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the must, who can do this ; such a one is in EDUCATION-Refining Tendencies of. danger of being borne down, like a beast of Whatever expands the affections, or enlarges burden, by an overloa led mass of other men's 'the sphere of our sympathies, - whatever makes thoughts. Nor is it the man who can boast us feel our relation to the universe, "and all | merels of native vigour and capacity. The that it inherits,” in time and in eternity, to greatest of all warriors who went to the sicge the great and beneficent Cause of all, inust un. of Troy had not the pre-eminence because questionably refine our nature, and elevate us nature had given him strength, and he carried in the scale of being.

Channing the largest bow; but because self-discipline had tagtat him how to bend it.

Webster. EDUCATION—the Handmaid of Truth.

Unless the people can be kept in total darkEDUCATION-by the State.

ness, it is the wisest way for the advocates of O, for the coming of that glorious time,

truth to give them full light.

Whately. When, prizing knowledge as her noblest wealth EDUCATION-Unconscious. And best protection, this imperial realm, While she exacts allegiance, shall admit

Every man is to himself what Plato calls

the Great Year. An obligation, on her part, to teach

He has his sowing time and Them who are born to serve her and obey ;

his growing time, his weeding, his irrigating,

and his harvest. Binding herself, by statute, to secure

The principles and ideas he For all the children whom her soil maintains,

puts into bis nfind in youth lie there, it may The rudiments of letters, and inform

be, for many years, apparently unprolific. But The mind with moral and religious truth,

nothing dies. There is a process going on . Both understood and practised —so that none,

unseen, and by the touch of circumstances the Howver destitute, be left to droop,

man springs forth into strength, be knows not By timely culture unsustain'd; or run

how, as if by a miracle. But after all, he only Into a wild disorder; or be forced

reaps as he had sown.

J. A. St. John. To drudge through a weary life without th3

EGOTISM-Selfishness of. !

help Of intellectual implements and tools ;

The more any one speaks of himself, the less A savage horde among the civilized,

he likes to hear another talked of. Lavater. A servile band among the lordly free.


EGOTISM-Vanity of. EDUCATION-Superficial.

Egotism is more like an offence than a

crime, though 'tis allowable to speak of yourReal education is the formation and training self, providid nothing is advanced in favour; 1 of the mind. To train the mind, requires hard, but I cannot help suspecting that those who patient, and independent thinking and work : abuse themselves are, in reality, angling for the mere crude teaching a youth a bundle of approbation.

Zimmerman. facts, which he acquires with no labour, and, oaly retainiog, neither digests nor assimilates,

ELECTION-Doctrine of. is no training at all; they no way nourish his It is not by the rapture of feelings, and by | mind, but, deposited there, are utterly as raw the luxuriance of thougbt, and by the warmth and uodigested as he swallowed them. He of those desires which descriptions of heaven raay be a full man, but it is the fulness of a may stir up within us, that I can prove myself bottle, which will pour out what has been pre- predestined to a glorious inheritance. If I viously poured in, whether vinegar or claret; would find out what is hidden, I must follow be may be a convenient depository of other what is revealed. The way to heaven is dismen's thoughts,—he may have sufficient capa- closed; am I walking in that way? It would city for holding them ;-but to call such a man be a poor proof that I were on my voyage to I educated is a misuse of terms, and to trust men India; that, with glowing eloquence and

to his superiotendence is a misuse of humanity; thrilling poetry, I could discourse on the palmbe pluoges into the arena of politics, the sea of groves and spice-isles of the East. Am I on literature, or the fury of a revolution, unchecked the waters? Is the sail hoisted to the wind ? by any glimmering suspicion of his own folly, and does the land of my birth look blue and and hurls thrones to the ground, sees the faint in the distance ? The doctrine of election people massacred, and Europe in conflagration, may have done harm to many, but only without foeling compunction or remorse ; he is because they have fancied themselves elected as insensitive as a bottle, or a bag : take away to the end, and have forgotten that those wbat it is filled with, and what remains ! whom Scripture calls elected are elected to

Cayley. I the means. The Bible never speaks of men as

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elected to be saved from the shipwreck, but ELOQUENCE-Power of. only as elected to tighten the ropes, and hoist In whom does it not enkindle passion ? Its the sails, and stand to the rudder. Let a matchless excellence is applicable everywhere, man search faithfully ; let him see that when in all classes of life. The rich and the poor! Scripture describes Christians as elected, it is experience the effects of its magic influence. as elected to faith, as elected to sanctification, It excites the soldier to the charge and as elected to obedience; and the doctrine of animates him to the conflict. The miser it election will be nothing but a stimulus to teaches to weep over his error, and to despise effort. It cannot act as a soporific. I shall the degrading betrayer of his peace. It concut away the boat, and let drive all human

victs the infidel of bis depravity, dispels the devices, and gird myself, amid the fierceness cloud that obscures his mind, and leaves it of the tempest, to steer the shattered vessel

pure and elevated.

The guilty are living into port.


monuments of its exertion, and the innocent ELOQUENCE-Abuse of.

hail it as the vindicator of its violated rights

and the preserver of its sacred reputation. God gave you that gifted tongue of yours, How ofteu in the courts of justice does the and set it between your teeth, to make known criminal behold his arms unshackled, his your true meaning to us, not to be rattled character freed from suspicion, and his future like a muffin-man's bell.

Carlyle.left open before him with all its hopes of ELOQUENCE-Affectation in.

honours, station and dignity! And how ofter,

in the halls of legislation, does Eloquence In oratory, affectation must be avoided; it unmask corruption, expose intrigue, and overbeing better for a man by a native and clear throw tyranny! In the cause of mercy it is eloquence to express himself, than by those omnipotent. It is bold in the consciousness words which may smell either of the lamp or

of its superiority-fearless and unyielding in inkhorn.

Lord Herbert. the purity of its motives. All opposition it ELOQUENCE-Depth and Danger of.

destroys: all power it duties.

Melaill. Some, who the depths of eloquence have found,

Whene'er he speaks, Heaven, how the list'ning In that unnavigable stream were drown'd.

throng Dryden.

Dwell on the melting music of his tongue !
ELOQUENCE-of Lovers.

His arguments are the emblems of his mien,
Mild, but not faint, and forcing, though serene :

And when the power of eloquence he'd try,
To change the soldier's to the lover's style,
Use all the strongest eloquence that art,

Flere lightning strikes you, there soft breezes Or the sharp anguish of my soul, can frame,


Garth. To plead my passion and promote my love. ELOQUENCE-Seductiveness of.

Beckingham. ELOQUENCE-of Nature.

When he spoke, what tender words he used ! Great is the power of eloquence; but never

So softly, that, like flakes of feather'd snow,

Dryden. is it so great as when it pleads' along with They melted as they fell. nature, and the culprit is a child strayed from ELOQUENCE-not mere Talking. his duty, and returned to it again with tears.


It is but poor eloquence which only shows

that the orator can talk. Sir Joshua Reynolds. The following is extracted from a late speech ELOQUENCE AND SONG-Power of. before the governor of the Assembly of Pennsylvania, by the chief of the Menomonis. It

Eloquence the soul, song charms the sense. has all the figurative energy of Indian


ELYSIUM-Beauties of eloquence :-“ Brother, we see your councilhouse, it is large and beautiful; but the Loose breezes on their airy pinions play, council-house of the red man is much larger: And with refreshing sweets perfume the way. the earth is the floor, the clear sky is the Cold streams through flowery meadows gently roof, a blazing fire is the chair of the chief glide, orator, and the green grass the seats of our And as they pass, their painted brooks they chiefs : you speak by papers, and record your

chide. words in books; but we speak from our hearts, | These blissful plains no blight nor mildews fear; and memory records our words in the hearts of The flowers ne'er fade, and shrubs are myrtles our people."



I'll try



Classification of.

Assure yourself, that employment is one of Agreeable emotions and sensations may be the best remedies for the disappointments of divided into three orders ;-those of pleasure, life. Let even your calamity have the liberal which refer to the senses; those of harmony, effect of occupying you in some active virtue, which refer to the mind; and those of happi- so sball you in a manner remember others, till ness, which are the natural result of a union ' you forget yourself.

Pratt. between harmony and pleasure; the former being exercised in virtue, the latter in temper- EMPLOYMENT_Happiness of. ance. Harmony is principally enjoyed by those

To be employed is to be happy. Gray. men who possess, what has analogically been termed, taste; which Mr. Melmoth defines, " that universal sense of beauty, which every Employment is nature's physican, and is man in some degree possesses, rendered more essential to human happiness.

Galen. exquisite by genius, and more correct by cultiration." "It is very remarkable,” says Dr. EMPLOYMENT-Rational. Akerside, "that the disposition of the moral

Be always employed about some rational powers is always similar to that of the imagination ;--that those who are most inclined to thing, that the devil find thee not idle.

Jerome. admire prodigious and sublime objects in the physical world, are also most inclined to EMPLOYMENT and Repose. applaud examples of fortitude and heroic When Adam thus to Eve. Fair Consort th' Tirtue in the moral ;-while those who are

hour charmed rather with the delicacy and sweet

Of night, and all things now retired to rest Des3 of colours, forins, and sounds, never fail Mind us of like repose, since God hath set in like manner to yield the preference to the

Labour and rest, as day and night, to men softer scenes of vir ue, and the sympathies of a Successive ; and the timely dew of sleep domestic life." Exciting a love of true glory, Now falling with soft slumbrous weight inclines and an admiration of every nobler virtue.

Our eyelids; other creatures all day long Taste exalts the affections, and purifies our

Rove idle unemployed, and less need rest : passions ;-clothes a private life in white, and Man hath his daily work of body or mind a public one in purple. Adding a new feature, Appointed, which declares his dignity, as it were, to the pomp, the bloom, and the

And the regard of heaven on all his ways. exuberance of Nature, it enables the mind to

To-morrow, ere fresh morning streak the east Lumine what is dark, and to colour what is

With first approach of light, we must be risen, faded; giving a lighter yellow to the topaz, And at our present labour, to reform a more celestial blue to the sapphire, and a

Yon flowery harbours, yonder alleys green, deeper crimson to the ruby; it imparts a Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown, bizber brilliance to the diamond, and a more

That mock our scant manuring, and require transparent purple to the amethyst.

More hapds than ours to lop their wanton Bearing a price which only the heart and the

growth : imagination can estimate, and being the mother Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums, of a thousand chaste desires and a thousand That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth, secret bopes :- Taste strews flowers in the

Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease ; patbs of literature and science, and, breathing Meanwhile, as Nature wiils, night bids us rest. inespressive sounds, and picturing celestial

Milton. forms, qualifies the bour of sorrow, by inducing EMPLOYMENT-Variety of. that secret sease of cheerfulness, which, in its

We have employments assigned to us for operation,

every circumstance in life. When we are alone, Refines the soft, and swells the strong;

we have our thoughts to watch ; in the family, And joining nature's general song,

our tempers; and in company, our tongues. Through many a varying tone unfolds,

Hannah More. The harmony of human souls. Mrs. Chapone. EMULATION-Difficulty of.

There is a long and wearisome step between EMPIRE-Extended.

admiration and imitation.

Richter. Extended empirc, like expanded gold,

EMULATION-Laudable. Exchanges solid strength for feeble splendour. Worldly ambition is founded on pride or

Johnson. envy, but emulation (or Jaudable ambition) is




actually founded in humility; for it evidently is called in to their aid. They cauterize their implies that we have a low opinion of our wounds, they close their chinks, they bandage present attainments, and think it necessary to the lame branches. The country where coals be advanced ; and, especially in religious con- are burned is a lucky one for trees.

In every cerus, it is so far from being pride for a man country artists make more of nature than we to wish himself spiritually better, that it is can believe. They cannot withdraw them. highly commendable, and what we are strongly selves from that which surrounds them. When exhorted to in many parts of the Bible. we come to live in a country, we begin to

Bishop Hall. perceive that the local artists have properly ENCAMPMENT-of an Army.

represented it. That which at a distance From camp to camp, through the foul womb of seemed full of singularity, a mixture of ridicunigbt,

lous errors and false interpretations, we our The hum of either army stilly sounds

selves become eye-witnesses of. In England, That the fix'd sentinels almost receive

in this island, which is almost like a great The secret wbispers of each other's watch ;

ship afloat, the atmosphere is always wintry Fire answers fire, and through their paly flames

and a little opaque ; but when we walk in the Each battle sees the other's umber'd face.

country at a distance from the towns; when Steed threatens steed in high and boastful irradiate a healthy and vigorous vegetation,

see the sun, piercing this sea rapour, neighings,

illuminate the matted branches of trees Piercing the night's dull ear. Hark, from the growing in perfect liberty, and then at its

tents, The armourers, accomplishing the knights,

setting, burning between masses of cloud With clink of hammers closing rivets up,

always interposed between the blue ether and Give dreadful note of preparation; while some,

the English sun, we learn to comprehend the

brusque contrasts and almost crude oppositions Like sacrifices, by their fires of watch, With patience sit, and inly ruminate

common to English landscape-painters. In The morning's danger.


the same way, when we hare attended English

meetings and fêtes, among ornaments, colours, ENDURANCE.

and costumes the most discordant, we cease

to be astonished at the taste and style of Prolong'd endurance tames the bold. Byron.

English painters in general.

Burger. ENEMY-The Thoughtless. "No one's enemy but his own," happens

ENGLAND-Blessings of. generally to be the enemy of everybody with Oh, England ! decent abode of comfort, whom he is in relation. The leading quality and cleanliness, and decorum! Oh, blessed that goes to make this character is a reckless rsylum of all that is worth having upon earth! imprudence and a selfish pursuit of selfish en- Oh, sanctuary of religion and of liberty for joyments, independent of all consequences. the whole civilised world! It is only in “No one's enemy but his own," runs rapidly viewing the state of other countries, that thy through his means; calls in a friendly way on advantages can be duly estimated ! May thy his friends, for bonds, bail, and securities;

sons, who have “

fought the good fight," but involves his nearest kin, leaves his wife a know and guard wbat they possess in thee! beggar, and quarters his orphans upon the Oh, land of happy firesides, and cleanly public; and after enjoying himself to his last hearths, and domestic peace; of filial piety, guinea, entails a life of dependence upon his and parental love, and connubial joy; "the progeny, and dies in the ill-understood reputa- cradle of heroes, the school of sages, the tion of harmless folly, which is more injurious temple of law, the altar of faith, the asylum to society than some positive crimes.

of innocence," the bulwark of private security

Mrs. Jameson. and of public honour ! ENGLAND-Natural Beauty of.

“Where'er I roam, whatever realms to see, England is, picturesquely speaking, a superb

My heart, untravell’d, fondly turns to thee !" country. There trees in England a

Clarte. thousand years old, many five hundred years

ENGLAND-Description of. old; and there are whole forests of the age of That pale, that white-faced shore, Henry VIII. whose trees are never touched Whose foot spurns back the ocean's roaring but to prolong the life of the old giants who tides, have survived so many generations. As the 'And coops from other lands her islanders, English do not cut down trees for fuel, thoy Even till that England, hedged in with the are cherished and fostered. The art of surgery main,




That water-walled bulwark, still secure

The offspring of these roofs deserve a land And confident from foreign purposes,

Thus rich and fair, men may be proud Eren till that utmost corner of the west

indeed, Salute thee for her king. Shakspeare. 'Mid all their history's long and glorious band,

To own the blood of England's peasant seed. ENGLAND-Freedom of.

Lowly, yet strong, these brown-thatch'd cabins

stand, It is not to be thought of that the flood

And such the spirits of the sons they breed. Of British freedom, which to the open sea

Elbert. Of the world's praise, from dark antiquity ENGLAND-Invincibility of. Hath flowed, with pomp of waters unwithstood, Poused though it be full often to a mood

England never did (nor never shall) Which spurns the check of salutary bands,

Lie at the proud foot of a conqueror, That this most famous stream in bogs and But when it first did help to wound itself. sands

Now these her princes are come home again, Should perish! and to evil and to good

Come the three corners of the world'in arms, Be lost for ever. In our halls is hung

And we shall shock them : Nought shall make

us rue,
Amoury of the invincible knights of old :
We must be free or die, who speak the tongue If England to itself do rest but true.
That Shakspeare spake; the faith and morals


ENGLAND-Lanes of. bold Which Milton held. In everything we are They passed, then, from the high road into sprung

a long succession of green pastures, through Of earth's first blood, have titles manifold. which a straight public path conducted them

Wordsworth. into one of those charming lanes never seen

out of this bowery England,-a lane deep Hail to the crown by freedom shaped—to gird sunk amidst high banks, with overhanging An English sovereign's brow! And to the oaks, and quivering ash, gnarled with elm, throne

vivid holly, and shaggy brambles, with wild Whereon he sits. Whose deep foundations lie convolvulus and creeping woodbine forcing In Federation and the people's love;

sweet life through all. Sometimes the banks Whose steps are equity, whose seal is law. opened abruptly, leaving patches of green

Ibid. sward, and peeps through still sequestered

gates, or over moss-grown pales, into the park The land where girt by friend or foe

or paddock of some rural thane ; new villas or A man may speak the thing he will. Tennyson. old manor houses on lawny uplands, knitting,

as it were, together England's feudal memories ENGLAND-Greatness of.

with England's freeborn hopes—the old land

with its young people ; for England is so old, 0 England, model to thy inward greatness, and the English are so young! Like little body with a mighty heart,

Bulwer Lytton. Wbat mightst thou do, that honour would ENGLAND-A Text for. thee do,

There is not a chapter in all the book we Were all thy children kind and natural !

profess to believe, more specially and directly

Shakspeare. written for England than the second of ENGLAND-Homes of.

Habakkuk, and I never in all my life heard Aye, there in truth they are, the quiet homes one of its practical texts preached from. I And hallow'd birth-spots of the English suppose the clergymen are all afraid, and know race,

that their flocks, while they will sit quite Scatter'd at will beneath the crag's rude politely to hear syllogisms out of the Epistle face,

to the Romans, would get restive directly if While springs rush round, and near the ocean they ever pressed a practical text home to foams :

them. But we should have po mercantile What finds he like to these afar who roams? catastrophes, and no distressful pauperism, if Tall trees o'ershade them, creepers fondly we only read often, and took to heart, those grace

plain words :-“ Yea, also, because he is a Lattice and porch, and sweetest flowers proud man, neither keepeth at home, who embrace

enlargeth his desire as hell, and cannot be Each rock and pathway; out on stately satisfied, -shall not all these take up a parable domes !

against him, and a taunting proverb against

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