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of mere imagination; to be "as a very lovely CHRISTIANITY-Perversion of. song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and

It may be well said of many who would be playeth well upon an instrument." No; it is displeased with you if you did not call them intended to be the guide, the guardian, the Christians, that had some of the ancient companion of all our bours : it is intended to heathen sages lived to the present day, to see be the food of our immortal spirits; it is in their abominations and vices, they would have tended to be the serious occupation of our despised that faith which produced no better whole existence.

Bishop Jebb. works.

Alas! how has the social spirit of ChrisCHRISTIANITY-Mission of.

tianity been perverted by fools at one time, Christ appeared—the career of Paganism

and by knaves and bigots at another; by the was checked, the fate of Judaism was sealed.

self-tormentors of the cell, and the all-tor

Colton. A character and a religion were placed before mentors of the conclave. the eyes of men hitherto inconceivable, in the beauty and philosophy of their nature. Un

CHRISTIANITY-Teaching of. like all other founders of a religious faith, Christianity forbids no necessary Christ had no selfishness, no desire of domi- pations, no reasonable indulgences, no innocent nance ; and His system, unlike all other relaxations. It allows us to use the world, systems of worship, was bloodless, boundlessly provided we do not abuse it. It does not beneficent, inexpressibly pure, and-most mar- spread before us a delicious banquet, and then vellous of all-went to break all bonds of body come with a "touch not, taste not, handle and soul, and to cast down every temporal and not.” All it requires is, that our liberty degenevery spiritual tyranny. William Howitt. erate not into licentiousness, our

ments into dissipation, our industry into CHRISTIANITY-Divine Origin of. incessant toil, our carefulness into extreme

anxiety and endless solicitude. So far from Christianity bears all the marks of a divine forbidding us to engage in business, it expressly original : it came down from heaven, and its

commands us not to be slothful in it, and to gracious purpose is to carry us up thither. Its labour with our hands for the things that be author is God; it was foretold from the begin; needful; it enjoins every one to abide in the ning, by prophecies, which grew clearer and calling wherein he was called, and perform all brighter as they approached the period of their the duties of it.

It even stigmatizes those accomplishment. It was confirmed by miracles, that provide not for their own, with telling which continued till the religion they illustrated them that they are worse than infidels. When was established. It was ratified by the blood

it requires us to be temperate in all things," of its author ; its doctrines are pure, sublime, it plainly tells us, that we may use all things consistent; its precepts just and holy; its temperately; when it directs us, “ to make worship is spiritual; its service reasonable,

our moderation known unto all men,” this and rendered practicable by the offers of evidently implies, that within the bounds of divine aid to human weakness. It is sanc

moderation we may enjoy all the reasonable tioned by the promise of eternal happiness to conveniences and comforts of the present life. the faithful, and the threat of everlasting

Bishop Porteus. misery to the disobedient. It had no collu

CHRISTIANITY-Treatment of. sion with power, for power sought to crush it; it could not be in any league with the world, Servile, and base, and mercenary is the for it set out by declaring itself the enemy of notion of Christian practice among the bulk the world; it reprobated its maxims, it showed of nominal Christians. They give no the vanity of its glories, the danger of its than they dare not withhold: they abstain riches, the emptiness of its pleasures. This from nothing but what they must not practise. religion does not consist in external conformity When you state to them the doubtful quality to practices which, though right in themselves, of any action, and the consequent obligation may be adopted from human motives, and to to desist from it, they reply to you in the answer secular purposes; it is not a religion of very spirit of Shylock, " they cannot find it forms, and modes, and decencies; it is being in the bond." In short, they know Chris.. transformed into the image of God; it is tianity only as a system of restraint. She is being like-minded with Christ; it is consider despoiled of every liberal and generous prining Him as our sanctification, as well as our ciple : she is rendered almost unfit for the redemption; it is endeavouring to live to Him social intercourses of life, and is only suited here, that we may live with Him hereafter. to the gloomy walls of a cloister, in which Hannah More. I they would confine her.






CHURCH-Peace of the. We live in the midst of blessings, till we are The


to preserve the peace of the church utterly insensible of their greatness, and of the is to preserve the purity of it. Matthew Henry. source from which they flow. We speak of our civilization, our arts, our freedom, our laws, CHURCH-before the Reformation. end forget entirely hor large a share of all due to Christianity. Blot Christianity out of

“Where did your Church lurk, in what cave the page of man's history, and what would his of the earth slept she, for so many hundreds laws have been 1-what his civilization Chris of years together, before the birth of Martin tianity is mixed up with our very being and Luther!" The reply is, that she lurked beour daily life, there is not a familiar object round neath the folds of that garment of many us which does not wear its mark, not a being colours, which the hands of superstition had ora thing which does not wear a different aspect,

woven and embellished for her, and wherewith because the light of Christian hope is on it, not she was fantastically encumbered and disa law which does not owe its truth and gentle- guised. She slept in that cavern of enchantDess to Christianity, not a custom which can ment, where costly odours and intoxicating Dot be traced in all its holy and healthful fumes were floating around, to overpower her parts to the Gospel.

Rose. sense, and to suspend her faculties; till, at

last, a voice was heard to cry, Sleep no more. CHRISTMAS - Pleasurable Associa- And then she started up, like a strong man tions of.

refreshed, and shook herself from the dust of bustle of the spirits, and stir of the affections, before the world, a sacred form of brightness Amidst the general call to happiness, the ages. Then did she cast aside the gorgeous

leadings" which oppressed her, and stood wbich prevail at this period, what bosom can remain insensible ? It is, indeed, the season of and of purity.

Le Bas. regenerated feeling—the season for kindling, pot merely the fire of hospitality in the hall, CHURCH-Reverence in. but the genial fame of charity in the heart: When once thy foot enters the church, beware the scene of early love again rises green to memory beyond the sterile waste of years;

God is more there than thou; for thou art there and the idea of home, fraught with the fra? | Only by His permission. Then, beware ; grance of home-dwelling joys, reanimates the And make thyself all reverence and fear. drooping spirit, as the Arabian breeze will Kneeling ne'er spoil'd silk stocking: sometimes waft the freshness of the distant All equal are within the church's gate.

Quit thy state : i beide to the weary pilgrim of the desert.

Washington Irving. Resort to sermons, but to prayers most : CHRISTMAS-Day.

Praying's the end of preaching. O be drest ! I love to see this day well kept by rich and Stay not for the other pin ; why thou hast lost poor: it is a great thing to have one day in

A joy for it worth worlds. Thus hell doth jest the year, at least, when you are sure of being Away thy blessings, and extremely flout thee, welcome wherever you go, and of having, as Thy clothes being fast, but thy soul loose it were, the world all thrown open to you. Ibid.

about thee, CHURCH-The Old.

In time of service seal up both thine eyes,

And send them to thy heart, that, spying sin, Hoe like an image of repose it looks,

They may weep out the stains by them did rise; That ancient, holy, aud sequester'd pile ! Those doors being shut, all by the ear comes in. Silence abides in each tree-shaded aisle,

Who marks in church-time others' symmetry, And on the grey spire caw the hermit rooks: Makes all their beauty his depravity. So absent is the stamp of modern days, That, in the quaint carved oak, and oriel stain's Let vain or busy thought have there no part; With saintly legend, to Reflection's gaze Bring not thy plots, thy plough, thy pleasure The Star of Eld seems not yet to have waned. thither, At pensive eventide, when streams the west Christ purged His temple—so must thou thy On moss-green pediment and tombstone grey, heart. And spectral Silence pointeth to Decay, All worldly thoughts are but thieves met Hor preacbeth Wisdom to the conscious breast, together Saying, “ Each foot that roameth here shall rest;" To cozen thee: look to thy actions well, To God and Heaven, Death is the only way. For churches either are our heaven or hell Moir.

Herbert. 99

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CHURCH-True Riches of the.

We seek not spowy-folded angel's wings The gifts of poverty are the richest gifts to

Amid the summer skies-the churches. I refer not now to the widow's For visions come not to polluted eyes ! mites, richer though they be than all the gifts of wealth; but to gists richer even than the

Yet blessed quiet fanes ! widow's mite. A few years ago, on a wintry Still piety, still poetry remains, morning, a boy in the habiliments of poverty One chapel-bell calls bigh and low to prayer

And shall remain, whilst ever on the air entered an old school-house among our Western mountains, and avowed to the master his Whilst ever green and sunny churchyards desire for an education. There was poverty

keep laying one of her richest gifts on the altar of

The dust of our beloved, and tears are shed religion; for that boy was Jonas King. On From founts which in the human heart lie bis humble shoemaker's bench Carey laid the

deep! foundation of British Baptist Missions. John

Something in these aspiring days we need Newton found in his congregation an un

To keep our spirits lowly, friended Scotch boy, whose soul was then

To set within our hearts sweets thoughts and glowing with new-born love to Christ. He holy ! took him to John Thornton, one of those

And 'tis for this they stand, noble merchants whose wealth, whose piety, The old grey churches of our native land ! and whose beneficence increase together. And even in the gold-corrupted mart, They educated him; and that boy became in the great city's heart, Claudius Buchanan, whose name India will They stand; and chantry dim, and organ bless, wben the names of Clive and Hastings

sound, are forgotten. John Bunyan was a gift of

And stated services of prayer and praise, poverty to the church. Zwingle came forth Like to the righteous ten which were not from an Alpine shepherd's cabin ; Melancthon

found from an armourer's workshop; Luther from

For the polluted city, shall upraise a miner's cottage, the Apostles, some of

Meek faith and love sincerethem, from fishermen's huts. These are the Better in time of need than shield and spear! gifts of poverty to the church.

L. E. Landon. Dr. Harris. CHURCH-The Term.

CHURCHMAN-Duties of an Under the name of Church I understand a You should, my lord, be like the robes you body or collection of human persons, pro

wear, fessing faith in Christ, gathered together in Pure as the dye, and, like that reverend shape, several places of the world, for the worship of Nurse thoughts as full of honour, zeal, and the same God, and united into the same purity; corporation.

Bishop Pearson. You should be the cour-dial, and direct

The king with constant motion; be ever CHURCHES-Holy Witnesses.

beating, How beautiful they stand,

Like to clock-hammers, on his iron heart, Those ancient altars of our native land ! To make it sound clear; and to feel remorse, Amid the pasture-field and dark green woods, You should unlock his soul, wake his dead Amid the mountain's cloudy solitudes;

conscience, By rivers broad that rush into the sea; Which, like a drowsy sentinel, gives leave

By little brooks that, with a lapsing sound, For sin's vast army to beleaguer him:
Like playful children, run by copse and lea! His ruin will be ask'd for at your hands.
Each in its little plot of holy ground,

Rorley. How beautiful they stand,

CHURCH MUSIC-Object of. Those old grey churches of our native land !

The end of church musio is to relieve the Our lives are all turmoil ;

weariness of a long attention, to make the Our souls are in a weary strife and toil, mind more cheerful and composed, and to enGrasping and straining-tasking nerve and dear the offices of religion. There must be no brain,

voluntary maggots, no military taitoos, no light Both day and night, for gain !

and galliardizing notes; nothing that may We have grown worldly—have made gold our make the fancy trifling, or raise an improper god

thought; which would be to profane the serHave turned our hearts away from lowly vice and to bring the playhouse into the church. things;

Religious harmony must be moving, but noble We seek not now the wild flower on the sod; withal,-grave, solemn, and seraphic ; fit for a CHURCE MUSIC.


martyr to play and an angel to hear. It should | Or blossoms; and indulgent to the strong be contrived so as to warm the best blood And natural dread of man's last home, the grave. within us, and to take hold of the finest part Its frost and silence—they disposed around, of the affections; to transport us with the To soothe the melancholy spirit that dwelt beauty of holiness, to raise us above the satis- Too sadly on life's close, the forms and hues factions of life, and make us ambitious of the Of vegetable beauty.–There the yew glories of heaven.

Southey. Green even amid the snows of winter, told

Of immortality and gracefully CHURCH OF ENGLAND-Ritual of the. The willow, a perpetual mourner, drooped ;

The ritual of England breathes a divine And there the gadding woodbine crept about, calm. You think of people walking through And there the ancient ivy. From the spot ripening fields on a mild day to their church Where the sweet maiden, in her blossoming years door. It is the work of a nation sitting in Cut off, was laid with streaming eyes and hands peace, possessing their land. It is the work of That trembled as they placed her there, the rose a wealthy nation, that, by dedicating a part of Sprung modest, on bow'd stalk, and better spoke its wealth, consecrates the remainder - that Her graces, than the proudest monument. acknowledges the fountain from which all flows. There children set about their playmate's grave The prayers are devout, humble, fervent.

They Wet at its planting with maternal tears,

The pansy. On the infant's little bed are not impassioned. A wonderful temperance Emblem of early sweetness, early death, and sobriety of discretion, that which in worldly things would be called good sense, pre

Nestled the lowly primrose. Childless dames, vails in them; but you must name it better in And maids that would not raise the redden'd things spiritual. The framers evidently bore in

eyemind the continual consciousness of waiting Orphans, from whose young lids the light of joy for all. Nor must it be forgotten that the Fled early,--silent lovers, who had given received version and the book of common

All that they lived for to the arms of earth, prayer-observe the word "common," express

Came often, o'er the recent graves to strew

Their offerings, rue, ing exactly what I affirm-are beautiful by the

and rosemary, and flowers. words—that there is no other such English —

Bryant. simple, touching, apt, venerable, hued as the CHURCHYARD-Reflection on the. thoughts are-musical—the most English that is known-of a Hebraic strength and antiquity,

The distant village clock struck midnight, yei lucid and gracious as if of and for to-day. mingling, as it were, with the ever-pealing tone


of ancient Eternity. The limbs of my buried

ones touched cold on my soul ; I walked CHURCH OF ENGLAND-The True.

silently through little hamlets, and close by We often hear that the church is in danger; their outer churchyards, where crumbled upcast and truly so it is,-in a danger it seems not to coffin-boards were glimmering, while the once know of: for, with its tithes in the most per- bright eyes that had lain in themwere mouldered fect safety, its functions are becoming more into grey ashes. Cold thought ! clutch not like and more superseded. The true Church of a cold spectre at my heart. I look up to the England, at this moment, lies in the editors of starry sky, and an everlasting chain stretches its newspapers. These preach to the people thither, and over, and below; and all is life, daily, weekly; admonishing kings themselves ; and warmth, and light, and all is godlike, or alvising peace or war with an authority which God.

Richter. I only the first Reformers and a long-past class of popes were possessed of; inflicting moral CHURCHYARD AND CEMETERYcensure ; imparting moral encouragement, con

Contrasted. solation, edification; in all ways diligently Oh! bury me not in the full churchyard, where "administering the discipline of the church.” rank weeds reeking grow, It may be said, too, that in private disposition And the poisonous earth, with its thrice-filled the new preachers somewhat resemble the

graves, lies festering below; Mendicant Friars of old times; outwardly, full Where the grave ne'er wakes a thought of of holy zeal; inwardly, not without stratagem, death from the careless passers-by, and hunger for terrestrial things. Ibid. And the sexton only speaks of it as a busy

trade to ply ; CHURCHYARD-Adornment of the.

Where the earth is opened every day, and the Erewhile, on England's pleasant shores, our sires mourners come and go Left not their churchyards unadorn'd with All through the busy, crowded streets, in a shades

mockery of woe;



Till every

Where the very ground a plague-spot seems, actions of wars and negotiations, which are that should be a Court of Peace,

nearly similar in all periods and in all counAnd nothing around has mark or sound to tell tries of the world.

Hame. of a soul's release.

CITIES–Social and Moral Influence of. But let me lie in a quiet spot, with the green If the history of cities and of their inturf o'er my head,

fluence on their respective territories be deFar from the city's busy hum, the worldling's ducted from the history of humanity, the heary tread;

narrative remaining would be, as we suspect, Where the free winds blow, and the branches of no very attractive description. In such wave, aud the song-birds sweetly sing, case, the kind of picture which human society

mourner there exclaims, “O must everywhere have presented would be Death! where is thy sting?"

such as we see in the condition, from the Where in nothing that blooms around, about, earliest time, of the wandering hordes of the living e'er can see

Mongolians and Tartars, spread over the rast That the grave that covers my earthly frame flats of Central Asia. In those regions scarcely has won a victory;

anything bas been made by man. But Where bright flowers bloom through summer this most happy circumstance, as it seems to time, to tell how all was given

be accounted—this total absence of anything To fade away from the eyes of men, and live reminding you of human skill and industryagain in heaven!

Carpenter. has never been found to realise our poetic

ideas of pastoral beauty and innocence. It CHURLISHNE88.

has called forth enough of the squalid and of My master is of churlish disposition,

the ferocious, but little of the refined, the And little recks to find the way to heaven powerful, or the generous. If anything be By doing deeds of hospitality. Shakspeare. certain, it would seem to be certain that man CIPHERS.

is constituted to realise his destiny from his

association with man, more than from any There are foure great cyphers in the world : contact with places. The great agency in hee that is lame among dancers, dumbe among calling forth his capabilities, whether for good lawyers, dull among schollers, and rude amongst or for evil, is that of his fellows. The piccourtiers.

Bishop Earle. turesque, accordingly, may be with the CIRCUMLOCUTION.

country, but the intellectual, speaking gene

rally, must be with the town. Agriculture He who goes round about in his requests, may possess its science, and the farmer, as wants commonly more than he chooses to

well as the landowner, may not be devoid of appear to want.

Lavater. intelligence; but in such connexions, the

science and intelligence, in common with the CIRCUMSPECTION-Necessity for.

nourishment of the soil, must be derived, in Persons who want experience should be ex

the main, from the studies prosecuted in tremely cautious how they depart from those cities, and from the wealth realised in the principles which bave been received generally, traffic of cities. If pasturage is followed by because founded on solid reasons; and how tillage, and if tillage is made to partake of the they deviate from those customs wbich have nature of a study and a science, these signs of obtained long, because in their effect they improvement are peculiar to lands in which have proved good : thus circumspect should cities make their appearance, and they become all persons be, who cannot yet have acquired progressive only as cities become opulent and much practical knowledge of the world; lest. powerful.

Dr. Robert Vaughan. instead of becoming what they anxiously wish to become, more beneficial to mankind than I bless God for cities. Cities have been as those who have preceded them, they should lamps of life along the pathway of humanity actually, though inadvertently, be instru- and religion. Within them science has given mental towards occasioning some of the worst birth to her noblest discoveries. Behind their evils that can befall human society.

walls freedom has fought her noblest battles.

Bishop Huntingford. They have stood on the surface of the earth CIRCUMSTANCES (Trivial)-Design of. aside the swelling tide of oppression. Cities,

like great breakwaters, rolling back or turning Trivial circumstances, which show the man- indeed, have been the cradles of human ners of the age, are often more instructive, as liberty. They have been the active centres of well as entertaining, than the great trans- I almost all church and state reformation.

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