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The king, having thanked the dervise for his The worst men often give the best advice. advice, proceeded towards his palace; and, on

Bailey. his arrival, he ordered the chief bey to see

that the maxim was engraved on his plate, It is expedient to have an acquaintance with and on the walls of his palace. those who have looked into the world ; who Sometime after this occurrence, one of the know men, understand business, and can give nobles of the court, a proud, ambitious mau, you good intelligence and good advice when resolved to destroy the king, and place himself they are wanted.

Bishop Horne. on the throne. In order to accomplish his

diabolical purpose, he secured the confidence No part of conduct asks for skill more pice, of one of the king's surgeons, to whom he Though none more common, than to give advice: gave a poisoned lancet, saying, “ If you will Misers themselves in this will not be saving, bleed the king with this lancet, I will give you Unless their knowledge makes it worth the ten thousand pieces of gold ; and, when I ashaving ;

cend the throne, you shall be my vizier. This And where's the wonder, when we will obtrude base surgeon, dazzled by such brilliant prosA useless gift, it meets ingratitude.

pects, wickedly assented to the proposal. An

Stillingfleet. opportunity of effecting his evil desigi soop ADVICE-why Offensive.

occurred. The king sent for this man to bleed Advice is offensive, not because it lays us

him : he put the poisoned lancet into a side open to unexpected regret, or convicts us of pocket, and hastened into the king's presence. any fault which has escaped our notice, but

The arm was tied, and the fatal lancet was because it shows us that we are known to

about to be plunged into the vein, when sudothers as well as ourselves ; and the officious denly the surgeon's eye read this maxim at monitor is persecuted with hatred, not because

the bottom of the bason—"Begin nothing his accusation is false, but because he assumes

without considering what the end may be." the superiority which we are not willing to

He immediately paused, as he thought within grant him, and has dared to detect what we himself, If I bleed the king with this lancet, desire to conceal.

Johnson, he will die, and I shall be seized and put to a

cruel death ; then of what use will all the gold ADVICE-Practical.

in the world be to me?" Then, returning the One day, as an ancient king of Tartary was

lancet to his pocket, hie drew forth another. riding with his officers of state, they met a

The king, observing this, and perceiving that dervise, crying aloud, “ To him that will give he was much embarrassed, asked why he me a hundred dinars, I will give a piece of changed his lancet so suddenly. He stated good advice." The king, attracted by this

that the point was broken; but the king, strange declaration, stopped, and said to the doubting his statement, commanded him to dervise, “What advice is this that you offer for a show it. This so agitated him, that the king hundred dinars !” “Sire,” replied the dervise, felt assured all was not right. He said, “There “I shall be most thankful to tell you, as soon

is treachery in this ; tell me instantly what it as you order the money to be paid me." The means, or your head shall be severed from king, expecting to hear something extraordi- your body.” The surgeon, trembling with nary, ordered the money to be given to the fear, promised to relate all to the king, if he dervise at once. On receiving which, he said, would only pardon bis guilt.

The king “Sire, my advice is, begin nothing without assented, and the surgeon related the whole considering what the end may be."

matter, and acknowledged that had it not The officers of state, smiling at what they been for the words in the bason, he should thought ridiculous advice, looked at the king, have used the fatal lancet. who they expected would be so enraged at

The king summoned his court, and ordered this insult, as to order the dervise to be severely the traitor to be executed. Then, turning to punished. The king, seeing the amusement his officers of state, he said, “You now see and surprise which this advice had occasioned, that the advice of the dervise, at which you said, “I see nothing to laugh at in the advice laughed, is most valuable : it has saved my of this dervise, but, on the contrary, I am per

life. Search out this dervise, that I may suaded, that if it were more frequently prac amply reward him for his wise maxim. tised, men would escape many calamities.

Lady M. W. Montague. Indeed, so convinced am I of the wisdom of this maxim, that I shall have it engraved on Learn to be wise, and practise how to thrive : my plate, and written on the wails of my That I would have theo do; and not to spend palace, so that it may be ever before me.” | Your coin on every bauble that you fancy,



For many

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of yours,

Or every foolish brain that humours you. where he fears it is foundred.
I would not have you to invade each place, clients, in telling their case, rather plead than
Nor thrust yourself on all societies,

relate it, so that the advocate hears not the Till men's atfections, or your own desert, true state of it till opened by the adverse Should worthily invite you to your rank. party. Surely the lawyer that fills himself He that is so respectless in his courses,

with instructions, will travell longest in the Oft sells his reputation at cbeap market. cause without tiring. Others that are so Nor would I you should melt away yourself quicke in searching, seldom searche to the In flashing bravery, lest while you affect quicke; and those miraculous apprehensions To make a blaze of gentry to the world, who understand more than all, before the A little puff of scorn extinguish it,

client bath told halfe, runne without their And you be left like an unsavoury snuff, errand, and will return without their answer. Whose property is only to offend.

Fuller. I'd ha' you sober and contain yourself :

AFFECTATION-a Blemish. Not that your sail be bigger than your boat; Affectation is a greater enemy to the face But nod'rate your expenses now (at first) than the small pox.

St. Eeremond. As you may keep the same proportion still. Nor stand so much on your gentility,

AFFECTATION-Characteristics of. Which is an airy and mere borrow'd thing, Paltry affectation, strained allusions, and From dead men's dust and bones ; and none disgusting finery, are easily attained by those

who choose to wear them; they are but too Except you make, or hold it. Ben Jonson. frequently the badges of ignorance or of

stupidity, whenever it would endeavour to ADVICE-Seasonableness of.


Goldsmith The honest and just bounds of observation by one person upon another, extend no further I will not call Vanity and Affectation twins, but to understand him sufficiently, whereby because, more properly, Vanity is the mother, not to give him offence, or whereby to be able and Affectation is the darling daughter; to give him faithful counsel, or whereby to Vanity is the sin, and Affectation is the stand upon reasonable guard and caution in punishment : the first may be called the root respect of a man's self; but to be speculative of self love, the other the fruit. Vanity is into another man, to the end to know how to never at its full growth, till it spreadeth into work him, or wind him, or govern him, pro- Affectation ; and then it is complete. Saville. ceedeth from a heart that is double and cloven, and not entire and ingenuous.


Affectation in any part of our carriage, is | ADVICE-Soliciting but not Taking. lighting up a candle to our defects, and never

His friends were summon'd, on a point so nice, fails to make us be taken notice of, either as To pass their judgments and to give advice; wanting sense or wanting sincerity. Locke. | But fix'd before, and well resolved was he, | As those who ask advice are wont to be. Pope.

AFFECTATION-Loathsomeness of.

In man or woman, but far most in man, ADVICE-Taking.

And most of all in man that ministers He who can take advice is sometimes supe- | And serves the altar, in my soul I loathe rior to him who can give it. Von Knebel. | All affectation ; 'tis my perfect scorn ; ADVISER-the Sacred Duty of an.

Object of my implacable disgust. Cowper. The sacred duty of an adviser (one of the AFFECTATION-Ridiculousness of. most inviolable that exists,) would lead me, All affectation is vain and ridiculous ; it is | towards a real enemy, to act as if my best the attempt of poverty to appear rich. friend were the party concerned. Burke.

Lavater. ADVOCATE-the first Duty of an.

Great vices are the proper objects of our The first duty of a wise advocate is to con- detestation, smaller faults of our pity ; but vince his opponents that he understands their affectation appears to be the only true source arguments and sympathizes with their just of the ridiculous.

Fielding. feelings.


AFFECTION-in Families. ADVOCATE-Qualities of an.

When the tide of family affection runs The good advocate not onely heares but smooth and unbroken, it bears the bark of examines his client, and pincheth the cause | happiness securely on its bosom. Mrs. Opie.




AFFECTION-in Families.

AFFECTION-Power of the. You once remarked to me how time streng

Hearts may be attracted by assumed qualithened family affections, and, indeed, all early ties, but the affections are only to be fixed by ones ; one's feelings seem to be weary of

those that are real.

De Moy. travelling, and like to rest at home. They who tell me that men grow hardhearted as AFFLICTION-the Balm of. they grow older, have a very limited view of

With all natural emotions and becoming this world of ours. It is true with those whose manly thoughts, there mingle in the Christian views and hopes are merely and vulgarly mind the beliefs, hopes, impulses, and aspiraworldly ; but when human nature is not per

tions of a divine life, which invest affliction verted, time strengthens our kindly feelings,

with high attributes, and impart to it the and abates our angry ones.

Southey, character of a golden link between earth and

To him the darkest cloud “has a AFFECTION-Fraternal.

silver lining ;" sorrow may continue for a Fathers alone a father's heart can know,

night,” but “ light is sown in the darkness," What secret tides of still enjoyment flow

and "joy returns with the day.” Religious When brothers love, but if their hate succeeds, faith, as it exists in the Christian mind, lookThey wage the war; but 'tis the father bleeds. ing on the vicissitudes and undulations of life,

Young. and listening to their apparently confused AFFECTION-Maternal.

murmur, fiuds, far more certainly than any. The poor wren,

thing else, that God's great universe, in spite The most diminutive of birds, will fight, of its mysterious and sometimes appalling Her young ones in her nest, against the owl.

movements, Shakspeare.

“Doth impart AFFECTION-Mutual.

Authentic tidings of invisible things ; All school-day friendship, childhood innocence. Of ebb and flow, and ever-during power ; We, Hermia, like two artificial gods,

And central peace, subsisting at the heart Have with our needles created both one flower Of endless agitation.

Binney. Both on one sampler, sitting on one cushion,

Both warbling of one song, both in one key,
As if our hands, our sides, voices, and minds,

Extraordinary afflictions are not always the Had been incorporate.

Ibid. punishment of extraordinary sins, but some

times the trial of extraordinary graces. Henry. AFFECTION-Necessity of. Generous as brare,

It is from the remembrance of joys we have Affection, kindness, the sweet offices

lost, that the arrows of affliction are pointed.

Mackenzie. Of love and duty, were to him as needful As his daily bread.

Rogers. AFFLICTION-Consolation in. AFFECTION-Paternal.

So part we sadly in this troublous world,

To meet with joy in sweet Jerusalem. Some feelings are to mortals given,

Shakspeare. With less of earth in them than heaven; And if there be a human tear

Though affliction, at the first, doth vex From passion's dross refined and clear,

Most virtuous natures, from the sense that 'tis A tear so limpid and so meek,

Unjustly laid ; yet, when the amazement It would not stain an angel's cheek,

which "Tis that which pious father's shed

That new pain brings is worn away, they then Upon a duteous daughter's head.

Embrace oppression straight, with such
Sir Walter Scott. Obedient cheerfulness, as if it came
From heaven, not man.

Darenant. AFFECTION-Periods of.

There are moments of mingled sorrow and Nothing can occur beyond the strength of tenderness, which hallow the caresses of faith to sustain, or transcending the resources affection. Washington Irving. of religion to relieve.


AFFECTION-Power of the.

Before an affliction is digested, consolation, There are few mortals so insensible that ever comes too soon ; and after it is digested, their affections cannot be gained by mildness, it comes too late ; but there is a mark between their confidence by sincerity, their hatred by these two, as fine almost as a hair, for a comscorn or neglect. Zimmerman. forter to take aim at.






AFFLICTION-Consolation in.

you would make that the rule, and not the For every sort of suffering there is sleep rare exception. Tell me which of you came provided by a gracious Providence, said that through childish and youthful follies without of sit.

J. Vilson. some sharp lessons ? Who has not been

bitterly mortified by the wounding of his selfBelieve and fear not! in the blackest cloud importance, or heartily laughed at for what he A suntzan hides ; and from the deepest pang thought very wise and grand ? The sharper Some hidden mercy may a God declare ! the lesson the better it served its purpose.

Robert Montgomery. Looking back you would not wish one drop of

its bitterness extracted; you would rather There will be no Christian but what will that the infusion had been stronger, that it harealiethsemane, but every praying Christian might have killed the weakness at its very il find that there is no Gethsemane without root. We see, so far, that good comes out of its angel!

Binney. discipline. We do not sit down and cry

over it. Hereby you consent to the wis lom AFFLICTION-Design of.

of the discipline of God. Bildwin Broun. God made us for eternity ; and His aim in all He does is to bring us happily to it.

AFFLICTION-succeeded by Heavenly

Joys. Hence the necessity of pain, sickness, crosses, to break the strong chain which binds us to

When the Christian's last pit is digged, the world ; and to force us to take part with

when he is descended into his grave, and God in His grand design.

Adams. finished his state of sorrows and suffering,

then God opens the river of abundance, God is now spoiling us of what would other

the rivers of life and nover-ceasing felicities. wise have spoiled us.

As much

are exceeded by When God makes the world too hot for His eternity, and the sighing of a man by the people to hold, they will let it go.

joys of an angel, and a salutary frown by Powell.

the light of God's countenance, a few groans

by the infinite and eternal ballelujahs ; God afflicts with the mind of a father, and

so much are the sorrows of the saints to be Lils for no other purpose but that He may

undervalued, in respect of what is deposited raise again.


for them in the treasures of eternity. Their

sorrows can die, but so cannot their joys. ... AFFLICTION-Difference in.

Every chain is a ray of light, and every prison In afflictions, especially national or public kingdom, and overy affront in the cause of

is a palace, and every loss is the purchase of a calamities, God often times seems to make po

God is an eternal honour, and every day of distinction betwixt the objects of His compassion and those of His fury, indiscriminately plied with a never-ceasing numeration : days

sorrow is a thousand years of comfort, multiinvolving them in the same destiny ; yet His

without night, joys without sorrow, sanctity prescience and His intentions make a vast

without sin, charity without stain, possession difference where His inflictions do not seem to

without fear, society without en vying, commumake any ; as when on the same test, and with

nication of joys without lessening ; and they the self-same fire, we urge as well the gold as

shall dwell in a blessed country, where an the blended lead or antimony, but with fore

enemy never entered, and from whence a koowing and designing such a disparity in the

friend never went away. events, as to consume the ignobler minerals, or

Jeremy Taylor. blow them off into dross or fumes, and make AFFLICTION-the Lot of Man. the gold more pure, and full of lustro. Boyle.

Man is born to trouble, as the sparks fly AFFLICTION-Discipline of.


Job. To a certain extent, we can all see that dis- AFFLICTION - the Medicine of the cipline is good for us. What man of business

Mind. repents him of the time he spent in what ap- Afflictions are the medicine of the mind. If peared to be the sharp discipline of school ? they are not toothsome, let it suffice that they Who does not wish that he had had more of are wholesome. It is not required in physic it and sharper? The time when you strained that it should please, but heal. Henshaw,

your powers, denied yourselves all your pleasures, and tied yourselves tight to your

AFFLICTION-Operations of, tasks, is the time which you remember most As thrashing separates the corn from the gratefully ; had you your youth over again, chaff, so does affliction purify virtue. Burton.

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AFFLICTION-Sanctifying Power of. He went, like one that hath been stunnid, No chastening for the present seemeth to And is of sense forlorn :

be joyous, but grievous ; nevertheless afterA sadder and a wiser man

ward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteHe rose the morrow morn. Coleridge. ousness

them which are exercised AFFLICTION-Power of.


St. Paul. Many men have such weak spirits, that

AFFLICTION-Trials of. though God gives them abundance of mercies, I

compare the troubles which we have to yet, if but one affliction befall them, in the undergo in the course of the year, to a great midst of their abundance they forget all but it. , bundle of fagots, far too large for us to lift. One affliction is as the grave to bury hundreds But God does not require us to carry the of mercies. A small thing laid upon a man's | whole at once ; He mercifully unties the eye, will keep the sight of all the heavens from bundle, and gives us first one stick, which we him : 80 many times a little affliction keeps are to carry to-day, and then another, wbich the sight from abundant blessings.

we are to carry to-morrow ; and so on. This

Burroughes. we might easily manage, if we would only AFFLICTION-Sanctifying Power of.

take the burden appointed for us each day ;

but we choose to increase our troubles by It is by afliction chiefly that the heart of carrying yesterday's stick over again to-day, man is purified, and that the thoughts are fixed on a better state. Prosperity, alloyed before we are required to bear it. John Newton.

and adding to-morrow's burden to our load, and imperfect as it is, has power to in. toxicate the imagination, to fix the mind

Reckon any matter of trial to thee among upon the present scene, to produce con

thy (private) gains.

Adams. fidence and elation, and to make him who enjoys affluence and honours forget the hand by which they were bestowed. It is seldom

Job looked on himself as an outcast ; the that we

are otherwise, than by affliction, Infinite Spirit and the wicked spirit were awakened to a sense of our imbecility, or

holding a dialogue on his case. He was an taught to know how little all our acquisitions object more of notice and interest than the cau conduce to safety or to quiet ; and how largest armies that were ever assembled, and justly we may ascribe to the superintendence the mightiest revolutions that ever shook the of a higher power, those blessings, which, in world, considered merely in their temporal inthe wantonness of success, we considered as

terests and consequences. Let the Christian the attainments of our policy or courage.

be deeply concerned, in all his trials, to honour Johnson.

his master before such observers. Cecil.

AFFLICTION-Uses of. Perfumes, the more they're chafed, the more

Affliction is the good man's shining scene : they render

Prosperity conceals his brightest ray; Their pleasant scents ; and so affliction

As night to stars, woe lustre gives to man. Expressetb virtue fully, whether true

Young. Or else adulterate.

Webster. AFFRONTS-Forgiving of.

Young men soon give, and soon forget affronts ; Sanctified afflictions are spiritual promotions. Old age is slow in both.

Addison. Matthew Henry.

AFTERNOON-Sultry. Afflictions clarify the soul, Earth putteth on the borrow'd robes of heaven, And, like hard masters, give more hard And sitteth in a sabbath of still rest ; directions,

And silence swells into a dreamy sound, Tutoring the non-age of uncurbed affections.

That sinks again to silence. The woods drone Quarles. A drowsy song, that in its utterance dies ;

And the dim voice of indolent herds floats by David's pen never wrote more sweetly than With slow, luxurious calm. The runnel bath when dipped in the ink of affliction. Mason. Its tune beneath the trees. The insect throng,

Drunk with tbe wine of summer, dart and AMiction is the wholesome soil of virtue, dance where patience, honour, sweet humanity, and In mazy play; and through the woodlands calm fortitude, take root, and strongly flourish. swell

Mallet. The tender trembles of the ringdove's dole.

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