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To Thy clear-seeing eye whatsoever is fair Of His unrivall'd pencil. He inspires When thou regardest it aright, is a reflection Their balmy odours, and imparts their hues, from His face. Sir William Jones. And bathes their eyes with nectar, and in

cludes, CREATION-Wisdom displayed in the. In grains, as countless as the seaside sands, We are raised by science to an under. The forms with which He sprinkles all the

earth : standing of the infinite wisdom and goodness Happy who walks with Him! whom what he which the Creator has displayed in all His

finds works. Not a step can we take in any direc- of favour or of scent, in fruit or flower, tion without perceiving the most extraordinary Of what he views of beautiful or grand traces of design; and the skill everywhere In nature, from the broad majestic oak conspicuous is calculated in so vast a propor. To the green blade that twinkles in the sun,

tion of instances to promote the happiness of Prompts with remembrance of a present God. i living creatures, and especially of ourselves,

Cowper. that we feel no hesitation in concluding, that if we knew the whole scheme of Providence, every part would appear to be in barmony God is a worker: He has thickly strewn with a plan of absolute benevolence. Inde Infinity with grandeur. God is love: Deodently, however, of this most consoling in. He shall wipe away creation's tears, ference, the delight is inexpressible of being And all the worlds shall summer in His smile. able to follow the marvellous works of the

Smith. Great Author of nature, and to trace the unbounded power and exquisite skill which are

The heavens declare the glory of God, and exhibited by the most minute, as well as the the firmament showeth His handywork. Day mightiest parts of His system. Brougham.

unto day uttereth speech, and night unto

night showeth knowledge. There is no speech CREATOR-Infinite Wisdom of the.

nor language where their voice is not heard.

David. Researches into the springs of natural | CREDITOR-Independence of the. bodies and their motions, should awaken us to admiration at the wondrous wisdom of our

The creditor whose appearance gladdens Creator, in all the works of nature. Watts. | the heart of a debtor, may hold his head in

sunbeams and his foot on storms. Lavater.


Wonderful indeed are all His works.

CREDITORS-Memories of. Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all Had in rernembrance always with delight; Creditors have better memories than debtors;

But what created mind can comprehend and creditors are a superstitious sect, great | Their number, or the wisdom infinite

observers of set days and times. Franklin. That brought them forth, but hid their causes deep?

CREDULITY-Dangers of. I saw when at His word the formless mass,

O Credulity, The world's material mould, came to a heap; Thou hast as many ears as Fame has tongues, Coafusion heard His voice, and wild uproar Open to every sound of truth as falsehood. Stood ruled, stood vast infinitude confined;

Havard. TI) at His second bidding darkness fled, Light shone, and order from disorder sprung: Should we, by too much confidence betray'd, Swift to their several quarters hasted then Fall a defenceless prey to villany, The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire; What could be said for us? 'Tis wrong to And this ethereal quintessence of heaven

trust Flew upward, spirited with various forms, Those whom their very priests instruct to That roll'd orbicular, and turn'd to stars

keep Numberless, as thou seest, and how they No faith with us. move;

When wicked men make promises of truth, Each had his place appointed, each his course; / 'Tis weakness to believe thein.

Ibid. The rest in circuit walls this universe. Milton. 1

CREEDS-succeed according to Truth. Not a flower

Mahomet's creed we call a kind of ChrisBut shows some touch, in freckle, streak, or tianity. The truth of it is imbedded in porstain,

tentous error and falsehood ; but the truth of

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it makes it be believed, not the falsehood : it discipline, and useful labour, have been dissucceeded by its truth. A bastard kind of entangled in their habits; they might have Christianity, but a living kind, with a heart- escaped all the temptations to subsequent life in it; not dead, chopping, barren logic crimes, and passed their days in reparation merely! Out of all that rubbish of Arab and penitence; and detected they might all idolatries, argumentative tbeologies, traditions, have been, had the prosecutors been certain subtleties, rumours and hypotheses of Greeks their lives would have been spared. I believe and Jews, with their idle wire-drawings, this every thief will confess, that he has been more wild man of the desert, with his wild sincere than once seized and dismissed ; and that he heart, earnest as death and life, with his great has sometimes ventured upon capital crimes.' flashing natural eyesight, had seen into the because he knew, that those whom he injured, kernel of the matter. Idolatry is nothing: would rather connive at his escape than cloud “ These wooden idols of yours, ye rub them their minds with the horrors of his death. with oil and wax, and the flies stick on them,

Johnson. these are wood I tell you! They can do CRITIC (the True and False)-Characnothing for you; they are an impotent blas

teristics of. phemous pretence: a horror and abomination, Fastidiousness, the discernment of defects, if ye knew them. God alone is; God alone and the propensity to seek them, in natural has power; He made us, He can kill us and beauty, are not the proofs of taste, but the keep us alive ; ‘Allah akbar,' God is great. evidences of its absence; it is, at least, an Understand that His will is the best for you; | insensibility to beauty; it is worse than that, that howsoever sore to flesh and blood, you since it is a depravity, when pleasure is found will find it the wisest, best; you are bound to in the discovery of such defects, real or ! take it so; in this world and in the next, you imaginary. And he who affects this, because have no other thing that you can do !" And he considers it an evidence of his taste, is, at now, if the wild idolatrous men did believe least, pitiably ignorant; while not seldom this, and with their fiery hearts laid hold of punished by the conversion of that affectation it to do it, in what form soever it came to into a reality. And it is the same in criticism, them, I say it is well worthy of being as applied to works of literature. It is not believed.

Carlyle. the eye for faults, but beauties, that consti

tutes the real critic, in this, as in all else : he CRIME engenders Crime.

who is most discerning in the beauties of Oh, how will crime engender crime! throw poetry, is the man of taste, the true judge, guilt

the only critic. The critic, as he is currently Upon the soul, and, like a stone cast on

termed, who is discerning in nothing but The troubled waters of a lake,

faults, may care little to be told, that this is 'Twill form in circles round succeeding round, the mark of unamiable dispositions or of bad Each wider than the first.

passions; but he might not feel equally easy, Colman the Younger.

were he convinced that he thus gives the most CRIME-our worst Enemy.

absolute proofs of ignorance and want of taste.

Maccullock. Man's crimes are his worst enemies, following Like shadows, till they drive his steps into

CRITICISM-a Malignant Deity. The pit he dug.

Creon. The malignant deity Criticism dwelt on the

top of a snowy mountain in Nova Zembla : CRIME-Misgiving for.

Momus found her extended in her den upon Every crime

the spoils of numberless volumes half-devoured. Has, in the moment of its perpetration,

At her right hand sat Ignorance, her father and Its own avenging angel--dark misgiving,

husband, blind with age; at her left, Pride, An ominous sinking at the inmost heart.

her mother, dressing her up in the scraps of Coleridge.

paper herself had torn. There was Opinion. CRIME-in Thought.

her sister, light of foot, hoodwinked, and For he that but conceives a crime in thought, About her played her children, Noise and

headstrong, yet giddy and perpetually turning. Contracts the danger of an actual fault.

Impudence, Dulness and Vanity, Positiveness,


Pedantry, and Ill Manners.

Seift. If those whom the wisdom of our laws hus CRITICISM-Severity of. condemned to die, had been detected in their The faugs of a bear, and the tusks of a wild rudiments of robbery, they might, by proper | boar, do not bite worse, and make deeper



asbes, than a goosequill sometimes : no, not , CRITICS-Qualities of. even the badger himself, who is said to be so 'Tis necessary a writing critic should undertenacious of his bite, that he will not give stand how to write. And though every writer orer his hold till he feels his teeth meet, and is not bound to show bimself in the capacity the bones crack.

Howell. of critic, every writing critic is bound to show

himself capable of being a writer; for, if he be CRITICISM-Impartial Spirit of.

apparently impotent in this latter kind, he is A perfect judge will read each work of wit to be denied all title or character in the other. With the same spirit that its author writ;

Shaftesbury. Survey the whole, nor seek slight faults to find, CRITICS-Cynical Spirit of. Where nature moves, and rapture warms the He whose first emotion, on the view of an mind;

excellent production, is to undervalue it, will Nor lose, for that malignant dull delight, never have oue of his own to show, Aikin. The generous pleasure to be charm'd with wit; But in such lays as neither ebb nor flow, CROWDS. Correctly cold, and regularly low, That, shunning faults, one quiet tenour keep,—

A crowd is not company, and faces are but We cannot blame indeed—but we may sleep.

a gallery of pictures, and talk but a tinkling Pope. cymbal, where there is no love.

Bacon. CRITICISM-Standard of.

Criticista, as it was first instituted by Aris. CROWDS–Gaiety and Folly of. totle, was meant as a standard of judging It was that gay and splendid confusion, in well.

Johnson. which the eye of youth sees all that is brave

and brilliant, and that of experience much CRITICISM-Utility of.

that is doubtful, deceitful, false, and hollow; Get your enemies to read your works in hopes that will never be gratified, promises order to mend them, for your friend is so much that will never be fulfilled, pride in the disjour second self that he will judge too like guise of humility, and insolence in that of Fou


frank and generous bounty. Sir Walter Scott. CRITICS-Character of.

CROWN-Golden in Show. A poet, that fails in writing, becomes often

A crown, a morose critic. The weak and insipid white Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns ; vide makes at length excellent vinegar. Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless

Shenstone. nights

To him who wears the regal diadem, Critics are like a kind of Aies, that breed When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; Io wild fig-trees, and, when they're grown up, For therein stands the office of a king, feed

His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise, Cpon the raw fruit of the nobler kind, That for the public all this weight he bears. And by their nibbling on the outward rind,

Milton. Open the pores, and make way for the sun CRUELTY-True Character of. To ripen it sooner than he would have done.


Cruelty to dumb animals is one of the disCRITICS-Qualities of.

tinguishing vices of the lowest and basest of

the people. Wherever it is found, it is a Critics have done nearly the same in taste, certain mark of ignorance and meanness; an as casuists have in morals; both having intrinsic mark, which all the external advanattempted to direct by rules, and limit by tages of wealth, splendour, and nobility candefinitions, matters which depend entirely on not obliterate. It will consist neither with |

feeling and sentiment; and which are there. true learning nor true civility; and religion | fore so various and extensive, and diversified disclaims and detests it as an insult upon the

by such nice and infinitely graduated shades majesty and the goodness of God, who having of difference, that they elude all the subtleties made the instincts of brute beasts minister to of logic, and the intricacies of calculation. the improvement of the mind, as well as to Rules can never be made so general, as to the convenience of the body, bath furnished us corriprehend every possible case, nor defini- with a motive to mercy and compassion toward tions so multifarious and exact, as to include them very strong and powerful, but too refined every possible circumstance or contingency. to have any influence on the illiterate or R. P. Knight. | irreligious.

Jones of Nayland. CRUELTY.



CRUELTY-not to be Indulged.

goes boldly forward by the nearest way; he We ought never to sport with pain and dis

sees that where the path is straight and even, tress in any of our amusements, or treat even

he may proceed in security, and where it is the meanest insect with wanton cruelty. Blair. rough and crooked, he easily complies with

the turns, and avoids the obstructions. But I would not enter on my list of friends

the traveller in the dusk, fears more as he sees (Though graced with polish'd manners and fine less ; he knows there may be danger, and

therefore suspects that he is never safe ; tries Yet wanting sensibility) the man

every step before he fixes his foot, and shrinks Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm.

at every noise, lest violence should approach An inadvertent step may crush the snail

him. Wisdom comprehends at once the end That crawls at evening in the public path;

and the means, estimates easiness or difficulty, But he that has humanity forewarn'd,

and is cautious, or confident, in due proportion. Will tread aside and let the reptile live.

Cunning discovers little at a time, and has no

other means of certainty, than multiplication

Cowper. of stratagems and superfluity of suspicion. CUNNING.

Cunning pays no regard to virtue, and is The man of cunning always considers that he but the low mimic of wisdom.

can never be too safe, and, therefore, always Bolingbroke.

keeps himself enveloped in a mist, impenetrable, CUNNING-Contempt of.

as he hopes, to the eye of rivalry or curiosity.

Johnson All my own experience of life teaches me the contempt of cunning, not the fear. CURIOSITY-Characteristics of.

Addison. Inquisitive people are the funnels of conver CUNNING-Knavery of.

sation ; they do not take in anything for their Cunning leads to knavery ; it is but a step own use, but merely to pass it to another. from one to the other, and that very slippery :

Steele. lying only makes the difference; add that to cunning, and it is knavery. La Bruyère. The over curious are not over wise. Massinger. CUNNING AND DISCRETION.

Cunning has only private, selfish aims, and I loathe that low vice curiosity. Byron. sticks at nothing which may make them succeed : discretion has large and extended

CURIOSITY-Dangers of. views, and, like a well-formed eye, commands Curiosity is a kernel of the forbidden fruit, a whole horizon. Cunning is a kind of short- which still sticketh in the throat of a natural sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects man, sometimes to the danger of his choking. which are near at hand, but is not able to dis

Fallir. cern things at a distance. Discretion, the more it is discovered, gives a greater authority A person who is too nice an observer of the to the person who possesses it : cunning, when business of the crowd, like one who is too it is once detected, loses its force, and makes curious in observing the labour of the bees, a man incapable of bringing about even those will often be stung for his curiosity. Pope. events which he might have done had he passed only for a plain man. Discretion is the per- CURIOSITY-Definition of. fection of reason, and a guide to us in all the Curiosity is a languid principle, where access duties of life: cunning is a kind of instinct, is easy and gratification is immediate : remotethat only looks out after ourimmediate interests ness and difficulty are powerful incentives to and welfare. Discretion is only found in men its vigorous and lasting operations. Monro. of strong sense and good understanding ; cunning is often to be met with in brutes CURIOSITY-Impertinence of. themselves, and in persons who are but the The curious, questioning eye, fewest removes from them. In short, cunning That plucks the heart of every mystery, is only the mimic of discretion, and may pass

Meller upon weak men in the same manner as vivacity

CURIOSITY! is often taken for wit, and gravity for wisdom. True, lady, by the roses on those lips,

Ibid. Both man and woman would find life a waste CUNNING AND WISDOM-Difference But for the cunning of-CURIOSITY ! between.

She's the world's witch, and through the world Cunning differs from wisdom as twilight from open day. He that walks in the sunshine The merriest masker underneath the moon!

she runs,

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To beauties, languid from the last night's rout, CUSTOM-without Truth.
She comes with tresses loose, and shoulders

Custom, though never so ancient, without wrapt In morning shawls ; and by their pillow sits

truth, is but an old error.

Cyprian. Telling delicious tales of_lovers lost, Fair rivals jilted, scan,lals, smuggled lace !

CUSTOM-Tyranny of. And then they smile, and turn their eyes, and

Of all tyrants, custom is that which to yawn,

sustain itself stands most in need of the And wonder what's o'clock, then sink again; And thus she sends the pretty fools to sleep.

opinion which is entertained of its power ; its

only strength lies in that which is attributed She comes to ancient dames—and stiff as steel,

to it. A single attempt to break the yoke In hood and stomacher, with snuff in hand,

soon shows us its fragility. But the chief Sbe makes their rigid muscles gay with news

property of custom is to contract our ideas,

like our movements, within the circle it has Of Doctors' Commons, matches broken off,

traced for us; it governs us by the terror it | Blue-stocking frailties, cards and ratafia ; And thus she gives them prattle for the day.

inspires for any new and untried condition. It shows us the walls of the prison within

which we are inclosed, as the boundary of the Che sits by ancient politicians, bowed

world ; beyond that, all is undefined, confusion, As if a hundred years were on her back ; chaos; it almost seems as though we should Then peering through her spectacles, she reads not have air to breathe. Women especially, A seeming journal stuff'd with monstrous tales liable to that fear which springs from ignoOf Turks and Tartars ; deep conspiracies rance, rather than from knowledge of what (Born in the writer's brain); of spots in the sun, one has to fear, easily allow themselves to be Pregnant with fearful wars. And so they shake, governed by custom ; but wben once broken, And bope they'll find the world all safe by morn. they also as easily forget it. A man has less And thus we make the world, both young and trouble in making up his mind to a change of old,

condition ; a woman has less in supporting it; Bow down to sovereign-CURIOSITY! Croly. she accustoms herself to it for the same reason

that she has hitherto done so, and will still CURRENT-Stayed in its Course.

continue to do so. The current, that with gentle murmur glides,

In the total overthrow which has produced Thou know'st, being stopp'd, impatiently doth

so many changes of fortune among us, we rage;

have seen men extricate themselves by their But wben his fair course is not hinder'd,

courage and industry; and some, by unreHe makes sweet music with the enamella mitting exertion, have been able to return to stones,

nearly their former position; but nearly all Giving a gentle kiss to every sedge

the women, almost without exception, accomHe overtaketh in his pilgrimage ;

modated themselves to their new situation, And so by many winding nooks he strays,

and they have been quite astonished to learn With willing sport, to the wild ocean,

so quickly and so easily, that what one woman Shakspeare.

has done, another is able to do also. Guizot. CUBSE-Likeness of a. A curse is like a cloud, it passes. Byron.

CUSTOM-Usurpation of.

Custom, though but usher of the school CURSING-Folly of.

Where Nature breeds the body and the soul, This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot:

Usurps a greater pow'r and interest

O'er man, the heir of reason, than brute beast, Forbear it, therefore; give your cause to

That by two different instincts is led,


Born to the one, and to the other bred,

And trains him up with rudiments more false CUSTOM-Bigotry of.

Than Nature does her stupid animals ; Be pot so bigoted to any custom as to And that's one reason why more care's be

stow'd Worship it at the expense of truth.


Upon the body than the soul 's allow'd,

That is not found to understand and know CUSTOM-Definition of.

So subtly as the body's found to grow. Custom is the law of fools. Vanburgh.


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