« 上一頁繼續 »
ation; which is the cause that there is no impatience or instability in their speech or action. You see in their countenances they are at home, and in quiet possession of the present instant, as it passes, without desiring to quicken it by gratifying any paffion, or profecuting any new design. These are the men formed for society, and those little communities which we express by the word neighbourhoods.
The coffee-house is the place of rendezvous to all that live near it, who are thus turned to relish calm and or. dinary life. Eubulus presides over the middle hours of the day when this assembly of men meet together. He enjoys a great fortune handsomely, without launching into expence ; and exerts many noble and useful quali. ties, without appearing in any public employment. His wisdom and knowledge are serviceable to all that think fit to make use of them; and he does the office of a counsel, a judge, an executor, and a friend, to all his acquaintance, not only without the profits which attend such offices, but also without the deference and homage which are usually paid to them. The giving of thanks is displeasing to him. The greatest gratitude you can fhew him, is to let him see you are the better man for his services; and that you are as ready to oblige others as he is to oblige you.
In the private exigencies of his friends he lends, at legal value, considerable sums, which he might highly increase by rolling in the public stocks. He does not consider in whose hands his money will improve moft, but where it will do most good.
Eubulus has fo great an authority in his little diurnal audience, that when he shakes his head at any piece of public news, they all of them appear dejected; and, on the contrary, go home to their dinners with a good stomach and cheerful aspect, when Eubulus seems to intimate that things go well. Nay, their veneration towards him is so great, that when they are in other company they speak and act after him; are wise in his sentences, and are no sooner sat down at their own tables, but they hope or fear, rejoice or defpond, as they saw him do at
the coffee house. In a word, every man is Eubulus as soon as his back is turned.
Having here given an account of the several reigns that succeed each other from day-break rill dinner-time, I shall mention the monarchs of the afternoon on another occafion, and shut up the whole series of them with the history of Tom the Tyrant; who, as first minister of the coffee-house, takes the government upon him between the hours of eleven and twelve at night, and gives his orders
the most arbitrary manner to the servants below him, as to the disposition of liquors, coals, and cinders.
FRIDAY, APRIL 27.
Nunquam aliud natura, aliud fapientia dixit.
Good sense and nature always speak the same.
new or uncommon.
WHEN the four Indian kings were in this country
about a twelvemonth ago, I often mixed with the rabble, and followed them a whole day together, being wonderfully struck with the fight of every thing that is
I have, since their departure, employed a friend to make many enquires of their landlord the upholsterer, relating to their manners and conversation, as also concerning the remarks which they made in this country; for, next to the forming a right notion of such strangers, I should be desirous of learning what ideas they have conceived of us.
The upholsterer, finding my friend very inquisitive about these his lodgers, brought him fome time since a little bundle of papers, which he assured him were written by king Sa Ga Yean Qua Raih Tow; and, as he fuppofes, left behind by fome mistake. These papers are now translated, and contain abundance of very odd observations, which I find this little fraternity of kings made during their stay in the isle of Great Britain. I
Thall present my reader with a short specimen of them in this paper, and may perhaps communicate more to him hereafter. In the article of London are the f llowing words, which without doubt are meant of the church of St. Paul.
• On the most rising part of the town there stands a • huge house, big enough to contain the whole nation of ' which I am king. Our good brother E Tow O Koam,
king of the rivers, is of opinion it was made by the 6 hands of that great God to whom it is consecrated. • The kings of Granajah and of the fix nations believe " that it was created with the earth, and produced on • the same day with the sun and moon. But for my own
part, by the best information I could get of this mattir, '1 am apt to think that this prodigious pile was "fashioned into the shape it now bears by several tools ' and instruments, of which they have a wonderful va* riety in this country. It was probably at first an huge
mis-thapen rock that grew upon the top of the hill, o which the natives of the country, after having cut it • into a kind of regular figure, bored and hollowed with • incredible pains and industry, till they had wrought in " it all those beautiful vaults and caverus into which it is • divided at this day. As soon as this rock was thus
curiously scooped to their liking, a pro-ligious number • of hands must have been emplo ed in chipping the out
fide of it, which is now as finooth as the surface of a
pebble; and is in several places hewn out into pillars " that stand like the trunks of so many trees bound about • the top with garlands of leaves. It is probable that ' when this great work was begun, which inust have
been many hundred years ago, there was some religion
among this people; for they give it the name of a • temple, and have a tradition that it was diligned for
men to pay their devotions in. And indeed there are • several reasons which make us think that the natives of
this country had formerly among them fome fort of • worship; for they fet apart every leventh day as sa
cred; but upon my going into one of thile holy huules on that day, I could not oblerve any circumstance of
devotion in their behaviour. There was indeed a man in black who was mounted above the rest, and seemed to vtier fomething with a great deal of vehemence; but
as fr those underneath him, instead of paying their • wurihip to the deity of the place, they were most of * them bowing and courtesying to one another, and a • confiderable number of them fast asleep.
• The queen of the country appointed two men to atto us, that had enough of our language to make o temelves understood in some few particulars. But " we foon perceived these two were great enemies to one • agother, and did not always agres in the same story. • We could make a dift to gather out of one of them, • that this island was very much infested with a monft• rous kind of animals, in the shape of men, called Whigs ; • and he often told us, that he hoped we should meet • with none of them in our way, for that, if we did, they • would be apr to knock us down for being kings.
• Our other interpreter ufed to talk very much of a • kind of animal called a Tory, that was as great a mon• fter as the Whig, and would treat us ill for being • foreigners. These two creatures, it seems, are born • with a fecret antipathy to one another, and engage • when they mect as naturally as the clephant and the • rhinoceros. But, as we saw none of either of thefe • fpecies, we are apt to think that our guides deceived us • with misrepresentations and fictions, and amused us • with an account of such monsters' as are not really in • their country..
• These particulars we made a shift to pick out from • the discourse of oir interpreters; which we put toge• zher as well as we could, being able to understand but • here and there a word of what they said, and after• wards making up the meaning of it among ourselves. • The men of the country are very cunning and ingeni
ous in handicraft works, but withal fo very idle, that • we often faw young lusty raw-boned fellows carried up • and down the street in little covered rooms by a couple
of porters, who are hired for that service. Their dress • is likewise very barbarous, for they almost ftrangle
• themselves about the neck, and bind their bodies with
many ligatures, that we are' apt to think are the occa• fion of several distempers among them, which cur
country is intirely free from. Instead of thofe beauti• ful feathers with which we addorn our heads, they often • buy up a monstrous bush of hair, which covers their • heads, and falls down in a large fleece below the middle • of their backs; with which they walk up and down the • streets, and are as proud of it as if it was of their own
. We were invited to one of their public diversions, where we hoped to have seen the great men of their country running down a stag or pitching a bar, that we might have discovered who were the persons of the
greatest abilities among them ; but instead of that, they • conveyed us into a huge room lighted up with abun. dance of candles, where this lazy people fat still above o three hours to see several feats of ingenuity performed • hy others, who it feeins were paid for it.
• As for the women of the country, not being able to talk with them, we could only make our remarks upon them at a distance. They let the hair of their heads
grow to a great length ; but as the men make a great « Thow with heads of hair that are none of their own, • the women, who they say have very fine heads of hair, • tie it up in a knot, and cover it from being seen. The • women look like angels, and would be more beautiful • than the sun, were it not for litrie 'black ipots that are
apt to break out in their faces, and fumetimes rite in
very odd figures. I have observed ibat thote little ble• mithes wear off very soon; but when they disappear in
one part of the face, they are very apt to break out ia o another, insomuch that I have seen a spot upon the
forehead in the afternoon, which was upon the chin in ( the morning.'
The author then proceeds to fhew the absurdity of breeches and petticoats, with many other curious obfervations; which I thall reserve for another occasion. I cannot however conclude this paper, without taking no