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COMFORT-in Trial.

be thy God, thy refuge, thy comfort, as Ho bag

been mine! In the exhaustless catalogue of Heaven's

Lavater. mercies to mankind, the power we have of COMMAND-Harshness and Gentleness finding some germs of comfort in the hardest trials must ever occupy the foremost place; Truly a command of gall cannot be obeyed not only because it supports and upholds us like one of sugar. A man must require just when we most require to be sustained, but and reasonable things, if he would see the because in this source of consolation there is 'scales of obedience properly trimmed. From something, we have reason to believe, of the orders which are improper, springs resistance, Divine Spirit ; sometbing of that goodness which is not easily overcome.

Basil. which detects, amidst our own evil doings, a redeeming quality ; something which, even in COMMANDER-A Brave. our fallen nature, we possess in common with A brave captain is as a root, out of which the angels ; which had its being in the old (as branches) the courage of his soldiers doth time when they trod the earth, and linger on spring.

Sir Philip Sidney. it yet, in pity.


COMMANDER-Qualities of a. COMFORTS OF LIFE,Enjoyment of For though, with men of high degree, the.

The proudest of the proud was he,

Yet, train'd in camps, he knew the art Believe me, I speak it deliberately and with To win the soldier's hardy heart. full conviction, I have enjoyed many of the They love a captain to obey, comforts of life, none of which I wish to

Boisterous as March, yet fresh as May; esteem lightly: often have I been charmed with open hand, and brow as free, with the beauties of nature, and refreshed Lover of wine and minstrelsy; with her bountiful gists. I have spent many Ever the first to scale a tower, an hour in sweet meditation, and in reading As venturous in a lady's bower :the most valuable productions of the wisest Sucb buxom chief shall lead his host men. I have often been delighted with the con

From India's fires to Zembla's frost. versation of ingenious, sensible, and exalted

Sir Walter Scott. characters : my eyes have been powerfully

COMMANDER-A Worthy. attracted by the finest productions of human art, and my ears by enchanting melodies. I He is one that accounts learning the nourishbave found pleasure when calling into activity ment of military virtue, and lays that as his the powers of my own mind; when residing first foundation. He never bloodies bis sword in my own native land, or travelling through but in heat of battle, and had rather save one foreign parts; when surrounded by large and of his own soldiers tban kill ten of his enemies. splendid companies--still more, when moving He accounts it an idle, vain-glorious, and susin the small endearing circle of my own pected bounty, to be full of good words; his family: yet, to speak the truth before God, rewarding, therefore, of the deserver, arrives who is my Judge, I must confess I know not so timely, that his liberality can never be said any joy that is so dear to me; that so fully to be gouty-handed. He holds it next his satisfies the inmost desires of my mind; that creed, that no coward can be an honest man, so enlivens, refines, and elevates my whole and dare die in it. He doth not think his nature, as that which I derive from religion, body yields a more spreading shadow after a from faith in GOD: as one who not only is the victory than before; and wben he looks upon parent of men, but bas condescended, as a his enemy's dead body, 'tis with a noble bearibrother, to clothe Himself with our nature. ness, not insultation; he is so honourably Nothing affords me greater delight than a solid merciful to women, in surprisal, that only hope that I partake of His favours, and rely that makes him an excellent courtier. He on His never-failing support and protection. knows the hazard of battles, not the pomp of

He, who has been so often ceremonies are soldiers' best theatres, and my hope, my refuge, my confidence, when I strives to gain reputation, not by the multistood upon the brink of an abyss, where I tude, but by the greatness of his actions. He could not move one step forward ; He who, in is the first in giving the charge, and the last in answer to my prayer, has helped me when retiring his foot. Equal toil he endures with every prospect of help vanished; that God the common soldier; from his example they who has safely conducted me, not merely all take fire, as one torch lights many. He through flowery paths, but likewise across understands, in wars there is no mean to ert precipices and burning sands ;-may this God 'twice; the first and least fault being sufficient

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to ruin an army; faults, therefore, he pardons Raised the strong crane; choked up the none; they that are presidents of disorder loaded street or mutiny, repair it by being examples of his with foreign plenty; and thy stream, o justice. Besiege him never so strictly, so long Thames ! as the air is not cut from him, his heart faints Large, gentle, deep, majestic, king of floods !

He hath learned as well to make use of Chose for his grand resort on either hand, a victory as to get it; and in pursuing his Like a long wintry forest, groves of masts enemy, like a whirlwind, carries all afore him. Shot up their spires; the bellying street being assured, if ever a man will benefit him- between self upon his foe, then is the time, when they Possess'd the breezy void ; the sooty hulk bare lost force, wisdom, courage, and reputa- Steer'd sluggish on; the splendid barge along tion. The goodness of his cause is the special Row'd regular to harmony; around, motive to his valour; never is he known to The boat light-skimming, stretch'd its oary slight the weakest enemy that comes armed wiugs, against him on the hand of justice. Hasty and While deep the various voice of servant toil ofer much heat he accounts the step-dame to From bank to bank increased, whence ribb'd all great actions, that will not suffer them to

with oak, thrive; if he cannot overcome his enemy by To bear the British thunder black and bold, force, he does it by time. If ever he shakes The roaring vessel rush'd into the main. bands with war, he can die more calmly than

Thomson. most courtiers, for his continual dangers bave COMMERCE-Civilizing Influence of. been, as it were, so many meditations of death!

Commerce tends to wear off those prejudices he thinks pot out of his own calling, when he accounts life a continual warfare, and his between nations. It softens and polishes the

which maintain distinction and animosity prayers then best become him when armed

manners of men. It unites them by one of apà-pie. He utters them like the great the strongest of all ties—the desire of supHebrew general, on horseback. He casts a

It disposes them smiling contempt upon calumny; it meets him plying their mutual wants. as if glass should encounter adamant. He order of citizens bound by their interest to

to peace, by cstablishing in every state an thinks war is never to be given over but on one of these three conditions,-an assured peace,

be the guardians of public tranquillity. As absolute victory, or an honest death. Lastly, and begins to gain an ascendant in any society,

soon as the commercial spirit acquires vigour, when peace folds him up, his silver head should lean near the golden sceptre, and die in the alliances, its wars, and its negotiations.

we discern a new genius in its policy, its prince's bosom. Sir T. Overbury.


COMMONALTY-a Depraved. COMMANDER-Value of a.

A depraved commonalty is the teeming It is better to have a lion at the head of an

source of all moral and political disorder, and array of sheep, than a sheep at the head of the fearful presage, if not speedily averted by an army of lions.

De Foe.

an efficient system of Christian instruction, of

a sweeping anarchy and great national overCOMMERCE-Advantages of.


Chalmers. I am wonderfully delighted to see a body of men thriving in their own fortunes, and at

COMPANIONS-Choice of. the same time promoting tho public stock ; In young minds there is commonly a strong or, in other words, raising estates for their propensity to particular intimacies and friendown families, by bringing into their country ships. Youth, indeed, is the season when whatever is wanting, and carrying out of it friendships are sometimes formed, which not whatever is superfluous. Nature seems to only continue through succeeding life, but bare taken a particular care to disseminate which glow to the last, with a tenderness unber blessings among the different regions of known to the connections begun in cooler the world, with an eye to their mutual inter years. The propensity, therefore, is not to be course and traffic among mankind, that the discouraged, though, at the same time, it nations of the several parts of the globe might must be regulated with much circumspection have a kind of dependence upon one another, and care. and be united together by their common Too many of the pretended friendships of

Addison. youth are mere combinations in pleasure.

They are often founded on capricious likings, Commerce brought into the public walk suddenly contracted and as suddenly disThe busy merchant; the big warehouse built; I solved. Sometimes they are the effect of in





terested complaisance and flattery on the one but if they be bad, it is twenty to one but they side, and of credulous fondness on the other. will infect and corrupt you. Therefore be Such rash and dangerous connections should wary and shy in choosing, and entertaining, or be avoided, lest they afterwards load us with frequenting any company or companions ; be dishonour.

not too hasty in committing yourself to them; We should have it fixed in our stand off awhile till you have inquired of some memories, that by the character of those whom (that you know by experience to be faithful), we choose for our friends, our own is likely to what they are ; observe what company they be formed, and will certainly be judged of by keep; be not too easy to gain acquaintance, the world. We ought, therefore, to be slow but stand off and keep a distance yet awhile, and cautious in contracting intimacy; but till you have observed and learnt touching when a virtuous friendship is once established, them. Men or women that are greedy of we must ever consider it as a sacred engage- acquaintance, or hasty in it, are oftentimes ment.

Blair. snared in ill company before they are aware,

and entangled so that they cannot easily get Be cautious with whom you associate, and loose from it after, when they would. never give your company or your confidence to

Sir Matthew Hale. persons of whose good priuciples you are not certain. No person that is an enemy to God

No man can be provident of his time, who can be a friend to man. He that has already is not prudent in the choice of his company; proved himself ungrateful to the Author of overy blessing, will not scruple, when it will COMPANY-Freedom in.

Jeremy Taylor. serve his turn, to shake off a fellow-worm like

The freer you feel yourself in the presence himself. He may render you instrumental to

Lacater. his own purposes, but he will never benefit of another, the more free is he. you. A bad man is a curse to others; as he

COMPARISONS. is secretly, notwithstanding all his boasting aud affected gaiety, a burden to himself. When the moon shone, we did not see the Shun him as you would a serpent in your

candle ; path. Be not seduced by his rank, his wealth, So doth the greater glory dim the legs; his wit, or his influence. Think of him as A substitute shines brightly as a king, already in the grave ; think of bim as stand. Until a king be by ; and then his state ing before the everlasting God in judgment. Empties itself, as doth an inland brook, This awful reality will instantly strip off all | Into the main of waters.

Shakspeare. that is now so imposing, and present him in his true light, the object rather of your com- The eagle of one house is the fool in another. passion, and of your prayers-than of your

Gresset. wonder or imitation. Bishop Coleridye. COMPASS-Wonders of the.

That mysterious guide, COMPANIONS-Vicious.

On whose still counsels all his hopes relied, Wicked companions invite us to hell.

That oracle to man in mercy given,

Fielding. Whose voice is truth, whose wisdom is from COMPANY-Bad.

heaven, Bad company is like a nail driven into a Who over sands and seas directs the stray, post, which, after the first and second blow, And, as with God's own finger, points the way. may be drawn out with little difficulty ; but

Rogero being once driven up to the head, the pincers COMPASSION. cannot take hold to draw it out, but which

Compassion is an emotion of which we can only be done by the destruction of the ought never to be ashamed. Graceful, par wood.

Augustine. ticularly in youth, is the tear of sympathy, and

the heart that melts at the tale of woe. We There are like to be short graces where the should not permit ease and indulgence to condevil plays host.

Lamb. tract our affections, and wrap us up in a selfish

enjoyment; but we should accustom ourselves COMPANY-Choice of.

to think of the distresses of human life, of the There is a certain magic or charm in com- solitary cottage, the dying parent, and the pany, for it will assimilate, and make you like weeping orphan. Nor ought we ever to sport to them, by much conversation with them; with pain and distress in any of ouramusements, if they be good company, it is a great means or treat even the meanest insect with wanton to make you good, or confirm you in goodness ; | cruelty.




Oh! sweet the flow

We lose the right of complaining sometimes Of grief that mourns an erring brother's woe :

by forbearing it; but we often treble the force. Sweet is the tear that gems the downcast eye


When love implores, nor beauty dare reply :
But sweeter yet to see the warrior rude,

Every one must see daily instances of Iron of limb, and stern in mien and mood,

people who complain from a mere babit of Bow to his God the strong but willing knee, complaining.

Graves. And drop the tear of meek humility.

Kinglake. COMPLAININGSelf.

I will not be as those who spend the day in COMPETENCY-gives Complacency.

complaining of head-ache; and the night in The man within the golden mean

drinking the wine that gives the head-ache. Who can his boldest wish contain,


Securely views the ruin'd cell
Where sordid want and sorrow dwell ;

He only sees well who sees the whole in the And, in himself serenely great,

parts, and the parts in the whole. I know Declines an enried room of state. Francis. but three classes of men: those who see the

whole, those who see but a part, and those who see both together.

Lavater. COMPLAINER-The.

The man who is fond of complaining, likes COMPULSION-used by Ignorance only. to remain amidst the objects of his vexation; Force is the agent which Ignorance uses for it is at the moment that he declares them making his followers do the actions to which insupportable, that he will most strongly revolt they are disinclined by nature; and (like an against every means which could be proposed attempt to make water ascend above its level) for his deliverance. Indecision is in his the moment the agent ceases to act, the same character, and the misfortune of having to instant does the operation cease. Persuasion, decide would be to him the greatest of all; for on the other hand, like a cut made for the a choice always supposes a preference for some stream, which has only to be introduced, and amantage, or an inconvenience to be shunned; it then continues to run of its own accord, and this man would not wish it to be supposed. without further attention. There are only two or to suppose himself, that there is a single ways of directing the operations of human circumstance in his life in which he is able to nature. The one to secure the inclinations, by follow his inclinations, or meet with an advan- convincing the judgment; and the other, to tage: that there is even one in which he is not force or drive the individual against his judgobliged to have the greatest possible incon- ment or inclinations. The one method is venience. He therefore increases misfortune, recommended by experience, and followed by be wishes for mishaps; the fatal influence of success; the other is recommended by ignohis destiny is his favourite topic. A power rance, and attended by disappointment. When against which no act can set him free, which a child cries for a rattle, it is with a view of compels him to suffer, without being able to obtaining it by force. When parents beat protect himself, and permits him to complain their children, it is to make them behave well without the fear of obtaining justice,—this is by force. When a drunken husband strikes what suits him; he asks nothing better than his wife, it is with the view of improving her to sigh over his position, and to remain by force. When a criminal is punished, it is in it.

with a view of improving the world by force. Fickleness of conduct ought to be the con- When an individual sues another at law, it is sequence of impetuosity alone; but in frivolous with the view of making him do justice by characters, it is the inclination that becomes force. When a minister of religion dwells exbausted, and which, incapable of any long upon the horrors of the infernal regions, it is effort, lazily lets falls that which it had at first with the view of sending his hearers to heaven seized with avidity. In the zeal of steady by force. When one nation goes to war with characters, it is the object alone which eludes another, it is with a view of gaining some the rigour of their grasp ; it is the soap bubble favourite point by force. Though every human that vanishes, not their ardour in the pursuit of being wishes for success, yet ignorance has it. Show them an object capable of supporting been completely successful, hitherto, in leading the opinion they have attached to it, and then the world to follow the course which leads to they are fixed. Guizot. I disappointment.




COMPULSION-Threats of.

CONCEIT-Self-Importance of. Nay, if the gentle spirit of moving words The more any one speaks of himself, the Can no way change you to a milder form, less he likes to hear another talked of. I'll woo you like a soldier, at arm's end;

Lavater. And love you 'gainst the nature of love, --force CONCEIT-a Self-Imposition. you.


People seek for what they call wit, on all CONCEALMENT.

subjects and in all places; not considering

that nature loves truth so well, that it bardly To conceal anything from those to whom I ever admits of flourishing. Conceit is to am attached, is not in my nature. I can never nature what paint is to beauty; it is not only close my lips where I have opened my heart. needless, but impairs what it would improve. Dickens.

Pope. CONCEIT-a Depraved Fancy.

CONCEIT-Workings of. Strong conceit is a kind of mental rudder Conceit in weakest bodies strongest works. which reason should hold for the purpose of

Shakspeare. steering the mind into its right course;


CONCILIATION-Immediate. reason too frequently suffers itself to be carried Agree with thine adversary quickly, while away by the strong gales of a corrupt and thou art in the way with him. St. Matthew vitiated fancy, and by the violence of those perturbations which unrestrained passions CONCILIATION-Policy of. create.


Quantum in nobis, we've thought good CONCEIT—Natural to Humanity.

To save the expense of Christian blood,

And try if we, by mediation Little localised powers, and little narrow Of treaty and accommodation, streaks of specialised knowledge, are things Can end the quarrel, and compose men are very apt to be conceited about. This bloody duel without blows. Buller. Nature is very wise; but for this encouraging principle how many small talents and little CONFIDENCE-Three Epochs of. accomplishments would be neglected! Talk about conceit as much as you like, it is to

People have generally three epochs in their human character what salt is to the ocean; it him to be everything that is good, and they

confidence in man. In the first they believe keeps it sweet and renders it endurable. Say rather it is like the natural unguent of the sea

are lavish with their friendship and confidence. fowl's plumage, which enables him to shed the In the next, they have had experience, which rain that falls on him and the wave in which then have to be careful not to mistrust every

has smitten down their confidence, and they he dips. When one has had all his conceit

one, and to put the worst construction upon taken out of him, when he has lost all his illusions, his feathers will soon soak through, everything. Later in life, they learn that the

greater number of men have much more good and he will fly no more.

in them than bad, and that, even when there that conceit is just as natural a thing to human minds as a centre is to a circle. But is cause to blame, there is more reason to little-minded people's thoughts more in such pity than condemn; and then a spirit of con

fidence again awakens within them. small circles that five minutes' conversation

Miss Bremer. gives you an arc long enough to determine

CONFIDENCE-Mutual. their whole curve. An arc in the movement of a large intellect does not differ sensibly

It is unjust and absurd of persons adfrom a straight line.

Holmes. vancing in years, to expect of the young that

confidence should come all and only on their CONCEIT-Impotency of.

side; the human heart, at whatever age, He who gives himself airs of importance, opens only to the heart that opens in return.

Miss Edgeworth. exhibits the credentials of impotence. Lavater. CONFIDENCE-Self.

Confidence in oneself is the chief nurse of CONCEIT-Poisonous.

magnanimity; which confidence, notwithDangerous conceits are in their nature poisons, standing, doth not leave the care of necessary Which at the first are scarce found to distaste, furniture for it; and therefore, of all the But with a little act upon the blood,

Grecians, Homer doth ever make Achilles the Burn like the mines of sulphur, Shakspeare. | best armed.

Sir Philip Sidacy.

I say

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