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him, and say, Woe to him that increaseth that ' boats; and when you get home for a quiet which is not his, and to him that ladeth him- fortnight, lie on your backs in the paternal self with thick clay; woe to him that coveteth garden, surrounded by the last batch of an evil covetousness that he may set his best books of Mudie's library, and half-bored to on high ; woe to him that buildeth a town death. Well-well! I know it has its good with blood."
All I say is, you don't
know your own woods and fields. Though you ENGLAND-Wants of.
may be chock full of science, not one in twenty Oftentimes, in contemplating the history of of you knows where to find the wood-sorrel, or this empire ; the greatness of its power; the bee-orchis, which grow in the next wood, or on peculiarity of its condition; its vast extent, the down three miles off; or what the bog. one arm resting on the East, the other on the bean and wood-sage are good for. And as for West; its fleets riding proudly on every sea; the country legends, the stories of the old its name and majesty on every shore; the in- , gable-ended farm-houses, the place where the dividual energy of its people; their noble last skirmisb was fought in the civil wars, institutions, and, above all, their reformed where the parish butts stood, where the last ! faith-we are tempted to think that Heaven's highwayman turned to bay, where the last ligh Providence has yet in store for us some ghost was laid by the parson-they're gode high and arduous calling. The long-suffering out of date altogether. Now, in my time, of the Almighty invites us to repentance; when we got home by the old coach, which evils that have engulfed whole nations, sus- put us down at the four cross-roads, and had pended over us for a while, and then averted, been driven off by the family coachmad, singexhibit the mercy-and the probable termi- ing dulce domum at the top of our voices, bere nation of it:
we were, fixtures, till Black Monday came
round. We had to cut our own amusements “ Death bis dart
within a walk or a ride of home. And so we Shook, but delayed to strike—"
got to know all the country-folk, and their Open, therefore, your treasury, erect churches, ways, and songs, and stories by heart; and send forth the ministers of religion ; reverse
went over the woods, and fields, and hills, the conduct of the enemy of mankind, and again and again, till we made friends of them sow wheat among the tares-all hopes are
all. We were Berkshire, er Gloucestershire, groundless, all legislation weak, without this
or Yorkshire boys; and you're young cosmopoalpha and omega ; it will give content instead lites, belonging to all counties and no counties. of bitterness, raise purity from corruption, No doubt, it's all right; I dare say it is. This and “life from the dead”—but there is no
is the day of large views and glorious humanity, time to be lost.
and all that; but I wish back-sword play had Let us catch at this proffered opportunity,
not gone out in the Vale of White Horse, and which may never return : betake ourselves
that the Great Western had not carried away with eagerness to do the first works; and, Alfred's Hill for an embankment. Hughes. while we have yet strength, and dominion, and wealth, and power,“ break off our sins ENGLISH-Individuality of the. by righteousness, and our iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor, if it may be a lengthening
The English are to be distinguished from the of our tranquillity.
Chalmers. Americans by greater independence of personal
habits. Not only the instit ons, but the ENGLAND-should be Studied by the physical conditiou of our own country, has a Young.
tendency to reduce us all to the same level of Oh, Young England, Young England! You usages. The steamboats, the overgrown who are born into these racing railroad times, taverns, the speculative character of the enter when there's a great exhibition or some mon- prises, and the consequent disposition to do ster sight every year, and you can get over a all things in common, aid the tendency of the couple of thousand miles for three pound ten system in bringing about such a result. In in a five weeks' holiday, why don't you know England a man dines by himself, in a room more of your own birthplaces? You are all filled with other hermits ; he eats at his leisure ; in the ends of the earth, it seems to me, as
drinks his wine in silence ; reads the paper by soon as you get your necks out of the education the hour; and in all things encourages his indi. collar; going round Ireland with a return viduality, and insists on his particular humours. ticket in a fortnight; dropping your copies of The American is compelled to submit to a com. Tennyson on the tops of Swiss mountains, or mon rule; he eats when others eat; sleeps pulling down the Danube in Oxford racing when others sleep; and he is lucky indeed if
he can read a paper in a tavern without having seen in poetry. Chaucer's hard painting of a stranger looking over each shoulder.
his Canterbury pilgrims satisfies the senses.
Fenimore Cooper. Shakspeare, Spenser, and Milton, in their ENGLISH-Mental Peculiarities of the. i loftiest ascents, have this national grip and
They have no fancy, and never are surprised exactitude of mind. This mental materialism into a covert or witty word, such as pleased the
makes the value of English transcendental Athenians and Italians, and was convertible genius; in these writers, and in Herbert, into a fable not long after ; but they delight in Henry Moore, Donne, and Sir Thomas Browne. strong earthy expression, not mistakable, The Saxon materialism and narrowness, exalted carsely true to the human body, and, though into the sphere of intellect, makes the very spoken among princes, equally fit and welcome .genius of Shakspeare and Milton. When it to the mob. This homeliness, veracity, and reaches the pure element, it treads the clouds plain style appear in the earliest extant works, as securely as the adamant. Even in its elevaand in the latest. It imparts into songs and tions materialistic, its poetry is common sense ballads the smell of the earth, the breath of inspired, or iron raised to white heat. Emerson. | cattle, and, like a Dutch painter, seeks a brusehold charm, though by pails and pans.
ENGLISH-National Peculiarities of the. They ask their constitutional utility in verse. They love the lever, the scrow, and pulley; The kail and herrings are never out of sight. the Flanders draught-horse, the waterfall, wind. The poet nimbly recovers himself from every mills, tide-mills; the sea and the wind to bear sally of the imagination. The English muse their freight-ships. More than the diamond loves the farmyard, the lane, and market. koh-i-noor, which glitters among their crown
She says, with De Stael, “ I tramp in the mire jewels, they prize the dull pebble, which is | with wooden shoes whenever they would force wiser than a man, and whose poles turn themi me into the clouds." For the Englishman bas selves to the poles of the world, and whose axis accurate perceptions; takes hold of things by is parallel to the axis of the world. Now, the right end, and there is no slipperiness in their toys are steam and galvanism. They are bis grasp. He loves the axe, the spade, the heavy at the fine arts, but adroit at the coarse; ear, the gun, the steam-pipe; he has built the not good in jewellery or mosaics, but the best I engine he uses. He is materialist, economical, | iron-masters, colliers, wool-combers, and tanners mercantile. He must be treated with sincerity in Europe. They apply themselves to agriculani reality-with muffins, and not the promise ture, to draining, to resisting encroachments of of muffins; and prefers his hot chop with sea-wind, travelling sands, cold and wet subperfect security and convenience in the eating soil ! to fishery, to manufacture of indispenof it, to the chances of the amplest and sable staples, - salt, plumbago, leather, wool, : Frenchiest bill of fare, engraved on embossed glass, pottery, and brick,—to bees and silkpaper. When he is intellectual, and a poet, or worms; and by their steady combinations they a philosopher, he carries the same hard truth succeed. A manufacturer sits down to dinner and the same kee machinery into the mental in a suit of clothes which was wool on a sheep's spbere. His mind must stand on a fact. He back at sunrise. You dine with a gentleman will not be baffled, or catch at clouds, but the on venison, pheasant, quail, pigeons, poultry, mind must have a symbol palpable and resist- mushrooms, and pineapples, all the growth of ing. What he relishes in Dante is the vice-like his estate. They are neat husbands for ordertenacity with which he holds a mental image ing all their tools pertaining to house and field. before the eyes, as if it were a scutcheon All are well kept. There is no want and no painted on a shield. Byron “liked something waste. They study use and fitness in their craggy to break his mind upon." A taste for building, in the order of their dwellings, and plain, strong speech --what is called a biblical in their dress. The Frenchman invented the style-marks the English. It is in Alfred, and ruffle; the Englishman added the shirt. The the Saron Chronicle, and in the Sages of the Englishman wears a sensible coat, buttoned to Northmen. Latimer was bomely. Hobbs was the chin, of rough but solid and lasting texperfect in the “poble vulgar speech." Donne, ture. If he is a lord, he dresses a little worse Banyan, Milton, Taylor, Evelyn, Pepys, Hooker, than a commoner. They have diffused the Cotton, and the translators, wrote it. How
taste for plain substantial hats, shoes, and realistic or materialistic in treatment of his coats through Europe. They think him the subject is Swift! He describes his fictitious best-dressed man, whose dress is so fit for his Datuins as if for the police. Defoe has no in- use, that you cannot notice, or remember, or urity or choice. Hudibras has the same describe it. They secure the essentials in band mentality, keeping the truth at once to their diet, in their arts, and manufactures. the senses and to the intellect. It is not less | Every article of cutlery shows, in its shape,
thought and long experience of workmen. being few curiosities of art brought here from They put the expense in the right place; as beyond sea, but are here improved to a greater in their sea steamers, in the solidity of their height.
Written temp. Queen Anat. machinery, and the strength of the boat. The admirable management of their Arctic ships ENGLISH LANGUAGE-Powers of the. carries London to the pole. They build roads,
The English language has a veritable power aqueducts, warm and ventilate houses. And of expression, such as, perhaps, never stood at they have impressed their directness and prac the command of any other language of men. tical habit on modern civilization. Emerson. Its highly spiritual genius and wonderfully
happy development and condition, bave been ENGLISH-Superiority of the.
the result of a surprisingly intimate union of The English, by reason of their temperate the Teutonic and the Romaic. It is well |
tke two noblest languages in modern Europe, climate, mild air, plenty of wholesome food,
known in what relation these two stand to and the use of beer rather than wine, are commonly tall and big of stature. If compared
one another in the English tongue; the former with southern nations, they are fair
, especially supplying, in far larger proportion, the mathe women, whose beauties are lasting, shapes terial groundwork; the latter, the spiritual fine, mien agreeable, air sweet and charming which by no mere accident has produced and
conceptions. In truth, the English language, Both sexes are here well-proportioned in body, upborne the greatest and most predominant and graceful in carriage, grave, well spoken, prudent, modest, free, sincere, pleasant, in poet of modern times, as distinguished from
tbe ancient classical poetry (I can, of course, genuous. The men are strong, courageous: only mean Shakspeare), may, with all right, warlike, resolute, enterprising, constant, not knowing how to fly in battle, liberal to prodi be called a world language, and, like the gality, open-hearted, hard to be provoked, yet, English people, appears destined hereafter ty when exasperated, stomachful till satisfaction prevail with a sway more extensive even than be given, and then easy to be reconciled, for in wealth, good sense, and closeness of
its present, over all the portions of the globe. sumptuous and splendid, great lovers of bospitality, magnanimous and beneficent, learned,
structure, no other of the languages at this sagacious, grateful. They are thought to be day spoken deserves to be compared with it,
not even our German, which is toru, even as wanting in industry (excepting mechanics, wherein they are, of all nations, the greatest defects before it can enter boldly into the
we are torn, and must first rid itself of many improvers), caution, suspicion, craft, obsequious lists as a competitor with the English. Grimak. ness, and which is more than all to be deplored,
1 contentedness. But these wants are supplied ENGLISHMAN-Social Advantages of by many eminent qualifications, as dexterity, sagacity, eloquence, fidelity, friendship, and In the social world an Englishman to-day public spiritedness. The daringness of the has the best lot. He is a king in a plain coat. soldier, the profoundness of the scholar, the
He goes with the most powerful protection, magnificence of the gentry, the robustness of keeps the best company, is armed by the best the labourer, are not surpassed, if equalled, by education, is seconded by wealth; and his any people in the world.
The women are English name and accidents are like a flourish tender, chaste, constant, prudent, loyal, in
of trumpets announcing him. This, with his dustrious, passionately loving to their relations, quiet style of manners, gives him the power especially their husbands and children, even to
of a sovereign without the inconveniences fondness. They are not without vanity, pre- which belong to that rank. I much prefer tensions to satire, raillery, and the like; but the condition of an English gentleman, of the no women outdo them in modesty, patience, better class, to that of any potentate in charity, providential care, temperance, wit, Europe, whether for travel or for opportunity good humour, cleanliness, and that which
of society, or for access to means of science or crowds all the rest, in the sincerity and zeal of study, or for mere comfort and easy healthy religious devotion. Good-nature is a qualifica relation to people at home.
Emerson. tion peculiar to the English, so peculiar that, as a noble writer observes, there is no word ENGLISHMAN-Vigour of an. for it in any other language. To conclude, the I find the Englishman to be him of all men inhabitants of England are generally of a who stands firinest in their shoes. They have warm and elevated genius, of brisk and solid in themselves what they value in their horses, parts, apprehensive and subtle, successful in mettle and bottom. On the day of my arrival finding out new discoveries, but most of all in in Liverpool, a gentleman, in describing the improving of old, especially mechanics, there i lord lieutenant of Ireland, happened to say,
" Lord Clarendon has pluck like a cock, and but songs and cheerful sounds. Listen to the will night till he dies;" and what I heard first million voices in the summer air, and find one I heard last; and the one thing the English | dismal as your own. Rememoer, if ye can, value, is-pluck. The cabmen have it; the the sense of hope and pleasure which every merchants have it; the bishops have it; the 'glad return of day awakens in the breast of all women have it; the journals have it; the Times your kind who have not changed their nature; Dewspaper, they say, is the pluckiest thing in and learn some wisdom even from the witless, England.
It requires, men when their bearts are lifted up they know not say, a good constitution to travel in Spain. I why, by all the mirth and happiness it brings. say as much of England, for other cause, simply
Dickens. on account of the vigour and brawn of the
ENJOYMENT_limited by Providence. people. Nothing but the most serious business could give one any counter-weight to these
Providence has fixed the limits of human Baresarks, though they were only to order eggs | enjoyment by immovable boundaries, and has and muffins for their breakfast. The English- sei different gratifications at such a distance man speaks with all his body. His elocution from each other, that no art or power can is stomachic, as the American's is labial. The bring them together. This great law it is the Englishman is very petulant and precise about business of every rational being to understand, his accommodation at inns, and on the roads; that life may not pass away in an attempt to à quibble about his toast and his chop, and make contradictions consistent, to combine every species of convenience, and loud and opposite qualities, and to unite things which pungent in his expressions of impatience at the nature of their being must always keep any neglect. His vivacity betrays itself at all asunder.
Johnson. points,-in his manners, in his respiration, and the inarticulate noise he makes in clearing the ENJOYMENT-Rational Pursuit of. throat; all significant of burly strength. He All solitary enjoyments quickly pall, or bas stamina; he can take the initiative in become painful, so that, perhaps, no more inemergencies. He has that aplomb which sufferable misery can be conceived than that sults from a good adjustment of the moral which must follow incommunicable privileges. and physical nature, and the obedience of all Only imagine a human being condemned to the powers to the will; as if the axes of his perpetual youth while all around him decay eres were united to his backbone, and only and die. 'Oh ! bow sincerely would he call mored with the trunk.
Emerson. upon death for deliverance! What, then, is
to be done? Are we to struggle against all ENJOYMENT_Of a Good Conscience.
our desires ? Luckily, we should strive in vain, Light as a gossamer is the circumstance or, could we succeed, we should be fools for which can bring eujoyment to a conscience our pains. To strangle a natural feeling is a which is not its own accuser.
partial suicide; but there is no need to exWilliam Carleton. tinguish the fertility of the soil lest the harvest
should be unwholesome. Is it not better far ENJOYMENT-the Gift of Heaven.
to root up the weeds, and to plant fruits and It is something to look upon enjoyment, so flowers instead? Were but a tithe of the that it be free and wild, and in the face of time and thought usually spent in learning Bature, though it is but the enjoyment of an the commonest accomplishments bestowed idiot. It is sounething to know that Heaven upon regulating our lives, how many evils has left the capacity of gladness in such a would be avoided or lessened! how many creature's breast; it is something to be assured pleasures would be created or increased ! that, however lightly men may crush that
Sharpe. faculty in their fellows, the great Creator of Vankind imparts it even to His despised and All real and wholesome enjoyments possible slighted work. Who would not rather see a to man have been just as possible to him poor idiot happy in the sunlight, than a wise since first he was made of the earth as they man pining in a darkened jail ?
are now; and they are possible to him chiefly Ye mea of gloom and austerity, who paint in peace. To watch the corn grow and the the face of Infinite Benevolence with an eternal blossom set, to draw hard breath over ploughfrown, read in the Everlasting Book, wide open share and spade, to read, to think, to love, to to your view, the lesson it would teach. Its hope, to pray--these are the things to make pictures are not in black and sombre hues, but man happy; they have always had the power bright and glowing tints; its music-save of doing these, they never will have power to when ye drown it-is not in sighs and groans,
ENVY-Destructiveness of. Give me to drink, Mandragora,
O envy! hide thy bosom, bide it deep: That I may sleep away this gap of time. A thousand snakes, with black envedomed
Shukspeare. mouths, ENNUI-an awful Yawn.
Nest there, and hiss, and feed through all thy For eunui is a growth of English root,
Pullok. Though nameless in our language :-we retort
ENVY-admits of no Excuse. The fact for words, and let the French translate
Every other sin hath some pleasure andered That awtul yawn which sleep cannot abate.
to it, or will admit of some excuse ; but enty
Byron. wants both: we should strive against it, for ENTERPRISE-Delay in.
if indulged in, it will be to us as a foretaste of How slow the time hell upon earth.
Burton. To the warm soul, that, in the very instant ENVY-Feelings of. It forms, would execute a great design.
Now I feel Thomson. Of what coarse metal ye are moulded-envy. ENTHUSIASM-Contagiousness of.
How eagerly ye follow my disgraces,
As if it fed ye ! and how sleek and wanton Nothing is so contagious as enthusiasm ; it is the real allegory of the tale of Orpheus : it
Ye appear in everything may bring my ruin !
Follow your envious courses, men of malice ; moves stones, it charms btutes. Enthusiasm
You've Christian warrant for them, and, po is the genius of sincerity, and truth accom
doubt, plishes no victories without it.
In time will find your fit rewards. Shakspeare.
ENVY-implies Inferiority. ENTHUSIASM-turned into Ridicule.
We ought to be guarded against every When once enthusiasm has been turned appearance of envy, as a passion that always into ridicule, everything is undone, except implies inferiority, wherever it resides. Pliny. money and power.
ENVY-Mendacity of. ENTHUSIASM-Triumphs of.
Lo ! ill-rejoicing Envy, wing'd with lies, Every great and commanding movement in Scattering calumnious rumours as she flies, the annals of the world is the triumph of The steps of miserable men pursue, enthusiasm.
Emerson. With haggard aspect, blasting to the view. ENTREATY-in Extremity.
ENVY-Mistakes of. If thou hast any love of mercy in thee,
We are often infinitely mistaken, and take Turn me upou my face, that I may die ! the falsest measures, when we envy the bar
Joanna Baillie. piness of rich and great men; we know not
the inward canker that eats out all their joy Once more into the breach, dear friends; and delight, and makes them really much once more!
Shakspeare. more miserable than ourselves. Bishop Hall. ENVIER-never Envied.
ENVY-Detestable Qualities of. Thou enviest all; but no man envies thee.
Envy is a weed that grows in all soils and R. Wynne.
climates, and is no less luxuriant in the ENVY-is Blind.
country than in the court; is not confined to
any rank of men or extent of fortune, but Envy is blind, and has no other quality but
rages in the breasts of all degrees. Alexander that of detracting from virtue.
Lioy. was not prouder than Diogenes; and it may
be, if we would endeavour to surprise it in its ENVY-Corruptiveness of.
most gaudy dress and attire, and in the As rust corrupts iron, so envy corrupts man.
exercise of its full empire and tyranny, we
Antishenes. should find it in schoolmasters and scholars, ENVY-conquered only by Death.
or in some country lady, or the knight, her
husband; all which ranks of people more Envy is not to be conquered but by death.
despise their neighbours than all the degrees ice.
of honour in which courts abound; and it ENVY-Destructiveness of.
rages as much in a sordid affected dress as id Envy the rottenness of the bones. Solomon. I all the silks and embroideries which the excces