ePub 版



But more advanced, behold, with strange amiable, and pliant to government ; whereas surprise,

ignorance makes them churlish, thwarting, New distant scenes of endless science rise ! and mutinous ; and the evidence of time doth

Pope. clear this assertion, considering that the most LEARNING-Benefits of.

barbarous, rude, and unlearned times have Learning maketh young men temperate, is been most subject to tum seditions, and the comfort of old age, standing for wealth changes.

Bacon. Tith poverty, and serving as an ornament to riches.

Cicero. LEARNING-Intention of.

Every artificer and profession endeavours LEARNING-Deficiency of.

to make the thing fit and to answer the end Your learning, like the lunar beam, affords for which it is intended. Those that till the light, but not heat; it leaves you undevout, ground, or that break in horses, or train dogs, Frozen at heart, while speculation shines. their business is to make the most of things,

Young. and drive them up to the top of their kind ; LEARNING-Emptiness of.

and what other view has learning and educaHow empty learning, and how vain is art, tion, but to improve the faculties, and to set Brit as it mends the life, and guides the heart. them the right way to work. Antoninus.

Ibid. LEARNING-End of.

LEARNING-Absolute Necessity of.

He that knoweth not that which he ought The end of learning is to know God, and

to know, is a brute beast among men; he net of that knowledge to love him, and to imitate him, as we may the nearest, by pos.

that knoweth no more than he hath need of, kassing our souls of true virtue. Milton.

is a man amongst brute beasts ; and he that

knoweth all that may be known, is as a god LEARNING-nothing without Goodness. amongst men.

Pythagoras. Many persons, after once they become LEARNING-Overmuch. learnei , cease to be good : all other knowledge

Bishops are now unfit to govern, because of is burtful to him who has not the science of their learning. They are bred up in another banesty and good-nature. Montaigne. law: they run to the text for something done LEARNING --with Holiness is best.

among the Jews that concerps not England.

'Tis just as if a man would have a kettle, and Learning is good, but holiness is better : he would not go to our braziers to have it Learning with holiness combined-what then? made as they make kettles, but he would have Age, that is best of all; th' instructed mind, it made as Hiram made his brass-work, who Which ignorance nor prejudice can fetter, wrought in Solomon's Temple. Seldon. That looks thro' nature with a searching ken And knows the history of human kiud,

LEARNING-Pretenders to. And hath a store of treasures at command. A pretender to learning is one that would If such can meekly bend, and humbly wait make all others more fools than himself; for Beside the footstool of the Infinite,

though he know nothing, he would not have Eager to bask in beams of saving grace,

the world know so much. He conceits nothing Learning and goodness then go hand in hand, in learning but the opinion, which he seeks to And happy is the people and the state, purchase without it, though he might with That hath such learned men to shed the light less labour cure his ignorance than hide it. He Of their example round their earthly resting is indeed a kind of scholar-mountebank, and place.

Egone. his art our delusion. He is tricked out in all LEARNING-Beneficial Influence of.

the accoutrements of learning, and at the first

encounter none passes better. He is oftener For that conceit, that learning should under in his study than at his book, and you cannot mine the reverence for laws and government, pleasure him better than to deprehend bim: it is assuredly a mere depravation and calumny, yet he hears you not till the third knock, and without any shadow of truth. For to say that then comes out very angry, as interrupted a blind custom of obedience should be a surer You find him in his slippers and a pen in bis obligation than duty taught and understood, ear, in which formality he was asleep. His is to affirm that a blind man may tread surer

table is spread wide with some classic folio, by a guide, than a seeing man can by a light. which is as constant to it as the carpet,

and And it is without all cont-oversy, that learn- hath lain open at the samo page this halfing doth make the minds of men gentle, year. His candle is always a longer sitter-up


[blocks in formation]

than himself, and the boast of his window at pot for ostentation, but for use; not to set up midnight. He walks much alone in the posture human wisdom in opposition to divide revela. of meditation, and has a book before his face tion; but humbly, patiently, and laboriously in the fields. His pocket is seldom without a to trace out, to exhibit, to assert, and to Greek testament or Hebrew bible, which he defend the revealed truth of God, and to apply opens only in the church, and that wben some it to all the varied purposes for which it was stander-by looks over. He has sentences for made known ; is of the highest value. And company, some scatterings of Seneca and let every younger student remember that he Tacitus, which are good upon all occasions. knows not to what scene of service he is If he reads anything in the morning, it comes destined : let it be his humble aim, depending out all at dinner; and as long as that lasts, upon, and seeking constantly the divine the discourse is his. He is a great plagiary of blessing, to become as well qualified as possible tavern wit, and comes to sermons only that he for that station, be it what it may, to which may talk of Austin. His parcels are the mere it shall please God to call him. And, in this scrapings from company, yet he complains at view, let him duly consider the indefatigable parting what time he has lost. He is won labour, the diligent study, and the patient drously capricious in giving judgment, and zeal, of these great and good men (the Swiss listens with a sour attention to what he under- Reformers) who, devoted to learning as they stands not. He talks much of Scaliger, and ever were, yet did not pursue it for its own Casaubon, and the Jesuits, and prefers some sake (or for the earthly distinctions it might unheard-of Dutch name before them all. He gain for them), or lose themselves in a has verses to bring in upon these and these contemplative life, but denied themselves, and hints, and it shall go hard but he will wind in studied, and prayed without ceasing, in order his opportunity. He is critical in a language that they might act with wisdom and suceuss he cannot construe, and speaks seldom under to the glory of God, and the highest good of Arminius in divinity. His business and re- their fellow-men. Therefore is their memory tirement, and caller away is his study, and he blessed.

Thoiras Scott. protests no delight to it comparable. He is a great nomenclator of authors, which he has LEARNING AND WISDOM. read in general in the catalogue, and in par. ticular in the title, and goes seldom so far as

The learned man is only useful to the the dedication. He never talks of anything wise and the simple. The merely learned

learned; the wise man is equally useful to the but learning, and learns all from talking. Three encounters with the same men pump others; his judgments are not more pepe

man has not elevated his mind above that of him, and then he only puts in or gravely says nothing. He has taken pains to be an ass, though trating, his remarks not more delicate, nor his not to be a scholar, and is at length dis- actions more beautiful than those of others; covered and laughed at.

Bishop Earle.

he merely uses other instruments than his own;

his hands are employed in business of which LEARNING-Right Use of.

the head sometimes takes little note. It is Learning is like mercury, one of the most wholly different with the wise man : he moves powerful and excellent things in the world in far above the common level,- he observes skilful hands ; in unskilful, the most nis- everything from a different point of vier; in chievous.


his employments there is always an aim, in

his views always freedom, and all with him is LEARNING-Use of.

above the common level.

Richter. Learning, like money, may be of so base a

LEAVES. coin, as to be utterly void of use; or, if sterling, may require good management to make it Leaves seem light, and useless, and idle, and serve the purposes of sense or happiness. wavering, and changeable- they even dance ;

Shenstone. yet God has made them part of the onk. In LEARNING (Sacred)-Use of.

so doing, He has given us a lesson, not to deos The pride of learning, and the abuse of the stout-heartedness within, because we see learning, are fatal evils, and, without the the lightsomeness without. Leigh Hex. possession of it, no doubt the map of devoted piety, with merely the vernacular Scriptures LEAVES-Whispering of. in his hand, may be even eminently useful; The whisper of the leaves appears an inter but there are higher and more extensive change of love, spheres of service which he is clearly not Or some low hymn from Nature's self, to qualified to occupy. Learning, when employed smiling worlds above.



[blocks in formation]

LEISURE-Enjoyment of.

then ; there is yet enough-there is more Yet of the various tasks mankind employ,

than enough-in these old letters, to plead an 'Tis sure the hardest, leisure to enjoy ; excuse for so sacredly preserving them. Por one who knows to taste this godlike bliss,

Albert Smith What countless swarms of vain pretenders LETTERS–Treatment of. miss!

Letters which are warmly sealed are often Tbough each dull plodding thing, to ape the but coldly opened.

Richter. rise, Ridiculously grave for leisure sighs

LETTERS-Use of. (His boasted wish from busy scenes to run),

Heaven first taught letters for some wretch's Grant him that leisure, and the fool's undone ;

aid, The gods to curse poor Demea, heard his vow,

Some banish'd lover, or some captive maid : And business now no more contracts his brow :

They live, they speak, they breathe what love Yo real cares, 'tis true, perplex his breast,

inspires, Bat thousand fancied ills his peace molest; Warm from the soul, and faithful to its fires. The slightest trifles solid sorrows prove, The virgin's wish, without her fears, impart; And the long-ling’ring wheel of life scarce

Excuse the blush, and pour out all the heart ; seems to move,

Speed the soft intercourse from soul to soul, Useless in business, yet unfit for ease,

And waft a sigh from Indus to the pole. Yor skild to serve mankind, nor form'd to

Pope. please ;

LEVITY AND CHEERFULNESS Such spurious animals of worthless race

Distinction between.
Lire but the public burthen and disgrace :
Like mean attendants on life's stage are seen,

Between levity and cheerfulness there is a Drawn forth to fill, but not conduct the scene.

wide distinction; and the mind which is most Melmoth. open to levity, is frequently a stranger to

cheerfulness. It has been remarked, that LEISURE AND SOLITUDE.

transports of intemperate mirth are often no Leisure and solitude are the best effect of

more than flashes from the dark cloud; ard riches, because mother of thought. Both are

that in proportion to the violence of the avoided by most rich men, who seek company effulgence, is the succeeding gloom. Levity and business; which are signs of being weary may be the forced production of folly or vice; of themselves.

Sir W. Temple. cheerfulness is the natural offspring of wisdom

and virtue only. The one is an occasional LETHE-River.

agitation; the other a permanent babit. The Floring, without coil,

one degrades the character; the other is per. Softly, like a stream of oil.

Brown. fectly consistent with the dignity of reason,

and the steady and manly spirit of religion. LETTERS-Old.

To aim at a constant succession of high and It is difficult to tell to what end we keep vivid sensations of pleasure, is an idea of these old memorials, for their perusal affords, happiness altogether chimerical. Calm and in most cases, but little pleasure. Many, in- temperate enjoyment is the utmost that is deed, are never looked at again, and yet we

allotted to man. Beyond this we struggle in could not destroy them without a struggle ; vain to raise our state; and in fact, depress others only bring forward evidences of words our joys, by endeavouring to heighten them. broken, and hopes chilled, and friendships Instead of those fallacious hopes of perpetual gradually dissolved; of old attachments turned festivity, with which the world would allure aray, and stubborn contradiction of all the us, religion confers upon us a cheerful trantrusting in futurity, whose promise we once quillity. Instead of dazzling us with meteors clang to. One class alone of them can call of joy which sparkle and expire, it sheds ap our best feelings. If the almost forgotten around us a calm and steady light, more solid, memorials of the once dearly loved and long more equal, and more lasting.

Blair. departed can carry our sympathies away from the cold, hard present, over intervening years

LIAR-a Coward, of struggling and vexatious toil, to that almost There is no vice that doth so cover a man holy period of the gone and past, once more, with shame, as to be discovered in a lie ; for if but for a moment, calling up old thoughts as Montaigne saith—"A liar would be brave and old affections ; or soothing, by one lonely, towards God, while he is a coward towards msispected burst of tears, overcharged hearts, men ; for a lie faces God, and shrinks from which have long required casing of their bur- | man.'


[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

Epictetus. bis own.

LIAR-Reward of a.

in which state of universal independence and Thou canst not better reward a liar, than self-direction, I should meet with so many in not believing what he speaketh. Aristippus. checks and obstacles to my own will, from the

opposition and interference of other men's, LIARS-Character of.

that not only my happiness but my liberty Past all shame-so past all truth.

would be less than whilst the whole community Shakspeare.

were subject to the domination of equal laws.

The boasted liberty of a state of nature They begin with making falsehood appear

exists only in a state of solitude. In every like truth, and end with making truth itself kind and degree of union and intercourse with appear like falsehood.

his species, it is possible that the liberty of Shenstone.

the individual may be augmented by the very LIARS-Evil Influence of.

laws which restrain it; because he may gain

more from the limitation of other men's freeLiars are the cause of all the sins and dom, than he suffers from the diminution of crimes in the world.

Natural liberty is the right of comLIARS-Punishment of.

mon upon a waste; civil liberty is the safe,

exclusive, unmolested enjoyment of a cultiI am charmed with many points of the vated enclosure.

Palego Turkish law, particularly the punishment of the convicted. They are burnt on the forehead LIBERTY-False. with a hot iron when they are proved the The wish, which ages have not yet subdued authors of any notorious falsehood.

In man, to have no master save his mood. Lady Montague.

Вутола. LIBERTY-in Action.

LIBERTY-Genius of. When I see the spirit of liberty in action, I O liberty, Heaven's choice prerogative! see a strong principle at work; and this for a True bond of law, thou social soul of poverty, while is all I can possibly know of it. The Thou breath of reason, life of life itself ! wild gas, the fixed air, is plainly broke loose : For thee the valiant bleed. O sacred likerty! but we ought to suspend our judgment, until Wing'd from the fowler's snare, from flattering the first effervescence is a little subsided, till ruin, the liquor is cleared, and until we see some- Like the bold stork you seek the wintry shore, thing deeper than tbe agitation of a troubled Leave courts, and pomps, and palaces to slave, and frothy substance. I must be tolerably Cleave to the cold, and rest upon the storm. sure, before I congratuate men upon a blessing, Upborne by thee, my soul disdain'd the terms that they have really received one. Flattery Of empire offer'd at the hands of tyrants, corrupts both the receiver and giver, and With thee I sought this fav'rite soil ; with thee adulation is not of more service to the people, These fav'rite sons I fought, thy sons, O Liberty than to kings.

Burke. For ev'n among the wilds of life you lead them,

Lift their low-rafted cottage to the skies, LIBERTY-False Application of.

Smile o'er their heaths, and from the mountain The word liberty has been falsely used by


Drone. persons who, being degenerately profligate in Beam glory to the nations. private life and mischievous in public, had no hope left but in fomenting discord. Tacitus.

O Liberty, LIBERTY-Aspirations of.

Parent of happiness, celestial-born!

When the first man became a living soul; Give me the liberty to know, to think, to His sacred genius thou; be Britain's care; believe, and to utter freely, according to con- With her secure, prolong thy loved retreat; science, above all other liberties. Milton. Thence bless mankind; while yet among ber

sons, LIBERTY-Civil.

Ev'n yet there are, to shield thine equal laws, To do what we will is natural liberty, to do Whose bosoms kindle at the sacred names what we will consistently with the interests of Of Cecil, Raleigh, Walsingham, and Drake. the community to which we belong, is civil

Dyer. liberty; that is to say, the only liberty to be LIBERTY-Invincible. desired in a state of civil society.

Tyrants ! in vain ye trace the wizard ring; I should wish to act, no doubt, in every In vain ye limit mind's unwearied spring; instance as I pleased; bnt I reflect, that the What! can ye lull the winged winds asleep, rest also of mankind would then do the same; ' Arrest the rolling world, or chain the deep!

[blocks in formation]

No the wild wave contemps your scepter's Through glooms which never woodman trod. hand!

How oft, pursuing fancies holy, It rolld not back when Canute gave command ! My moonlight way o'er flowering weed I wound

Campbell. Inspired, beyond the guess of folly, LIBERTY-Loss of.

By each rude shape and wild unconquering When liberty is gone,

sound ! Life grows insipid, and has lost its relish. ye loud waves! and 0 ye forests high !

Addison. And Oye clouds that far above me soard ! LIBERTY-Love of.

Thou rising sun! thou blue rejoicing sky! Oh, give me liberty !

Yea, every thing that is and will be free! For were ev'n Paradise my prison,

Bear witness for me, wheresoe'er ye be, Still I should long to leap the crystal walls.

With what deep worship I have still adored Dryden.

The spirit of divinest liberty ! Coleridge. A day, an hour of virtuous liberty,

LIBERTY AND SLAVERY. La worth a whole eternity in bondage. Addison.

None can love freedom heartily but good LIBERTY-Necessity for.

men; the rest love not freedom, but license,

wbich never hath more scope or more inOur country cannot well subsist without liberty, nor liberty without virtue. Rousseau. dulgence than under tyrants. Hence it is

that tyrants are not oft offended by, nor

stand much in doubt of, bad men, as being all LIBERTY-Preservation of.

naturally servile ; but in whom virtue and Remember, O my friends! the laws, the rights, true worth most is eminent, them they fear in The generous plan of power deliver'd down, earnest, as by right their masters; against From age to age, by your renown'd forefathers, them lies all their hatred and corruption. so dearly bought, the price of so much blood !

Milton. Olet it nerer perish in your hands,

LIBRARY-Meditations on a. Bat piously transmit it to your children! What a world of wit is here packed up Do thou, great liberty, inspire our souls,

together! I know not whether this sight doth And make our lives in thy possession happy ; more dismay or comfort me : it dismays me of our deaths, glorious in thy just defence. to think that here is so much I cannot know;

Addison. it comforts me to think that this variety yields LIBERTY-Sweetness of.

so good helps to know what I should. There is Nothing can be so sad as confinement for no truer word than that of Solomon : There is He or so sweet, an please your honour, as no end of making many books. This sight liberty.

Sterne. verifies it. There is no end ; indeed, it were

pity there should. God hath given to man a LIBERTY-True.

busy soul; the agitation whereof cannot but, True liberty consists in the privilege of through time and experience, work out many enjoying our own rights, not in the destruction hidden truths : to suppress these would be no of the rights of others.

Pinckard. other than injurious to mankind, whose minds,

like unto so many candles, should be kindled Liberty consists in the power of doing that by each other. The thoughts of our deli

beration are most accurate; these we vent which is permitted by the law. Cicero.

into our papers.

What a happiness is it,

that without all offence of necromancy, I may LIBERTY-Worship of.

here call up any of the ancient Worthies of Ye clouds ! that far above me float and pause, Learning, whether human or divine, and Whose patbless march no mortal may confer with them of all my doubts! that I control!

can, at pleasure, summon whole synods of Ye ocean waves ! that whereso'er ye roll, reverend Fathers and acute Doctors from all Yield homage only to eternal laws!

the coasts of the earth, to give their wellYe woods! that listen to the night-birds' studied judgments in all points of question singing,

which I propose ! Neither can I cast my eye Midway the smooth and perilous slope casually upon any of these silent masters but reclined,

I must learn somewhat. It is wantonness to Save when your own imperious branches complain of choice. No law binds us to read swinging

all; but the more we can take in and digest, Have made a solemn music of the wind ! the better-liking must the mind needs be. Where, like a man beloved of God,

Blessed be God, that hath set up so many

« 上一頁繼續 »