ePub 版


FEELINGS-Training of the.

As a gladiator trained the body, so must we train the mind, to self-sacrifice, "to endure all things," to meet and overcome difficulty and danger. We must take the rough and thorny road as well as the smooth and pleasant; and a portion at least of our daily duty must be hard and disagreeable; for the mind cannot be kept strong and healthy in perpetual sunshine only, and the most dangerous of all states is that of constantly-recurring pleasure, ease, and prosperity. Most persons will find difficulties and hardships enough without seeking them; let them not repine, but take them as a part of that educational discipline necessary to fit the mind to arrive at its highest good. Charles Bray. FEELINGS- tincturing the internal World.


I may not hope from outward forms to win The passion and the life, whose fountains are within.

[ocr errors]

0 Lady! we receive but what we give, And in our life alone does nature live:

Ours is her wedding garment, ours her shroud! Coleridge.

William Carleton.

FESTIVALS-Benefits of.

Festivals, when duly observed, attach men to the civil and religious institutions of their Country: it is an evil, therefore, when they fall into disuse. For the same reason the loss of local observances is to be regretted: who is there that does not remember their effect upon himself in early life? Southey.


The heaving sighs through straiter passes blow,
And scorch the painful palate as they go;
The parch'd rough tongue night's humid vapour



And restless rolls within the clammy jaws. Rowe.

FEELINGS-of Youth.

Here still is the smile that no cloud can o'ercast, Feeling in the young precedes philosophy, And a heart and a hand all thy own to the



and often acts with a more certain aim.

FEVER-Violence of.

My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and Thou bast brought me into the dust of death.



When I say my bed shall comfort me, my couch shall ease my complaint, then Thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions. I am a burden to myself.



FICTION-Morality of.

We must remember, that fiction is not falsehood. If a writer puts abstract virtues into book-clothing, and sends them upon stilts into the world, he is a bad writer; if he classifies men, and attributes all virtue to one class and all vice to another, he is a false writer. Then, again, if his ideal is so poor that he fancies man's welfare to consist in immediate happiness; if he means to paint a great man and paints only a greedy one, he is a mischievous writer; and not the less so, although by lamp-light and among a juvenile audience his coarse scene-painting should be thought very grand. He may be true to his own fancy, but he is false to nature. A writer of course cannot get beyond his own ideal; but at least he should see that he works up to it; and if it is a poor one, he had better write histories of the utmost concentration of dulness, than amuse us with unjust and untrue imaginings. Helps.

FIDELITY-Devotedness of.

Come rest in this bosom, my own stricken deer! Though the herd hath fled from thee, thy home

is still here.

[blocks in formation]


Between an emperor and the poorest beggar!
Where is the friend, that bears the name of man,
Will do as much for you?
Mary Howitt.


With scarce inferior lustre gleamed the sea,
Whose waves were spangled with phosphoric fire,
As though the lightnings there had spent their

And left the fragments glittering on the field.
James Montgomery.
FIRESIDE-Definition of the.
The cat's Eden.


FIRESIDE-Social Importance of the.

The fireside is a seminary of infinite importance. It is important because it is universal, and because the education it bestows, being woven in with the wool of childhood. gives form and colour to the whole texture of life. There are few who can receive the honours of a college, but all are graduates of the hearth. The learning of the university may fade from the recollection, its classic lore may moulder in the halls of memory; but the simple lessons of home, enamelled upon the heart of childhood, defy the rust of years, and outlive the more mature but less vivid picture of after-years. So deep, so lasting, indeed, are the impressions of early life, that you often see man in the imbecility of age holding fresh in his recollection the events of childhood, while all the wide space between that and the present hour is a blasted and forgotten waste. You have perchance seen an old and half-obliterated portrait, and in the attempt to have it cleaned and restored you may have seen it fade away, while a brighter


and more perfect picture, painted beneath, is revealed to view. This portrait, first drawn upon the canvas, is no inapt illustration of youth; and though it may be concealed by some after-design, still the original traits will shine through the outward picture, giving it tone while fresh, and surviving it in decay. Such is the fireside,-the great institution of Providence for the education of man.


FIRMNESS-Definition of.

That profound firmness which enables a man to regard difficulties but as evils to be surmounted, no matter what shape they may Cockton.


[blocks in formation]

FISHING-Requisites for Successful. A day with not too bright a beam,

A warm but not a scorching sun, A southern gale to curl the stream,

And, master, half our work is done. There, whilst behind some bush we wait, We'll prove it just, with treacherous bait, The scaly people to betray,

To make the preying trout our prey:
And think ourselves, in such an hour,

Who, like leviathans, devour
Happier than those, though not so high,

Of meaner men the smaller fry.

Izaak Walton. FLATTERERS-No Confidence in. Meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips. Solomon.

FLATTERERS-Different Kinds of.

and if he be an ordinary flatterer, he will have Some praises proceed merely of flattery; certain common attributes which may serve every man; if he be a cunning flatterer, he will follow the arch-flatterer, which is a man's self; but if he be look' wherein a man is conscious to himself an impudent flatterer,

entitle him to, perforce.

that he is most defective, and is most out of
countenance in himself, that will the flatterer
FLATTERERS-the Lowest of Mankind.
Hold !
No adulation !-'tis the death of virtue !
Who flatters, is of all mankind the lowest,
Save him who courts the flattery.

Hannah More.

FLATTERERS-Meeting of.
When flatterers meet the devil goes to
De Foe.

FIRMNESS-Estimation of.

Firmness, both in sufferance and exertion, is a character which I would wish to possess.

I have always despised the whining yelp of FLATTERERS-Shame caused by.

complaint, and the cowardly feeble resolve.


Great lords, by reason of their flatterers, are the first to know their own virtues, and


the last to know their own vices: some are made ashamed by comparison, because their ancestors were so great; and others are ashamed of their ancestors, because they were so little.


FLATTERERS the Worst Kind of FLATTERY-Deceitfulness of.

FLATTERY-a Sneaking Art.

No flattery, boy! an honest man can't live
by 't;

It is a little sneaking art, which knaves
Use to cajole, and soften fools withal.
If thou hast flattery in thy nature, out with 't,
Or send it to a court, for there 'twill thrive!



Take care thou be not made a fool by fatterers, for even the wisest men are abused by these. Know therefore, that flatterers are the worst kind of traitors; for they will strengthen thy imperfections, encourage thee FLATTERY-Dislike of.

in all evils, correct thee in nothing, but so shadow and paint all thy vices and follies, as thou shalt never, by their will, discern evil from good, or vice from virtue: and because

FLATTERY-Caution against.

Beware of flattery; 'tis a flowery weed
Which oft offends the very idol vice
Whose shrine it would perfume.

FLATTERY-Danger of.

Flattery is an ensnaring quality, and leaves a very dangerous impression. It swells a man's imagination, entertains his vanity, and drives him to a doting upon his own person. Jeremy Collier.


all men are apt to flatter themselves, to enter- FLATTERY-Easiness of.

tain the additions of other men's praises, is
most perilous. Do not therefore praise thyself,
except thou wilt be counted a vainglorious
fool, neither take delight in the praise of other
men, except thou deserve it, and receive it
from such as are worthy and honest, and will
withal warn thee of thy faults; for flatterers
have never any virtue, they are ever base,
creeping, cowardly persons. A flatterer is
said to be a beast that biteth smiling; it is
said by Isaiah in this manner: My people, they
that praise thee, seduce thee, and disorder the FLATTERY-Influence of.



paths of thy feet: and David desired God to
When I tell him he hates flattery,
cut out the tongue of a flatterer. But it is He says he does, being then most flatter'd.
hard to know them from friends, they are so
obsequious and full of protestations; for as
a wolf resembles a dog, so doth a flatterer a
friend. A flatterer is compared to an ape,
who because she cannot defend the house like
a dog, labour as an ox, or bear burdens as
a horse, doth therefore yet play tricks, and
provoke laughter.
Sir Walter Raleigh.

This barren verbiage current among men,
Light coin, the tinsel clink of compliment.

FLATTERY-a Base Currency.

Flattery is a sort of bad money, to which our vanity gives currency. La Rochefoucauld.

People generally despise where they flatter, and cringe to those they would gladly overtop; so that truth and ceremony are things.

two Antoninus.

Of all wild beasts, preserve me from a tyrant;
And of all tame, a flatterer.

Men find it more easy to flatter than to praise.

FLATTERY-Evils of.

'Tis the fate of princes, that no knowledge Comes pure to them; but, passing through the

And ears of other men, it takes a tincture
From every channel, and still bears a relish
Of flattery, or private ends.


FLATTERY-Offensiveness of.

Nothing is so great an instance of ill-manners as flattery. If you flatter all the company, you please none; if you flatter only one or two, you affront the rest. Swift.

FLATTERY-Potency of.

All-potent Flattery, universal lord!
Reviled, yet courted; censured, yet adored!
How thy strong spell each human bosom draws,
The very echo to our self-applause!

'Tis thine to smoothe the furrow'd brow of

Wrinkle with smiles the sour reluctant cheek,
Silence the wrathful, make the sullen speak,
Disarm a tyrant, tame a father's curse,
Wring the slow farthing from the miser's


Subdue Lucretia, even when gold shall fail,
And make Apicius smile o'er cheese and ale!


FLATTERY-Penalty of.

He who can listen pleased to such applause, Buys at a dearer rate than I dare purchase, And pays for idle air with sense and virtue.


FLATTERY-only for Show.

Flattery is like a painted armour; only for show, not use. Socrates.

And though too oft its low, celestial sound
By the harsh notes of work-day care is drown'd.
And the loud steps of vain, unlist'ning haste,
Yet the great lesson hath no tone of power

FLATTERY-Seductiveness of.

No vizor does become black villany

So well as soft and tender flattery. Shakspeare. Mightier to reach the soul in thought's hush'd



Parent of wicked, bane of honest deeds.
Pernicious Flatt'ry, thy malignant seeds.
In an ill hour, and by a fatal hand,
Sadly diffused o'er Virtue's gleby land,
With rising pride amidst the corn appear,
And choke the hopes and harvest of the year.

Do not think I flatter, For what advancement may I hope from thee, That no revenue hast, but thy good spirits, To feed and clothe thee? Should the poor be flatter'd? Ibid.

FLOWERS-Associations of.

How the universal heart of man blesses flowers! They are wreathed round the cradle, the marriage altar, and the tomb. The Persian in the far-east delights in their perfume, and writes his love in nosegays; while the Indian child of the far-west claps his hands with glee as he gathers the abundant blossoms-the illuminated scriptures of the prairies. The Cupid of the ancient Hindoos tipped his arrows with flowers, and orange-flowers are a bridal crown Flowers with us, a nation of yesterday. garlanded the Grecian altar, and hung in votive wreath before the Christian shrine. All these are appropriate uses. Flowers should deck the brow of the youthful bride, for they are in themselves a lovely type of marriage. They should twine round the tomb, for their perpetually renewed beauty is a symbol of the resurrection. They should festoon the altar, for their fragrance and their beauty ascend in perpetual worship before the Most High.

Mrs. Child.


That life's quick travellers ne'er might pass you by

Unwarn'd of that sweet oracle divine.


Fell on your gentle beauty; when from you
That heavenly lesson for all hearts He drew,
Eternal, universal as the sky;
Then in the bosom of your purity
A voice He set, as in a temple shrine,

[blocks in formation]

FLOWERS-Beauty of.

Flowers! when the Saviour's calm, benignant The flowers are nature's jewels, with whose wealth

She decks her summer beauty: primrose


With blossoms of pure gold; enchanting rose,
That like a virgin queen, salutes the sun,



FLOWERS-Cultivation of.

The cultivation of flowers is of all the amusements of mankind the one to be selected and approved as the most innocent in itself, and most perfectly devoid of injury or annoyance to others: the employment is not only conducive to health and peace of mind, but, probably, more good-will has arisen, and friendships been founded, by the intercourse and communication connected with this pursuit, than from any other whatsoever. The pleasures, the ecstasies of the horticulturist, are harmless and pure; a streak, a tint, a shade, becomes his triumph, which, though often obtained by chance, are secured alone by morning care, by evening caution, and the vigilance of days: an employ which, in its various grades, excludes neither the opulent nor the indigent, and, teeming with boundless variety, affords an unceasing excitement to emulation, without contention or ill-will. Jesse.

[blocks in formation]


Bid them with tear-drops nurse ye?
-Tree nor shrub
Dare that drear atmosphere; no polar pine
Uprears a veteran front; yet there ye stand,
Leaning your cheeks against the thick-ribb'd ice,
And looking up with brilliant eyes to Him
Who bids you bloom unblanch'd amid the waste
Of desolation. Man, who, panting, toils
O'er slippery steeps, or, trembling, treads the


Of yawning gulfs, o'er which the headlong plunge
Is to eternity, looks shuddering up,
And marks ye in your placid loveliness-
Fearless, yet frail-and, clasping his chill hands
Blesses your pencill'd beauty. 'Mid the pomp
Of mountain summits rushing on the sky
And chaining the rapt soul in breathless awe,
He bows to bind you drooping to his breast,
Inhales your spirit from the frost-wing'd gale,
And freer dreams of heaven. Mrs. Sigourney.
FLOWERS-Scent of.

Whence is this delicate scent in the rose and the violet? It is not from the root,that smells of nothing; not from the stalk,— that is as scentless as the root; not from the earth whence it grows, which contributes no more to these flowers than to the grass that grows by them; not from the leaf, not from the bud, before it be disclosed, which yields no more fragrance than the leaf, or stalk, or

root; yet here I now find it: neither is there any miraculous way but in an ordinary course of nature, for all violets and roses of this kind yield the same redolence; it cannot be but that it was potentially in that root and stem from which the flowers proceed; and there placed and thence drawn by that Almighty Power which hath given these admirable virtues to several plants, and induces them, in His due season, to these excellent perfections.

Bishop Hall.

FOLLY-Taking Advantage of.

No man should so act as to take advantage of another's folly. Cicero.

FOLLY-Definition of.

Folly consists in the drawing of false conclusions from just principles, by which it is distinguished from madness, which draws just conclusions from false principles. Locke.


Folly and Innocence are so alike, The diff'rence, though essential, fails to strike;

Yet Folly ever has a vacant stare,

A simp'ring countenance, and a trifling air;
But Innocence, sedate, serene, erect,
Delights us by engaging our respect. Cowper.

« 上一頁繼續 »