« 上一頁繼續 »
But make you ready your stiff bats and clubs;
Enter CAIUS MARCIUS.
MAR. Thanks.-What's the matter, you dissentious rogues,
That rubbing the poor itch of your opinion,
We have ever your good word. MAR. He that will give good words to thee, will flatter
Beneath abhorring.—What would you have, you
That like nor peace, nor war? the one affrights
The other makes you proud3. He that trusts you,
Your virtue is,
have I found any instance of the term in blood being applied to the canine species. MALONE.
2 The one side must have bale.] Bale is an old Saxon word, for misery or calamity:
"For light she hated as the deadly bale."
Spenser's Fairy Queen. Mr. M. Mason observes that "bale, as well as bane, signified poison in Shakspeare's days." So, in Romeo and Juliet:
With baleful weeds and precious-juiced flowers." STEEVENS. This word was antiquated in Shakspeare's time, being marked as obsolete by Bullokar, in his English Expositor, 1616.
3 That LIKE NOR peace nor war? the one affrights you, The other makes you PROUD.] Coriolanus does not use these two sentences consequentially, but first reproaches them with unsteadiness, then with their other occasional vices.
To make him worthy, whose offence subdues him, And curse that justice did it. Who deserves great
Deserves your hate and your affections are
With every minute you do change a mind;
That in these several places of the city
ing 5 ?
MEN. For corn at their own rates; whereof, they say, The city is well stor❜d. MAR.
Hang 'em! They say? They'll sit by the fire, and presume to know What's done i' the Capitol: who's like to rise, Who thrives, and who declines: side factions, and
Your virtue is,
To make him worthy, whose offence subdues him,
And curse that justice did it.] i. e. Your virtue is to speak well of him whom his own offences have subjected to justice; and to rail at those laws by which he whom you praise was punished. STEEVENS.
5 What's THEIR seeking?] Seeking is here used substantively. -The answer is, "Their seeking, or suit, (to use the language of the time,) is for corn." MALONE.
- who's like to rise,
WHO THRIVES, and who declines:] The words-who thrives, which destroy the metre, appear to be an evident and tasteless interpolation. They are omitted by Sir T. Hanmer. STEEVENS.
Conjectural marriages; making parties strong,
Would the nobility lay aside their ruth",
7 their RUTH,] i. e. their pity, compassion. Fairfax and Spenser often use the word. Hence the adjective-ruthless,
which is still current. STEEVENS.
8 - I'd make a quarry
With thousands-] Why a quarry? I suppose, not because he would pile them square, but because he would give them for carrion to the birds of prey. JOHNSON.
So, in The Miracles of Moses, by Drayton :
And like a quarry cast them on the land."
See vol. xi. p. 233, n. 4. STEEVENS.
The word quarry occurs in Macbeth, where Ross says to Macduff:
to sta the manner,
"Were on the quarry of these murder'd deer
In a note on this last passage, Steevens asserts, that quarry means game pursued or killed, and supports that opinion by a passage in Massinger's Guardian: and from thence I word was used to express a heap of slaughtered persons.
In the concluding scene of Hamlet, where Fortinbrass sees so many lying dead, he says:
"This quarry cries, on havock!"
and in the last scene of A Wife for a Month, Valerio, in describing his own fictitious battle with the Turks, says:
"I saw the child of honour, for he was young,
Bullokar, in his English Expositor, 8vo. 1616, says that "a quarry among hunters signifieth the reward given to hounds after they have hunted, or the venison which is taken by hunting." This sufficiently explains the word of Coriolanus. MALONE.
PICK my lance.] And so the word [pitch] is still pronounced in Staffordshire, where they say-picke me such a thing, that is, pitch or throw any thing that the demander wants.
MEN. Nay, these are almost thoroughly persuaded;
For though abundantly they lack discretion,
They are dissolved: Hang 'em! They said, they were an-hungry; sigh'd forth proverbs ;
That, hunger broke stone walls; that, dogs must eat;
That, meat was made for mouths; that, the gods
Corn for the rich men only:-With these shreds They vented their complainings; which being answer'd,
And a petition granted them, a strange one, (To break the heart of generosity',
And make bold power look pale,) they threw their
As they would hang them on the horns o' the moon 2,
Shouting* their emulation".
* First folio, shooting.
Thus, in Froissart's Chronicle, cap. C.lxiii. fo. Ixxxii. b: and as he stouped downe to take up his swerde, the Frenche squyer dyd pycke his swerde at hym, and by hap strake hym through bothe the thyes." STEEVENS.
So, in An Account of Auntient Customes and Games, &c. MSS.
"To wrestle, play at strole-ball, [stool-ball] or to runne,
The word is again used in King Henry VIII. Act V. Sc. III. with only a slight variation in the spelling: "I'll peck you o'er the pales else." MALONE.
the heart of GENEROSITY,] To give the final blow to the nobles. Generosity is high birth. So, in Measure for Measure :
"The generous and gravest citizens —."
See vol. ix. p. 176, n. 2. STEEVENS.
hang them on the horns o' the moon,] So, in Antony and
What is granted them?
MAR. Five tribunes, to defend their vulgar wisdoms,
Of their own choice: One's Junius Brutus,
This is strange. MAR. Go, get you home, you fragments !
Enter a Messenger.
MESS. Where's Caius Marcius?
Our musty superfluity :-See, our best elders.
"Let me lodge Lichas on the horns o' the moon."
3 Shouting their emulation.] Each of them striving to shout louder than the rest. MALONE.
Emulation, in the present instance, I believe, signifies faction. Shouting their emulation," may mean, 'expressing the triumph of their faction by shouts.'
Emulation, in our author,
sometimes used in an unfavourable sense, and not to imply an honest contest for superior excellence. Thus, in King Henry VI. Part I. :
the trust of England's honour
Keep off aloof with worthless emulation."
Again, in Troilus and Cressida :
"While emulation in the army crept."
i. e. faction. STEEVENS.
UNROOF'D the city,] Old copy-unroost. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE.
s For insurrection's arguing.] For insurgents to debate upon.