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Yet these are so far from heroic virtues, that DUTY-Firmness in. they are but the ordinary duties of a Christian. Stern duties need not speak sternly. He

Addison. / who stood firm before the thunder worshipped DUTIES-Performance of.

the “still small voice."

Dobell. Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another; love as brethren, be DUTY-leads to Glory. pitiful, be courteous; not rendering evil for Not once or twice in our rough island-story evil, or railing for railing; but contrariwise, The path of duty was the way to glory : blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, He that walks it, only thirsting that ye should inherit a blessing. St. Peter. For the right, and learns to deaden

Love of self, before his journey closes, DUTIES of the Present.

He shall find the stubborn thistle bursting

Into glossy purples, which outredden What is our duty here! To tend

All voluptuous garden-roses. From good to better-thence to best :

Not once or twice in our fair island-story: Grateful to drink life's cup-then bend

The path of duty was the way to glory :
Unmurmuring to our bed of rest;
To pluck the flowers that round us blow,

He, that ever following her commands,

Op with toil of heart and knees and hands, Scattering our fragrance as we go.

Thro' the long gorge to the far light has won

His path upward, and prevail'd, And so to live, that when the sun

Shall find the toppling crags of duty scaled Of our existence sinks in night,

Are close upon the shining table-lands Memorials sweet of mercies done

To which our God Himself is moon and sun. May shrine our names in memory's light;

Tennyson. | And the blest seeds we scatter'd, bloom

DUTY-Knowledge of. | A hundred-fold in days to come. Bowring.

Knowledge of our duties is the most useful part of philosophy.

Whately. DUTY-Boldness in.

DUTY-Nature of. I bate to see a thing done by halves ; if it be right, do it boldly: if it be wrong, leave it Duty is far more than love. It is the updone.

Gilpin. upbolding law through which the weakest

become strong, without which all strength is

unstable as water. DUTY-Consolation found in.

No character, however

harmoniously framed and gloriously gifted, There are a thousand things in life

can be complete without this abiding principle : Which pass unbeeded in a life of joy,

it is the cement which binds the whole moral As thine hath been: till breezy sorrow comes edifice together, without which all power, goodTo ruifle it; and daily duties paid

ness, intellect, truth, happiness, love itself, can Hardly at first, at length will bring repose have no permanence; but all the fabric of To the sad mind that studies to perform them. existence crumbles away from under us, and

Talfourd. leaves us at last sitting in the midst of a ruin, DUTY-Conviction of.

-astonished at our own desolation. That we ought to do an action, is of itself a

Mrs. Jameson. sufficient and ultimate answer to the

DUTY-Performance of.

questions, Why we should do it ?-how we are

The secret consciousness obliged to do it? The conviction of duty im- of duty well perform’d; the public voice plies the soundest reason, the strongest obli. Of praise that honours virtue, and rewards it ; gation, of which our nature is susceptible.

All these are yours.

Francis. Whewell DUTY-Eternal.

Conviction, were it never so excellent, is Powers depart, worthless till it convert itself into conduct. Possessions vanish, and opinions change, Nay, properly, conviction is not possible till And passions hold a fluctuating seat;

then ; inasmuch as all speculation is by nature But by the storm of circumstance unshaken endless, formless, a vortex amid vortices : only And subject neither to eclipse nor wane, by a felt indubitable certainty of experience Duty exists : immutably survives

does it find any centre to revolve round, and Por our support, the measures and the forms so fashion itself into a system. Most true is Which an abstract intelligence supplies ; it, as a wise man teaches us, that “doubt of Whose kingdom is where time and

space are any sort cannot be removed except by action." not.

Wordsworth. 'On which ground, too, let him who gropes pain. DUTY.



fully in darkness or uncertain light, and prays DUTY-A Sense of. vehemently that the dawn may ripen into day, Consult duty, not events.

Annesley. lay this other precept well to heart, which to me was of invaluable service: “Do the duty which lies nearest thee," which thou knowest to

Perish discretion, when it interferes with be a duty! Thy second duty will already have duty.

Hannah More. become clearer.

Carlyle. DUTY-Perseverance in.

Be not diverted from your duty by any idle reflections the silly world may make upon you, for their censures are not in your power, and consequently should not be any part of your EAGLE-Habits of the.


He clasps the crag with hooked hands, No man has a right to say he can do nothing Close to the sun in lonely lauds; for the benefit of mankind, who are less bene- Ring'd with the azure world, he stands, fited by ambitious projects than by the sober The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls ; fulfilment of each man's proper duties. By He watches from his mountain walls, doing the proper duty in the proper place, a

And like a thunderbolt he falls. Tennyson. man may make the world his debtor. The results of "patient continuance in well-doing," An eagle stirreth up her best, fluttereth over are never to be measured by the weakness of her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh the instrument, but by the omnipotence of them, beareth them ou her wings. Moses. Him who blesseth tbe sincere efforts of obedient faith alike in the prince and in the EAGLES. cottager.

H. Thompson. Eagles fly alone : they are but sheep which DUTY-a Pleasure.

always herd together. Sir Philip Sidney. Duty by habit is to pleasure turn'd:

EAR-First Awakening of the. He is content who to obey has learn'd.

What was't awakened first the untried ear

Sir E. Brydges. Of the sole man who was all human kind! DUTY-Preserving Power of.

Was it the gladsome welcome of the wind Stern lawgiver ! yet thou dost wear

Stirring the leaves that never yet were sere ? The Godhead's most benignant grace;

The four mellifluous streams which flowed so Nor know we anything so fair

near, As is the smile upon thy face :

Their lulling murmurs all in one combined ! Flowers laugh before thee on their beds ;

The note of bird unnamed? The startled biod And fragrance in thy footing treads ;

Bursting the brake in wonder, not in fear Thou doth preserve the stars from wrong;

Of her new lord? Or did the holy ground And the most ancient heavens, through thee, Send forth mysterious melody to greet are fresh and strong.

Wordsworth. The gracious pressure of immaculate feet!

Did viewless seraphs rustle all around, DUTY-Reward of.

Making sweet music out of air as sweet? No man's spirits were ever hurt by doing

Or his own voice awake himn with its sound! his duty: on the contrary, one good action,

Coleridge. one temptation resisted and overcome, one

EARS-Organization of the. sacrifice of desire or interest, purely for con- These wickets of the soul are plac'd on high, science sake, will prove a cordial for weak and Because all sounds do lightly mount aloft; low spirits, far beyond what either indulgence, And that they may not pierce too violently or diversion, or company, can do for them. They are delay'd with turns and windings oft.

Paley. For, should the voice directly strike the brain, DUTY-Self-Sacrifice of.

It would astonish and confuse it much; It is an impressive truth that, sometimes in Therefore these plaits and folds the sound the very lowest forms of duty, less than which restrain, would rank a man as a villain, there is, never- That it the organ may more gentle touch. theless, the sublimest ascent of self-sacrifice.

Daries. To do less would class you as an object of EARLY-RISING-Advantages of. eternal soorn, to do so muob presumes the The morning hour has gold in its mouth. grandeur of heroism. De Quincey.


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EARLY-RISING-Advantages of.

freshness of dawn. If the mere indolent The difference between risiny at five and luxury of another hour of languid indulgence seven o'clock in the morning, for the space of is allowed to overrule this better purpose, it forty years, supposing a man to go to bed at argues a general weakness of character, which the same hour at night, is nearly equivalent to promises no high attainment or distinction. the addition of ten years to a man's life.

These are never awarded by fortune to any Doddridge. trait but vigour, promptness, and decision.

Viewing the habit of late rising in many of I would have inscribed on the curtains of its aspects, it would seem as if no being that your bed, and the walls of your chamber, “If has any claim to rationality could be found in you do not rise early, you can make progress

the allowed habit of sacrificing a tenth, and in nothing. If you do not set apart your

that the freshest portion of life, at the expense bours of reading; if you suffer yourself or any

of health, and the curtailing of the remainder, one else to break in upon them, your days will for any pleasure that his indulgence could slip through your hands unprofitable and


Flint. frivolous, and unenjoyed by yourself.

Lord Chatham.

Few ever lived to a great age, and fewer

still ever became distinguished, who were not Whoever has tasted the breath of morning, in the habit of early rising. You rise late, kooss that the most invigorating and most and, of course, commence your business at á delightful hours of the day are commonly late hour, and everything goes wrong all day. spent in bed; though it is the evident inten- Franklin says, that he who rises late, may trot tion of nature, that we should enjoy and profit all day, and not have overtaken his business at by them. Children awake early, and would be night. Dean Swift avers that he never knew up and stirring long before the arrangements any man come to greatness and eminence who of the family permit them to use their limbs. lay in bed of a morning.

Told. | We are thus broken in from childhood to an

iz jarious habit; that habit might be shaken Rise with the lark, and with the lark to bed : od with more ease than it was first imposed. The breath of night's destructive to the hue We rise with the sun at Christmas, it were but Of ev'ry flower that blows. Go to the field, continuing so to do till the middle of April, And ask the humble daisy why it sleeps ani without any perceptible change, we should soon as the sun departs? Why close the eyes find ourselves then rising at five o'clock, at Of blossoms infinite, long ere the moon which bour we might continue till September, Her oriental veil puts off? Think why, and then accommodate ourselves again to the Nor let the sweetest blossom Nature boasts change of season.

Southey. | Be thus exposed to night's unkindly damp.

Well may it droop, and all its freshness lose, Next to temperance, a quiet conscience, a Compelld to taste the rank and pois’nous steam cheerful mind, and active habits, I place early of midnight theatre, and morning ball. | riang, as a means of health and happiness. I Give to repose the solemn hour she claims, hire hardly words for tha estimate I form of And from the forehead of the morning steal tuat aluzzard, male or female, that has formed The sweet occasion. O there is a charm the habit of wasting the early prime of day Which morning has, that gives the brow of age in bed. Putting out of the question the posi- | A smack of earth, and makes the lip of youth tire loss of life, and that too of the most Shed perfume exquisite. Expect it not, inspiring and beautiful part of each day, when Ye who tiil noon upon a down-bed lie, all the voices of nature invite man from his Indulging feverous sleep.

Hurdis. bei; leaving out of the calculation that longevity has been almost invariably attended EARLY-RISING-Motive to. by early rising; to me, too late hours in bed When you find an unwillingness to rise seat an index to character, and an omen of early in the morning, endeavour to rouse your the ultimate hopes of the person who indulges faculties, and act up to your kind, and con· in this habit. There is no mark so clear of a sider that you have to do the business of a tendency to self-indulgence. It denotes an man; and that action is both beneficial, and inert and feeble mind, infirm of purpose, and the end of your being.

Antoninus. incapable of that elastic vigour of will which enables the possessor to accomplish what his EARLY-RISING-Pleasures of. rason ordains. The subject of this unfortunate Falsely luxurious, will not man awake; babit cannot but have felt self-reproach, and a And, springing from the bed of sloth, enjoy purpose to spring from his repose with the The cool, the fragrant, and the silent hour,




To meditation due and sacred song?

nitrogen of the atmosphere have been gradually For is there aught in sleep can charm the wise ? entering into new combinations, and forming To lie in dead oblivion, losing half

ammonia; and the quantity of ammonia, a The fleeting moments of too short a life; substance at first non-existent, has gradually Total extinction of the enlighten'd soul ! increased, and as it is volatile, the atmosphere Or else to feverish vanity alive,

now always contains some of it. The quantity Wilder'd and tossing through distemper'd has now become so great in it that it can always dreanis !

be detected by chemical analysis. There is Who would in such a gloomy state remain an evident tendency of it to increase in the Longer than nature craves, when every muse atmosphere. Now supposing it to go on inAnd every blooming pleasure wait without, creasing up to a certain point, it forms with To bless the wildly-devious morning walk ? air a mixture that, upon the application of fire,

Thomson. is violently explosive. An atmosphere charged EARNESTNESS-Powers of.

with ammonia is liable to explode whenever a Earnestness alone makes life eternity.

flash of lightning passes through it. And such Carlyle. an explosion would doubtless destroy, perhaps

without leaving traces of, the present order of There is no substitute for thorough-going, things.

Dr. Lindley Keap. ardent, and sincere earnestness. Dickens.

EARTH-the Footstool of God. EARTH-Uncertain Bliss of the.

Earth, thou great footstool of our God The spider's most attenuated thread

Who reigns on high; thou fruitful source
Is cord, is cable, to man's slender tie

Of all our raiment, life, and food,
Of earthly bliss : it breaks at every breeze. Our house, our parent, and our nurse

Young. Mighty stage of mortal scenes,
EARTH-Destruction of the.

Drest with strong and gay machines, What this change is to be, we dare not even Hung with golden lamps around, conjecture; but we see in the heavens them. And flowery carpets spread the groundselves some traces of destructive elements, and Thou bulky globe, prodigious map, some indications of their power. The fragments That hangs unpillared in an empty space, of broken planets—the descent of meteoric While thy unwieldy weight bangs in the feeble stones upon our globe-the wheeling comets air, welding their loose materials at the solar Bless that Almighty word that fix'd and holds furnace—the volcanic eruptions of our own

thee there!

Watts. satellite-the appearance of new stars, and the disappearance of others—are all foreshadows EARTH-Joys of. of that impending convulsion to which the There's not a joy the world can give like that system of the world is doomed. Thus placed

it takes away, on a planet which is to be burnt up, and under When the glow of early thought declines in heavens which are to pass away; thus treading, feeling's dull decay ; as it were, on the cemeteries, and dwelling in 'Tis not on youth's smooth sheek the blushi the mausoleuins, of former worlds- let us learn

alone, which fades so fast, the lesson of humility and wisdom, if we have But the tender bloom of heart is gone ere not already been taught it in the school of

youth itself be past.

Byron Revelation.

Timbs. EARTH-Probable End of the.

Did man compute Is it not probable, it may be asked, that the Existence by enjoyment, and count o'er time will come when the globe itself will come

Such hours 'gainst years of life, --say would be to an end? And if it be so, can science detect name threescore.

Ibid. the provision that is possibly made for this consummation of all things? We have seen

EARTH-Divinely-Fitted to Man. that the atmosphere has for long been under- The earth on which we tread, was evidently going a change; that at a very early period it inteuded by the Creator to support man and was charged with carbonic acid, the carbon of other animals, along with their habitations, and which now forms part of animal and vegetable to furnish those vegetable productions which are structures. We saw, also, that at first it con- necessary for their subsistence; and, accord. tained no ammonia; but since vegetation and ingly, He has given it that exact degree of condecomposition began, the nitrogen that existed sistency, which is requisite for these purposes. in the nitrates of the earth and some of the Were it much harder than it now is; were it, for



Comple, as dense as a rock, it would be inci- And mortal puisance into all the air. pable of cultivation, and vegetables could not What solid was, by transformation strange be produced from its surface. Were it softer, Grows fluid, and the fix'd and rooted earth it would be insufficient to support us, and Tormented ivto billows, heaves and swells, we should sink at every step, like a person Or with vortiginous and hideous whirl walking in a quagmire. The exact adjustment Sucks down its prey insatiable. Immense of the solid parts of our globe, to the nature The tumult and the overthrow, the pangs and necessities of the beings which inbabit it, | And agonies of human and of brute is an instance of Divine wisdom. Dick. Multitudes, fugitive on every side,

And fugitive in vain. The sylvan scene EARTH-our Mother.

Migrates uplifted, and with all its soil Not on a path of reprobation runs

Alighting in far-distant fields, finds out The trembling earth. God's eye doth follow her A new possessor, and survives the change. With far more love than doth her maid, the moon. Ocean has caught the frenzy, and upwrought,

Speak no harsh words of earth: she is our mother, To an enormous and o'erbearing height,
| And few of us, her sons, who have not added Not by a mighty wind, but by that voice

A wrinkle to her brow. She gave us birth; Which winds and waves obey, invades the shore
We drew our nurture from her ample breast : Resistless. Never such a sudden flood,
And there is coming for us both an hour Upridged so high, and sent on such a charge,
When we shall pray that she will ope her arms Possess'd an inland scene.

Couper. And take us back again.


EARTHQUAKE - Nature's convulsive EARTH-Our Nursing-Mother.

Efforts. It is this earth that, like a kind mother, re- Diseased nature oftentimes breaks forth ceives us at our birth, and sustains us when In strange eruptions; and the teeming earth born; it is this alone of all the elements around Is with a kind of colic pinch'd and vex'd us that is never found an enemy to man. The By the imprisoning of unruly wind body of waters deluge him with rain, oppress him Within her womb; which, for enlargement with hail, and drown him with inundations; the striving, air rushes in storms, prepares the tempest, or Shakes the old beldame earth, and topples down Ishats up the volcano : but the earth, gentle Steeples, and moss-grown towers. Shakspeare. and indulgent, ever subservient to the wants of man, spreads his walks with flowers and his EATING-Love of. table with plenty; returns with interest every Some men are born to feast, and not to fight; good committed to her care, and, though she , Whose sluggish minds, e'en in fair honour's field, produces the poison, she still supplies the Still on their dinner turn. Joanna Baillie. actidote; though constantly teased more to furtish the luxuries of man than his necessities, EATING-Moderation in. tet, even to the last, she continues her kind

For the sake of health, medicines are taken indulgence, and when life is over, she piously by weight and measure ; so ought food to be, covers his remains in her bosom. Pliny.

or by some similar rule.

Skelton. EARTH-a Vestibule.

EATING-of the Rich and Poor.
I believe this earth on which we stand
Is but the restioule to glorious mansions,

The difference between a rich man and a Through which a moving crowd for ever press. poor man is this—the former eats when he

Joanna Baillie. pleases, and the latter when he can get it. ' EARTHQUAKE–The.

Sir Walter Raleigh. She quakes at His approach. Her hollow womb, EATING AND DRINKING-ModeraConceiving thunders, through a thousand deeps

tion in. And Sery caverns roars beneath His foot. Be very moderate in eating and drinking. Toe bills move lightly and the mountains smoke, Drunkenness is the great vice of the time; For He has touch'd them. From the extremest and by drunkenness I do mean, not only gross point

drunkenness, but also tippling, drinking exOf elevation down into the abyss,

cessively and immoderately, or more than is His wrath is busy and His frown is felt. convenient or necessary : avoid those companies The maks fall headlong and the valleys rise; that are given to it; come not into those The rivers die into offensive pools,

places that are devoted to that beastly vice, And, charged with putrid verdure, breathe a namely, taverns and ale-houses; avoid and gruss

| refuse those devices that are used to occasion

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