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both abound with good sense, consummate virtue, and a mutual esteem ; and are a perpetual entertainment to one another. Their family is under fo regular an economy, in its hours of devotion and repast, employment and diverfion, that it looks like a little commonwealth within iifelf. They often go into company, that they may return with the greater delight to one another; and sometimes live in town, not to enjoy it fo properly as to grow weary of it, that they may renew in themselves the relish of a country life. By this means they are happy in each other, beloved by their children, adored by their servants, and are become the envy, or rather the delight, of all that know them.
How different to this is the life of Fulvia! fhe confiders her husband as her steward, and looks discretion and goud housewifery as little domestic virtues, unbecoming a woman of quality. She thinks life lost in her own family, and fancies herself out of the world when she is not in the ring, the play-house, or the drawingroom ; she lives in a perpetual motion of body and restleilness of thought, and is never easy in any one place, when she thinks there is more company in another. The missing of an opera the first night, would be more afflicting to her than the death of a child. She pities all the valuable part of her own sex, and calls every woman of a prudent, modest, and retired life, a poor-fpirited unpolished creature. What a mortification would it be to Fulvia, if she knew that her fetting herself to view is but expofing herself, and that the grows contemptible by being confpicuous !
I cannot conclude my paper without observing, that Virgil has very finely touched upon this female paffion for dress and show, in the character of Camilla; who, though she feems to have thaken off all the cther weakneffes of her sex, is still defcribed as a woman in this particular. The poet tells us, that after having made a great Naughter of the enemy, the unfortunately cast her eye on a Trojan who wore an embroidered tunic, a beauriful coat of mail, with a mantle of the finest purple. “ A golden bow," says he, “ hung upon his shoulder ; “ his garment was buckled with a golden clasp, and his
“ head was covered with an helmet of the same shining “ metal.” The Amazon immediately singled out this well-dressed warrior, being leized with a woman's longing for the pretty trappings that he was adorned with :
Totumque incauta per aginen
This heedless pursuit after these glittering trides, the poet (by a nice concealed moral) represents to have been the destruction of his female hero.
No, XVI. MONDAY, MARCH 19.
Quod verum atque decens curo & rogo, & omvis in hoc fum.
hor. What right, what true, what fit we juftly call, Let this be all my care--for this is all.
POPE. I HAVE received a letter, defiring me to be very
fatirical upon the little muff that is now in fashion ; ano. ther informs me of a pair of filver garters buckled below the knee, that have been lately seen at the Rainbow Cotiee-house, in Flect-street; a third sends me an heavy complaint against fringed gloves. To be brief, there is scarce an ornament of either sex which one or other of my correspondents has not inveighed against with some bitterness, and recommended to my oblervation. I must therefore, once for all, inform iny readers, that it is not my intention to fink the dignity of this my paper with reflections upon red heels or top-knots; but rather to enter into the pallions of mankind, and to correct those depraved sentiments that give birih to all those little extravagancies which appear in their outward dress and behaviour. Foppish and fantastic ornaments are only indications of vice, not criminal in themselves: Extinguish vanity in the mind, and you naturally retrench the little fuperfuities of garniture and equipage: The blottoms will fall of theintelves when the root that nourishes them is destroyed.
I shall therefore, as I have faid, apply my remedies to the first feeds and principles of an affected dress, without defcending to the dress itself; though at the same time I must own, that I have thoughts of creating an officer under me, to be entituled, “ The censor of Imall wares,” and of allotring him one day in a week for the execution of such his office. An operator of this nature might act under me with the same regard as a surgeon to a physician ; the one might be employed in healing those blotches and tumours which break out in the body, while the other is fiveetening the blood and rectifying the conftitution. To speak truly, the young people of both sexes are so wonderfully apt to shoot out into long swords or liveeping trains, buthy head-dresses, or fullbottomed perriwigs, with several other incumbrances of dress, that they stand in need of being pruned very frequently, left they should be oppressed with ornaments, and over-run with the luxuriance of their habits. I am much in doubt whether I should give the preference to a quaker that is trimmed close and almost cut to the quick, or to a beau that is loaden with such a redundance of excrescences. I must therefore desire my corresponde ents to let me know how they approve my project, and whether they think the erecting of such a petty cenfor. flip may not turn to the emolument of the public ; for I would not do any thing of this nature rafhly and without advice.
There is another set of correspondents to whom I must address myself in the second place; I mean fuch as fill their letters with private scandal and black accounts of particular persons and families. The world is so full of ill-nature, that I have lampoons sent me by people who cannot spell, and satires composed by those who scarce know how to write. By the last post in particular, I received a packet of scandal which is not legible ; and have a whole bundle of letters in womens hands that are full of blots and calumnies, infomuch, that when I fce the name Cælia, Phillis, Pastora, or the like, at the bottom of a scrawl, I conclude of course that it brings me fome account of a fallen virgin, a faithless wife, or an amorous
widow. I must therefore inforın these my correspondents, that it is not my delign to be a publisher of intrigues and cuckoldoins, or to bring little infamous stories out of their present lurking-loles into broad day-light. If I attack the vicious, I thall only fet upon them in a body; and will not be provoked, by the worst usage I can receive from others, to make an example of any particular criminal. In thort, I have so much of a Drawcansir in me, that I ihall pass over a single foe to charge whole armies. It is not Lais nor Silenus, but the harlot and the drunkard, whom I shall endeavour to expose; and shall consider the crime as it appears in a species, not as it is circumstanced in an individual. I think it was Caligula who wished the whole city of Rome had but one neck, that he might behead them at a blow. I thall do, out of humanity, what that emperor would have done in the cruelty of his temper, and aim every stroke at a collective body of offenders. At the same time, I ain very fensible that nothing spreads a paper like private calumny and defamation ; but as my speculations are not under this neceflity, they are not exposed to this temptation.
In the next place, I must apply myself to my partycorrespondents, who are continually teazing me to take notice of one another's proceedings. How often am I asked by both sides, if it is possible for me to be an unconcerned spectator of the rogueries that are committed by the party which is opposite to him that writes the letter. About two days fince I was reproached with an old Gres eian law that forbids any man to stand is a neuter, or a looker-cn in the divisions of his country. However, as I am very sensible my paper would lose its whole escct, should it run into the outrages of a party, I shall take care to keep clear of every thing which looks that way. If I can any way affuage private inflammations, or allay public ferments, I fall apply myself to it with my urmoit endeavours; but will never let my heart reproach me with having done any thing towards increasing those feuds and animofities that extinguish religion, deface Eoverninent, and make a nation miserable. What I have said under the three foregoing heads will,
I am afraid, very much retrench the number of my correspondents : I Mall therefore acquaint my reader, that if he has started any hint which he is not able to pursue, if he has met with any surprising story which he does not know how to tell, if he has discovered any epidemical vice which has escaped my observation, or has heard of any uncommon virtue which he would desire to publish; in short, if he has any materials that can furnish out an innocent diversion, I Mall promise him my best allistance in the working of them up for a public entertainment.
This paper my reader will find was intended for an anfver to a multitude of correspondents; but I hope he will pardon ine if I single out one of them in particular, tvho has made me fo very humble a request, that I cannot forbcar complying with it.
6 of you
AM at present so unfortunate, as to have nothing to do but to mind my own business; and therefore bog
that you will be pleased to put ine into fome • small poft under you. I observe that you have ap
pointed your printer and publisher to receive letters and • advertisements for the city of London ; and shall think • myself very much honoured by you, if you will appoint me to také in letters and advertisements for the city of Weftininfter, and the duchy of Lancaster. Though I camot promise to fill such an employment with Tufficient abilities, I will endeavour to make up with industry and fidclity what I want in parts and genius,
• Your most obedient fervant,
« CHARLES LILLE.'