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it, as drinking and pledging of healths; be ECHO-Reverberations of an. resolute against it, and when your resolution Hark! how the gentle echo from her cell is once known, you will never be solicited to

Talks through the cliffs, and murmuring o'er it. The Rechabites were commanded by their

the stream, father not to drink wine, and they obeyed it, Repeats the accepts,-We shall part no more. and had a blessing for it. My command to you

1 kenside. is not so strict; I allow you the moderate use ECHO-Superstition respecting an. of wine and strong drink at your meals; I

So plain is the distinction of our words, only forbid you the excess, or unnecessary use That many have supposed it a spirit of it, and those places and companies, and That answers.

Webster. artifices, that are temptations to it.

Sir Matthew Hale. ECONOMY-Advantages of. ECCENTRICITY.

All to whom want is terrible, upon whatever He that will keep a monkey should pay for principle, ought to think themselves obliged the glasses he breaks.


to learn the sage maxims of our parsimonious

ancestors, and attain the salutary arts of conLearned men oft greedily pursue

tracting expense; for without economy none na Things that are rather wonderful than true,

be rich, and with it fer can be poor. The mere And in their nicest speculations choose power of saving what is already in our hands To make their own discoveries strange news,

must be of easy acquisition to every mind; And natural history rather a gazette

and as the example of Lord Bacon may show Of rarities stupendous and far-fet;

that the highest intellect cannot safely neglect Believe no truths are worthy to be known,

it, a thousand instances every day prove that That are not strongly vast and overgrown,

the humblest may practise it with success. And strive to explicate appearances,

Jol uson. Not as they're probable, but as they please, ECONOMY-in small Expenditure. In vain endeavour nature to suborn,

Beware of little expenses : a small leak will And, for their pains, are justly paid with scorp.

sink a great ship.

Franklin Butler. ECHO-An.

ECONOMY-preferable to Extravagance. It seem'd as if every sweet note that died here,

I had rather see my courtiers laugh at my Was again brought to life in an airier sphere,

avarice, than my people weep at my ex Some heaven in those hills, where the soul of


Louis XII. the strain, That had ceased upon earth, was awaking again. ECONOMY-due to the Wisdom of a


Father. ECHO-Definition of an.

He that is taught to live upon little, owes The Jews of old called an echo "the daughter more to his father's wisdom, than he that has of the voice.” Bathkeel. a great deal left him, does to his father's

Pene. She who in other's words her silence breaks, Nor speaks herself but when another speaks. ECONOMY-Intellectual.


The ear and the eye are the mind's receivers; ECHO-Poetic Influence of an.

but the tongue is only busy in expending the Sweet Echo, sweetest nymph, that liv'st unseen treasure received. If, therefore, the revenues Within thy aëry shell,

of the mind be uttered as fast, or faster, than By slow Meander's margent green, they are received, it must needs be bare, and And in the violet-embroider'd vale,

can never lay up for purchase. But if the Where the love-lorn nightingale receivers take in still without utterance, the Nightly to thee her sad song mourneth well; mind may soon grow a burden to itself, and Canst thou not tell me of a gentle pair unprofitable to others. I will not lay up too

That likest thy Narcissus are ? much and utter nothing, lest I be covetous ;
O, if thou have

nor spend much and store up little. lest l be Hid them in some flowery cave, prodigal and poor.

Tell me but where,
Sweet queen of parly, daughter of the sphere ! ECONOMY-Maxims of.

So mayst thou be translated to the skies, No man is rich whose expenditure exceeds And give resounding grace to all heaven's his means; and no one is poor,

whose inharmonies.

Milton. comings exceed his outgoings. Haliburtor.

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Bishop Hall.



it more.

ECONOMY-Maxims of.

and profuseness is a cruel and crafty demon, It is no small commendation to manage a

that gradually involves her followers in delittle well. He is a good waggoner that can pendence and debts; that is, fetters them turn in a little room. To live well in abun- with “irons that enter into their souls." dance is the praise of the estate, not of the

Johnson. person. I will study more how to give a

ECONOMY-Worth of, good account of my little, than how to make Economy is of itself a great revenue. Cicero.

Bishop Hall. 1

EDUCATION-Advantages of. Let honesty and industry be thy constant companions, and spend one penny less than

Virtue and talents, though allowed their I thy clear gains: then shall thy hide-bound due consideration, yet are not enough 10 pocket soon begin to thrive, and will never

procure a man a welcome wherever he comes. izain cry with the empty belly-ache; neither Nobody contents himself with rough diamonds, will creditors insult thee, nor want oppress,

or wears them so. When polished and set, Dor hunger bite, nor nakedness freeze thee.

then they give a lustre.

Locke. The whole hemisphere will shine brighter, and pleasure spring up in every corner of thy EDUCATION better than outward beart. Now, therefore, embrace these rules

Beauty. and be happy.

Banish the bleak winds of I cannot understand the importance which SORTOW from thy mind, and live independent. certain people set upon outward beauty or Then shalt thou be a man, and not hide thy plainness. I am of opinion that all true face at the approach of the rich, nor suffer education, such at least as has a religious the pain of feeling little when the sons of foundation, must infuse a noble calm, a wholefortune walk at thy right hand; for inde- some coldness, an indifference, or whatever pendency, whether with little or much, is people may call it, towards such-like outward good fortune, and places thee on even ground gifts, or the want of them. And who has not vith the proudest of the golden fleece. Oh, experienced of how little consequence they are then, be wise, and let industry walk with thee in fact for the weal or woe of life? Who has in the morning, and attend thee until thou not experienced how, on pearer acquaintance, reachest the evening hour for rest. Let plainness becomes beautified, and beauty loses bonesty be as the breath of thy soul, and its charın, exactly according to the quality of never forget to have a penny, when all thy the heart and mind? And from this cause am expenses are enumerated and paid : then shalt I of opinion, that the want of outward beauty tbou reach the point of happiness, and inde- never disquiets a noble nature or will be pendence shall be thy shield and buckler, thy regarded as a misfortune. It never can belmet and crown; then shall thy soul walk prevent people from being amiable and beloved upright, nor stoop to the silken wretch in the highest degreo; and we have daily because he hath riches, nor pocket an abuse proof of this.

Frederika Bremer. because the baod which offers it wears a ring set with diamonds.

Franklin. EDUCATION-a distinguished Blessing. ECONOMY-in the Use of Time.

Of all the blessings which it has pleased

Providence to allow us to cultivate, there is Many people take no care of their money not one which breathes a purer fragrance, or til they bave come nearly to the end of it, bears a heavenlier aspect, than education. It and others do just the same with their time. is a companion which no misfortunes can Their best days they throw away, let them depress-no clime destroy—no enemy alienate ruu like sand through their fingers, as long -no despotism enslave-at home a friendas they think they have an almost countless abroad au introduction - in solitude a solace -number of them to spend ; but when they find in society an ornament-it chastens vice-it their days flowing rapidly away, so that at guides virtue--it gives at once a grace and last they have very few left, then thoy will at government to genius. Without it, what is once make a very wise use of them; but,

man? A splendid slave ! a reasoning savage ? unluckily, they have by that time do notion vacillating between the dignity of an intellibow to do it.

Gotthelf. gence derived from God and the degradations

of passions participated with brutes, and in ECONOMY-Virtues of.

the accident of their alte ate ascendancy, Erozony is the parent of integrity, of shuddering at the terrors of an hercafter, or liberty, and of case ; and the beauteous sister hugging the horrid hope of annihilation. of temperance, of cheerfulness, and health : 1

Phillips. .




EDUCATION-Modern Cultivation of. Hodour, honesty, firm will, truthfulness,

Of late years education has become a subadvancing in spite of threatening wounds, ject of general care and attention. But there endurance of misfortune (of the blows of fate), may be excess even in so amiable a feeling as frankness, self-respect, self-equipoise, contempt the devotion of a parent to a child; that very of opinion, justice, and perseverance-all devotion may be productive of mischief to its these and similar words denote only one-half object. No pains are spared in cultivating i of the moral nature -moral strength and

talents, in giving graces, accomplisbments, elevation. The second half includes all that useful information, deep learning; but it may refers to the lives of the kingdom of love, be a question whether the wholesome training gentleness, beneficence; these may be called

of the feelings is as judiciously attended to as moral beauty.

Richter. that of the understanding. May not the very

importance attached to all concerning the They who provide much wealth for their young lead them to think too much of themchildren, but neglect to improve them in selves? Unless they are early taught to convirtue, do like those who feed their horses sider the feelings of others, is not one strong high, but never train them to the manage.

motive for controlling their own (that most Socrates.

difficult and most necessary of all lessons) EDUCATION-Cant

utterly neglected ?

Mrs. Sullivar. Teach a child there is harm in everything, EDUCATION-Early. however innocent, and so soon as it discovers the cheat, it won't see no sin in anything.

Precept must be upon precept, precept upon That's the reason deacons' sons seldom turn precept, line upon line, line upon line, here out well, and preachers' daughters are married a little and there a little.


1 through a window. Innocence is the sweetest thing in the world, and there is more of it

If our early years were passed in laring up than folks generally imagine. If you want

store for futurity, in practising the affections some to transplant, don't seek it in the in- within the circle of those whom God has given closures of cant, for it has only counterfeit to be our nearest and dearest ties, in cultiva. ones; but go to the gardens of truth and ting intellect, and acquiring useful knowledge, Coerced innocence is like an im

we should need no further security against the prisoned lark-open the door, and it's off for mistakes of after-life. Religion, virtue, wisdom,

The bird that roams through the sky and good taste, would be our guides as well as and the groves unrestrained, knows how to

our protectors.

Mrs. Bruce. dodge the hawk and protect itself; but the caged one, the moment it leaves its bars and bolts behind, is pounced upon by the fowler

I too acknowledge the all but omnipotence or the vulture.


of early culture and nurture ; hereby we have

either a doddered dwarf bush, or a high-tower. EDUCATION-College.

ing, wide-shadowing tree ! either a sick yellow

cabbage, or an edible luxuriant green one. Of A college education shows a man how little a truth, it is the duty of all men, especially of other people know.

Ibid. all philosophers, to note down with accuracy

the characteristic circumstances of their eduEDUCATION-of the Working Classes. cation, -what furthered, what hindered, what

in any way modified it.

Carlyle. I have no sympathy whatever with those

1 who would grudge our workmen and our common people tho very highest acquisitions which Thelwall thought it very unfair to influence their taste, or their time, or their inclinations, a child's mind by inculcating any opinions would lead them to realize; for, next to the before it had come to years of discretion to salvation of their souls, I certainly say that choose for itself. I shewed him my garden, the object of my fondest aspirations is the and told him it was my botanical garden. moral and intellectual, and, as a sure conse- “How so?" said he; “it is covered with quence of this, the economical, advancement of weeds.” “0," I replied, " that is only because the working classes - the one object, which, of it has not yet come to its age of discretion and all others in the wide range of political specu- choice. The weeds, you see, have taken the lation, is the one which should be the dearest liberty to grow, and I thought it unfair in me to the heart of every philanthropist and every to prejudice the soil towards roses and strave true patriot. Chaliucrs. berries."




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be ocular; if they are clever boys they will go 'Tis education forms the common mind;

and look at the Greek vases and sculptures in Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined.

the British Museum, and at the weapons in Pope.

our armouries—they will see what real armour

is like in lustre, and what Greek armour was At his first aptness the maternal love

like in form, and so put a fairly true image Those rudiments of wisdom did improve;

together, but still, in ordinary cases, a very The tender age was pliant to command ;

living and interesting one. Now, the use of Like wax it yielded to the forming hand :

your decorative painting would be, in myriads True to the artificer, the laboured mind of ways, to animate their history for them, With ease wis pious, generous, just, and kind; ind to put the living aspect of past things Till virtue, with long exercise, grew hard;

before their eyes as faithfully as intelligent inWith every act confirmed and made at last vention can; so that the master shall have 8 durable as not to be effaced,

nothing to do but at once to point to the It turned to habit; and from vices free, schoolroom walls, and for ever afterwards the Goodness resolved into necessity. Dryden. meaning of any word would be fixed in a boy's

mind in the best possible way. Is it a question EDUCATION-Mental Epochs of.

of classical dress,—what a tunic was like, or a Intellectual education now, to be worthy of chlamys, or a peplus ? At this day you have the time, ought to include in its compass

to point to some vile woodcut, in the middle of elements contributed to it in every one of the

a dictionary page, representing the thing bung Taat epochs of mental energy which the world pon a stick; but then you would point to a has seen. In this respect, niost especially, we

hundred figures wearing the actual dress, in ari, if we know how to use our advantages, liness or strength; you would understand at

its fiery colours, in all actions of various stateinheritors of the wealth of all the richest times; strong in the power of the giants of all ages ;

once how it fell round the people's limbs as placed on the summit of an edifice which thirty they stood, how it drifted from their shoulders caturies have been employed in building.

its they went, how it veiled their faces as they Whewell. ept, how it covered their heads in the day of

battle. Now, if you want to see what & EDUCATION-and Self-Education.

weapon is like, you refer, in like manner, to a The rich have not so great an advantage over numbered page, in which there are spear heads the poor, in respect of e lucation, as is com- in rows, and sword hilts in symmetrical groups ; monly supposed. The ways of Providence are und gradually the boy gets a dim mathematical not so unequal, after all. The young oak that notion how one scimitar is hooked to the right is purtured in the greenhouse will never become and another to the left, and one javelin has a the monarch of the woods on the exposed hill- kuob to it and another none; while one glance side. They are parasitical plants that stunt at your good picture would show him—and the and choke the tree they seem to shelter. first rainy afternoon in the schoolroom would Men so brought up are too often deficient in for ever fix in his mind- the look of the sword elasticity of intellect; their minds have no and the spear as they fell or flow, and how spring; and they frequently want that moral they pierced, or bent, or shattered-how men quality which breathes life and vigour into all wielded them, and how men died by them. the intellectual faculties, the absence of which But far more than all this, is it a question, not to others can compensate, even by their pre- of clothes, or weapons, but of men; how can sence in excess; I mean that unflinching we sufficiently estimate the effect on the mind determination not to be borne down by diffi- of a noble youth, at the time when the world culties--that enduring perseverance not to be opens to him, of having faithful and touching utermastered by defeat.

Booth. representations put before him of the acts and

presence of great men,-how many a resoluEDUCATION-by the Eye.

lion, which would alter and exalt the whole I remember well that for many years of my course of his after life, might be formed, when life the only notion I had of the look of a in some dreamy twilight he met, through his Greek knight was complicated between re- own tears, the fixed eyes of those shadows of collection of a small engraving in my pocket the great dead, unescapable and calm, piercing Homer, and reverent study of the Horse to his soul; or fancied that their lips moved Guards. And though I believe that most boys in dread reproof or soundless exhortation. collect their ideas from more varied sources, And if but for one out of many this were and arrange them more carefully than I did, true,-if yet, in a few, you could be sure that still, whatever sources they seek must always such influence had indeed changed their EDUCATION.


thoughts and destinies and turned the eager 'and conquer for himself. It is this that conand reckless youth, who would bave cast away stitutes our real and best nourishment. What his energies on the race horse or the gambling we are merely taugh', seldom nourishes the table, to that noble life race, that holy life mind like that which we teach ourselves, hazard, which should win all glory to himself

Tjninaa. and all good to his country, - would not that, EDUCATION-of the Morals. to some purpose, be “political economy of Bid him, besides, his daily pains employ art ?"

Ruskin. To form the tender manners of a boy,

And work him like a waxen babe, with art, EDUCATION-Exalting Influence of.

To perfect symmetry in every part. Dryden. In exalting the faculties of the soul, we annihilate, in a great degree, the delusion of

Begin the education of the heart not with the senses.

Aimé Marten.

the cultivation of noble propensities, but with EDUCATION-Moral Influence of.

the cutting away of those that are evil. When

once the noxious herbs are withered and rooted I think we may assert that in a hundred

out, then the more noble plants, strong in men, there are more than ninety who are what

themselves, will shoot upwards. The virtuous they are, good or bad, useful or pernicious to

heart, like the body, becomes strong and society, from the instruction they have received. It is on education that depends the healthy more by labour than nourishment.

Pickter. great difference observable among them. The least and most imperceptible impressions re- EDUCATION-Neglected. ceived in our infancy, have consequences very Where education has been entirely neglected, important, and of a long duration. It is with

or improperly managed, we see the worst these first impressions, as with a river, whose passions ruling with uncontrolled and incessant waters we can easily turn, by different canals, sway. Good sense degenerates into craft, and in quite opposite courses ; so that from the

anger rankles into malignity. Restraint, wbich insensible direction the stream receives at its

is thought most salutary, comes too late, and source, it takes different directions; and at the most judicious admonitions are urged in last arrives at places far distant from each vain.

Parr. . other: and with the same facility we may, I think, turn the minds of children to what EDUCATION-Early Prejudices of. direction we please.


All of us, who are worth anything, spend our EDUCATION-of Ladies.

manhood in unlearning the follies, or expiating the mistakes, of our youth.

Shelley. I have observed that most ladies who have had what is considered an education, have no

EDUCATION-Moral Principles of idea of an education progressing through life. Having attained a certain measure of accom

A father inquires whether his boy can conplishment, knowledge, manners, &c., they con

strue Homer, if be understands Horace, and sider themselves made up, and so take their

can taste Virgil ; but how seldom does he ask, station : they are pictures, which, being quite

or examine, or think whether he can restrain finished, are now put in a frame,-a gilded his passions ; whether he is grateful, generous, one, if possible, --and hung up in permanence humane, compassionate, just, and benevolent. of beauty !--Permanence—that is to say, till

Lady Herety. old Time, with his rude and dirty fingers, soils

EDUCATION-Self. the charming colours.

Foster. Costly apparature and splendid cabinets have

no magical power to make scholars. EDUCATION-an Intellectual Light.

man is in all circumstances, under God, the Were it not better for a man in a fair room master of his own fortune, so he is the maker to set up one great light, or branching candle- of his own mind. The Creator has so constistick of lights, than to go about with a rush- tuted the human intellect, that it can only light into every dark corner ?

Bacon. grow by its own action : it will certainly and

necessarily grow. Every man must therefore EDUCATION-of Man.

educate himself. His books and teacher are Every man has two educations--that which but helps; the work is his. A man is not is given to him, and the other that which he educated until he has the ability to summon, in gives to himself. Of the two kinds, the latter an emergency, his mental powers in vigorous is by far the most valuable. Indeed, all that exercise to effect its proposed object. It is is most worthy in a man, he must work out not the man who has seen the most, or read

As &

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