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ANGER AND MADNESS-Difference ANTICIPATION-Weariness of. between.

O tell him I have sat these three long hours, He does anger too much honour, who calls Counting the weary beatings of the clock, it madness, which, being a distemper of the Which slowly portion'd out the promised time brain, and a total absence of all reason, is That brought him not to bless me with his innocent of all the ill effects it may produce, sight.

Jounna Baillie. whereas anger is an affected madness, compounded of pride and folly, and an intention ANTIDOTE-Vital Power of an. to do commonly more mischief than it can bring to pass.

Lord Clarendon.

Oft have I seen its vital touch diffuse

New vigour through the poison'd streams of ANGLO-SAXON RACE-The.

life. The rapid increase of the Anglo-Saxon race

When almost settled into dead stagnation, during the last two centuries, its wide diffusion Swift as a southern gale unbinds the flood. over the globe, and its superiority over every

Thomson. race with which it has contact, are remarkable

ANTIPATHIES-Irreconcilable. facts, bowever we view them. This will not be done, by wise and thoughtful men, in a

Nature and the common laws of sense, vain-glorious or boastful spirit, but with a Forbid to reconcile antipathies ; thoughtful and reverential consideration of the Or mak a snake engender with a dove, plans of Providence which it indicates, and the And hungry tigers court the tender lambs. great duties and responsibilities which it

Roscommon, involves. It has been stated, with regard to ANTIPATHY-Fierceness of. the Anglo-Saxon race, that, while in 1620, the

Discord, first year in which the Mayflower landed the first Pilgrims in NewEngland, it numbered only about Death introduced, through fierce antipathy :

Daughter of Sin, among th' irrational, six millions, and was almost exclusively con

Beast now with beast 'gan war, and fowl with fined to our own island. It now numbers sixty

fowl, millions of human beings, planted on all the

And fish with fish ; to graze the herb all leaving islands and continents of the earth, and appa

Devour'd each other ; nor stood much in awe rently destined, at no distant period, to absorb

Of man, but fled him, or with countenance grim or supplant all the barbarous and nomadic

Glared on him passing.

Milton. races on the continents of Asia, Africa and America, and the vast newer world recently

ANTIQUARY-The. found in the Southern ocean. The enterprise of the race multiplies with its expansion. I knew Aurelius. He was shrewd and prudent; Commerce goes on apace, carrying the wealth Wisdom and cunning had their share of him ; and industry of the old world into the re- But he was sbrewish as a wayward child, motest and least known regions of the earth ; And pleased again by toys which childhood and it is estimated that, if no sudden and please ; unthought revolution abruptly arrest this As books of fables graced with prints of wood, remarkable expansion of the race sprung ex

Or else the jingling of a rusty medal, clusively from the United Kingdom of Great Or the rare melody of some old ditty, Britain, the Anglo-Saxon race will soon number That first was sung to please King Pippin's 800 millions of human beings in less than a cen


Shakspeare. tury and a half from the present time.

ANTIQUARY-Museum of the.

McCulloch. ANSWER-a Slight.

He had a routh o' auld nick-packets,

Rusty airn caps, and jinglin-jackets, A slight answer to au intricate and useless

Would hold the Croudars three in tackets question is a fit cover to such a dish,-a

A towmond gude,
cabbage-leaf is good enough to cover a dish And parritch pats, and auld saut lackets
of mushrooms.

Jeremy Taylor.
Afore the flude.


ANTICIPATION-Improvidence of. ANTIQUITY-Beauty of.
Whatever advantage we snatch beyond a

Time's gradual touch certain portion allotted us by nature, is like Has moulder'd into beauty many a tower, money spent before it due, which, at the Which when it frown'd with all its battletime of regular payment, will be missed and ments regretted. Johnson. Was only terrible.





That task, which as we follow or despise, Time consecrates ;

The eldest is a fool, the youngest wise ; And what is gray with age becomes religion. Which done, the poorest can no wants endure, Schiller. And which not done, the richest must be poor.

Pope. ANTIQUITY-Once New.

APATHY. All that we now deem of antiquity, at one

He hears no more time were new; and what we now defend by Than rocks, when winds and waters roar. examples on a future day will stand as pre

Creech. cedents.

Tacitus. | APOLOGY. ANTIQUITY-Nothing Old in.

I do confess the imperfect performance. There may be some truth in what Solomon

Congreve. said, “There is nothing new under the sun;" APOSTASY-Characteristics of. but there is far more truth in what we say,

Speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their “There is nothing old under the sun.” Nature conscience seared as with a hot iron. is preserved by her elements in a perpetual

Forbidding to marry, and commanding to youth, far more wonderful than that of Ninon abstain from meats, which God hath created d'Enclos-and her favoured lovers are the

to be received with thanksgiving of them Poets. Yet to the old all things seem old; which believe and know the truth. St. Paul. and blockheads are aged at thirty, as you may perceive from the exaggerated driveland | APOSTASY-Crime of. dotage of their drawling speech. But Genius The soul once tainted with so foul a crime, is ever young, like the star of Jove, “so beau. No more shall glow with friendship’s hallow'd tiful and large;" and therefore this earth-this

ardour; world-shall never want her worshippers. Those holy beings whose superior care

Professor Wilson. Guides erring mortals to the path of virtue, ANXIETY-the Poison of Life.

Affrighted at impiety like thine, Anxiety is the poison of human life. It is Resign their charge to baseness and to ruin.

Johnson. the parent of many sins, and of more miseries. APOSTASY-Error of. In a world where everything is doubtful, where you may be disappointed, and be blessed in Apostate, still thou erröst, nor end wilt find disappointment, -what means this restless stirof erring, from the paths of truth remote.

Milton. and commotion of mind ? Can your solicitude

APOSTASY-Guilt of. alter the cause or unravel the intricacy of human events ? Can your curiosity pierce Not pow'r I blame, but pow'r obtain'd by crime: through the cloud which the Supreme Being Angelic greatness is angelic virtue.

hath made impenetrable to mortal eye? To Amidst the glare of courts, the shout of armies, į provide against every important danger by Will not th' apostate feel the pangs of guilt, | the employment of the most promising means,

And wish too late for innocence and peace ? is the office of wisdom ; but at this point | Curst as the tyrant of th' infernal realms wisdom stops. Blair. With gloomy state, and agonizing pomp.

Johnson. It is not work that kills men; it is worry.

APOSTATE-a Religious. Work is healthy : you can hardly put more

His confidence in heaven upon a man than he can bear. Worry is rust Sunk by degrees.

Claudius. upon the blade. It is not the revolution that | destroys the machinery, but the friction. Fear APPEARANCES-often Deceitful.

secretes acids; but love and trust are sweet The world is still deceived with ornament. juices. Henry Ward Beecher. In law, what plea so tainted and corrupt,

But, being season'd with a gracious voice, ANXIETY-for any Prospective Object. Obscures the show of evil? In religion, Long as to him who works for debt, the day, What damned error, but some sober brow Long as the night to her whose love's away, Will bless it, and approve it with a text, Long as the year's dull circle seems to run, Hiding the grossness with fair ornament ? When the brisk minor pants for twenty-one ; There is no vice so simple but assumes, So slow th' unprofitable moments roll

Some mark of virtue on its outward parts. That lock up all the functions of my soul, How many cowards, whose hearts are all as That keep me from myself, and still delay

false Life's instant business to a future day; As stairs of sand, wear yet upon their chins

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The beards of Hercules and frowning Mars, Whose glance would scorch thy smiling grace,
Who, inward search’d, have livers white as milk! And cast thee shuddering on thy face !
And these assume but valour's excrement,

To render them redoubted. Look on beauty, APPEARANCES-Outward.
And you shall see 'tis purchased by the weight; There is a fair behaviour in thee, captain ;
Which therein works a miracle in nature, And though that Nature with a beauteous wall
Making them lightest that wear most of it : Doth oft close in pollution, yet of thee
So are those crisped, snaky, golden locks, I will believe, thou hast a mind that suits
Which make such wanton gambols with the With this thy fair and outward character.

Shakspeare. Upon supposed fairness often known

APPLAUD-Slowness to. To be the dowry of a second head ;

A slowness to applaud betrays a cold temper, The skull that bred them, in the sepulchre.

or an envious spirit.

Hannah More. Thus ornament is but the guiled shore To a most dangerous sea; the beauteous scarf | APPLAUSE-of the Multitude. Veiling an Indian beauty; in a word,

Such murmur fiu'd The seeming truth which cunning time put on

Th' assembly, as when hollow rocks retain To entrap the wisest.

Shakspeare. The sound of blustering winds, which all night

long The tinsel glitter, and the specious mien,

Had roused the sea; now with hoarse cadence Delude the most-few pry behind the scene.


Phædrus. Seafaring men o'er-watched, whose bark by APPEARANCES-False.

chance, Oh, how hast thou with jealousy infected Or pinnace, anchors in a craggy bay The sweetness of affiance ! Show men dutiful? After the tempest. Such applause was heard. Why, so didst thou: Seem they grave and

Milton. learned ? Why, so didst thou: Come they of noble

Such a noise arose family?

As the shrouds make at sea in a stiff tempest, Why, so didst thou: Seem they religious ? As loud and to as many tunes,—hats, cloaks, Why, so didst thou : Or are they spare in diet; Doublets, I think flew up; and had their faces Free from gross passion, or of mirth or anger; Been loose, this day they had been lost. Constant in spirit, not swerving with the blood ;

Shakspeare. Garnish'd and deck'd in modest complement; APPRECIATION-Want of. Not working with the eye, without the ear,

You may fail to shine, in the opinion of And, but in purged judgment, trusting neither ! others, both in your conversation and actions, Such, and so finely bolted, didst thou seem :

from being superior as well as inferior to them. And thus thy fall hath left a kind of blot,

Greville. To mark the full-fraught man, and best indeed, With some suspicion.

Shakspeare. A primrose on the river's brim,

Or by the cottage door, A miser grows rich by seeming poor; an A yellow primrose was to him, extravagant man grows poor by seeming rich. And it was nothing more. Wordsworth.


To save his only eare ;

Better to be despised for too anxious appreSo things seem right, no matter what they are hensions, than ruined by too confident a Churchill. security.

Burke. APPEARANCE8-not always a Guide. ARBOUR-a Natural. Judge not ; the workings of his brain

And in the thickest covert of that shade, And of his heart thou canst not see;

There was a pleasant arbour, not by art, What looks to thy dim eyes a stain,

But of the trees' owne inclination made, In God's pure light may only be

Which knitting their rancke braunches part A scar, brought from some well-won field, Where thou wouldst only faint and yield. With wanton yvie twine entrayld athwart, The louk, the air, that frets thy sight, And eglantine and caprifole among, May be a token, that below

Fashion'd above within their inmost part, The soul has closed in deadly fight

That neither Phæbus' beams could through With some infernal fiery foe,

them throng,

to part,

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Sor £olus' sharp blast could worke them any the mirror to the past, he bids the immortal wrong.

Spenser. shapes rise up with their crowns upon them

to rebuke ignorance, silence impeachment. A ARCHITECTURE-Historical Value of.

fine array of names, no doubt; but windmills, Architecture is the printing press of all ages, not giants : though the crusade is against and gives a history of the state of the society giants, not against windmills. Of the great in which it was erected, from the cromlech of dead under whose shields Lord Lindsay would the Druids to those toy-shops of royal bad place the peerage, not one was born a peer, taste-Carlton House and the Brighton Pavi. not one wouid have become a peer in the lion. The Tower and Westminster Abbey are course of direct succession. Only two-Russell glorious pages in the history of time, and tell ' and Wellington-were sons of peers. Some the story of an iron despotism, and the cow- of the rest were very humbly born. Latimer artice of unlimited power. Lady Morgan. was the son of a poor yeomen; the Bacons

were small squires in Suffolk, the Raleighs in ARGUMENT-Inutility of.


Blake's father was a merchant, It is in vain

Cromwell's a maltster. Neither the Hampdens (I see) to argue 'gainst the grain ;

nor the Churchills were noble. Nor were the Or, like the stars, incline men to

Ridleys. Nelson's father was a poor parson. What they're averse themselves to do; Lord Peter swears that not only are the For when disputes are wearied out,

brown loaves mutton, but very good mutton. 'Tis int'rest still resolves the doubt. Butler. Seven-year-old south down, sir! old families, ARGUMENT—Noisy.

sir ! the noble old aristocratic blood, sir ! the

families, sir, that fight, and write, and rule If the bells have any sides, the clapper will the country, sir! Yet all this while, apart find them.

Ben Jonson. from controversy, no one knows better than ARISTOCRACY-must Exist.

Lord Lindsay, that even had his illustrious

dead each descended from long lines of NorAmongst the masses—even in revolutions - man earls, instead of from yeomen, parsons, aristocracy must ever exist; destroy it in barristers and squires, his list would prove nobility, and it becomes centred in the rich just nothing. A dozen cases, with no excepand powerful Houses of the Commons. Pull tion, might justify a rough kind of theory. them down, and it still survives in the master

A dozen cases, with a dozen exceptions, go to and foreman of the workshop. Guizot. the wall. To prove anything he must prove ARISTOCRACY-the True.

everything. Yet some of the very greatest

are left blank. Shakspeare, Milton, Newton, What a dull world this would be, if men Johnson, Burke and Watt, stand in the very were not allowed to see things by a light of foremost rank of Englishmen-stand in mass their own! Here are two gentlemen, each of long before those named by Lord Lindsay. wobom, we fancy, knows more about English These men are England. Yet wbo can name

history than nine in every ten persons you the great-grandfather of any one of these ? , meet at your club or in your friend's house, so Their fathers' names are scarcely known, their

strangely denying their own knowledge, as to mothers' not always. Shakspeare's father was make sport, not merely for the literary a butcher, Milton's a scrivener, Newton's a Philistines, but for grocers' boys and ladies' squireen, Johnson's a bookseller, Burke's an maids. Lord Lindsay, “a man of letters as attorney, and Watt's a ship chandler. Of the well as an aristocrat,” replies to the impeach- antecedents of these men we know as little as ment of his order :-flinging away in a fashion of the foundations of Snowdon, Helvellyn, or to remind warriors of Don Quixote, and logi- the Surrey hills.

Hepworth Dixon. cians of Lord Peter. He mistakes windmills | for giants, and swears the brown loaf is good

ART-Poetry of. mutton. Mr. Bright makes observations on It is a shallow criticism that would define the genius of an bereditary peerage, conclud- poetry as confined to literary productions in ing, with peremptory emphasis, that such a rhyme and metre. The written poem is only perage cannot for ever exist in a free country. poetry talking, and the statue, the picture, What does Lord Lindsay answer ? “Look at and the musical composition, are poetry acting. history," he cries, “and you will there find Milton and Goethe, at their desks, were not that the institution you decry has been the more truly poets than Phidias with his chisel, salvation of Eogland. Who does your work — i Raphael at easel, or deaf Beethoven bend. fights your battles – writes your books-guides ing over his piano, inventing and producing you is storm and darkness ?” Aud holding strains which he himself could never hope to

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hear. The love of the ideal, the clinging to variance; but beyond and above all such party and striving after first principles of beauty, is strifes, they are attracted and united by a ever the characteristic of the poet, and taste for the beautiful in art. It is a taste at whether he speak his truth to the world once engrossing and unseltish, which may be through the medium of the pen, the perfect indulged without effort, and yet has the power statue, or the lofty strain, he is still the sbarer of exciting the deepest emotions-a taste able in the same high nature. Next to blind Milton to exercise and to gratify both the nobler and describing Paradise, that same Beethoven softer parts of our nature, the imagination composing symphonies and oratorios is one of and the judgment, love of emotion and power the finest things we know. Milton saw not, of reflection, the enthusiasm and the critical and Beethoven heard not; but the sense of faculty, the senses and the reason. Guizot. beauty was upon them, and they fain must speak. Arts may be learned by application

ART-Symbolic. proportions and attitudes may be studied and It is an incarnation of fancy, and is a sort repeated-mathematical principles may be, of petrified poetry, or concrete rhetoric. It and have been, comprehended and adopted; is the blossom of the Art-tree, whose root is but yet there has not been hewn from the Thought, and whose trunk is Imagination. It marble a second Apollo, and no measuring by is inventive, imitational, and composite. Gothic compasses will ever give the secret of its is imitational, Greek inventional, and Bypower. The ideal dwelt in the sculptor's mind, zantine composite. Egyptian ornament is and his hands fashioned a statue which yet thoughtful, and always allegorical. The Asteaches it to the world.

Ruskin. syrian is still quainter, simpler, and more

primitive. The Greek revels in noble sweeping ART-Power of.

curves and in fretted foliage, highly convenThe power, whether of painter or poet, to tionalized. The Oriental types in their art describe rightly what he calls an ideal thing, lost their symbolic character, and became endepends upon its being to him not an ideal riched and idealized by fancy; harmony and but a real thing. No man ever did or ever a sweet grace are in every line. The Etruscan will work well, but either from actual sight, is rude and Asiatic, with Greek luxuriance. or sight of faith.

Ibid. The Roman is strong and vigorous, leafy,

luxurious, and voluptuous. The Byzantine is ART-Religiousness of.

barbarian, rich, knotted, linked, and studded Never is piety more unwise than when she like embroidery. The Moorish is the poetry casts beauty out of the church, and by this of geometry, and the mathematics of colour, excommunication forces her fairest sister to varied and changeful as Nature. The Gothic become profane. It is the duty of religion is Nature subdued, and limited by rules and not to eject, but to cherish and seek fellowship space. The Indian is varied, strange in its with every beautiful exhibition which delights, blendings and studied intermixtures, arranged and every delicate art which embellishes by the instinct of men of a hot climate ; but human life. So, on the other hand, it is the the Persian is the most graceful and poetical duty of art not to waste its high capabilities of all oriental work; gorgeous and yet delicate in the imitation of what is trivial, and in the in colour, it is full of the broadest effects of curious adornment of what has only a finite contrasting hues, and wreathed and blossomed significance. The highest art is always the with threads of Aowers, bright as those of a most religious; and the greatest artist is missal. In the harmonies of dyes there are always a devout man. A scoffing Raphael or invention and imagination. Let our students Michael Angelo is not conceivable.

follow Nature boldly and lovingly, but not

Blackie. servilely,--learning to compose as she does, ART-the highest Sagacity.

pot following her laws without laying down The enemy of art is the enemy of nature.

his own.

Above all, let him remember, that Art is nothing but the highest sagacity and ornamentation is to art what words are to exertion of human nature ;-and what nature thought, and that if design and architecture will be honour who honours not the human ? are dead, no ornamentation, however beautiful,

Lavater. can give them life. It will be at the best but ART-Study of.

a wreath of flowers round the pale brow of the The study of art possesses this great and corpse.

O powers peculiar charm, that it is absolutely unconnected with the struggles and contests of Illimitable !-'tis but the outer bem ordinary life. By private interests, by political of God's great mantle our poor stars do gem. questions, men are deeply divided and set at


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