that stains the

ASSOCIATION-Poetry of. soul With more infernal hue than damned

He whose heart is not excited upon the Assassination ?

Cibber. spot which a martyr has sanctified by his

sufferings, or at the grape of one who has "Tis bad enough when the assassin stabs

largely benefited mankind, must be more in

ferior to the multitude in bis moral, than he The perishable body, sending man Unto his dread account all unprepared ;

can possibly be raised above them in his in

tellectual nature. But, oh! 'tis worse when he essays to pierce

Southey. The vital principle within the soul

ASSOCIATION-Power of. The principle of virtue, which alone

Whatever withdraws us from the power of Could save, through grace divine, him from perdition.

our senses; whatever makes the past, the This, this, indeed, is dire assassination !

distant, or the future, predominate over the Egone.

present, advances us in the dignity of thinking

beings. Far from me, and far from my friends, ASSEVERATION-Violent.

be such frigid philosophy as may conduct us Violent asseverations, or affected blunders, indifferent and unmoved over any ground look not more suspicious than strained sanctity which has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or over-offended modesty. Zimmerman. or virtue. That man is little to be envied ASSOCIATION.


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whose patriotism would not gain force upon and the admiration which these recollections the plain of Marathon, or whose piety would afford seems to give a kind of sanctity to the LOT STO* warmer among the ruins of lona. place where they dwelt, and converts every

Johnson. thing into beauty which appears to have been connected with them.

Alison. ASSOCIATIONS-of Nature.

Strong and many are the claims made upon tiz oy our mother Earth : the love of locality society is the germ of all public affections.”

“ To love the little platoon we belong to in -the charm and attraction which some one homely landscape possesses to us, surpassing of childhood, the kind mother who taught us

True, most true! The innocent associations all stranger beauties, is a remarkable feature in the human heart. We who are not ethereal

to whisper the first faint accents of prayer,

and watched with anxious face over our slumcreatures, but of mixed and diverse nature we wbo, when we look our clearest towards bers, the ground on which our little feet first the skies, must still have our standing-ground trod, the pew in which we first sat during of earth secure—it is strange what relations public worship, the school in which our first of personal love we enter into with the scenes

rudiments were taught, the torn Virgil, the of this lower sphere. How we delight to dog-eared Horace, the friends and companions build our recollections upon some basis of of our young days, the authors who first told reality-a place, a country, a local habitation ; first made our hearts throb with noble and

us the history of our country, the songs that box the events of life, as we look back upon tbem, have grown into the well-remembered

generous emotions, the burying-place of our background of the places where they fell upon the first objects which nature tells us to love.

fathers, the cradles of our children, are surely us: bere is some sunny garden or summer lane, beautified and canonized for ever with Philanthropy, like charity, must begin at the food of a great joy; and here are dim home. From this centre our sympathies may and silent places, rooms always shadowed and

extend in an ever-widening circle. Lamb. dark to us, whaterer they may be to others, ASTONISHMENT on Unfolding a wbere distress or death came once, and since

Secret. then dwells for evermore. Washington Irving. I could a tale unfold, whose lightest word

Would barrow up thy soul ; freeze thy young There is no man who has not some inte

blood; resting associations with particular sceues, or Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their airs, or books, and who does not feel their spheres ; beauty or sublimity enhanced to him by such Thy knotted and combined locks to part, connections. The view of the house where And each particular hair to stand on end, one was born, of the school where one was Like quills upon the fretful porcupine. educated, and where the gay years of infancy

Shakspeare. were passed, is indifferent to no man. They ASTONISHMENT-at the Relation of recall so many images of past happiness and

a Story. post affections, they are connected with so

Prepare to hear many strong or valued emotions, and lead A story that shall turn thee into stone : altogether to so long a train of feelings and Could there be hewn a monstrous gap in dature, recollections, that there is hardly any scene which one ever beholds with so much rapture. Through which the groans of ghosts might

A flaw made through the centre by some god, There are songs also that we have heard in

strike thy ear, our infancy, which, when brought to our remembrance in after years, rajse emotions for They would not wound thee, as this story will.

Lee. shich we cannot well account; and which, i thongh perhaps very indifferent in themselves, ASTONISHMENT-at Divine Visita

tions. still continue, from this association, and from the variety of conceptions which they kindle It is the part of men to fear and tremble, in our minda, to be our favourites through When the most mighty gods, by tokens, send life

. The scenes which have been distinguished Their dreadful heralds to astonish us. by the residence of any person whose memory

Shakspeare. we admire, produce a similar effect. The ASTROLOGER-The senes themselves may be little beautiful; I wander 'twixt the poles but the delight with which we recollect the And heavenly hinges, 'mongst eccentricals, traces of their lives, blends itself insensibly Centres, concentricks, circles, and epicycles. with the emotions which the scenery excites;


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ASTROLOGERS-Censoriousness of. ATHEISM-Folly of.
This work desires a planetary intelligence

Atheist, use thine eyes,
Of Jupiter and Sol; and those great spirits And, having viewed the order of the skies,
Are prond, fantastical. It asks great charges, Think, if thou canst, how matter blindly burld,
To entice them from the guiding of their Without a guide, could form this wondrous


Creech. To wait on mortals.


ATHEISM-in the Life. ASTROLOGERS-Vain Pretence of.

Atheism is rather in the life than in the Augurs and soothsayers, astrologers,

heart of man.

Bacon. Diviners, and interpreters of dreams, I ne'er consult, and heartily despise :

ATHEISM-a Moral Plague. Vain their pretence to more than human skill :

Atheism is the result of ignorance and For gain, imaginary schemes they draw;

pride ; of strong sense and feeble reasons; of Wand'rers themselves, they guide another's good eating and ill-living. It is the plague of steps;

society, the corrupter of manners, and the
And for poor sixpence promise countless wealth: underminer of property. Jeremy Collier.
Let them, if they expect to be believed,
Deduct the sixpence, and bestow the rest.


An atheist, if you take his word for it, is a ASTRONOMER-Apostrophe of the.

very despicable mortal. Let us describe bim Ye realms, yet unreveal'd to human sight, by his tenet, and copy him a little from his Ye gods who rule the regions of the night, own original. He is, then, no better than a Ye gliding ghosts, permit me to relate heap of organized dust, a stalking machine, a The mystic wonders of your silent state. speaking head without a soul in it. His

Dryden. thoughts are bound by the laws of motion, ASTRONOMY-Science of.

his actions are all prescribed. He has no more Astronomy is the science of the harmony of liberty than the current of a stream or the infinite expanse.

Lord John Russell. blast of a tempest; and where there is no choice there can be po merit.

Ibid. ASTRONOMY-Study of.

ATHEIST-Doubts of the. The contemplation of celestial things will make a man both speak and think more sub- By night, an atheist half believes a God. Young. limely and magnificently when he descends to

ATHEIST-an Enemy. human affairs.


No atheist, as such, can be a true friend, an ATHEISM-Absurdity of.

affectionate relation, or a loyal subject. The owlet Atheism,

Dr. Bentley. Sailing on obscene wings across the noon,

ATHEIST–Laugb of the Drops his blue-fringed lids, and shuts them An atheist's laugh is a poor exchange, close,

For Deity offended.

Barns. And, hooting at the glorious sun in heavon,

ATHEIST-Life of the. Cries out, “ Where is it ?”. Coleridge.

An atheist !he hath never faced an hour ATHEISM-can never inspire Eloquence. And not belied the name he bore. His doubt

Is darkness from the unbelieving will There is no being cloquent for atheism. In that exhausted receiver the mind cannot use

Begot and oft a parasite to sin,

Too dear to be deserted ; for the truth its wings,--the clearest proof that it is out of

That unveils heaven and her immortal thrones, its element.


Uncovers hell and awful duties too. ATHEISM-Fallacy of.

Robert Montgomery.

ATHEIST-Reformed. God never wrought miracles to convince atheism, because His ordinary works convince A fugitive from Heaven and prayer, it.

Bacon. I mock'd at all religious fear,

Deep licensed in the mazy lore ATHEISM-Folly of.

Of mad philosophy ; but now The fool hath said in his heart, There is no Hoist sail, and back my voyage plough God. They are corrupt; they have done To that blest harbour which I left before. abominable works. David.




ATHEIST-Superstition of the.

ATTENTION-Advantages of. No one is so thoroughly superstitous as the Our minds are so constructed that we can godless man. The Christian is composed by the keep the attention fixed on a particular object belief of a wise all-ruling Father, whose pre- until we have, as it were, looked all around it; seuce fills the void unknown with light and and the mind that possesses this faculty in the order ; bat to the man who has dethroned highest degree of perfection will take cogni. God, the spirit-land is, indeed, in the words of zance of relations of which another mind has

the Hebrew poet, “ a land of darkness and the no perception. It is this, much more than | shadow of death." without any order, “where any difference in the abstract power of reathe light is as darkness." Life and death to soning, which constitutes the vast difference him are haunted grounds, filled with goblin between the minds of different individuals. forms of vague and shadowy dread. Mrs. Stowe. This is the history alike of the poetic genius,

and of the genius of discovery in science. “I ATHEIST-Unbelief 'of the.

keep the subject," said Sir Isaac Newton,

constantly before me, and wait until the The footprint of the savage traced in the dawnings open by little and little into a full sand is suficient to attest the presence of man to the atheist who will not recognize God, he was led to the invention of Auxions, and

light." It was thus that after long meditation whose hand is impressed upon the entire

to the anticipation of the modern discovery of universe.

Hugh Miller. the combustibility of the diamond. It was ATHEISTS-Characteristics of.

thus that Harvey discovered the circulation

of the blood, and that those views were Hardening by degrees, till double steeld, suggested by Davy which laid the foundation Tase leave of Nature's God, and God reveald- of that grand series of experimental researches Thcp laugh at all you trembled at before ; which terminated in the decomposition of the And, joining the freethinker's brutal war,

earths and alkalis. Sir Benjamin Brodie. Swallow the two grand nostrums they dis

ATTENTION-Holy Impulses of. pense"That Scripture lies, and blasphemy is sense ; Every earnest glance we give to the realities If clemency, revolted by abuse

around us, with intent to learn, proceeds from Be damnable, then damn'd without excuse. a holy impulse, and is a song of praise. Corper.

Maria McIntosh. These are they

ATTENTION-Rules for Directing the. That strore to pull Jehovah from His throne,

We should accustom ourselves to make And in the place of Heaven's Eternal King, attention entirely the instrument of volition. Set up the phantom Chance. Glynn. Let the will be determined by the conclusions

of reason-by deliberate conclusions, and then They eat

let attention be wielded by both. Think Their daily bread, and draw the breath of what is self-government; what is fittest to Heaven,

be done ought to be now done, and let will Witboat or thought or thanks; Heaven's roof be subordinate to reason, and attention to

will. to them

In this way you will be always disIs but a painted ceiling hung with lamps

engaged for present duty. Pleasures, arnuseNo more than lights them to their purposes.

ments, inferior objects, will be easily sacrificed They wander loose about; they nothing see,

to the most important. You may have likings

to inferior or trifling occupations; but if, to use Themselves except, and creatures like themselses,

the strong language of Scripture, you crucify Ekort-lived, short-sighted, impotent to save.

these, oppose them, carry your intention beSo on their dissolute spirits, soon or late,

yond them, their power to molest and mislead Destruction cometh, like an armèd man,

you will decline.

Dr. Ferrier. Or like a dream of murder in the night, ATTORNEY-History and Character of Withering their mortal faculties, and breaking

the. The bones of all their pride.


An attorney's ancient beginning was a blue

coat, since a livery, and his hatching under a ATMOSPHERE-Polluted.

lawyer ; whence, though but pen-feathered, When you find that flowers and shrubs will he hath now nested for himself, and with his Dot endure a certain atmosphere, it is a very hoarded pence purchased an office. Two desks i significant hint to the human creature to re- and a quire of paper set him up, where he now Dose out of that neighbourhood. Mayhew. sits in state for all comers. We can call him

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