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of the age and the folly of youth delight to be with which, when she was drunk, she furious adorned with. Since then it keeps all sorts grew, of company, and wriggles itself into the liking And lash'd herself : thus from the accursed of the most contrary natures and dispositions, and yet carries so much poison and venom Envy, the worst of fiends, herself presents, with it, that it alienates the affections from Envy, good only when she herself torments. beaven, and raises rebellion against God him.

Cowley. self; it is worth our utmost care to watch it ENVY-Detracting Spirit of. in all its disguises and approaches, that we When men are full of envy, they disparage may discover it in its first entrance, and everything, whetber it be good or bad. dislodge it before it procures a shelter or

Tacitus. retiring-place to lodge and conceal itself.

Lord Clarendon.

In some unlucky dispositions, there is such ENVY-coupled with Revenge.

an envious kind of pride, that they cannot The greatest food has the soonest ebb; the endure that any but themselves should be set sorest tempest the most sudden calm; the forth for excellent: so when they hear one bottest love the coldest end; and from the justly praised, they will either seek to disdeepest desire oftentimes ensues the deadliest mount his virtues : or, if they be like a clear bate. A wise man had rather be envied for night, eminent, they will stab him with a but providence, than pitied for prodigality. Re- of detraction : as if there were something yet venge barketh only at the stars, and spite so foul, as did obnubilate even his brightest spurns at that she cannot reach. An envious glory. Thus when their tongue cannot justly man Faxeth lean with the fatness of his condemn him, they will leave him in suspected neighbours. Envy is the daughter of pride, ill, by silence. Surely, if we considered dethe author of murder and revenge, the be- traction to be bred of envy, nested only in ginner of secret sedition, and the perpetual deficient minds, we should find that the aptormentor of virtue. Envy is the filthy slime plauding of virtue would win us far more of the soul; a venom, a poison, or quicksilver honour than the seeking slyly to disparage it. which consumeth the flesh, and drieth up the That would show we loved what we commarrow of the bones.

Socrates. mended, while this tells the world we grudge

at what we want in ourselves. Feltham. ENVY-Demon Spirit of. Glouting with sullen spite, the fury shook ENVY-an Ill-natured Vice. Her clotted locks, and blasted with each look ; Envy is an ill-natured vice, and is made up Then tore with canker'd teeth the pregnant of meanness and malice. It wishes the force scrolls,

of goodness to be strained, and the measure of Where Fame the acts of demigods enrols; happiness abated. It laments over prosperity, She blazens in dread smiles her hideous form; and sickens at the sight of health. It oftenSo lightning gilds the unrelenting storm.

times wants spirit as well as good-nature. Garth.

Jeremy Collier.

EPIGRAMMATIST-The. Envy at last crawls forth from hell's dire throog,

An epigrammatist is a poet of small wares, Of all the direfull'st! Her black locks hung whose muse is short-winded, and quickly out long,

of breath. She flies like a goose, that is no Attired with curling serpents ; her pale skin sooner upon the wing, but down again. He Was almost dropp'd from her sharp bones was originally one of those authors that used within ;

to write upon white walls, from whence his And at her breast stuck vipers, which did prey works, being collected and put together, pass [poa her panting heart both night and day, in the world, like single money among those Sucking black blood from thence, which to who deal in small matters. His wit is like fire repzir,

in a flint, that is nothing while it is in, and Both day and night they left fresh poisons nothing again as soon as it is out. He is a there.

kind of vagabond writer, that is never out of Her garments were deep-stain'd in human his way, for nothing is beside the purpose with gore,

him, that purposes none at all. His works And torn by her own hands, in which she bore are like a running banquet, that have much A knotted whip and bowl, which to the brim variety but little of a sort; for he deals in Di with green gall and juice of wormwood nothing but scraps and parcels, like a tailor's



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EPITHET–Proper Use of an.

word. Errors in doctrine, errors in practice, Ad epithet or metaphor drawn from nature errors which are floating in the atmosphere in ennobles art; an epithet or metaphor drawn which we live, and which nothing but familiarity from art degrades nature.

Johnson. with God's Word, and the having our minds

impregnated with it, will preserve us from EQUALITY-in the Future.

imbibing. Only let us remember that it is not In the gates of Eternity, the black hand merely head-knowledge that we want; it is and

the white hold each other with an equal such a knowledge as is acquired by prayer, and clasp. Mrs. Stowe. is turned as we acquire it into practice.


ERROR-Headlong Career of. EQUALITY-Impossibility of. Let us suppose a case in which the equality there is no swiftness so tremendous as that

Once upon the inclined road of error, and in the circumstances of the individuals of a society is not positive and absolute, but it sibility so obstinate as that which fastens on

with which we dash adown the plane, no insenwhich the association is only one of com

us through the quick descent. The start once parative equality. Such a system has been

made, and there is neither stopping nor waking summed up in a famous formula :

until the last and lowest depth is sounded. From every one according to his aptitudes. Our natural fears and promptings become

To every one according to his needs. hushed with the first impetus, and we are lost In plainer words, every one shall be required to everything but the delusive tones of sin, to give to the association all that his powers which only cheat the senses and make our of whatever kind enable him to give; and misery harmonious. Farewell all opportunities every one shall receive from the association of escape-the strivings of conscience-the all that his wants need for their satisfaction. faithful whisperings of shame, which served as The man with most ability shall give most ; the even when we stood trembling at the fatal man with least ability shall receive most. Sala. point ! Farewell the holy power of virtue,

which made foul things look hideous, and good EQUALITY (Political)-Arrogant Spirit things lovely, and kept a guard about our of.

hearts to welcome beauty and frighten off Equality is one of the most consummate deformity! Farewell integrity-joy-restscoundrels that ever crept from the brain of a

and happiness.

Meleill political juggler ;-a fellow who thrusts his ERROR-Encouragement of. hand into the pocket of honest industry or enterprising talent, and squanders their hard

Before we permit our severity to break loose earned profits on profligate idleness or indolent upon any fault or error, we ought surely to

consider how much we have countenanced or

Langstuf. stupidity.

promoted it. We see multitudes busy in the EQUANIMITY.

pursuit of riches at the expense of wisdom

and virtue ; but we see the rest of mankind My days, though few, have pass'd below

approving their conduct and exciting their In much of joy, though more of woe;

eagerness, by paying that regard and deference Yet still, in hours of love or strife,

to wealth which wisdom and virtues can only I've 'scaped the weariness of life. Byron. deserve. We see women universally jealous of

the reputation of their beauty, and frequently EQUITY.

look with contempt on the care with which All things whatsoever ye would that men

they study their complexions, endeavour to should do to you, do ye even so to them.

preserve or supply the bloom of youth, regu.

St. Matthew. late every ornament, twist their hair into curls, EQUIVOCATION-the Murder of Truth. and shade their faces from the weather. We

recommend the care of their nobler part, and A sudden lie may be sometimes only man

tell them how little addition is made by all slaughter upon truth; but by a carefully their arts to the graces of the mind. But constructed equivocation, truth always is with where was it known that female goodness or malice aforethought deliberately murdered.

knowledge was able to attract that officiousness Morley.

or inspire that ardour which beauty produces ERROR-Means of Avoiding.

whenever it appears? And with what hope can The great means of guarding against the we endeavour to persuade the ladiesthat the time errors which surround us, is the diligent, spent at the toilet-table is lost in vanity, when obedient, devout, teachable study of God's | they have every moment some new conviction

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that their interest is more effectually pro- ERRORS-Perpetually made. moted by a fine riband well disposed than by There will be mistakes in divinity while the brightest act of heroic virtue ? Johnson. men preach, and errors in governments while

men govern.

Sir Dudley Carlton.
I will not quarrel with a slight mistake,

ERRORS-like Straws.
Such as our nature's frailty may excuse. Errors like straws upon the surface flow;

Roscommon. He who would search for pearls must dive ERROR-Evil Genius of.


Dryden. Obateful Error – Melancholy's child !

ESTEEM-of Men.
Why dost thou show to the apt thoughts of men
The things that are not? O Error, soon con-

We must never prefer the esteem of men to ceived !

the approbation of God. Every day this sacred Thou never com'st unto a happy birth,

rule is transgressed, by sacrificing virtue and Bat kill'st the mother that engendered thee.

conscience to false honour and popular renown. Shakspeare.

Jortin. ERBOR-Liability to.

ESTEEM-preferred to Reputation, Our understandings are always liable to The consideration we are held in is owing error; Nature and certainty are very hard to to the effect which our personal qualities have come at, and infallibility is mere vanity and on others. If these be great and exalted, pretence.

Antoninus. they excite admiration; if amiable and en

dearing, they create friendship. We enjoy ERROR-Devious Path of.

esteem' much more than we do reputation: Wben in a wood we leave the certain way,

the one affects us nearly, the other lies more Ode error fools us, though we various stray,

at a distance; and, though greater, we are less

sensible of it, as it seldom comes close enough Some to the left, and some to th' other side.


to become a real possession. We acquire the ERROR-in Science,

love of people, who, being in our proximity,

are presumed to know us; and we receive In all science error precedes the truth, and reputation (or celebrity) from such as are not it is better it should go first than last.

personally acquainted with us.

Merit secures Horace Walpole. to us the regard of our honest neighbours, ERROR-Tenacity of.

and good fortune that of the public. Esteem | It is a melancholy fact, verified by every

is the barvest of a whole life spent in usefulday's observation, that the experience of the ness; but reputation is often bestowed upon a past is totally lost both upon individuals and chance action, and depends most on success. nations. A few persons, indeed, who have

Sula. altended to the history of former errors, are

ESTRANGEMENT. aware of the consequences to which they in- There is not so agonizing a feeling in the Tariably lead, and lament the progress of na. whole catalogue of human suffering as the first tional violence in the same way as they do conviction that the heart of the being whom the career of individual intemperance, But, we most tenderly love is estranged from us. upon the great mass of mankind-the young,

Bulver Lytton. the active, and the ambitious—such examples ETERNITY-always fronting God. are wholly thrown away. Each successive generation plunges into the abyss of passion, Eternity stands always fronting God;

A stern colossal image, with blind eyes, without the slightest regard to the fatal efects which such couduct has produced upon "God, God, God!" Elizubetle Barrett Browning.

And grand dim lips, that murmur evermore their predecessors; and lament, when too late, tbe rashness with which they slighted the advice of experience, and stified the voice of ETERNITY-Immeasurability of.

Steele. Ere the foundations of the world were laid,

Ere kindling light th' Almighty Word obey'd, ERRORS-Serious Consequence of.

Thou wert; and when the subterraneous flame Those things which now seem frivolous and Shall burst its prison and devour this frame, slight,

From angry heaven when the keen lightning Will be of serious consequence to you,

flies, When they bave made you once ridiculous. When fervent heat dissolves the melting

Roscommon. skies,







Thou shalt be: still, as thou wert before, Of rain-drench'd flower, nor fleece of evening And know no change, when time shall be no cloud, more.

Which blended with a thought that rose to O endless thought, divine eternity !

heaven, Th' immortal soul shares but a part of thee; Shall ever die ; but, link'd with joy that drew : For thou wert present when our life began, Colour and shape from this fair world, shall When the warm dust shot up in breathing shed

1 Gay. Familiar sweetness through the glorious frame After a thousand ages.

The longest time that man may live,
The lapse of generations of his race,

ETERNITY-Reflections on.
The continent entire of time itself,
Bears not proportion to eternity;

Why shrinks the soul

Back on herself, and startles at destruction ! Huge as a fraction of a grain of dew, Co-measured with the broad unbounded ocean !

'Tis the Divinity that stirs within us; There is the time of man-his proper time,

'Tis Heaven itself that points out an hereafter,

And intimates eternity to man.
Looking at which this life is but a gust,
A puff of breath, that's scarcely felt ere gone !

Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought!

Through what variety of untried being,
Sheridan Knowles.

Through what new scenes and changes must ETERNITY-Incomprehensibility of.

we pass ? None can comprehend eternity but the | The wide, the unbounded prospect lies before eternal God. Eternity is an ocean, whereof we shall never see the shore; it is a deep, But shadows, clouds, and darkness rest upon it. where we can find no bottom; a labyrinth,

Addison. from whence we cannot extricate ourselves, and ETIQUETTE-Extravagances of. where we shall ever lose the door. Boston.

Nothing is etiquette. It is not etiquette to ETERNITY - believed in by all great

use a handkerchief-to spit-to sneeze. What Minds.

is to be done? Is it etiquette to bave a cold ! There is, I know not how, in the minds of

It is not etiquette to speak loud, even in the men, a certain presage, as it were, of a future houses of Parliament: to walk in the middle existence; and this takes the deepest root,

of the street; to run in order to escape the and is most discoverable, in the greatest wheel of a carriage. Prefer to be run over! geniuses and most exalted souls. Cicero. It is not etiquette to close a letter with a

wafer, because this is to send people your ETERNITY-Preparing for.

saliva ; nor to write without an envelope. It It is not in the heyday of health and enjoy. | is not etiquette to go to the opera with the ment,-it is not in the morning sunshine of smallest sprig upon the waistcoat or the cravat; his vernal day, that man can be expected feel.

to take scup twice; to salute a lady first; to

ride in an omnibus; to go to a party before ingly to remember his latter end, and to fix his heart upon eternity. But in after-life

ten or eleven o'clock, or to a ball before midmany causes operate to wean us from the night; to drink beer at table without giving world : grief softens the heart ; sickens searches back your glass at once to the servant. It is it; the blossoms of hope are shed ; death cuts

not etiquette to refrain a day from sharing ; down the flowers of the affections ; the dis

to have an appetite; to offer anything to drink appointed man turns his thoughts toward a

to a person of high rank; to appear surprised state of existence where his wiser desires may

when the ladies leave the table at dessert time be fixed with the certainty of faith; the suc

- that hour which is so charming with us. cessful man feels that the objects which he has It is not etiquette to dress in black in the ardently pursued fail to satisfy the cravings of morning, nor in colours in the evening. It is an immortal spirit; the wicked man turneth

not etiquette to address a lady without adding

her Christian pame; to speak to a person, on away from his wickedness, that he may save his soul alive.


any pretext, without having been presented;

to knock at a door quietly; to have the ETERNITY-Prospects of.

smallest particle of mud upon the boot, even I feel

in the most unfavourable weather; to have Upon this giddy margin of two worlds, pence in your pocket; to wear the hair cut That there is nothing beautiful in this

close; to have a white hat; to exhibit a decoThe passion'd soul has clasp’d, but shall partake ration or two; to wear braces, or a small or Its everlasting essence; not a scent

large beard ; to do any of these things is to 196




| forget etiquette. But that which violates Let us beneath these spreading trees recite Etiquette in England more than anything else What from our hearts our muses may in lite. is, want of nerve to ruin yourself-run into

Mrs. Rove. debt-nobody will wonder; but, above all, be 1 spendthrift. If, when a foreigner arrives in Now to the main the burning sun descends, London, it becomes known that he lodges in Apd sacred Night her gloomy veil extends. ose of the economical botels near Leicester The western sun now shot a feeble ray, Square, he is lost to certain society. Never And faintly scatter'd the remains of day. Ti an equipage, por even the card of a lord,

Addison. Fander thither. The respectablity for which EVENING-in Autumn. the English contend means simply material it was an eve of autumn's holiest mood; a dvantages — it has no relation to moral The corn-fields, bathed in Cynthia's silver light, i zalities.

Jerrold. Stood ready for the reaper's gathering hand,

And all the winds slept soundly; Nature EVASIONS.


In silent contemplation, to adore Erasions are the common shelter of the hard

Its Maker: now and then the aged leaf bearted, the false and impotent, when called

Fell from its fellows, rustling to the ground; opon to assist; the real great alone plan And, as it fell, bade man think on his end. instantaneous help, even when their looks or

On lake and vale, on wood and mountain high, words presage difficulties.


With pensive wing outspread sat heavenly

Thought, EVENING-Appearances of.

Conversing with itself.

Pollok. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day;

The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea; EVENING-Calmness of. The ploughman homeward plods his weary How calm the evening ! see the falling day way,

Gilds ev'ry mountain with a ruddy ray! And leaves the world to darkness and to me.

In gentle sighs the softly whisp'ring breeze Now fardes the glimm'ring landscape on the Salutes the flowers, and waves the trembling sight,


Broome. And all the air a solemn stillness holds, Sare where the beetle wheels his drony flight, Now came still Evening on, and Twilight grey

And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds. Had in her sober livery all things clad.
Sare that from yonder ivy-mantled tower, Silence accompanied—for beast and bird,

The moping owl does to the moon complain They to their grassy couch, these to their
If such as, wand'riug near her secret bower, nests,
Julest ber ancient, solitary reign. Gray. | Were slunk-all but the wakeful nightingale ;

She all night long her amorous descant sung. EVENING-Approach of.

Silence was pleased. Now glow'd the firmament

With living sapphires. Hesperus, that led Thus sung the shepherds till th' approach of the starry host, rode brigbtest, till the moon, night,

Rising in clouded majesty, at length The skies yet blushing, with departing light;

Apparent queen, unveil'd her peerless light, When falling dews with spangles deck'd the

And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw. glade,

Milton. And the low sun had lengthen'd every shade. EVENING-Delights of.

Pope. .

There are two periods in the life of man in The sun has lost his rage, his downward orb

which the evening hour is peculiarly interest

ing-in youth and in old age. In youth, we Shoots nothing now but animating warmth; And vital lustre, that, with various ray,

love it for its mellow moonlight, its million of Lights up the clouds—those beauteous robes stars, its thin, rich, and shooting shades, its of beaven,

still serenity; amid those who can commune Incessant roll'd into romantic shapes,

with our loves, or twine the wreaths of friend. The dream of waking fancy.


ship, while there is none to bear us witness but the heavens and the spirits that hold their

endless sabbath there-or look into the deep While from the sky the ruddy sun descends, bosom of creation, spread abroad like a canopy Ani rising night the evening shade extends ; above us, and look and listen till we can almost While pearly dews o'erspread the fruitful field, see and hear the waving wings and melting Aad closing flowers reviving odours yield;

songs of other worlds. To youth, evening is

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