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DISCIPLINE.

DISCOVERY.

DISCIPLINE (Moral)—

Results of. From pole to pole the fatal arrow bears, The law of habit when enlisted on the side Whose rooted point his bloeding bosom tears; of ngbleousness, not only strengthens and With equal pains each different clime he tries, makes sure our resistance to vice, but facili. And is himself that torment which he flies. tates the most arduous performances of virtue.

Lord Lyttleton. Tbe man whose thoughts, with the purposes

DISCONTENT–Public. and doings to which they lead, are at the The state is out of tune; distracting fears bidding of conscience, will, by frequent repeti. And jealous doubts jar in our public counsels; tion, at length describe the same track almost Amidst the wealthy city murmur's rife ; spontaneously,-even as in physical education, Loud railings and reproach on those that rule, things, laboriously learnt at the first, come to With open scorn of government; hence credit be done at last without the feeling of an And public trust 'twixt man and man are etort. And so, in moral education, every new broken; achievement of principle smooths the way to The golden streams of commerce are withheld, future achievements of the same kind; and Which fed the wants of needy hinds and artisans, the precious fruit or purchase of each moral Who therefore curse the great and threat i rirtne is to set us on higher and firmer rebellion.

Rowe. tautage-ground for the conquests of principle in all time coming. He who resolutely bids Great discontents there are, and many murmurs, away the suggestions of avarice, when they The doors are all shut up: the wealthier sort, come into conflict with the incumbent gene- With arms across, and hats upon their eyes, rosity; or the suggestions of voluptuousness, Walk to and fro before their silent shops ; when they come into conflict with the incum- Whole droves of lenders crowd the bankers' beut self-depial; or the suggestions of anger, doors when they come into conflict with the incum. To call in money; those who have none, mark beat act of magnanimity and forbearance - Where money goes; for when they rise, 'tis will at length obtain, not a respite only, but a plunder.

Dryder. fnal deliverance from their intrusion.

Conscience, the longer it has made way over DISCONTENT-Universality of. the obstacles of selfishness and passion, the There's discontent from sceptre to the swain, less will it give way to these adverse forces, | And from the peasant to the king again. theinselves weakened by the repeated defeats Then whatsoever in thy will afflict thee, which they have sustained in the warfare of Or in thy pleasure seem to contradict thee, moral discipline: or, in other words, the Give it a welcome as a wholesome friend, oftener that conscience makes good the supre- That would instruct thee to a better end. macy which she claims, the greater would be Since no condition from defect is free, the work of violence, and less the strength for Think not to find what here can never be. its accomplishment, to cast her down from

Niccholes. that station of practical guidance and com- DISCORD-Characteristics of. mand, which of right belongs to her. It is just, bacause, in virtue of the law of suggestion, those Discord, a sleepless hag, who never dies, trains of thought and feeling, which connect

With snipe-like pose and ferret-glowing eyes, her first biddings with their final execution, Lean sallow cheeks, long chin, with beard are the less exposed at every new instance to

supplied, be disturbed, and the more likely to be re

Poor crackling joints, and wither'd parchment

hide, peated over again, that every good principle is toore strengthened by its exercise, and every As if old drums, worn out with martial din. good affection is more strengthened by its Had clubb'd their yellow heads to form her

skin.

Dr. Warton. ittulgence, than before. The acts of virtue ripen into habits; and the goodly and per- DISCORD-Sourness of. manent result is, the formation or establishmeat of a virtuous character. Chalmers.

How sour sweet music is,

When time is broke, and no proportion kept. DISCONTENT-Evils of.

Shakspeare. For not the ceaseless change of shifted place

DISCOVERY-Historical Notices of. Can from the heart a settled grief erase;

At the head of the list stands that of Sir Nor can the purer balm of foreign air

Isaac Newton, one of the greatest minds of Heal the distemper'd mind of aching care. ancient or modern times, and the bare men. The wretch by wild impatience driven to rove, tion of which is connected with the most Ver'd with tbe pangs of ill-requited love, sublime of sciences. That ardent but humble

1 DISCOVERY.

DISCOVERY.

spirit of inquiry, so necessary to success, was observes an eminent writer, when we discharacteristic of his mind. Hence he used to cover, or think we discover, any fact in the speak of himself as having been all his life but economy of nature which we have reason to ' a child gathering pebbles on the sea-shore." believe has not previously been observed ! Let This shows the spirit in which he pursued it at least be verified and recorded. No truth his investigations; and he was accustomed is altogether barren; and even that which modestly to say, that “ if there was any looks, at first sight, the very simplest and meutal endowment in which he excelled the most trivial, may turn out fruitful in precious generality of men, it was that of patience in results." the examination of the facts and phenomena It was from a circumstance, if not similar, of his subject."

yet partaking of the nature of the same sim. It was from one of the most simple incidents p!icity, that this philosopher discovered the that Newton was enabled to disclose to the noble instrument which has repdered bim the world the system of the universe—that of the most illustrious, and given his name the fall of an apple-a thing that had been ob- greatest notoriety. Wbile he was residing at served millions of times without any recog. Venice, a report came to that city that a nition and application of that principle which Dutchman had presented to Count Maurice of he discovered and carried out into the bound Nassau an instrument by which distant objects less universe. It is said to have taken place were made to appear as if near. This was all in his twenty-third year, when, during the that was stated, and this was enough for the prevalence of the plague in London, at his mind of Galileo. He set himself to work, and retreat in the country, he was one day sitting soon found that by a certain arrangement of or lying under an apple-tree in his garden, and spherical glasses he could produce the same an apple fell beside him; he immediately effect. The discovery of the telescope was the began to reflect on the cause of the fall of the result. apple, which, attributing to the right prin- To a very simple circumstance we owe the : ciple—the attraction of gravity-he extended discovery of one of the most beautiful of it to the universe, and found that it was that modern arts. Prince Rupert one morning which kept the sun in the centre of the solar noticed a soldier rubbing the rust off his gunsystem, the planets in their orbits as they barrel, occasioned by the dew of the nigbt revolve around him, and their satellites in before, aud that it left on the surface of the their orbits around them. The existence of steel a collection of very minute holes, regravitation, or a tendency to fall towards the sembling a dark engraving, parts of which centre of the earth, was already known, as had, here and there, been rubbed away by affecting all bodies in the immediate vicinity the soldier. The kind of engraving called of our planet; and the great Galileo had even mezzotinto was thus suggested to him, and its ascertained the law, or rate, according to invention the result of his experiments. which their motion is accelerated as they con- The waving of a linen shirt hanging before tinue their descent. But no one had as yet the fire, in the warm and ascending air, or the dreamed of the gravitation of the heavens, till ascending of smoke in a chimney, suggested the idea now first dimly rose on the mind of to Stephen Montgolfier the invention of the Newton.

air-balloon. The name of Galileo furnishes another illus- The discovery of galvanism affords another trious example of important discovery from of those instances of a great result from a common occurrence, and of the triumph of very simple occurrence. About the year 1790, science. Standing one day in the metropolitan Galvani, a professor in the University of church at Pisa, he noticed the movements Bologna, was engaged in a series of exof a suspended lamp, which some accidental periments to show the intimate connection disturbance had caused to vibrate. The ap- between muscular motion and electrical action. plication of this regular motion to the mea- One day some dead frogs, which were intended surement of time suggested itself to him; and to make soup for his lady, who was ill, were the invention of the pendulum was the result, lying on a table near an electrifying machine, the principle of the most perfect measure of when a student, in the absence of Galvani, time that we have. Now this incident had no was amusing himself with the instrument, and doubt been noticed thousands of times before noticed that convulsive motions took place in by others; but it was reserved for the philo- | the muscles of one of the frogs, when touched sophic attention of Galileo to turn it to advan- by a piece of metal. tage, though he was not yet twenty years Madame Galvani, a lady of great intelligence,

communicated it to her husband, who after “ How striking an example is this for us," wards discovered the means of exciting these

of age.

DISCOVERY.

DISHONESTY.

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contractions at pleasure, by merely using two DISCRETION-in Speech. wires of different metals, independent of the There are three things that ought to be conelectrical machine. Thus was discovered gal- sidered before some things are spoken, - the waism, one of the most powerful modes of manner, the place, and the time. Southey. electrical action, and which has been the means of some of the most brilliant discoveries DISCUSSION-Advantages of. and achievements in chemical science.

Free and fair discussion will ever be found There are other similar cases to these, which the firmest friend to truth. George Campbell. might be enumerated. It is in this way that many great inventions have been suggested. Whoever is afraid of submitting any quesPrinting was, no doubt, first thought of by an

tion, civil or religious, to the test of free disimpression made, similar to that by a type, cussion, is more in love with his own opinion turned to proper advantage by genius. It

than with truth.

Bishop Watson. is a mark of superior genius," says Mrs. Mariet, in her Coneersations on Natural Philosophy, DISDAIN-Character of. " to find matter for wonder, observation, and Disdain has swell’d him up, and choked bis research, in circumstances which, to the ordi

breath, Dary mind, appear trivial, because they are

Sullen and dumb, and obstinate to death : common; and with which they are satisfied, No signs of pity in his face appear; because they are natural; without reflecting Cramm'd with his pride, he leaves no room that nature is our grand field of observation,

within, that within it is contained our whole store of For sighs to issue out, or love to enter in. knowledge."

Dryden. | The application of the power of electricity to machinery, so as to obtain any force, and which Disdain and scorn ride sparkling in her eye, is said recently to have been done to some Despising what they look on. Shakspeare. extent, will be one of the most brilliant achievements ever made in human science; DISEASE-Cure of. and that of perpetual motion, in self-moving machines (if it can ever be effected), will far Before the curing of a strong disease,

Ev’n in the instant of repair and health, surpass every other discovery yet made.

Dr. Howard.

The fit is strongest : evils that take leave, DISCREPANCY.

On their departure most of all show evil. Ibid. Certain trifling flaws sit as disgracefully on a DISEASE-Strength of. character of elegance as a ragged button on a

And where the greater malady is fix'd, wurt dress

Lavuter.

The lesser is scarce felt: when the mind's

free, DISCRETION-Advantages of.

The body's delicate. The tempest in my mind There is po talent so useful towards rising in Does from my senses take all feeling else, the world, or which puts men more out of the Save what beats there.

Ibid. power of fortune, than that quality generally possessed by the dullest sort of men, and in DISGUISE-Wickedness of. out mon speech called “discretion," -a species Disguise, I see, thou art a wickedness, of lower prudence, by the assistance of which wherein the pregnant enemy does much. people of the meanest intellectuals pass through How easy is it for the proper false the world in great tranquillity, neither giving In women's waxen hearts to set their forms! nor taking offence. For want of a reasonable Alas, our frailty is the cause, not we : infusion of this aldermanly discretion, every. For, such as we are made of, such we be. Ibid. thing fails. Had Windham possessed discre. tion in debate, or Sheridan in conduct, they DISHONESTY-Characteristics of. might have ruled their age.

Swift. That wbich is won ill, will never wear well,

for there is a curse attends it, which will waste Without discretion, people may be overlaid it; and the same corrupt dispositions which with anreasonable affection, and choked with incline men to the sinful ways of getting, will too much nourishment. Jeremy Collier. incline them to the like sinful ways of spending.

Matthew Henry. DISCRETION-in Speech.

DISHONESTY-Sinfulness of. Iriscretion in speech is more than eloquence. Who purposely cheats his friend, would cheat Bacon. his God.

Lavater. DISHONOUR.

DOCILITY.

to.

DISHONOUR.

drinks, and talks, and sleeps. He is visited Dishonour waits on perfidy. A man

by the most eminent Christians; he is assurel Should blush to think a falsehood : 'tis the crime of the certainty of future blessedness. Whea Of cowards.

Johnson. the day of execution arrives, crowds assemble

to witness his conduct and to admire his DISINTERESTEDNESS-Qualities of. heroism. The sympathy of thousands is ex.

The slightest emotion of disinterested kind- cited, -all gaze in breathless expectation to ness that passes through the mind improves hear the least sound of his voice, and he dies and refreshes that mind, producing generous like a martyr rather than a criminal. thought and noble feeling. We should cherish There is a degree of vanity in our naturo kind wishes, for a tiine may come when we may which the approach of death can scarcely be enabled to put them in practice.

overpower; and if there be a temptation to

Miss Mitford. hypocrisy, or an occasion when hypocrisy is DISOBEDIENCE-Natural Inclination dangerous to the salvation of all, it is on such

occasious as these, when a multitude beholds Wherever there is authority, there is a na

the greatest of criminals almost canonized as tural inclination to disobedience. Haliburton.

a saint ;-the least relic of bim is carefully

treasured, -the very rope on which he was DISPOSITION (A Good)-Security of.

suspended becomes an object of inestimable

value; and we saw, on a late occasion, that There is no security in a good disposition, when the offender became sufficiently notorious, if the support of good principles, (that is to say, of religion, of Christian faith,) be wanting. sider how many individuals are longing for

be was finally represented on the stage. Con. It may be soured by misfortunes, it may be celebrity; how willingly men will sacrifice corrupted by wealth; it may be blighted by their lives for fame, and that a few would neediness; it may lose all its original bright- rather be thus known for their crimes, than ness; if destitute of that support. Southey.

not known at all.

Sinclair. DISTANCE-Effects produced by. DISTRAINT-by Legal Process.

Distance in truth produces in idea the same You have fed upon my signories, effect as in real perspective. Objects are Dispark'd my parks, and fellid my forest woods; softened, rounded, and rendered doubly grace- From my own windows torn my household coat, ful; the harsher and more ordinary points of Razed out my impress, leaving me no sign,character are melted down, and those by which Save men's opinions, and my living blood, it is remembered, are the more striking outlines To show the world I am a gentleman. that mark sublimity, grace, or beauty. There

Shakspeare. are mists, too, in the mental as in the natural horizon, to conceal what is less pleasing in They told me, by the sentence of the law, distant objects; and there are happy lights to They had commission to seize all my fortune. stream in full glory upon those points which Here stood a ruffian with a horrid face, can profit by brilliant illumination.

Lording it o'er a pile of massive plate,

Sir Walter Scott. | Tumbled into a heap for public sale. DISTINCTION-Effect of.

There was another, making villanous jests Distinction, with a broad and powerful fan, At thy undoing: he had ta'en possession Puffing at all, winnows the light away.

Of all thy ancient, most domestic ornaments. Shakspeare.

Otuty. DISTINCTION-Love of.

DIVINITY-Practical It has often heen a matter of serious con- He that is most practical in Divine things, sideration to me, how much the natural love hath the purest and sincerest knowledge of of distinction in man must be fattered by the them, and not he that is most dogmatical. sudden celebrity to which even the worst Divinity, indeed, is a true efflux from the criminal stands forth, who is eminent for no- | Eternal light, which, like the sunbeams, does thing but the greatness of his crime. He has not only enlighten, but heat and enliven; and, perhaps lived a life of obscurity and want, till therefore our Saviour hath in his Beatitudes by some hideous act of atrocity he becomes connext Purity of heart with the Beatificil the temporary hero of the day. Every news- Vision,

Smith, 1660. paper is then thought insipid that has not a column devoted to him; his most trifling DOCILITY-Force of. actions become objects of intense and uni- A docile disposition will, with application, versal interest; we are told how he eats, and 'surmount every difficulty.

Manlins.

DOCTORS.

DREAMING.

his cure.

DOCTORS-Extortions of.

DOUBT.
A wealthy doctor, who can help a poor man, When you doubt, abstain,

Zoroaster. and will not without a fee, has less sense of bumanity than a poor ruffian who kills a rich DOUBT_Causes of. man to supply bis necessities. It is something Doubt is the effect of fear or jealousy, moustrous to consider a man of a liberal Two passions which to reason give the lie; education tearing out the bowels of a poor for fear torments, and never doth assist ; family, by taking for a visit what would keep And jealousy is love lost in a mist, them a week.

Addison. Both hoodwink truth, and go to blind-man's buff.

Hone. The purse of the patient frequently protracts

Zimmerman. DOUBT-and Certainties.

In contemplation, if a man begin with cer. DOG (Poodle)-Described.

tainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will A little, old, grey-muzzled curmudgeon, with be content to begin with doubts, he shall end

Bacon. ao unhappy eye, that kindles like a coal

, if in certainties. you only look at him; his nose turns up, his

DOUBT-Effects of. pouth is drawn into wrinkles so as to show his teeth; in short, he has altogether the look

Our doubts are traitors, of a dog far gone in misanthropy, and totally And make us lose the good we oft might win, sick of the wor.d. When he walks, he has bis By fearing to attempt.

Shakspeare. tail curled up so tight, that it seems to lift his feet from the ground. This wretch is called DOUBT-Misery of. Beauty.

Washington Irving. A bitter and perplexed “What shall I do?"

Is worse to man than worse necessity. DOG_Fidelity of the.

Coleridge. With eye upraised, his master's looks to scan,

And yet | The joy, the solace, and the aid of man ; The rich man's guardian, and the poor man's My flagging soul flies under her own pitch,

A kind of weight hangs heavy at my heart ; friend,

Like fowl in air, too damp, and lugs along, The only creature faithful to the end. Crabbe.

As if she were a body in a body,

And not a mounting substance made of fire. DOGMATISM-Spirit of.

My senses too are dull, and stupified, A dogmatical spirit inclines a man to be Their edge rebated; sure some ill approaches, censorious of his neighbours. Every one of And some kind spirit knocks softly at my his opinions appears to him written, as it

soul, were, with sunbeams, and he grows angry To tell me Fate's at hand.

Dryden. that his neighbours do not see it in the same

DOUBT-Modest. light. He is tempted to disdain his corres. poodents as men of low and dark under

Modest doubt is call'd staprings, because they do not believe what The beacon of the wise, the tent that searches be does.

Watts. To the bottom of the worst. Shakspeare.

DREAMING-Nature of. DOGMATISTS.

Strange state of being ! (for 'tis still to be) The people must not think a thought Senseless to feel, and with seal'd eyes to see. towards God, but as their pastors will put it

Byron. into their mouths : surely they will make DREAMING-Rapidity of Thought in. sheep of us.

Selden.

A very remarkable circumstance, and an DOOR-Knock at the.

important point of analogy, is to be found in

the extreme rapidity with which the mental Not many gounds in life (and I include all operations are performed, or rather, with urban and all riral sounds) exceed in interest which the material changes on which the a knock at the door. It gives a very echo ideas depend are excited in the hemispherical to the throne where Hope is seated." But its ganglia. It would appear as if a whole series issues seldom answer to this oracle within ;- of acts, that would really occupy a long lapse it is so seldom that just the person we want to of time, pass ideally through the mind in one

Lamb. | instant. We have in dreams no true per

sce comes,

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