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tice that, amidst these wild remarks, there now and then appears formething very reasonable. I cannot likewise forbear ob'erving, that we are all guilty in some measure of the fame narrow way of thinking which we mect with in this abstract of the Indian Journal, when we fancy the customs, dresses, and manners of other countries are ridiculous and extravagant, if they do not resemble those of our own.

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No. LI. SATURDAY, APRIL 28.

Torquet ab obscenis jam nunc sermonibus aurem,

HOR.

He from the taste obscene reclaims our youth.

POPE.

Mr. Spe&tator, MY fortune, quality, and person, are such as render

me as conspicuous as any young woman in town. • It is in my power to enjoy it in all its vanities; but I . have, from a very careful education, contracted a great • averfion to the forward air and fashion which is

prac• tised in all public places and assemblies. I attribute • this very much to the stile and manners of our plays. I

was last night at the Funeral, where a confident lover • in the play, speaking of his mistress, cries out_0 " that Harriot! to fold these arins about the waste of " that beauteous, struggling, and at last yielding fair !" . Such an image as this, ought by no means to be pre• sented to a chaste and regular audience. I expect your

opinion of this fentence, and recommend to your conlideration, as a Spectator, the conduct of the stage at present with relation to chastity and modesty.

"I am,

6

• Sir,

• Your constant reader and well-wisher,'

The complaint of this young lady is so juít, that the offence is grofs enough to have displeafed persons who

cannot

cannot pretend to that delicacy and modesty of which she is m stress. But there is a great deal to be said in behalf of an author. If the audience would but confider the difficulty of keeping up a sprightly dialogue for five acts together, they would allow a writer, when he wants wit, and can't please any otherwise, to help it out with a little smutrinels. I will answer for the poets, that no one ever writ bawdry for any other reason but dearth of invention. When the author cannot strike out of him. self any more of that which he has superior to those who make up the bulk of the audience, his natural recourse is to that which he has in common with them; and a defcription which gratifies a sensual appetite will please, when the author has nothing about him to delight a refined imagination. It is to such a poverty we must im. pute this and all other sentences in plays, which are of this kinit, and which are commonly termed luscious expreflions.

This expedient, to supply the deficiencies of wit, has been used more or less, by most of the authors who have succeeded on the stage; tho! I know but one who has profeffedly writ a play upon the basis of the desire of multiplying our species, and that is the polite Sir George Etherege ; if I understand what the lady would be at, ia the play called She would if she could. have, here and there, given an intimation that there is this design, under all the disguises and affectations which a lady may put on; but no author, except this, has made sure work of it, and put the imaginations of the audience upon this one purpose, froin the beginning to the end of the comedy. It has always fared accordingly; for whether it be, that all who go to this piece would if they could, or that the innocents go to it, to guess only what She would if she could, the play has always been well received.

It lifts an heavy empty sentence, where there is added to it a lascivious gesture of body; and when it is too low to be raised even by that, a flat meaning is enlivened by making it a double ane. Writers who want genius, never fail of keeping this secret in referve, to create a

laugtis

Other poets

laugh, or raise a clap. I, who know nothing of women but from seeing plays, can give great guelles at the whole structure of the fair sex, by being innocently placed in the pit, and insulied by the petticoats of their dancers ; the advantages of whole pretty persons are a great help to a dull play. When a poet flags in writing lusciously, a pretty girl can move lasciviously, and have the same good consequence for the author. Duli poets in this case use their audiences as dull parasites do their patrons; when they cannot long divert them with their wit or humour, they bait their ears with foinething which is agreeable to their temper, though below their understanding. Apicius cannot refitt being pleased, if you give him an account of a delicious meal; or Clodius, if you describe a wanton beauty; tho’ at the same time, if you do not awake those inclinations in them, no men are better judges of what is just and delicate in conversation. But, as I have before observed, it is easier to talk to the man,

than to the man of sense. It is remarkable, that the writers of least learning are best skilled in the luscious way. The poetesses of the age

have done wonders in this kind, and we are obliged to the lady who writ Ibrahim, for introducing a preparatory scene to the very action, when the emperor throws his handkerchief as a signal for his mistress to follow him into the most retired part of the seraglio. It must be confessed his Turkish majesty went off with a good air, but, methought, we made but a fad figure who waited without. This ingenious gentlewoman, in this piece of bawdry, refined upon an author of the same sex, who, in the Rover, makes a country 'squire strip to his drawers. But Blunt is disappointed, and the emperor is understood to go on to the utmost. The pleasantry of stripping almost naked has been fince practised, where indeed it should have begun, very successfully at Bartholomewfair.

It is not here to be omitted, that in one of the abovementioned female compositions, the Rover is very frequently sent on the same errand; as I take it, above once This is not wholly unnatural; for, they say, T

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the men-authors draw themselves in their chief characters, and the women-writers may be allowed the fame liberty. Thus, as the male wit gives his hero a good fortune, the female gives her heroine a good gallant at the end of the play. But, indeed, there is hardly a play one can go to, but the hero or fine gentleman of it struts off upon the same account, and leaves us to consider what good office he has put us to, or to employ our. selves as we please. To be plain, a man who frequents plays would have a very respectful notion of himself, were he to recollect how often he has been used as a piinp to ravishing tyrants, or successful rakes. When the actors make their exit on this good occasion, the ladies are sure to make an examining glance from the pit, to see how they relish what passes; and a few lewd fools are very ready to employ their talents upon the composure or freedom of their looks. Such incidents as these make some ladies wholly absent themselves from the play-house; and others never miss the first day of a play, lest it should prove too luscious to admit their going with any countenance to it on the second.

If men of wit, who think fit to write for the stage, instead of this pitiful way of giving delight, would turn their thoughts upon raising it from such good natural impulses as are in the audience, but are choked up by vice and luxury, they would not only please, but befriend us at the same time. If a man had a mind to be new in his way of writing, might not he who is now represented as a fine gentleman, tho' he betrays the honour and bed of his neighbour and friend, and lies with half the women in the play, and is at last rewarded with her of the best character in it, I say, upon giving the comedy another cast, might not fuch a one divert the audience quite as well, if at the catastrophe he were found out for a traitor, and met with contempt accordingly? There is seldom a person devoted to above one darling vice at a time, so that there is room enough to catch at mens hearts to their good and advantage, if the poets will attempt it with the honesty which becomes their characters.

There

There is no man who loves his bottle or his mistress in a manner so very abandoned, as not to be capable of relithing an agreeable character, that is no way a llave to either of thofe pursuits. A man that is temperate, generous, valiant, chalie, faithful, and honest, may at the fame time have wit, humour, mirth, good-breeding, and gallantry. While he exerts thefe latter qualities, twenty occasions might be invented to thew he is master of the other noble virtues. Such characters would smite and reprove the heart of a man of sense when he is given up to his pleasures. He would see he has been mistaken all this while, and be convinced that a sound constitution and an innocent mind are the true ingredients for becoining and enjoying life. All men of true taste would call a man of wit, who should turn his ambition this way, a friend and benefactor to his country; but I am at a loss what name they would give him who makes use of his capacity for contrary purposes

R

No. LII. MONDAY, MARCH 30.

Omnes ut tecum meritis pro talibus annos
Exigai, & pulchra faciat te prole parentem.

VIRG.

To crown thy worth, she shall be ever thine,
And make thee father of a beauteous line.

last

Aingenious correspondent, like a: Sprightly wife, will always have . not think

my letter to the deformed fraternity would have occasioned any anfiver, especially since I had promised thein so fudden a visit; but as they think they cannot few too great a veneration for my person, they have already sent me up an answer. As to the proposal of a marriage between myself and the matchless Hecatiffa, I have but one ob. jection to it; which is, that all the society will expect to be acquainted with her; and who can be sure of keeping a woman's heart long, where she may have so much

choice?

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