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DESERT.

DESOLATION,

The helpless traveller, with wild surprise, our aspiration after an object which we already Sees the dry desert all around him rise, secretly possess.

It is thus than an intense And, smother'd in the dusty whirlwind, dies. anticipation transforms a real possibility into

Addison. an imaginary reality. When such a tendency DESERT-Desolation of the.

is decided in us, at each stage of our derelop

ment a portion of our primitive desire accomNext night-a dreary night! Cast on the wildest of the Cyclades isles,

plishes itself, under favourable circumstances, Where never human foot had mark'd the shore, by direct means; and in unfavourable circumThese ruffians left me.

stances, by some more circuitous route, from Beneath a shade

which, however, we never fail to reach the I sat me down, more heavily oppress'd,

straight road again.

Goethe. More desolate at heart than e'er I felt

DESIRES-Insatiability of.
Before : when Philomela o'er my head
Began to tune her melancholy strain,

Every desire bears its death in its very As piteous of my woes; till by degrees,

gratification. Curiosity languishes under reComposing sleep on wounded nature shed peated stimulants, and novelties cease to excite A kind but short relief. At early morn,

surprise, until at length we cannot wonder Waked by the chant of birds, I look'd around even at a miracle.

Washington Irving. For usual objects : objects found I none, Except before me stretch'd the toiling main,

DESIRES-Shadows of. And rocks, and woods, in savage view, behind. The shadows of our own desires stand be

Thomson

tween us and our better angels, and thus their DESERT-Dreariness of the.

brightness is eclipsed.

Dickens The sultry suu bad gain'd the middle sky,

DESIRES-Use of. And not a tree, and not a herb was nigh; The beasts with pain their dusty way pursue ; The passions and desires, like the two Shrill roar'd the winds, and dreary was the twists of a rope, mutually mix one with the view.

Collins. other, and twine inextricably round the leart;

producing good, if moderately indulged ; but Not a pool, not a bush, not a house is seen, certain destruction, if suffered to become inAnd the mountain-range forms a rugged screen ordinate.

Bartos. Round the parch'd tlats, spread as a lako between.

Methuen. DESOLATION-Gloom of. DESIRE-Definition of.

From low to high doth desolation climb,

And sinks from high to low along the scale Desire is the uneasiness a man finds in him. Of awful notes, whose concord shall not fail. self upon the absence of anything whose A musical but melancholy chime, present enjoyment carries the idea of delight Which they can hear who meddle not with crime, with it. Locke. Nor avarice, nor over-anxious care.

Wordscorte DESIRE-Earnestness of.

DESOLATION-of a House.

Such a house broke ! O that I might have my request; and that

So noble master fallen ? all gone! and not God would grant me the thing that I long for!

Job.

One friend to take his fortune by the arm,
And go along with him.

Shakspeare. DESIRE-Dangerous Tendency of.

Every desire is a viper in the bosom, who, DESOLATION-of the Lone One. while he was chill, was harmless; but when Unhappy he ! who from the first of joyswarmth gave him strength, exerted it in poison. Society-cut off

, is left alone Johnson.

Amid this world of death. Day after day, DESIRES-Presentiments of Internal Sad on the jutting eminence he sits, Faculties.

And views the main that ever toils below; Our desires are the presentiments of the Still fondly forming in the farthest verge, faculties which lie within us,

the
precursors

of Where the round ether mixes with the ware, those things which we are capable of perform. Ships, dim-discover'd, dropping from the clouds; ing. That which we would be, and that which At evening, to the setting sun he turns we desire, present themselves to our imagina: A mournful eye, and down his dying heart tion, about us, and the future. We prove Sinks helpless.

Thon

DESPAIR,

DESPAIR

DESPAIR-Anguish of.

Which way I fee is hell,—myself am hell, A bopeless darkness settles o'er my fate;

And in the lowest deep, a lower deep,
Still threat'ning to devour me, opens wide ;

To which the hell I suffer seems a heav'n. My doom is closed.

Count Basil.

Is there no place DESPAIR-Characteristics of.

Left for repentance, none for pardon left !

Milton. Despair is like froward children, who, when rou take away one of their playthings, throw DESPAIR-never to be Indulged. the rest into the fire for madness. It grows Though plunged in ills and exercised in care, angry with itself, turns its own executioner, | Yet never let the noble mind despair : and revenges its misfortunes on its own head. When press'd by dangers and beset by foes, It refuses to live under disappointments and The gods their timely succour interpose ; strisses, and chooses rather not to be at all, And when our virtue sinks o'erwhelmed with than to be without the thing which it hath

grief, moe imagined necessary to its happiness.

By unforeseen expedients bring relief.
Charron.

Philips. DESPAIR-Degrading to the Deity. DESPAIR-Life in.

He that despairs, degrades the Deity, and There is a very life in our despair. Byron. seems to intimate that He is insufficient, or Dot just to His word; and in vain bath read DESPAIR-Madness of. the Scriptures, the world, and man. Feltham.

This pomp of horror

Is fit to feed the frenzy in my soul ; DESPAIR-Desolation of.

Here's room for meditation even to madness, uh! let me hunt my travail'd woes again ; Till the mind burst with thinking. Roue. Pange the wide waste of desolate despair; Start any hope. Alas! I lose myself,

DESPAIR-Miseries of. "Tis pathless, dark, and barren all to me.

Whither shall I fly? !

Southern. Where hide me and my miseries together?

O Belvidera! I'm the wretched'st creature Eren ev'ry ray of hope destroy'd,

E’er crawled on earth ; now, if thou hast virtue, And not a wish to gild the gloom.

Burns.

Take me into thy arms, and speak the words

of peace

All hope is lost To my divided soul, that wars within me, Off my reception into grace; what worse? And raises every sense to my confusion. For where no hope is left, is left no fear. By heaven ! I'm tottering on the very brink

Milton. Of ruin, and thou art all the hold I've left. DESPAIR-Effects of.

Do thou at least with charitable goodness Now cold despair

Assist me in the pangs of my afflictions. To irid paleness turns the glowing red; Couldst thou but think how I've spent this night, His blood, scarce liquid, creeps within his veins. Dark and alone, no pillow to my head, Like water which the freezing wind constrains, Rest in my eyes, nor quiet in my heart,

Dryden. Thou wouldst not, Belvidera, sure thou wouldst DESPAIR-Evils of.

not Despair makes a despicable figure, and is Talk to me thus, but, like a pitying angel, descended from a mean original. It is the off- Spreading thy wings, come settle on my breast, spring of fear, laziness, and impatience. It And hatch warm comforts there, ere sorrow sgaes a defect of spirit and resolution, and freeze it.

Otway. chtentimes of honesty too. After all, the exercise of this passion is so troublesome, that DESPAIR-The Last Relief of. Eothing but dint of evidence and demonstra- My life's a load, encumber'd with the charge, tion should force it upon us. I would not I long to set the imprison'd soul at large. despair upless I knew the irrevocable decree For I, the most forlorn of human kind, was passed; saw my misfortune recorded in Nor help can hope, nor remedy can find; the book of fate, and signed and sealed by But doom'd to drag my loathful life in care, Lecessity.

Jeremy Collier. For my reward must end it in despair.

Fire, water, air, and earth, and force of fates DESPAIR-Horrors of.

That governs all, and Heaven that all creates; Which way shall I fly

Nor art, nor nature's hand, can ease my greaf; Infinite wrath, and infinite despair!

Nothing but death, the wretch's last relief.

DESPAIR.

DEVOTION.

Then farewell youth, and all the joys that DESPOTS-Government of. dwell

Despots govern by terror. They know, With youth and life; and life itself, farewell. that he who fears God fears nothing else;

Dryden. and therefore they eradicate from the mind, DESPAIR-Never Yield to.

through their Voltaire, their Helvetius, and Art thou low, and sick, and dreary?

the rest of that infamous gang, that only sort Is thy spirit sunk and weary

of fear which generates true courage.

Barke. With its fight against the ills of life, that seem to fill the air ?

DESTRUCTION-Easiness of the Way

to. Gird thy loins once more, and try,The stout heart wins the victory,

The gates of hell are open night and day; But never dark despair.

Smooth the descent, and easy is the way;

But to return, and view the cheerful skies, Does temptation strong approach thee? In this the task and mighty labour lies. Does some secret wrong reproach thee,

Dryden. With its conscious voice accusing thee of more

DESULTORINESS AND CONNECthan thou canst bear?

TION. Before high Heaven cleanse thy breast;

Desultoriness may often be the mark of a Go, sin no more, and thou'lt find rest, But never in despair.

full head; connection must proceed from a thoughtful one.

Danby. Has thy love of man grown chary? Has thy trust in him grown wary?

DETENTION-Unjust. Hast thou coldly turn'd a deafen'd ear to sin's Now, by our lady, sheriff, 'tis hard reckoning, repentant prayer ?

That I, with every odds of birth and barony, Think that none can enter heaven

Should be detained here for the casual death Who has not others' sins forgiven,

Of a wild forester, whose utmost having
And saved them from despair. Is but the brazen buckle of the belt,

Clements. In which he sticks his hedge-knife. Beaumort DESPAIR-Yielding to.

DETERMINATION-Settled.
Nae langer she wept, her tears were a' spent,
Despair it was come, and she thought it Muse not that I thus suddenly proceed;
content;

For what I will, I will, and there an end. She thought it content, but her cheek it grew DEVOTION-Practical.

Skakspeare. pale, And she droop'd like a lily broke down by the The great antique heart : how like a child's hail.

Burns. in its simplicity, like a man's in its earnest

solemnity and depth! Heaven lies over him DESPONDENCY.

wheresoever he goes or stands on the earth; That some weighty grief making all the earth a mystic temple to him, O'erhangs thy soul, thy ev'ry look proclaims; the earth's business all a kind of worsbip. Why then refuse it words? The heart that Glimpses of bright creatures flash in the combleeds

mon sunlight; angels yet hover, doing God's From any stroke of fate or human wrongs, messages among men : that rainbow was set Loves to disclose itself, that list'ning pity in the clouds by the hand of God! Wonder, May drop a healing tear upon the wound. miracle, encompass the man; he lives in an 'Tis only when with inbred horror smote, element of miracle; heaven's splendour over At some base act, or done, or to be done, his head, hell's darkness under his feet; a That the reviling soul, with conscious dread, great law of duty, high as these two infinitudes, Shrinks back into itself.

Mason. dwarfing all else, annihilating all else-it was DESPOT-The First.

a reality, and it is one: tbe garment only of it

is dead; the essence of it lives through all O execrable son ! so to aspire

times and all eternity !

Carlyle. Above his brethren, to himself assuming Authority usurp'd, from God not given.

DEVOTION-Comparison between Pri.

vate and Public. He gave us only over beast, fish, fowl, Dominion absolute; that right we hold

Private devotions and secret offices of reli. By his donation ;-—but man over man

gion are like the refreshing of a garden with He made not lord, such title to himself the distilling and petty drops of a water-pot; Preserving, human left from human free. but, addressed from the temple, are like rain Milton. | from heaven.

Jeremy Taylor. DEVOTION.

DIFFICULTY.

DEVOTION-Purity of

The immortal gods
Acept the meanest altars that are raised
By pure devotions; and sometimes prefer
An cance of frankincense, honey, or milk,
Before whole hecatombs, or Saban gems,
Ofer d in ostentation.

Massinger.

Like its own tear,
Because so long divided from the sphere.
Restless it rolls and insecure,
Trembling lest it grow impure,
Till the warm sun pities its pain,
And to the skies exhales it back again.

Andrer Marvel.

DEVOTION-Secret.

A globe of dew,

Filling in the morning new
The secret heart
Is fair Devotion's temple; there the saint,

Some eyed flower whose young leaves waken Een on that living altar, lights the flame

On an unimagined world:

Constellated suds unshaken,
Oi purest sacrifice, which burns udseen,
Not unaccepted.

Hannah More.

Orbits measureless, are furld

In that frail and fading sphere,

With ten millions gather'd there, Thon, when thou prayest, enter into thy

To tremble, gleam, and disappear. Shelley. closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy DEW-DROPS. Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.

St. Mattheu.

I must go seek some dew-drops here,
And hang a pearl in every cowslip's ear.

Shakspeare. DEVOTION-Silent.

DEW8-of Evening. The inward sighs of humble penitence

The dews of the evening most carefully shun; Rise to the ear of Heaven, when pealed hymns Those tears of the sky for the loss of the sun. Are scatter'd with the sounds of common air.

Chesterfield. Joanna Baillie. DIFFERENCES. DEW-The.

In all differences consider that both you and Those serdant hills now bathed in morning dews, your enemy are dropping off

, and that ere Whose every drop outvies Golconda's gem.

long your very memories will be extinguished. Lo! one hangs glittering on yon blade of grass ;

Aurel. Spurn not that lucid trembler, but admire DIFFICULTY-Extremity of. Its glorious hues, and trace them to their source ; It is as hard to come, as for a camel The nice arrangements of its particles.

To thread the postern of a needle's eye. Draw nigh ;-througa microscopic lens inspect

Shakspeare. That single drop's profound elaboratenessMost delicate, and wonderfully wrought.

DIFFICULTY-. Moral Instructor. Is it a work of chance? It is a world

Difficulty is a severe instructor, set over us Replete with life, and love, and joy. Its crowds by the supreme ordinance of a parental guarDart swift from verge to verge (their ocean dian and legislator, who knows us better than depths)

we know ourselves; and He loves us better too. How Derrous and minute each supple fin ! He that wrestles with us strengthens our What made that film-like hinge on which it nerves, and sbarpens our skill. Our antagonist plays?

is our helper. This amicable conflict with What hand, wbat eye, save God's could fashion difficulty obliges us to an intimate int

Merritt. ance with our object, and compels us to con

sider it in all its relations. It will not suffer DEW-A Drop of.

us to be superficial.

Burke. See how the orient dew,

DIFFICULTY-Overcoming.
Sbed from the bosom of the morn,
Into the blowing roses,

Accustom yourself to master and overcome Tet careless of its mansion new,

things of difficulty : for if you observe, the Por the clear region where 'twas born

left hand for want of practice is insignificant, Prand in itself incloses :

and not adapted to general business ; yet it And in its little globe's extent,

holds the bridle better than the right, from

constant use. Frames as it can its native element.

Pliny. How it tbe purple flower does slight !

DIFFICULTY-a Stimulus.
Scarce touching where it lies;
Bat giving back upon the skies,

What is difficulty ? Only a word indicating Shines with a mournful light,

the degree of strength requisite for accomplishDIFICULTY.

DINNER-BELL.

ing particular objects ; a mere notice of the DINNER–Before and After.
necessity for exertion ; a bugbear to children
and fools; only a mere stimulus to men.

Before dinner, men meet with great in

equality of understanding; and those who are

Samuel Warren. DIFFICULTY-Trials in.

conscious of their inferiority, have the modesty

not to talk : when they have drunk wine, It is difficulties which give birth to miracles. It is not every calamity that is a curse ; and modesty, and grows impudent and vociferous ;

every man feels himself happy, and loses that early adversity is often a blessing. Perhaps but he is not improved; he is only not sensible Madame de Maintenon would never have of his defects.

Johnson mounted a throne had not her cradle been rocked in a prison. Surmounted obstacles not

DINNER-Social Chat after. only teach, but hearten us in our future struggles ; for virtue must be learnt, though, We have always thought that the one unfortunately, some of the vices come as it | English custom which raises us immeasurably were by inspiration. The austerities of our above all other races and types of humanity, northern climate are thought to be the cause is that of sitting over our wine after dinner. of our abundant comforts, as our wintry nights In what other portion of the twenty-four and our stormy seas have given us a race of hours bave we either time or inclination for seamen perhaps unequalled, and certainly not mere talk ? Aud is not the faculty of talk surpassed, by any in the world. Sharpe. that which denotes the superiority of man

over brutes ? To talk, therefore, a certain part DIGNITY-Characteristics of.

of the day must be devoted. Other nations Well had he learn'd to curb the crowd, mix their talk up with their business, and the By arts that veil and oft preserve the proud; consequence is, that neither talk nor business His was the lofty port, the distant mien, is done well. We, on the contrary, work while That seems to shun the sight, and awes if we are at it, and have all our talk out just at seen ;

that very portion of our lives when it is The solemn aspect, and the high-born eye, physically, intellectually, and morally, most That checks low birth, but lacks not courtesy. | beneficial to us. The pleasant talk promotes

Byron. digestion, and prevents the mind from dwell

ing on the grinding of the digestive mill that True dignity is his whose tranquil mind is going on within us. The satisfaction and

Virtue bas raised above the things below; repose which follow a full meal tend to check Who, every hope and fear to Heaven resign'd, a disposition to splenetic argument or too Shrinks not, though Fortune aims her much zeal in supporting an opinion ; while the deadliest blow.

Beattie. freedom and abandon of the intercourse which DIGRESSIONS.

is thus kept up is eminently conducive to feel

ings of general benevolence. It is not, perhaps Digressions incontestably are the sunshine ; too much to say that our “glorious constituthey are the life, the soul of reading. Sterne. tion" (not only as individuals, but as a body

politic) is owing to the habit which the British DILIGENCE-Effects of.

Lion observes, of sitting over his wine after The expectations of life depend upon dili- dinner.

Jendan. gence; and the mechanic that would perfect his work, must first sharpen his tools.

DINNER-A Good.
Confucius.

A good dinner sharpens wit, while it softens Who makes quick use of the moment, is a the heart.

Loran. genius of prudence.

Lavater.

DINNER-BELL-Influence of the.
DILIGENCE-Evil of the Want of.
Tako a heretic, a rebel, a person that hath

Of all appeals, -although an ill cause to manage; what he is deficient I grant the power of pathos and of gold, in the strength of his cause, he makes up with Of beauty, flattery, threats,- a shilling. diligence; while he that hath right on his side, Method's more sure at moments to take hold! is cold, indiligent, lazy, inactive, trusting that Of the best feelings of mankind, which grow the goodness of his cause will not fail to pre. More tender, as we every day behold, vail without assistance. So wrong prevails, Than that all-softening, overpow'ring knell, while evil persons are zealous, and the good The tocsin of the soul--the dinner-bell. remiss. Jeremy Taylor.

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